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24
votes
1answer
2k views

What denominations, besides JWs, hold that the Star of Bethlehem was sent by Satan?

I looked up information about the Star of Bethlehem on Jehovah's Witnesses website and it looks like their point on it was that it was actually created by Satan in an attempt to kill Jesus. Now of ...
18
votes
0answers
561 views

Why did the Presbyterian Church of Korea split in 1959?

The number of Presbyterian denominations in Korea is breathtaking: Wikipedia lists dozens of them. From what I can tell, most of these denominations originate in the Presbyterian Church of Korea, ...
12
votes
1answer
189 views

What is the basis for Lombard's view that the basis of justification for OT men was different than for OT women?

While reading J. V. Fesko's The Theology of the Westminster Standards, I found an interesting tidbit in the context of his discussion of justification in Reformed theology: Medieval theologians ...
12
votes
1answer
483 views

What effect did the 1897 decree regarding the Johannine Comma have on Catholic scholarship?

The Comma Johanneum, found in some versions of 1 John 5:7–8, such as the KJV, is a disputed text that has been used since at least the Middle Ages to defend trinitarian doctrine. Scholars now widely ...
11
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0answers
384 views

Trying to find information on a crucifix found whilst metal detecting

I am trying to find the age of a silver cross that I have found on a site that had a benedictine priory on it from 1149 to 1540. I believe that clues to its age are the use of a two bar Patriarchal ...
11
votes
0answers
351 views

Are the five propositions condemned by Cum occasione in the Augustinus?

This simple question was the center of the quarrel around Port-Royal and the efficacious grace in the 17th century in France. In fact, the defenders of Cornelius Jansen’s Augustinus argued that they ...
11
votes
2answers
327 views

The meaning of “The Other” in the writings by pope John Paul II

In a letter by pope John Paul II I found the following quote where he talks about God as 'the Other'. I know this term is used in phenomenology and by Levinas, Lacan and perhaps others, but I was ...
10
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0answers
118 views

What is the status of Humbert's views on the efficacy of sacraments in Catholicism?

Humbert of Silva Candida was an important medieval theologian, best known for his involvement in the excommunication of the Patriarch of Constantinople in 1054. He was also a vocal proponent of a ...
10
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0answers
372 views

Need help with Latin Formula for an unusual Saint Benedict Cross

Can someone help translate the Latin formula used on the left side of the cross below. I already know the right side is the formula for Saint Benedict's Medal but the letters on the left still elude ...
9
votes
1answer
144 views

What was Van Til's view on the use and validity of historical proofs for the resurrection?

Cornelius Van Til was the pioneer of presuppositional apologetics, and was one of the founding members of Westminster Theological Seminary. The defenses of faith that he developed sought to apply the ...
9
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0answers
191 views

Do any non-Swedenborgian Christian denominations have a smaller biblical canon than Protestantism?

As covered in the Wikipedia article on Biblical canon, among the major branches of Christianity Protestantism has the smallest biblical canon, due almost entirely to a smaller Old Testament canon. ...
9
votes
2answers
345 views

A Question regarding arguments against the Nicene Creed

The Nicene Creed, produced at the First Council of Nicaea in 325 AD, was later amended (see Wikipedia) at the First Council of Constantinople in 381 AD and states : ( I am quoting excerpts from the ...
8
votes
1answer
673 views

How is the situation of “divorce her quietly” in Matthew 1:19 according to Catholic?

Matthew 1:19 Because Joseph her husband was faithful to the law, and yet did not want to expose her to public disgrace, he had in mind to divorce her quietly. In these modern days, in my ...
8
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0answers
260 views

How do Oneness Pentecostals (and other modalistic denominations) interpret Revelation 3:21?

New International Version To the one who is victorious, I will give the right to sit with me on my throne, just as I was victorious and sat down with my Father on his throne. New Living ...
8
votes
1answer
597 views

Are there any surviving Acta Diurna copies mentioning Jesus' trial or other aspects of his life?

I recently learned about Acta Diurna, which are official notices created by Roman authorities describing legal proceedings and the outcome of trials. It occurred to me that the trial of Jesus before ...
7
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0answers
84 views

What is the significance of the 5 “faithful sayings” of Paul?

Throughout the epistles written by Paul to Timothy and Titus, he mentions 5 different "sayings" which he describes as "faithful" or "true". These 5 sayings are in: 1 Timothy 1:15-17 1 Timothy 3:1 1 ...
7
votes
1answer
260 views

What is the Biblical basis for Jesus Christ being a created being according to Jehovah’s Witnesses?

