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23
votes
1answer
2k views

What denominations, besides JWs, hold that the Star of Bethlehem was sent by Satan?

I looked up information about the Star of Bethlehem on Jehovah's Witnesses website and it looks like their point on it was that it was actually created by Satan in an attempt to kill Jesus. Now of ...
18
votes
1answer
519 views

Why did the Presbyterian Church of Korea split in 1959?

The number of Presbyterian denominations in Korea is breathtaking: Wikipedia lists dozens of them. From what I can tell, most of these denominations originate in the Presbyterian Church of Korea, ...
12
votes
1answer
379 views

What effect did the 1897 decree regarding the Johannine Comma have on Catholic scholarship?

The Comma Johanneum, found in some versions of 1 John 5:7–8, such as the KJV, is a disputed text that has been used since at least the Middle Ages to defend trinitarian doctrine. Scholars now widely ...
12
votes
1answer
167 views

What is the basis for Lombard's view that the basis of justification for OT men was different than for OT women?

While reading J. V. Fesko's The Theology of the Westminster Standards, I found an interesting tidbit in the context of his discussion of justification in Reformed theology: Medieval theologians ...
11
votes
0answers
353 views

Trying to find information on a crucifix found whilst metal detecting

I am trying to find the age of a silver cross that I have found on a site that had a benedictine priory on it from 1149 to 1540. I believe that clues to its age are the use of a two bar Patriarchal ...
11
votes
0answers
335 views

Are the five propositions condemned by Cum occasione in the Augustinus?

This simple question was the center of the quarrel around Port-Royal and the efficacious grace in the 17th century in France. In fact, the defenders of Cornelius Jansen’s Augustinus argued that they ...
11
votes
1answer
303 views

The meaning of “The Other” in the writings by pope John Paul II

In a letter by pope John Paul II I found the following quote where he talks about God as 'the Other'. I know this term is used in phenomenology and by Levinas, Lacan and perhaps others, but I was ...
10
votes
0answers
116 views

What is the status of Humbert's views on the efficacy of sacraments in Catholicism?

Humbert of Silva Candida was an important medieval theologian, best known for his involvement in the excommunication of the Patriarch of Constantinople in 1054. He was also a vocal proponent of a ...
10
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0answers
339 views

Need help with Latin Formula for an unusual Saint Benedict Cross

Can someone help translate the Latin formula used on the left side of the cross below. I already know the right side is the formula for Saint Benedict's Medal but the letters on the left still elude ...
9
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0answers
229 views

A Question regarding arguments against the Nicene Creed

The Nicene Creed, produced at the First Council of Nicaea in 325 AD, was later amended (see Wikipedia) at the First Council of Constantinople in 381 AD and states : ( I am quoting excerpts from the ...
9
votes
0answers
222 views

Do any Theistic Evolutionists deny the possibility of (intelligent) life on other planets for Biblical reasons?

I recall reading a book by Hugh Ross many years ago, in which he claimed that life, or at least intelligent life, on other planets was a Biblical impossibility. I believe the argument hinged on the ...
9
votes
0answers
177 views

Do any non-Swedenborgian Christian denominations have a smaller biblical canon than Protestantism?

As covered in the Wikipedia article on Biblical canon, among the major branches of Christianity Protestantism has the smallest biblical canon, due almost entirely to a smaller Old Testament canon. ...
8
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0answers
198 views

How do Oneness Pentecostals (and other modalistic denominations) interpret Revelation 3:21?

New International Version To the one who is victorious, I will give the right to sit with me on my throne, just as I was victorious and sat down with my Father on his throne. New Living ...
8
votes
2answers
610 views

Why doesn't dispensationalism identify a dispensation focused on David?

Dispensationalism is a broad family of theories, and different proponents identify different dispensations, including a different number of dispensations. Here is a typical diagram: Through all the ...
8
votes
1answer
567 views

Are there any surviving Acta Diurna copies mentioning Jesus' trial or other aspects of his life?

I recently learned about Acta Diurna, which are official notices created by Roman authorities describing legal proceedings and the outcome of trials. It occurred to me that the trial of Jesus before ...
7
votes
1answer
75 views

How do Jehovah's Witnesses explain the dramatic changes in their eschatology?

Apologies for the length of this introduction but I felt it was important to begin with a weight of evidence. There have been a great many changes in the Jehovah's Witness understanding and prophetic ...
7
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0answers
133 views

Do the Taylor Brethren use the term 'Trinity' in a specialised way?

