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210 views

Greek orthodox prophecy of the messiah in Meteora

I have attached an image. This week I traveled to Meteora, Greece to visit the Great Monastery. I found a text there quoting famous Greek persons from ancient times (b.c.) writing about a messiah ...
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196 views

How many people were killed by Protestant Inquisition style tribunals? Asking for references

It's relatively easy to find estimates for the number of people killed during the Catholic Inquisition; one just needs to check the Wikipedia page, to see several estimates of the number of people ...
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52 views

What was the socioeconomic makeup of early Christian Gnostic sects?

There is ample evidence that early Christianity was socioeconomically very inclusive, being made up of the poor, the wealthy, men, women, the educated, uneducated, etc. For example, Pliny the ...
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42 views

What role does the Gospel Music Association have in standardizing what is played on Contemporary Christian Music stations?

The wikipedia entry for Christian Metal says that some of the stations which do play said genre: as a whole these larger stations generally maintain a GMA-prescribed format. Christian metal (...
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70 views

Did the mention of Simon Magnus contribute to Acts of Peter not being part of the New Testament?

The Acts of Peter is a Apocryphal book about the Apostle Peter after he moves to Rome. It seems to talk about Simon Magnus a good deal. I am interested as to whether that is one of the reasons it was ...
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133 views

Who was the first Devil's Advocate?

According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, the Devil's Advocate (Advocatus Diaboli) was: [a] popular title given to one of the most important officers of the Sacred Congregation of Rites, established ...
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185 views

How has Roman Catholic Confession changed throughout the centuries?

Currently, the common practice of confession in the U.S. is... A person completes an examination of conscious, tells the priest how long it has been since their last confession, then they make their ...
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310 views

Could a Catholic priest potentially use a digital tablet (iPad, etc.) for the Lectionary or the Book of the Gospels during mass?

In the Catholic Masses I have been to, it begins with a procession of the priest along with acolytes and such and someone is holding up the Book of the Gospels decorated in gold or otherwise. This ...
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102 views

What happened with the schools of Luther and Melanchthon?

I know that Martin Luther and Philip Melanchthon tried to oppose the school system introduced by the Catholic Church (according to Luther, Oxford and Cambridge model was influenced by the Paris ...
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85 views

In Federal Vision theology, what is the difference between decisional regeneration and presupposed regeneration?

In some Reformed/Calvinist circles, a theological framework called the Federal Vision (FV) has led to significant internal debate over the true nature of the covenant between God and man, and, by ...
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166 views

Jewish Festival of Lights and the Feast of the Immaculate Conception

While I was doing some reading on how Catholics celebrate various feasts and festivals from around the world, I noticed that the city of Lyons, France celebrates the Festival of Lights on December 8th ...
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65 views

According to Augustine, what's the difference between regenerate life and that before the fall?

In Augustine's four stages of the Christian life, is the Reborn Man in the same state as the Pre-Fall Man? In which state was Christ the man while on earth?
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407 views

Pope Benedict XVI and Pope Francis and the Prophecy of the Popes

I While reading the Prophecy of the Popes, I noticed that the entry for the 111 Pope in the series reads: Glory of the olive (Gloria oliviae). Wikipedia's article on this subject states: ...
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111 views

In what specific ways does the content differ between the standard edition and the student edition of The Apologetics Study Bible?

My question is how to compare and contrast the contents of The Apologetics Study Bible and The Apologetics Study Bible for Students. It is clear from the title that the latter is targeted toward ...
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121 views

Are there any modern Nestorian or Jacobite systematic theology textbooks?

There exist many modern (say, 20th century or later), English language systematic theology textbooks from a Western Christian perspective. For example, Fundamentals of Catholic Dogma by Ludwig Ott ...
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86 views

Does the Catholic Church in Turkey celebrate the Feast of the Chair of St Peter at Antioch?

Prior to the changes to the General Roman Calendar in 1969, Catholics of the Roman Rite celebrated two Feasts of the Chair of St. Peter. The Feast of the Chair of St. Peter at Antioch was celebrated ...
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56 views

How is the Feast of the Shipwreck of St Paul celebrated in the domestic church, that is, within the Catholic family in Malta?