Jehovah’s Witnesses believe that Jesus Christ is a created being. What is the Biblical basis for this position?
7
votes
1answer
73 views

When did lay people first get a vote in the general conferences of the United Methodist Church?

In the news reports swirling around the 2019 General Conference of the United Methodist Church, something struck me as odd – there were "lay delegates" among the 800 delegates able to vote on the ...
7
votes
0answers
146 views

Do the Taylor Brethren use the term 'Trinity' in a specialised way?

In 1890, the Brethren movement split into two, one section led by F E Raven (the cause of the split) who was then succeeded by James Taylor Senior, who also held at least some of Raven's views. Raven ...
7
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0answers
130 views

Reference for Comprehensive Prophecy Analysis in Scripture?

What all resources/expositions/writings have been published as a comprehensive analysis of prophecy in Scripture? Any resources about prophecy in all of Scripture, its fulfillment, extrabiblical ...
7
votes
0answers
177 views

The right to read a Catholic church's sacramental register

In the era of handwritten parish registers, when a diocesan or missionary priest performed a sacramental rite, he wrote it up in a semi-structured form in a record book. Sometimes that priest was the ...
7
votes
0answers
183 views

How did James Orr's view of the inspiration of the Bible differ from B. B. Warfield's?

Two of the intellectual fathers of Christian fundamentalism, and ultimately evangelicalism, were James Orr and B. B. Warfield. Both contributed to The Fundamentals, and are well known for opposing ...
7
votes
1answer
202 views

How do Jehovah's Witnesses explain the dramatic changes in their eschatology?

Apologies for the length of this introduction but I felt it was important to begin with a weight of evidence. There have been a great many changes in the Jehovah's Witness understanding and prophetic ...
6
votes
1answer
198 views

Jehovah's Witnesses claim Jerusalem was destroyed in 607 BCE. What is the evidence?

The usual date given for the destruction of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar in academic and Christian publications is either 587 BCE or 586 BCE. The Watchtower claims it was destroyed in 607 BCE. This ...
6
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0answers
88 views

What bible translation did the Unitarians use in 19th century America?

I have been recently reading a lot of Emerson and through this reading I came to know something about William Ellery Channing (the Elder), who was the main voice of American Unitarianism in the 19th ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

Parallel German (Martin Luther's 1534) and English Bible in PDF format?

I've been looking specifically for a PDF version of the Martin Luther 1534 translation of the Bible with a Parallel English translation (preferably KJV, but any edition will do). I've been hitting a ...
6
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0answers
162 views

Historical origins of the doctrine of God's self glorification

Within the Reformed tradition, it is a considered a fundamental principle of doctrine that the 'Chief End' of Man, of Creation and most importantly of God Himself is His own self glorification. We see ...
6
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0answers
157 views

Where can I download the Antwerp and Paris Polyglot Bibles in PDF form?

Throughout the 16th and 17th centuries, 4 important Polyglot Bibles were published. The 1st one was the Complutensian Polyglot, issued in 1522. The 2nd one was the Antwerp Polyglot issued 1569-...
6
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0answers
180 views

What theological differences distinguish the Three-Self Patriotic Movement and the house church movement in China?

State-sanctioned Protestant Christianity in China — the Three-Self Patriotic Movement — is a bit of a mystery to me. I'm wondering to what extent the Communist Party censors the ...
6
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0answers
115 views

Finding a mural of an unknown cathedral?

I am looking for the name of the cathedral that contains the following mural. What I know for sure is: That it has been done between 2004 and 2008, more likely in 2008. It was made in a Catholic ...
6
votes
0answers
162 views

Who was the first Devil's Advocate?

According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, the Devil's Advocate (Advocatus Diaboli) was: [a] popular title given to one of the most important officers of the Sacred Congregation of Rites, established ...
6
votes
0answers
118 views

How is the “perpetual” excommunication of Acacius by Felix III currently understood in Catholicism?

Around AD 485, the patriarch of Constantinople, Acacius, was excommunicated by Pope Felix III, in a dispute over both theology and authority. This excommunication, however, seems unique in that it ...
6
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0answers
127 views

Are there any modern Nestorian or Jacobite systematic theology textbooks?

There exist many modern (say, 20th century or later), English language systematic theology textbooks from a Western Christian perspective. For example, Fundamentals of Catholic Dogma by Ludwig Ott ...
6
votes
0answers
3k views

Are the “Great Supper of God” and the “Wedding Supper of the Lamb” the same event?

