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213 views

In what sense do Presbyterians consider Christ's sacrifice “perfect”?

This question concerns in part the following quote heard regularly by Presbyterian Pastors: “Catholics deny the sufficiency of Christ’s redemptive work on the cross and by doing so, forfeit their ...
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41 views

According to Lutherans, is it 13 or 14 or 15 Nissan when Luke 22:8 happen?

Luke 22 (7)Then came the day of Unleavened Bread on which the Passover lamb had to be sacrificed. (8)Jesus sent Peter and John, saying, "Go and make preparations for us to eat the Passover." ...
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53 views

Annals of John Hyrcanus

1 Maccabees 16:23-24 The rest of John's acts, the battles he fought and the exploits he performed, the city walls he built, and all his other achievements, from the day he succeeded his father ...
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56 views

Tombs of Mattathias and Sons

From 1 Maccabees 13:25–30: Simon sent and recovered the bones of his brother Jonathan, and buried him in Modein, the town of his ancestors. All Israel kept solemn mourning for him and long bewailed ...
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1answer
873 views

What are the differences between the ELCA and UCC?

Looking for a church community for me and my child, young adult college age. So far trying to decide between ELCA (Evangelical Lutheran Church in America) and UCC (United Church of Christ). What are ...
3
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1answer
104 views

In Western communion services, when was the origin of the practice of consistently offering only the bread to the laity?

The practice of "communion in both kinds" by the laity, that is, both the eating of the bread and drinking of the cup, seems to have been the typical practice in the early church. 1 Corinthians 11:28 ...
3
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146 views

What was the difference between Berengar's view of the Eucharist and that of Zwingli?

Berengar of Tours played a major role in the Second Eucharistic Controversy, which took place in the 11th century. He opposed the increasing acceptance of proto-transubstantiation doctrines, arguing ...
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68 views

What defined the ownership of a treasure in Jesus' time?

Matthew 13:43 reads: The kingdom of heaven is like treasure hidden in a field, which someone found and hid; then in his joy he goes and sells all that he has and buys that field. One is intrigued ...
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82 views

Oldest monasteries where natural science is still practiced?

Science and religion are actually not mutually exclusive at all. In history, we know many examples of clerical scientists. What is the oldest still existing convent (monastery) where monks still ...
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91 views

A canon priest's impressive clothing

Agustín Fernández de San Vicente, Canon of the Cathedral of Durango, traveled in 1822 to California as a political emissary. He was a gambler and a dandy who, unsurprisingly, dressed better than the ...
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221 views

What is a mystical experience according to Catholicism?

After reading this about Benedict's resignation. Benedict denied he had been visited by an apparition or had heard God's voice, but said he had undergone a "mystical experience" during which ...
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637 views

Pope John Paul II and the Agnus Dei sacramentals?

The Agnus Dei sacramental is one of the Church's strongest sacramental which can only be blessed by a pope. This great consecration of Agnus Deis take place only in the first year of each pontificate ...
3
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151 views

What relationship does the Harlem Gospel Choir have to Christianity?

Probably the most famous Gospel choir is the Harlem Gospel Choir. They are known around the world for their excellent performances of African American Gospel music. But to my knowledge, their origins ...
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87 views

Was the Second Council of Quierzy (853) controlled by Hincmar against the Augustinians?

In a lecture, Reformed theologian and church historian Douglas Kelly says: Hincmar controlled a council – it was not a really representative council. He stacked it. […] The semi-Augustinian, proto-...
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170 views

Where does Jonathan Edwards describe his expectations of the second coming of Jesus?

In a few places I've seen claims that Jonathan Edwards (1703–1758) believed in the imminence of Christ's return. For example: [Jonathan Edwards] was convinced that the world was going to the dogs ...
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158 views

How do I interpret this list of mediaeval rectors?

This is a rewording of the question What differentiates a priest, a clerk, a capellanus, a subdeacon and a rector?. While I asked much the same questions within the body of the article there, the ...
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173 views

What are the practical differences between German Lutheran and Swiss Reformed traditions?

