Questions tagged [terminology]

questions regarding the meaning or usage of Christian terminology

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8
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2answers
36k views

In Catholicism, what is the difference between Natural Law and Divine Law?

In Catholic understanding, there is a divine law and a natural law. Based on my reading, it seems like Divine Law = Revelation (as a Protestant would call it) and Natural Law = what you could deduce ...
16
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5answers
217k views

What is the difference between a pastor, a priest, and a minister?

No, this is not the start of a joke about a bunch of people walking into a bar. Rather, I thought it would be helpful to clarify various titles that people give to leadership roles in churches.
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5answers
231 views

Is Christianity the sum of the actions and beliefs of its adherents or a set of actions and beliefs defined by the Bible? [closed]

This question is closely related to those regarding the definition of a Christian that was also discussed on the meta site here and here. While I consider that question answered and outside the scope ...
6
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3answers
252 views

What's the right terminology here for what God's allowing something, but not blessing it?

What's the right terminology here for when God's allowing something, but not blessing it? I once had it, but now I forgot. It's something about two different types of God's will. One is kind of "...
6
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2answers
412 views

How to define an independent interference by God? [closed]

The most clear evidence when people state their belief is experience. The reasons vary: logical expressions of belief is somewhat inverted (read this paragraph) experience is connected to intimate ...
16
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2answers
3k views

What is the difference between “catholicism” and “catholic”?

In the Apostle's Creed, the term "catholic" is used in describing the reciter's belief: I believe ... in the holy catholic church This creed is used by a wide variety of denominations, and ...
13
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2answers
16k views

What is the difference between a covenant and a contract?

Specifically as used by the Reformed theological tradition, what is meant by the term "covenant"? How is this different than other forms of agreements under assorted names in English like contract, ...
15
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3answers
5k views

What is the Catholic concept of grace?

This question reminded me of a question I've had for a long time: What is the Catholic concept of grace? A look at the dictionary says: grace [greys] noun favor or goodwill. Synonyms: kindness, ...
5
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1answer
4k views

What are the “evangelical counsels”?

The question Was "love your enemies" ever included among the evangelical counsels? mentions evangelical counsels. In the question James T mentions that they are something to be kept by ...
22
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4answers
11k views

What is the difference between 'Biblical' and 'Systematic' theology?

Particularly among Protestant traditions, it is common to classify books and classes that cover broad looks at theological issues as either 'Biblical' or 'Systematic'. Sometimes this is even extended ...
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3answers
2k views

Is there any specific difference between a “Christian” and a 'true' disciple of Christ? [closed]

What is the Biblical definition of "disciple"? Can you be "merely" a 'follower of Christ' or a 'Christian' and not be a 'disciple'?
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5answers
23k views

Why does Catholicism have priests but Protestantism does not?

The Catholic Church (and apparently Lutheran, Anglican and Episcopalian churches) have clergy with the title of "priest", as did Old Testament Judaism. Are Protestant "preachers", "reverends", "...
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4answers
2k views

What is an apostle?

Often the apostles are referred to as "the twelve apostles" - the twelve disciples called by name by Jesus. But Paul called himself and Barnabus apostles. Were Paul and Barnabus really apostles?
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3answers
11k views

What is the difference between “infallible” and “inerrant”?

As with many others I know, I believe in both the infallibility and inerrancy of the Bible. But what is the difference between these two important terms? If something has no errors (inerrant), then ...
16
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3answers
3k views

Do Jehovah's Witnesses use different language for theological reasons?

They don't have churches: they have Kingdom Halls (though it's not wrong to refer to a Kingdom Hall as a type of church). They don't have hymns: they have Kingdom Songs (though it's not wrong to ...
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6answers
11k views

What does it mean to be “weak in faith”? [closed]

There have been some questions and answers which discuss the strength of one's faith such as Why do OEC discount the literal interpretation of the book of Genesis? There is also a question which asks ...
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4answers
3k views

What is the significance of “Zealot” in Acts 1:13?

When they arrived, they went upstairs to the room where they were staying. Those present were Peter, John, James and Andrew; Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew and Matthew; James son of Alphaeus and Simon ...
11
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1answer
628 views

What do “Templar” and “Soldiers of Christ” mean?

