Questions tagged [terminology]

questions regarding the meaning or usage of Christian terminology

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1answer
288 views

How do various Christian traditions view the expression “crossing over Jordan”?

John Bunyan's 'The Pilgrim’s Progress' (published 1678) makes reference to "crossing the River" in order to get to the Celestial City. Chapter 20 mentions that only Enoch and Elijah did not have to ...
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2answers
813 views

What exactly does the Catholic Church mean by the “Virginity” of Mary?

Possible ways to understand "virginity" : Some people may define it as no sexual event whatsoever. Some may define as not having intercourse with a male. Some may define it as not participating in ...
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1answer
54 views

What does “Style” mean in the context of feast days

I was wading through the weeds of the Catholic Encyclopedia trying to figure out why and when April 5th was the Feast of the Annunciation and what Lady Day is and whether that means it used to be more ...
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507 views

What was the earliest reference to the 3 States of the Church?

The Churches Militant, Penitent and Triumphant are used quite regularly not only in The Catholic Church but also in some Protestant denominations. The Catechism has a reference to the three states of ...
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2answers
162 views

What do Evangelicals who speak negatively of “religion” mean by that?

I've been hearing some tributes to Rev. Billy Graham today and one of the things that people were praising him was that he "emphasized people over religion". Now I'm guessing that is not necessarily ...
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120 views

Who is “the Lord thy God” mentioned in scripture? [closed]

This name is given to some deity in the KJV 264 different times. Is it referring to the father of Jesus, Jesus or the Holy Spirit?
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3answers
3k views

What is the difference between Demon and Devil?

Both terms, demon and devil, are used in various Bible passages. According to Catholic Encylopedia: ... the chief of the demons is called the devil. Is that true? Because the term devil is used ...
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1answer
75 views

What does it mean to “Make a Mission”?

I was reading Dorthy Day's autobiography and she mentioned something that Catholics of her time, at least, would take for granted "doing a novena and making a mission". I've prayed a novena, but I've ...
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264 views

When the early church was formalising the canon, what did they understand by the word 'Inspired'?

When the early church was formalising the Biblical canon, what specific definition of the word 'inspired' did they have in regard to the biblical literature? I'm curious about how this relates to the ...
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1answer
986 views

Why are 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, and Titus referred to as the “Pastoral Epistles”?

Why are 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, and Titus referred to as the “Pastoral Epistles”?
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217 views

What are the “Beatitudes”?

My pastor mentioned something called the "beatitudes" in the book of Matthew. What are they?
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3k views

How are the Decretive, Preceptive, and Permissive wills of God defined?

I've heard people talk about the Decretive, the Preceptive, and the Permissive wills of God, but I don't entirely understand them. What do they mean and what makes them distinct from each other?
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What is the “Magnificat”?

I heard my pastor use the term "Magnificat" when preaching in the book of Luke about Mary today. What is the Magnificat?
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104 views

What do charismatic Christians actually mean by the phrase “tonight is an open heaven”?

I have heard this phrase bandied around for about the last 10-15 years and I am wondering how it originated and if it has any scriptural basis. My own belief is that in the light of the cross and the ...
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48 views

Who are the “Sons of Israel” mentioned in Numbers 28

This verse sounds like God is telling Moses to tell the Israelites what they should do, but from what needs to be done it sounds like he is really going to be telling the priests what God wants done. ...
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1answer
639 views

What do the names of the different hours of the divine office mean? Where do they come from? (Etymology)

I was wondering what the different names of the various hours mean in the liturgy of the hours? Where did they come from and what is their significance? They sound badass, but it would be nice to know ...
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1answer
129 views

According to Catholicism, what is the difference between forgiveness and release from punishment?

The first thing to note is that forgiveness of a sin is separate from punishment for the sin. Through sacramental confession we obtain forgiveness, but we aren't let off the hook as far as punishment ...
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83 views

What was the early-Christendom position on attributing pagan names to Christian concepts (mainly god)? Was there opposition to doing this?