The Catholic Archdiocese of Malta celebrates the Feast of the Shipwreck of St Paul on February 10 each year. I would like to know if the domestic church has any traditional ways of celebrating this ...
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126 views

Looking for Nanjing Mandarin Colloquial version (南京官话译本) of the New Testament

The Nanking Mandarin Colloquial Version (南京官话译本) of the entire New Testament (新约全书) was, supposedly, released in 1860~1861. It was translated by Walter Henry Medhurst (麦都思) and Wang Tao (王韬) and ...
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261 views

Does the Catholic Church endorse the children of narcissistic parents breaking off contact with them?

There's this article about narcissists, written from a Christian perspective, ending with claims about how ACONS can honor their nparents. One is: We honor them by insisting that they get the ...
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224 views

What are the different views of Evangelical denominations about when Jesus became the High Priest?

In the Aaronic Priesthood, priests come and go but Jesus is a priest forever. Hebrews 7:23-25 (MSG) 23-25 Earlier there were a lot of priests, for they died and had to be replaced. But Jesus’ ...
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1answer
120 views

Are there any Catholic medieval directives (rubrics) about what to do/pray/think during Eucharist Adoration?

Are there any medieval (from the 5th to the 15th century) directives (some kind of manual or rubrics) about what to do/pray/think during Eucharist Adoration?
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1answer
266 views

In Reformed theology, what exactly does the doctrine of “limited atonement” actually assert?

I have found it quite confusing to try and understand what traditional Reformed circles mean precisely in their doctrine of "limited/definite atonement"/"particular redemption", especially as not all ...
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1answer
236 views

What is the Roman Catholic Church doctrinal justification of its perceived opposition or support of the independence of Catalonia?

According to the New York Daily News, Vida Nueva (New Life) internet publication said the pope told Spain's new ambassador to the Vatican, Gerardo Bugallo, that the Holy See is against all self-...
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315 views

Is the Eastern Orthodox opposition to the Immaculate Conception an innovation?

This question of mine springs from reading this article (Orthodoxy and the Doctrine of the Immaculate Conception) referenced in this answer to this Christianity SE question: What is the Catholic ...
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1answer
94 views

In Presbyterianism, what is the basis for a parallel between the office of deacon and Christ's priestly office?

In Presbyterianism, there are three "titles" that can be given to officers of a church: Teaching elder (e.g., pastors) Ruling elder Deacon Last weekend I heard something rather novel, at least to ...
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623 views

To the YEC, did God make a single male/female pair of each kind of animal?

Genesis 1:21-22 So God created the great creatures of the sea and every living thing with which the water teems and that moves about in it, according to their kinds, and every winged bird ...
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62 views

Athanasian Creed: taking of the Manhood into God

The Athanasian Creed was an expression of western Nicene-Chalcedonian belief, including the hypostatic union. But there is one sentence where the intention is not as obvious to me as the rest: ......
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42 views

St. Tammany Church?

The popular Indian chief of the 17th century was dubbed affectionately as St. Tammany, the Patron Saint America. St. Tammany Parish (established in 1810) is one of nine Louisiana parishes (counties) ...
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42 views

Are devotional materials in Slavic-speaking Orthodox countries typically translated today?

When rereading the Russian classic The Way of the Pilgrim, I was somewhat surprised to come across a passage which implied that a pocket copy of the Gospels intended for personal devotional reading ...
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46 views

Did J. Gresham Machen consider joining an existing presbyterian body before founding the OPC?

J. Gresham Machen is best known for his battle against theological liberalism in the northern Presbyterian church in the US (the PCUSA), first founding a seminary (in 1929) and then an independent ...
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3answers
132 views

Calvinism: alternatives to evanescent grace?

It appears to me that the so-called "Doctrines of Grace" contain a practical contradiction. The T in TULIP states that the reprobate (and even the unregenerate elect) are zealous in their hatred of ...
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82 views

How common is the practice of praying for the devil?

On The Patristics Project website there is a blog post entitled "Patristic Universalism", which provides quotes from twelve of the ancient Christian writers popularly known as the Church Fathers, ...
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46 views

Why does the Fifth Ode (Prayer of Isaiah) begin at verse 9 and end at verse 20?