I have been hearing a lot about Templars in movies such as Ironclad and games like Assassin's Creed. I did a quick look up on Google about "Templars" and still haven't got any clue on what is it about....
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2answers
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What is the theory that there is more than one “Satan” called, and what is its basis?

I'm remembering back to a conversation that I had with an individual who was adamant about the fact that Satan was a made up Angel. That instead of Satan being a singular object, satan was actually ...
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2answers
3k views

What is the difference between justification and sanctification?

Christians use the terms justification and sanctification a lot, but it's not always clear where one concept leaves off and the other picks up. What do Protestants generally say is the difference ...
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4answers
10k views

What do Christians mean by “holy”? [closed]

What is the meaning of the word holy from a Christian viewpoint? I observed that the term is used for the gods, especially the Holy God (Father) and Holy Ghost; persons, such as the holy apostles, ...
15
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4answers
271 views

Is there a name for believing but not obeying?

Although it is a theoretical question, it is still very interesting for me. Is there a system of beliefs or at least a name for people who believe in the existence of God and that events described in ...
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5answers
2k views

How does the New Testament define a Christian and a non-Christian, a brother in Christ and not a brother in Christ? [closed]

How does the New Testament define a brother in Christ? According to the New Testament, what makes a human a brother in Christ? And also, according to the New Testament, which people are definitely not ...
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6answers
2k views

What is “faith?” [closed]

The Bible and Christians talk about faith a lot. Matthew 12:32 talks about "faith as a mustard seed" for instance. I've heard many Christians say things like "I don't have enough faith," or "I want ...
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2answers
8k views

How do you define a Christian or a brother in Christ? [closed]

How do you define a Christian? How do you define what kind of person is your brother in Christ and what kind of person is not?
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4answers
1k views

What is the Biblical support for Hell as a singular concept?

One of the common tenets of Christian Universalism (as well as Annihilationism) is the non-existence of Hell as an eternal punishment for non-Christians, that everyone has been granted salvation ...
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6answers
113k views

Why are Matthew, Mark, and Luke called the synoptic gospels?

The first three gospels are sometimes known as the "synoptic" gospels. What does this term mean, and how does it differentiate them from the gospel of John?
13
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2answers
278 views

Can Christianity be objectively defined? [closed]

Orthodox Christianity is considered to be what comes from the Old and New Testament but many denominations/religions call themselves Christians without adhering strictly to the Bible as we know it ...
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6answers
3k views

What does it mean to “be saved” [closed]

It seems common in Christian communities (and in questions on this site) for people to say they have been saved. What does someone mean by this when they say it? How would I know that I have been ...
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4answers
5k views

Heaven/Paradise/Sheol, Hell/Hades/The Lake of Fire [closed]

What is the difference between Heaven/Paradise/Sheol How about Hell/Hades/The Lake of Fire? Are they synonyms, are they different places?
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3answers
19k views

What is the biblical meaning of “sanctification”? [closed]

I understand that sanctification is used as a post-reformational theological term to refer to the ongoing process of Christian growth. But, biblically speaking, is this always what is meant? I know ...
12
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4answers
1k views

What does “predestination” mean? [closed]

What is the concept of predestination? Are there different denominations that believe in predestination but have differences in what they believe about it? If so, what are the differences?
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5answers
12k views

What does the Good News refer to? [closed]

What is the Good News? Is there a different meaning when Jesus mentions it and when Paul does? Edit: I'll clarify my question. Jesus mentions the Good News (or "gospel" in some translations) in ...
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3answers
2k views

Is there a difference between Liberal, Progressive, and Emergent Christianity?

In many evangelical circles I hear people use the terms liberal, progressive and emergent quite a bit, especially recently. Do these all refer to the same categorization of groups or of thought? Or ...
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13answers
48k views

When the Bible talks about wine does it mean alcoholic wine?

In discussions I have had in the past over the acceptability of a Christian drinking alcohol I have heard that some 'dry' believers say that the wine in the Bible was not wine as we know it commonly ...
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3answers
1k views

What are the main tenets and/or beliefs of the 'Emergent' Church?

'Emergent' is a word I see gets thrown around a lot. Is there any definition to what is and what isn't emergent? Is it a catch-all for certain points of view? Are there people out there that ...

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