In Revelation 19, there is a feast or feasts mentioned by two names. The first is The Wedding Supper of the Lamb: ibid. vv. 7-9 (NASB): Let us rejoice and be glad and give the glory to Him, for the ...
6
votes
1answer
239 views

What is the Roman Catholic Church doctrinal justification of its perceived opposition or support of the independence of Catalonia?

According to the New York Daily News, Vida Nueva (New Life) internet publication said the pope told Spain's new ambassador to the Vatican, Gerardo Bugallo, that the Holy See is against all self-...
5
votes
0answers
124 views

Which Biblical Theology frameworks are currently taught in the Southern Baptist seminaries?

There are two major frameworks of Biblical Theology in Protestant Christianity: Dispensationaliam and Covenant Theology. Simplistically, Dispensationaliam says there is a big discontinuity between ...
5
votes
4answers
310 views

Calvinism: alternatives to evanescent grace?

It appears to me that the so-called "Doctrines of Grace" contain a practical contradiction. The T in TULIP states that the reprobate (and even the unregenerate elect) are zealous in their ...
5
votes
0answers
58 views

What non-canonical texts do Eastern Catholic liturgies use?

There are some books considered to be canonical by (some) Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Churches, but not by the Latin Church. E.g. 3+4 Maccabees. The Eastern Catholic Churches kept their own ...
5
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0answers
73 views

Scriptural basis for a Christian Congregation to vow to “guide and nurture” an infant being baptized

My children were baptized in a Presbyterian church, using a Baptismal Liturgy from the PC(USA) Book of Order. I had some difficulty explaining the Biblical basis of the liturgy to a relative, ...
5
votes
0answers
355 views

Were Jews in Jesus' day binitarian?

Is it true that Jews during Jesus' lifetime were binitarian, that is believing that God was one being in two persons similar to how Christians have historically believed and taught that God is ...
5
votes
0answers
425 views

Why do some Christians bowdlerise words like “God”, writing “G-d” instead?

Some Christians bowdlerise words like "God", writing it as "G-d" or even "G d". This practice is likely inspired by the Jewish practice to do similar. But while some Jews explain their practice as a ...
5
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0answers
95 views

The Golden Mass of Our Lady?

I spent many, many years in France and while there I read some older liturgical books that explained what the Golden Mass of Our Lady was. These all explained that the Mass in question was in reality ...
5
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0answers
84 views

How has opinion on the death penalty among American Catholics shifted since 1974?

In 1974, the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB), "by a substantial majority, voted to declare its opposition to capital punishment" (source). In 1980, it reaffirmed this stance in ...
5
votes
0answers
99 views

How to reconcile Aquinas' analogical view of God with God's self-revelation?

We use language to describe God. However, Aquinas argues in Summa Theologiae that we can only make analogical statements about God, in which our language is incapable of truly grasping or describing ...
5
votes
0answers
77 views

What was Samuel Rutherford's view on the role of pastors in wedding ceremonies?

Samuel Rutherford was an important 17th-century Presbyterian theologian who had significant influence in the drafting of the Westminster Standards, still widely used as a part of the constitutions of ...
5
votes
0answers
231 views

Greek orthodox prophecy of the messiah in Meteora

I have attached an image. This week I traveled to Meteora, Greece to visit the Great Monastery. I found a text there quoting famous Greek persons from ancient times (b.c.) writing about a messiah ...
5
votes
0answers
225 views

How many people were killed by Protestant Inquisition style tribunals? Asking for references

It's relatively easy to find estimates for the number of people killed during the Catholic Inquisition; one just needs to check the Wikipedia page, to see several estimates of the number of people ...
5
votes
0answers
61 views

What was the socioeconomic makeup of early Christian Gnostic sects?

There is ample evidence that early Christianity was socioeconomically very inclusive, being made up of the poor, the wealthy, men, women, the educated, uneducated, etc. For example, Pliny the ...
5
votes
0answers
46 views

What role does the Gospel Music Association have in standardizing what is played on Contemporary Christian Music stations?

The wikipedia entry for Christian Metal says that some of the stations which do play said genre: as a whole these larger stations generally maintain a GMA-prescribed format. Christian metal (...
5
votes
0answers
120 views

What general theological framework(s) are represented in the Life Application Study Bible commentary?

I was recently shown an except of commentary from the NIV edition of the Life Application Study Bible from Tyndale/Zondervan. Frankly I was rather surprised by how blatant the eisegesis was in that ...

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