Ode 5 in the LXX Book of Odes, and in the canon at Byzantine Orthros/Matins, starts at Isaiah 26:9. Why does it skip the first nine verses which open with the introduction making it clear the whole ...
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52 views

What non-canonical texts do Eastern Catholic liturgies use?

There are some books considered to be canonical by (some) Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Churches, but not by the Latin Church. E.g. 3+4 Maccabees. The Eastern Catholic Churches kept their own ...
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103 views

Can an indulgence be obtained for a deceased non-Catholic Christian?

The Manual of Indulgences published by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops states that The faithful can obtain partial or plenary indulgences for themselves, or they can apply them to ...
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71 views

How did Arius interpret Colossians 2:9?

Colossians 2:9 HCSB For the entire fullness of God’s nature dwells bodily in Christ, NASB: For in Him all the fullness of Deity dwells in bodily form, How did Arius interpret Colossians ...
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41 views

What theological problem in the Henoticon triggered the excommunication of the Patriarch Acacius, by the Bishop of Rome in the fifth century?

As I read through Oman's treatment of the Dark Ages, I am struck again and again by his references to Catholics (which seems in a contextual sense to mean Christian orthodoxy writ large) and what I ...
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105 views

Longevity of biblical manuscripts

The manuscript autographs of the gospels and epistles have perished or been lost. How long would the average autograph last before it perished or became unreadable? Take Paul's First Epistle to the ...
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59 views

What function does a Council actually serve in Calvinism?

Calvin begins his Antidote1 with the following word (Preface): The name of Sacred Council2 is held in such reverence in the Christian Church, that the very mention of it produces an immediate ...
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44 views

In Acts 25:10 Paul appeals to Caesar. What aspect of Roman law/citizenship was he invoking?

Some commentators claim it was provacatio, others amplius. Most commentators simply state he had the right to appeal but what exactly was he invoking? The wikipedia article on Valerian and Porcian ...
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772 views

Judas Iscariot is the twin brother of St. Thomas the Apostle?

Judas Iscariot is the twin brother of St. Thomas the Apostle? I am not saying that St. Thomas the Apostle's is the twin brother of Judas Iscariot. I am simply seeking resource historical information ...
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40 views

At what age could a man start bringing offerings for sin in ancient Israel to the priest?

I just want to know if the scriptures or another source specify if little children or young man could offer sacrifices. Or if there was a minimum age for it. Only men? Grown up, men?
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76 views

What are the most striking disagreements between Clement of Alexandria and Irenaeus?

What are the most striking disagreements (if any) between Clement of Alexandria and Irenaeus? The unanimity of the early Church Fathers is something that is often presented as an indisputable fact. ...
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92 views

What happens if a Pope is unable to continue his duties due to physical or mental illness?

Say that a Pope becomes bedridden and so he cannot go out in public and does not have the stamina to perform other duties. Or he begins suffering from Alzheimer's and thus cannot remember that he is ...
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79 views

Why do some earlier Bibles not have a publishing date?

Ive noticed that some King James Bibles that look several decades old don't have a date of any kind. How can one get an idea of how old a Bible is or when it would have been published?
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90 views

How to reconcile Aquinas' analogical view of God with God's self-revelation?

We use language to describe God. However, Aquinas argues in Summa Theologiae that we can only make analogical statements about God, in which our language is incapable of truly grasping or describing ...
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112 views

How would miaphysites approach the question of monothelitism versus dyothelitism?

I realize that monothelitism arose in the context of Chalcedonian dyophysitism, and that non-Chalcedonians have not been forced to deal with the distinction of monothelitism versus dyothelitism ...
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64 views

Which prophecies does Justin Martyr claim predict Jesus' Advent? Please identify them

In his First Apology Justin Martyr writes: We find it also predicted that certain persons should be sent by Him into every nation to publish these things, and that rather among the Gentiles [than ...
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148 views

How were the blood globules of Lanciano weighed?

A long time ago (before I have left RCC) a priest had addressed my doubts about the reality of presence of Christ in Host with the "numerous examples of Eucharistic miracles". The miracles had been: ...
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104 views

How did Aquinas and Reformation-era Protestants disagree on God's will?

Thomas Aquinas distinguished between God's antecedent and consequent wills. Meanwhile, the Reformed confessions (eg Westminster Confession) distinguished between God's decretive and revealed wills. ...

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