In 1890, the Brethren movement split into two, one section led by F E Raven (the cause of the split) who was then succeeded by James Taylor Senior, who also held at least some of Raven's views. Raven ...
7
votes
0answers
126 views

Reference for Comprehensive Prophecy Analysis in Scripture?

What all resources/expositions/writings have been published as a comprehensive analysis of prophecy in Scripture? Any resources about prophecy in all of Scripture, its fulfillment, extrabiblical ...
7
votes
0answers
76 views

What was Van Til's view on the use and validity of historical proofs for the resurrection?

Cornelius Van Til was the pioneer of presuppositional apologetics, and was one of the founding members of Westminster Theological Seminary. The defenses of faith that he developed sought to apply the ...
7
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0answers
169 views

The right to read a Catholic church's sacramental register

In the era of handwritten parish registers, when a diocesan or missionary priest performed a sacramental rite, he wrote it up in a semi-structured form in a record book. Sometimes that priest was the ...
7
votes
0answers
170 views

How did James Orr's view of the inspiration of the Bible differ from B. B. Warfield's?

Two of the intellectual fathers of Christian fundamentalism, and ultimately evangelicalism, were James Orr and B. B. Warfield. Both contributed to The Fundamentals, and are well known for opposing ...
7
votes
2answers
351 views

Is the type of love shared between all heavenly members an affectionate brotherly love mentioned in the Bible? (Catholic perspective)

Does the Catholic Church teach that the type of love shared between all heavenly members is an affectionate brotherly love mentioned in the Bible, for example, in Romans 12:10 and 2 Peter 1:5-7? ...
6
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0answers
184 views

According to Jehovah's Witnesses, why does Jesus make the same claim as God, that he is the “first and the last,”?

Isaiah 44:6, "Thus says the Lord, the King of Israel And his Redeemer, the Lord of host; I am the first and I am the last, And there is no God besides Me." But Jesus Christ makes the same claim in ...
6
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0answers
47 views

When did lay people first get a vote in the general conferences of the United Methodist Church?

In the news reports swirling around the 2019 General Conference of the United Methodist Church, something struck me as odd – there were "lay delegates" among the 800 delegates able to vote on the ...
6
votes
0answers
60 views

Seeking source of a Calvin quote regarding wine in communion

In my denomination (Free Methodist) and a number of other protestant denominations, grape juice is used for communion rather than wine. There is (of course) a longstanding back-and-forth between ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Parallel German (Martin Luther's 1534) and English Bible in PDF format?

I've been looking specifically for a PDF version of the Martin Luther 1534 translation of the Bible with a Parallel English translation (preferably KJV, but any edition will do). I've been hitting a ...
6
votes
0answers
153 views

Historical origins of the doctrine of God's self glorification

Within the Reformed tradition, it is a considered a fundamental principle of doctrine that the 'Chief End' of Man, of Creation and most importantly of God Himself is His own self glorification. We see ...
6
votes
0answers
123 views

Where can I download the Antwerp and Paris Polyglot Bibles in PDF form?

Throughout the 16th and 17th centuries, 4 important Polyglot Bibles were published. The 1st one was the Complutensian Polyglot, issued in 1522. The 2nd one was the Antwerp Polyglot issued 1569-...
6
votes
0answers
171 views

What theological differences distinguish the Three-Self Patriotic Movement and the house church movement in China?

State-sanctioned Protestant Christianity in China — the Three-Self Patriotic Movement — is a bit of a mystery to me. I'm wondering to what extent the Communist Party censors the ...
6
votes
0answers
114 views

Finding a mural of an unknown cathedral?

I am looking for the name of the cathedral that contains the following mural. What I know for sure is: That it has been done between 2004 and 2008, more likely in 2008. It was made in a Catholic ...
6
votes
0answers
149 views

Who was the first Devil's Advocate?

According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, the Devil's Advocate (Advocatus Diaboli) was: [a] popular title given to one of the most important officers of the Sacred Congregation of Rites, established ...
6
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0answers
116 views

How is the “perpetual” excommunication of Acacius by Felix III currently understood in Catholicism?

Around AD 485, the patriarch of Constantinople, Acacius, was excommunicated by Pope Felix III, in a dispute over both theology and authority. This excommunication, however, seems unique in that it ...
6
votes
0answers
124 views

Are there any modern Nestorian or Jacobite systematic theology textbooks?

There exist many modern (say, 20th century or later), English language systematic theology textbooks from a Western Christian perspective. For example, Fundamentals of Catholic Dogma by Ludwig Ott ...
6
votes
2answers
181 views

What is the Biblical basis for Jesus Christ being a created being according to the Jehovah’s Witnesses?