In the ancient times, the newly-converted European cultures naturally reused their native "pagan" words to refer to some of the newly-acquired Christian concepts, rather then re-inventing the wheel. ...
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1answer
243 views

What is Ultramontanism & Neo-ultramontanism?

...The accusations stem from two Italian left-wing Ultramontanists... ...But now that Pope Francis has opened up new spaces, liberals, too, have to learn how to be critically obedient without giving ...
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1answer
2k views

What is the difference between a denomination and a movement?

I grew up raised in an Apostolic(Oneness-)Pentecostal church that affirmed O.S.A.S., I was always told our denomination was Pentecostal, but I see some refer to Pentecost as a movement, and U.P.C. as ...
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891 views

What is the difference between an apostle and a disciple? [duplicate]

Some people use "apostles" and "disciples" interchangeably when talking about the 12 that originally followed Jesus. Yet, I don't commonly hear the opposite, people using those two words ...
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1answer
227 views

Earliest use of the term triune

According to dictionary.com, the origin of the term triune was between: 1595–1605; tri- + -une < Latin ūnus one What are some of the earliest uses of the English triune, as well as it's Latin ...
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991 views

In Korean Protestantism, what is the position of Kwonsa?

In the Presbyterian Church in America (PCA), a conservative Presbyterian denomination, there is a sizable contingent of Korean-Americans – they make up 12% of the denomination's members and have 212 ...
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What qualifies the 3 entities of the Trinity as one?

Follow up to this question: (If A = x and B = x and C = x then why isn't A = B = C? (Trinity) What qualifies the 3 entities of the Trinity as one? Now that the concept of the Trinity is more ...
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941 views

When did the word “Catholic” become a proper noun?

After reading "At what point did the Roman See start self-identifying as the Catholic Church?" on this site I enjoyed a bit of research into the etymology and meaning of the word "Catholic," and as ...
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4k views

What is the difference between “Catechism” and “Canon Law” in Catholicism?

What is the difference between "Catechism" and "Canon Law" in Catholicism? I have the Catholic Catechism (CCC). Yet I also see the Canon law code quoted from...what's the difference? are they two ...
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1answer
303 views

How does “Lead us not into temptation” need to be interpreted? [closed]

When we Christians recite the "Our Father", we always say: ... and lead us not into temptation ... From this quote I understand very clearly that God can lead us to temptation thus contradicting ...
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1answer
168 views

At what point did the Eastern Church start self-identifying as the Orthodox Church?

The Great (East-West) Schism was a massive trainwreck centuries in the making and centuries in its outworking. At what point in the process did the Eastern Church start identifying itself as the ...
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1answer
393 views

At what point did the Roman See start self-identifying as the Catholic Church?

The Great (East-West) Schism was a massive trainwreck centuries in the making and centuries in its outworking. At what point in the process did the Roman see start identifying itself as the Catholic ...
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0answers
121 views

What is the Roman Catholic view on using the term 'orthodox', particularly in regard to Eastern Orthodoxy?

The terms orthodox and catholic have immense significance to those that seek to make exclusive truth claims about their particular Christian Tradition. Both Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodox trace ...
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651 views

How do the Eastern Orthodox view using the term 'catholic', particularly in regard to Roman Catholicism?

The terms orthodox and catholic have immense significance to those that seek to make exclusive truth claims about their particular Christian Tradition. Both Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodox trace ...
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1answer
55 views

Noun for a person who believes in ordinances?

A person who believes in sacraments is a "sacramentalist". Is there a noun for a person who believes in church ordinances instead of sacraments? "Non-sacramentalist" seems odd, as well as too broad ...
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535 views

What is the historical origin of the “Last Supper” expression?

This is not a question about the meaning (self-explanatory) of the expression, but on its origin. In particular, about who, where, and when. There seems to be nothing about this around. The New ...
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1answer
55 views

Is brethren a currently used plural for brother (monks)?

