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Questions tagged [westminster-confession]

A confession of faith sets forth doctrines, in a similar manner to a creed. The Westminster Confession of Faith is a Reformed confession of faith drawn up by the 1646 Westminster Assembly as part of the Westminster Standards.

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6
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2answers
641 views

How are the bread and wine explained by those who forbid images of Jesus?

This question is directed at those who subscribe to the Westminster Standards, particularly Westminster Larger Catechism 109, which reads: The sins forbidden in the second commandment are [...] the ...
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1answer
235 views

According to Anglicanism, is the Pope the Antichrist?

In the Westminster Confession of Faith, Chapter XXV, article 6, we read: There is no other head of the Church but the Lord Jesus Christ. Nor can the Pope of Rome, in any sense, be head thereof; but ...
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Did the authors of the Westminster Standards accept Roman Catholic baptisms as valid?

In the original version of the Westminster Standards, a highly regarded Protestant doctrinal statement, there's a line that is particularly famous: There is no other head of the Church but the Lord ...
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3answers
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Has Protestantism relegated the scripture to be the 'Subordinate Standard'?

It was very necessary for the early church to stand against doctrinal errors, such as Arianism and Sabellianism but, in the doing so, some chose to state a creed (the Athanasian Creed), rather than ...
2
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1answer
270 views

Why is the first question of the Westminster Shorter Catechism so different from the Westminster Confession opening statement?

The former is based on the latter, being drawn up by a special Assembly convened in London in 1643, to be a Catechism for the Christian Church in England, Scotland and Ireland. It was adopted by the (...
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What was Samuel Rutherford's view on the role of pastors in wedding ceremonies?

Samuel Rutherford was an important 17th-century Presbyterian theologian who had significant influence in the drafting of the Westminster Standards, still widely used as a part of the constitutions of ...
4
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1answer
171 views

Does the Westminster Confession affirm or deny Luther's predilection for Paul's writings?

My understanding is that the Westminster Confession is the official defining document of "Reformed theology". That is, if someone is "Reformed" then they agree completely or almost completely with the ...
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3answers
500 views

How does the Westminster Confession address the paradox of the Bible canon?

Chapter I, Article IV of the Westminster Confession (1647) reads: The authority of the Holy Scripture, for which it ought to be believed, and obeyed, dependeth not upon the testimony of any man, or ...
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1answer
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According to the Westminster Confession, what is the Biblical basis for the belief that the guilt of Adam and Eve was imputed to all mankind?

As a recent answer observes, the Westminster Confession of Faith explains: Our first parents, being seduced by the subtilty and temptation of Satan, sinned, in eating the forbidden fruit. This ...
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1answer
391 views

Is Jonathan Edwards's view of “philosophical necessity” compatible with the Westminster Standards?

Jonathan Edwards (1703–1758) was a major 18th century theologian who, though rooted in Reformed theology, innovated in some important ways. According to J. V. Fesko, in The Theology of the ...
9
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1answer
305 views

What is the biblical basis used by Reformed theologians to argue that all those dying in infancy are saved?

In American Presbyterianism and Reformed theology more generally, one of the controversial issues has been the fate of children dying in infancy. The Westminster Confession of Faith reads: Elect ...
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1answer
195 views

Why have conservative Presbyterians objected to chapters on the Holy Spirit and the Gospel in the Westminster Confession?

In the United States, the mainline Presbyterian denomination (the PCUSA), along with several other Presbyterian bodies, include two chapters that were first added to the Westminster Confession in 1903....
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What major changes have American Presbyterians made to the Westminster Confession of Faith?

As someone who generally affirms the Westminster Confession of Faith, one comment I hear periodically is that I therefore must believe that the Pope is the Antichrist. However, the Confession ...
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1answer
123 views

Why do some adherents to the Westminster Standards sing hymns, rather than just psalms?

The Westminster Confession of Faith, 21.5, in its list of elements that are "parts of the ordinary religious worship of God," includes the: singing of psalms with grace in the heart The Confession ...
7
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1answer
218 views

Why do Covenant theologians use the word “dispensation,” and what do they mean by it?

The first time I read the Westminster Confession of Faith, a confession reflecting Covenant (or Reformed) theology, I was surprised to see the word dispensations used in it: There are not therefore ...
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1answer
721 views

Have the individual commands of the OT Law ever been categorized as “Moral,” “Ceremonial,” and “Civil?”

Are there any historic Christian documents that provide a comprehensive categorization of the commands of the OT Law / mitzvot using the three categories from the WCF? And, if so, then as a secondary ...
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732 views

What doctrinal changes did the Westminster Confession bring to the Church of Scotland?

After the reforms of the 16th century, the Scots Confession served as the primary confession for the Church of Scotland for just over 80 years. In 1648 it was replaced by the The Humble Advice of the ...
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Why are only some predestined?

Specifically with respect to the Westminster Confession of Faith (1646)... Chapter 3, paragraph 3 and 4, where it states: III. By the decree of God, for the manifestation of His glory, some men ...