Questions tagged [thomas-aquinas]

Saint Thomas Aquinas was a well known theologian from the Middle Ages, author of the Summa Theologica.

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St. Thomas Aquinas on the Worthy Reception of Holy Communion and the Forgiveness of Venial Sins?

What did St. Thomas Aquinas (and/or perhaps, Augustine et al.) have to say regarding the worthy reception of Holy Communion and the forgiveness of venial sins?
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According to Catholicism, can study be prayer?

St. Thomas Aquinas studied (and prayed) continually. It has been said that study became prayer for him. According to Catholicism, is study a form of prayer?
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Did St. Augustine Write about the Assumption of the Virgin Mary?

I am currently investigating Catholic/Protestant theological differences. In trying to understand arguments about the immaculate conception of Mary, I began reading St. Thomas Aquinas, when I stumbled ...
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Which Bible translations did Aquinas use when writing his commentaries and citing them in his theological works?

We know that early in his career (as baccalaureus biblicus, before he wrote his Summa) Aquinas lectured on the Bible and wrote his own commentaries in addition to using the Catena aurea as well as ...
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Why does St. Thomas Aquinas cite Proverbs 11:14 as Ecclesiastes 4:9?

I’m currently doing a read through of “On Kingship” (De Regno) by St. Thomas Aquinas. In paragraph 8, he cites Ecclesiastes 4:9 as saying With this in mind, Solomon says [Eccl. 4:9]: “Where there is ...
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Saints Who Disobeyed Parents or Superiors in Order to Avoid Committing Sin

Regarding Catholic Saints who were members of the laity---I would like to know if there are any who disobeyed their parents in order not to commit sin. (I exclude superiors here, for one could name ...
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What is the exact nature of Aquinas's private revelation of Jesus to him?

St. Thomas Aquinas is known to make excellent conceptual distinctions in philosophy and theology, most critically in his philosophy and psychology of the human soul, the nature of truth & love in ...
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St. Thomas Aquinas on the Question: "What Must I Do to Go to Heaven?''

There is a story that relates to St. Thomas Aquinas and the question of "What must I do to go to Heaven" that I thought was somewhat famous, but I can't seem to locate it. As I recall, the ...
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On interpreting St. Thomas' thoughts in the Summa Theologiae?

This post is related to How should one read the Summa Theologiae? In Peter Turner's answer to the question posed in the above link, he states: The arguments against are listed first, so everything St....
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How should one read the Summa Theologiae?

Consider, for example, St. Thomas Aquinas on the topic of Mercy: Question 30. Mercy The topic is then broken down into a series of articles (questions) - which are further divided into Objections, &...
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About the spiritual soul: can animals apprehend universals?

I'm struggling with this question for a while: It seems like dogs do know what dogs are. Is it possible for a dog to only recognize individuals and not grasp the universal concept of dog? I thought ...
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What lost bible commentary did St. Thomas Aquinas want more than an entire kingdom?

I've heard it claimed that St. Thomas Aquinas desired to obtain a manuscript of a biblical commentary (by St. John Chrysostom?) more than he desired to posses an entire kingdom. What is the source of ...
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Is there a single human nature or there are multiple human natures?

This question arose from the understanding that God being one nature and three persons. Though (I am trinitarian myself), I observe that in these discussions it is presupposed that humans have one ...
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What is the earliest source containing the music for Adoro te devote?

Can someone point me to the earliest source that contains the melody for Adoro te devote? I've checked on the Cantus Index, as well as MMMO database and have not been able to find anything on this ...
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Where did St. Thomas Aquinas say Mary approached the borders of the Hypostatic Union?

Where did St. Thomas Aquinas say Mary approached the borders/fringes of the divinity or Hypostatic Union?
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What's the reason behind St. Thomas Aquinas word choice "angelicus" in the hymn "Panis angelicus"?