The Jehovah’s Witnesses believe that Jesus Christ is a created being. What is the Biblical basis for this position?
6
votes
1answer
391 views

How do Evangelicals understand “holy children” in 1 Cor 7:14, with respect to the salvation of children dying in infancy?

For the unbelieving husband is made holy because of his wife, and the unbelieving wife is made holy because of her husband. Otherwise your children would be unclean, but as it is, they are holy. (1 ...
5
votes
0answers
61 views

What is the significance of the 5 “faithful sayings” of Paul?

Throughout the epistles written by Paul to Timothy and Titus, he mentions 5 different "sayings" which he describes as "faithful" or "true". These 5 sayings are in: 1 Timothy 1:15-17 1 Timothy 3:1 1 ...
5
votes
4answers
201 views

Calvinism: alternatives to evanescent grace?

It appears to me that the so-called "Doctrines of Grace" contain a practical contradiction. The T in TULIP states that the reprobate (and even the unregenerate elect) are zealous in their hatred of ...
5
votes
0answers
56 views

What non-canonical texts do Eastern Catholic liturgies use?

There are some books considered to be canonical by (some) Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Churches, but not by the Latin Church. E.g. 3+4 Maccabees. The Eastern Catholic Churches kept their own ...
5
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0answers
71 views

Scriptural basis for a Christian Congregation to vow to “guide and nurture” an infant being baptized

My children were baptized in a Presbyterian church, using a Baptismal Liturgy from the PC(USA) Book of Order. I had some difficulty explaining the Biblical basis of the liturgy to a relative, ...
5
votes
0answers
230 views

Were Jews in Jesus' day binitarian?

Is it true that Jews during Jesus' lifetime were binitarian, that is believing that God was one being in two persons similar to how Christians have historically believed and taught that God is ...
5
votes
1answer
116 views

Was the Athanasian Creed ever translated into Koine Greek? If so, where can I find the text?

I am aware that it was most likely originally composed in Latin (this is why it is highly unlikely that St. Athanasius himself wrote it) but has anyone ever tried translating it into Koine Greek? If ...
5
votes
0answers
290 views

Why do some Christians bowdlerise words like “God”, writing “G-d” instead?

Some Christians bowdlerise words like "God", writing it as "G-d" or even "G d". This practice is likely inspired by the Jewish practice to do similar. But while some Jews explain their practice as a ...
5
votes
0answers
83 views

The Golden Mass of Our Lady?

I spent many, many years in France and while there I read some older liturgical books that explained what the Golden Mass of Our Lady was. These all explained that the Mass in question was in reality ...
5
votes
0answers
83 views

How has opinion on the death penalty among American Catholics shifted since 1974?

In 1974, the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB), "by a substantial majority, voted to declare its opposition to capital punishment" (source). In 1980, it reaffirmed this stance in ...
5
votes
0answers
96 views

How to reconcile Aquinas' analogical view of God with God's self-revelation?

We use language to describe God. However, Aquinas argues in Summa Theologiae that we can only make analogical statements about God, in which our language is incapable of truly grasping or describing ...
5
votes
1answer
163 views

How would miaphysites approach the question of monothelitism versus dyothelitism?

I realize that monothelitism arose in the context of Chalcedonian dyophysitism, and that non-Chalcedonians have not been forced to deal with the distinction of monothelitism versus dyothelitism ...
5
votes
0answers
73 views

What was Samuel Rutherford's view on the role of pastors in wedding ceremonies?

Samuel Rutherford was an important 17th-century Presbyterian theologian who had significant influence in the drafting of the Westminster Standards, still widely used as a part of the constitutions of ...
5
votes
0answers
229 views

Greek orthodox prophecy of the messiah in Meteora

I have attached an image. This week I traveled to Meteora, Greece to visit the Great Monastery. I found a text there quoting famous Greek persons from ancient times (b.c.) writing about a messiah ...
5
votes
0answers
216 views

How many people were killed by Protestant Inquisition style tribunals? Asking for references

It's relatively easy to find estimates for the number of people killed during the Catholic Inquisition; one just needs to check the Wikipedia page, to see several estimates of the number of people ...
5
votes
0answers
58 views

What was the socioeconomic makeup of early Christian Gnostic sects?

There is ample evidence that early Christianity was socioeconomically very inclusive, being made up of the poor, the wealthy, men, women, the educated, uneducated, etc. For example, Pliny the ...

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