I know very little about the German Lutheran church and what set them appart from the religion I've been raised in, Swiss Reformed. However, my understanding is that they are closer to Catholics, and ...
3
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0answers
267 views

Was John Smyth, the earliest Baptist, influenced by the Anabaptists?

John Smyth, according to Bruce Shelley (CHPL, 308) and Wikipedia, was the first of the English Baptists. An Anglican priest, he came to the conclusion that infant baptism was invalid and started a ...
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93 views

The Blessing of Herbs on the Feast of the Assumption?

Is there any confirmed historical evidence as to the origins to support the tradition that the Blessing of Herbs and Fruit is associated with the Feast of the Assumption?
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104 views

Do any Christian groups forbid lending at interest?

Is charging or paying interest disallowed by any groups in Christianity, and if so which ones? So for example I sell someone a laptop and they don't have the full money right now and lets say the ...
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81 views

Has there ever existed a Catholic local church feast at Rome in honor of the Domine Quo Vadis?

The Church of St. Mary in Palmis at Rome, originally was called the Church of Domine Quo Vadis. The title of this church takes its' name from a pious tradition that St. Peter one day decided to leave ...
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50 views

Eastern Orthodoxy - When a liturgical hymn to a Saint is composed (such as a Troparion), how is the mode/tone for the hymn chosen?

Canons, troparia, kontakia, aposticha, stichera, etc. all have a tone/mode associated with them. How does the author of the hymn choose which mode/tone to use? Is it the same for all, or is it a ...
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721 views

Are there any parallel Russian / Slavonic – English prayer books for Orthodox Christians?

I have a copy of the Jordanville prayer book that is getting worn out, and I would like to know if a parallel Russian (i.e., Church Slavonic—Russians call it "Russian") and English prayer book exists, ...
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341 views

What is the biblical basis that we no longer need to confess and repent?

Joseph Prince (Worldwide speaker and author of Destined to Reign) and Andrew Wommack (Andrew Wommack Ministries and author of many books) teaches this with the Grace (hyperGrace) message, as does my ...
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2k views

How is the Book of Enoch ascribing all sins of fallen angels to Azazel not Scriptural?

A member by the name Jas 3.1 in his list of false doctrines against the Book of Enoch in "Why is the Book of Enoch not regarded as canonical?" stated: "Ascribes all the sin of the fallen angels to ...
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2answers
1k views

For since the creation(ism)… men are without excuse

18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness; 19 Because that which may be known of God is manifest in ...
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1answer
59 views

Absolution without confession is valid or not?

Being a Syrian Orthodox, I have a doubt... Will my sind be forgiven if I get HUSOYO/(absolution prayer only with no confession) instead of confession of sins? I usually confess once in a month but the ...
3
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1answer
150 views

Did any medieval Catholics believe in the possibility the repentance was possible immediately after death?

Did any medieval Catholics have a pious belief that immediately after death, God gave people a last chance to repent of their sins and thus save their immortal soul from going to hell for all eternity?...
3
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1answer
96 views

What was the forgers intentions for doing their forgeries?

I've been reading on some of the Apocrypha lately and a question arose. Why would people make forgeries of such important texts? I understand that the writers were trying to gain followers to their ...
3
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1answer
95 views

Whom does Jesus refer to as 'infants' at Luke 10:21?

At Luke 10:21 we see : At that same hour Jesus rejoiced in the Holy Spirit and said, “I thank you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because you have hidden these things from the wise and the ...
3
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1answer
201 views

Does modern protestantism have any deviations from sola fide?

I have read that modern protestantism on one hand, and catholicism on the other, tended to abridge their historical differences. Are there any cases in modern protestantism where justification can ...
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1answer
224 views

What is the Biblical basis for preachers to be paid from members' tithing?

What is the Biblical basis for preachers to be paid from members' tithing?
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1answer
613 views

Has the Bible ever been translated into Egyptian Hieroglyphics?

I'm very curious to see what the Bible looks like in Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics. There's an "ancient languages" department at one of the Universities in my city and one of the languages they offer ...
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3answers
169 views

Why do priests celebrate Mass versus populum (toward the congregation) at most Masses in the Ordinary Form?