If the hymn Panis angelicus refer to the Eucharist (flesh of Christ, bread of life), why did St. Thomas Aquinas not say "Christ's bread" (Panis Christi, if that's the right Latin grammar) ...
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How is selling the use of a house not usury but selling the use of wine, separately from the wine, is?

St. Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologica II-II q. 78 a. 1 co., says that usury is to sell the use of a consumable good separately from the consumable good itself: To take usury for money lent is unjust ...
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How can the hypostases be distinct? (Identity Trinitarianism)

NOTE: This question is aimed at those who hold a particular view of the Trinity. If you do not hold the view I am referring to, then this question is not directed torwards you Thomists and other ...
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Based on Catholic theology, can angels create or destroy matter?

In the Summa Theologiae, St. Thomas Aquinas says that "angels do not assume bodies from the earth or water, or they could not suddenly disappear." Source: Ia Q. 51 Art. 2 (Whether angels ...
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Why would having emotions imply that an entity is composite?

The Summa Theologica contains the following quote when considering "Whether God is composed of matter and form?": Objection 2. Further, anger, joy and the like are passions of the composite....
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Aquinas on polytheism

So Saint Thomas Aquinas said there cannot be multiple gods because there would be disorder since what one wills the other might not and to not fulfill one's will is a defect. But if all gods are good ...
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Did Aquinas believe that church bells ward off bad weather?

An 1880 issue of Popular Science reports that, in the opinion of Thomas Aquinas, church-bells, provided that they have been duly consecrated and baptized ... repel the demons and avert storm and ...
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What is Thomas Aquinas's "Dec. præc."?

The Catechism of the Catholic Church (par. 1955), cites "St. Thomas Aquinas, Dec. præc. I." What is the English (or even the Latin) name of this work "Dec. præc."?
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Are the fallen angels already in hell?

Aquinas argues that angels achieve their end by a single meritorious act. They either choose God, thereby possessing the Beatific Vision, or the reject him and fails permanently to achieve the end ...
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Thomas Aquinas on hermaphrodites?

Did Thomas Aquinas write anything about hermaphrodites? I have not been able to find his opinions on the matter.
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St. Thomas Aquinas on Homosexuality?

What was St. Thomas Aquinas' view on homosexuality?
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St.Thomas Aquinas on Papacy

What are the writings of St.Thomas Aquinas on papacy and church authority?
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Is there a pattern to the occurrences of "reply to the argument for the contrary" section in Aquinas's 𝑆𝑢𝑚𝑚𝑎 𝑇ℎ𝑒𝑜𝑙𝑜𝑔𝑖𝑐𝑎?

The Anomaly The other day when I was answering a question using Thomas Aquinas's Summa Theologica (Notre Dame Prof. Alfred J. Freddoso's translation) I came across a new type of "Reply to ...
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Does Aquinas's version of the beatific vision contradict the resurrection of the body and the new creation?

If I have understood the Supplement to the Third Part of Aquinas's monumental Summa Theologica correctly, Aquinas argues that, following the Last Judgement, the redeemed bask in the light of God's ...
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Which does St. Thomas Aquinas teach is greater, to know God or to love Him?

According to St. Thomas Aquinas, which is greater, to know God or to love Him? It seems knowledge of God is greater, because John 17:3 says: Now this is eternal life: That they may know thee, the ...
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Why can't our immortal souls make our body also naturally immortal?

I have been reading what St. Thomas has to say on resurrection and how the human body will be changed afterwards. St. Thomas talks about how all people, the damned and the saints alike, will become ...
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Did Aquinas rate rage as worse than sexual sins?

I have been explained that Thomas Aquinas regarded sexual sins as less serious than sins connected with rage, as the former gave a taste of the divine, whereas the latter had a diabolical origin. What ...
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St. Thomas Aquinas on whether all will die before the Final Judgement?

In the Summa Theologiae, St. Thomas argues that all will die and rise again when Jesus returns. But this seems to be in contradiction to St. Paul, who wrote: "We who are still alive and are left ...
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Absolute Divine Simplicity (ADS) and the Trinity

Though apparent, the framework of the Triune Godhead appears logically incoherent in juxtaposition to the Absolute Divine Simplicity model. Looking through the works of Thomas Aquinas, who is the most ...
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What is the relationship between Aquinas and Magisterium?