General use of brethren as meaning is considering archaic and not used. Is it in current usage in the Christian world?
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270 views

Is God's sovereignty a term associated with Reformed theology?

Is the concept of God's sovereignty disputed outside of Reformed theology, and is God's sovereignty a label for God that is exclusively used in the context of Reformed theology?
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1answer
139 views

According to Reformed Theology, how does one make disciples?

According to Reformed Theology, how does one "make disciples"? Are "making disciples" and "evangelizing" synonymous?
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1answer
3k views

Is the Church both the Body of Christ and the Bride of Christ? [closed]

Some believe the Church is the Bride of Christ. Yet that term is never used in the New Testament. In Revelation the bride who is the wife of the Lamb is used (DRA): And there came one of the seven ...
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1answer
100 views

I'm looking for a multilingual glossary of Christian/Bible terminology

I'd like to have multilingual translations of key terminology used in Christian literature and/or Bible in a translation glossary format, including the same list of key terms ideally in Hebrew, Latin, ...
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1answer
421 views

Is there a name for the belief that God is not omniscient, but rather is “learning” how to deal with humanity?

A Lutheran pastor told me that she believes God is not omniscient (and that this was a Greek concept later applied to God), but rather that God is in a process of "learning" how to deal with humanity. ...
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374 views

What is the origin of the word “Nativity” as a title for Christ's Advent?

I am interested in knowing when the term "Nativity" came into popular use for Christ's Advent and what are its origins.
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346 views

How do Catholics describe “eternal generation”?

It seems to me that "eternal generation" is an oxymoron: "a combination of contradictory or incongruous words (as cruel kindness); broadly : something (as a concept) that is made up of ...
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13k views

What is a Sabbath day's walk?

In Acts 1:12, the distance between Jerusalem and the Mount of Olives is described as a "Sabbath day's walk." Now, my Bible's footnote attributes this distance to be one kilometer long but it gives no ...
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Why are Matthew, Mark, and Luke called 'synoptic' gospels?

The first three gospels are sometimes known as the "synoptic" gospels. What does this term mean, and how does it differentiate them from the gospel of John?
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534 views

In Reformed theology, are Christians still “totally depraved”?

In 2012, Calvinist pastor Tullian Tchividjian wrote an article, "Are Christians Totally Depraved?", in which he applied the language of total depravity to both non-Christians and Christians. He ...
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1answer
441 views

What is the meaning of 'scandalous' associated with the crucifixion of Jesus?

There is a song, "Beautiful Scandalous Night." Also, I have heard this term used with regards to the crucifixion. I assume this does not have the colloquial meaning. What does it mean?
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503 views

How does John Polkinghorne define the soul?

The Reverend Doctor John Polkinghorne, Anglican priest, theoretical physicist, and knight of the British Empire, seems to have interesting ideas about what the soul is. From Wikipedia: He regards ...
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2answers
1k views

If we say “God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit” can we say “God, God, and God”?

God is said to be "the triune god". He exists as "the Father" (who is God), "the Son" (who is God), and "the Holy Spirit" (who is God). Since Jesus is "the son of God", then the Father is ...
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160 views

How do I interpret this list of mediaeval rectors?

This is a rewording of the question What differentiates a priest, a clerk, a capellanus, a subdeacon and a rector?. While I asked much the same questions within the body of the article there, the ...
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2answers
651 views

What differentiates a priest, a clerk, a capellanus, a subdeacon and a rector?

I have been looking at the list of rectors of Eversholt church, Bedfordshire, from the Bedfordshire Archives Service Catalogue. The various people listed there are each described as one of: (with ...
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592 views

How do various traditions define the term “sufficient grace”?

I have read various polemics on the topics of Augustinianism, Calvinism, Jansenism, Pelagianism, Arminianism, and Catholicism which seem to use the term "sufficient grace" in different ways. For ...