Why do priests celebrate Mass versus populum (toward the congregation) and at most Masses in the Ordinary Form?
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14 views

How voluntary is original sin?

In this article, under the heading "how voluntary," the New Advent Wiki goes into detail to show that Original Sin is somehow voluntary. But I don't understand the reasoning. Can someone ...
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38 views

Do Apostolic successionists allow for 'binding and loosing' powers apart from posession of the 'keys'

In Matthew 16 we see Jesus conferring the keys of the kingdom: I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on ...
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113 views

According to Catholicism, how can Catholics be faithful to an abusive spouse?

In old age due to dementia a person can become irritable and abusive, wholly unlike their prior self. As a married person will have taken vows to be faithful; what guidance is there to a spouse in the ...
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40 views

In the Reformed tradition, can an elect expect progressive recovery of reason, emotion, and will before death?

Reformed tradition teaches that human beings are totally depraved, and cannot even come to faith without God's assistance. Their reason rejects God's supremacy, their will refuses God's invitation, ...
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129 views

As a young Jew what would Jesus have been taught about heaven and hell?

I understand the Jewish concept of heaven and hell is different from what I was taught as a conservative protestant. I am curious as to the teaching Jesus would have received from rabbis of his time. ...
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41 views

Eschatology: Reformed and Roman Catholic?

I've heard that both Reformed and Roman Catholic eschatologies have Augustine as a major foundation. True?
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51 views

Do any denominations teach that Adam and Eve had children in the Garden of Eden?

In the Garden of Eden, God commands Adam and Eve to "Be fruitful and increase in number" Genesis 1:28 (NIV) Later, after the Fall in Genesis 3, we're told that "Adam made love to his wife Eve,...
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31 views

Does a Mass intention have any value now, if the Mass will be held, possibly, a year later?

Does a Mass intention have any value now (as expressed, submitted and donation made now), if the Mass will be held, possibly, a year later (due to long waiting list of intentions)? I would like to ...
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175 views

According to the Jehovah’s Witnesses, if Jesus Christ is not God why is He presented as the agent of creation?

John 1:3, "All things came into being by Him, and apart from Him (or without Him) NOTHING came into being that has come into being." Also Colossians 1:16-17, "For by Him all things were created, in ...
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40 views

Is there a script of St. Francis' “famous” speach in Bologna, the 15th of August of 1222?

I was reading a book about St. Francis and there is a mention about a "famous" speech he gave in the piazza of Bologna, the 15th of August of 1222. There are several descriptions around of this speech....
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36 views

Proof of sacramental absolution required for marriage in France during the French Revolution?

Proof of sacramental absolution required for marriage in France during the French Revolution? I remember reading an ecclesiastical works of how the Catholic Church had suffered during the French ...
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35 views

Is there any particular local traditions amongst any Christian denominations in the city of Damascus for celebrating the Conversion of St. Paul?

Is there any particular local traditions amongst any Christian denominations in the city of Damascus for celebrating the Conversion of St. Paul? The Catholic Church celebrates the Feast of the ...
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1answer
120 views

In the Sanctification stage (Reformed perspective) are believers truly becoming more like Christ (“infusion” not imputed)?

Believers who have been born again (regenerated) should have the desire to be conformed to Christ completely and should mourn when we find out that there are sins STILL to repent during the walk in ...
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26 views

Cultural evidence or origins that name order indicated importance or authority

In the situation with Priscilla and Aquila, name order is often an argument within the egalitarian/complementation debates. Listing order has been used to point out significance or importance in a ...
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44 views

What was the reason and the contents of the title pages “Old Testament” and “New Testament” in the earliest codex (extant or not)?

By dividing the collection of books in the Bible into "Old Testament" and "New Testament", the compiler of the books of the Bible made a strong theological statement that something "old" has passed ...
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68 views

Where is the text of Pope Pius IX, “To the Easterners”?

I have seen Wikipedia discussion of Pope Pius IX's 1848 Epistle to the Easterners, and while the discussion mentions a now removed link to catholicencyclicals.net which apparently was a resource on ...

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