What is the relationship and/or opposition between Aquinas' writings and Magisterium? That is, what can generally be said about using Aquinas to explain doctrine? Or contrarily, does Aquinas stand in ...
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Did St. Thomas Aquinas rate masturbation as a greater sin than rape? [duplicate]

St. Thomas Aquinas said: Objection 1. It would seem that the unnatural vice is not the greatest sin among the species of lust. For the more a sin is contrary to charity the graver it is. Now adultery,...
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Why did St. Augustine and St. Thomas endorse ensoulment at 40 or 80 days?

I know the story that they lacked our current biological knowledge. I know the story that they still considered abortion to be a grave evil. These two excuses seem inadequate to me. Regardless, they ...
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What's the proof for the existence of Angels as well as angelic hierarchy?

It's said that most influential medieval work on angelic order was written by Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite. How much authority do his works still hold and what's the metaphysical foundation and ...
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What did Thomas Aquinas teach about the renewal of the world after judgement and what kinds of bodies will be renewed?

In Summa Theologica suppl. q. 91, where St.Thomas Aquinas speaks of the quality of this world after the Last Judgement, a. 5 arg. 2 objects that plants, animals, and mineral bodies will be renewed. In ...
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What does St. Thomas Aquinas mean by 'alteration' of heavenly bodies in Summa Theologiae?

In Summa Theologiae, when talking about "The quality of the world after judgement", in the 4th article the reply to objection 4 states: "Reply to Objection 4. This brightness will be in these ...
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What did Aquinas do for recreation?

Question: What did St. Thomas Aquinas do for fun? We know that he was a brilliant mind who wrote many good works. However, even he himself says that games and having fun are good for one's soul (I am ...
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Is there any relationship between Aquinas teaching on the analogical knowledge of God and Christ teaching in parables?

Is there any relationship between Aquinas teaching on the analogical knowledge of God and Christ teaching in parables (ie. via analogies)?
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What is the role of the Holy Spirit in the Thomistic understanding of vocation?

What is the role of the Holy Spirit in the Thomistic understanding of vocation and how is the action of the Holy Spirit manifest when one is being called to religious state? Related questions: ...
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Is there an ontological change in human nature after Jesus Passion and resurrection?

I came across this passage from Jacques Servais, commenting on Thomas Aquinas’ view on Christ’s Passion: God himself acts in human nature by regenerating it from within. He, in fact, wanted, to ...
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Is the Theology of the Body in line with traditional Thomistic teaching on marriage?

Question: Is the Theology of the Body in line with traditional Thomistic teaching on marriage? It seems to me that the love of husband and wife is sometimes brought to the level of adornment which ...
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How do we know the unmoved mover for any given change must be singular and lack potential?

I've finished with Ed Feser's treatment of Aquinas' First way in Aquinas, but he did not satisfactorily (or intelligibly for me) address my question: How do we know the unmoved mover for any given ...
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What are the relationships of the Gifts of the Holy Ghost to the beatitudes and virtues?

According to Catholic theology, what are the relationships of the seven Gifts of the Holy Ghost to the beatitudes and virtues?
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What are St. Thomas Aquinas's views on fatherhood?

What are St. Thomas Aquinas's views on fatherhood? Did he define fatherhood (paternitas)?
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Tackling Catholic philosophy and theology

I'd like to read and understand Catholic theology, philosophy and Tradition as best as I can. I'm a biologist and not a philosopher/theologian -- and as such, I cannot (and thus far have not) ...
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Whether Ignatian spiritual exercises are good for the discernment of vocation according to Thomistic understanding of vocation?

All I know about Ignatian spiritual exercises was orally transmitted to me from priests and others, therefore I may misunderstand Ignatian spiritual exercises and in that case please correct me. ...
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