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Questions tagged [st-thomas-aquinas]

Saint Thomas Aquinas was a well known theologian from the Middle Ages, author of the Summa Theologica.

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Why does the axiom of choice imply the existence of a unique God?

The following is paraphrased from A Passion for Mathematics by Clifford A. Pickover (read in Kiefer Sutherland's voice): (mathjax here) Theorem: The axiom of choice is equivalent to the existence of ...
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Thomistic Predestination and Free Will

What is the role of free will in Thomistic predestination? My understanding of Thomist teachings: people have free will to do what they want everyone gets sufficient amount of grace (Sufficient for ...
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How to reconcile Aquinas' analogical view of God with God's self-revelation?

We use language to describe God. However, Aquinas argues in Summa Theologiae that we can only make analogical statements about God, in which our language is incapable of truly grasping or describing ...
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How did Aquinas and Reformation-era Protestants disagree on God's will?

Thomas Aquinas distinguished between God's antecedent and consequent wills. Meanwhile, the Reformed confessions (eg Westminster Confession) distinguished between God's decretive and revealed wills. ...
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What is the basis for saying that Aquinas accepted the Immaculate Conception?

It's commonly said that Thomas Aquinas did not accept the doctrine of the immaculate conception of Mary. For example, Wikipedia says: Saint Thomas Aquinas refused to concede the Immaculate ...
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What was Saint Thomas Aquinas's girding by the two angels?

Diego Velázquez's Temptation of St. Thomas shows him being girded by angels with a belt of purity: What is the event behind this painting?
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Did St. Thomas Aquinas write anything about historiography?

I was curious as to whether or not St. Thomas Aquinas every formally laid out any principles to be adhered to when writing/studying/interpreting history or ever elucidated a theory of the "nature" of ...
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Has Catholic Church always taught that our corporeal nature necessary for humans to experience affection? (Catholic)

Has Catholic Church always taught that our corporeal nature is a necessary requirement for us to experience affection? or is the thought mainly coming from St. Thomas Aquinas? Thank you,
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Are Catholics required to accept every article of Aquinas's «Summa Theologica»?

Are all the articles of St. Thomas Aquinas's Summa Theologica to be accepted as the truth by every Catholic? Are there any criticisms of the Summa Theologica within the Catholic Church?
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Is it necessary to read Aristotle's books in order to understand St. Thomas Aquinas's «Summa Theologica»? [closed]

Is it necessary to read Aristotle's books in order to understand St. Thomas Aquinas's Summa Theologica?
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What did St. Thomas Aquinas write about Christ's passion?

St. Thomas Aquinas never wrote a complete treatise devoted solely to Christ's passion. So what did St. Thomas Aquinas have to say about Christ's passion?
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Aquinas' understanding of love - is it desire?

St. Thomas Aquinas' definition of love is "to will the good of another" - is it same as defining love as "to desire the good of another"? According to Aquinas, does "loving" always require "desire ...
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In heaven, will we have desires (Catholic)?

St. Thomas Aquinas once wrote that in heaven, our desires will be completely at rest. This sounds to me that we will not have any desire in heaven, as there is nothing to desire for. But at the same ...
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According to Aquinas, does “love” towards something always bring “desire” towards that something?

According to Thomas Aquinas, does "love" towards something always bring "desire" towards that something?
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What is the evidence that Thomas Aquinas was assassinated?

Reading the Wikipedia article on Thomas Aquinas, I stumbled on something rather peculiar. Apparently he fell ill and died at the age of 49 on his way to the Second Council of Lyon, where he had been ...
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Did John Calvin ever read Thomas Aquinas's Summa Theologica?

I've read in a few places online (here, for example), that John Calvin did not have access to Thomas Aquinas's great treatise, Summa Theologica. This is mind-blowing. Consider: The last edition of ...
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What is Thomas Aquinas' perspective on salvation for baptized heretics who believe in the Trinity?

St. Thomas Aquinas is praised globally for his intellect, and such has gained him the merit of being a 'Doctor of the Church'. I am curious about several things though: What are Aquinas's views on ...
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What was St. Thomas Aquinas's view on the difference between punishment accorded to original sin and punishment accorded to individual sin?

Many different thinkers in Catholicism have proposed different theories regarding what original sin is compared to individual sin. From this, different theologians have thought that original sin ...
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Where did Aquinas say that the “greatest penalty of sin is the loss of the sense of sin”?

Can someone point to me where St. Thomas Aquinas said that the, "greatest penalty of sin is the loss of the sense of sin"? I heard this from Catholic Answers Live last week.
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Catholic chronology

Do Catholic geologists still take seriously (as literal chronology) Eccles 1:4 "the earth abideth forever" which Saint Thomas Aquinas cites inter alia in his discussion of God and eternity in Summa ...
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At what age should Christians be confirmed according to St. Thomas Aquinas?

I've read this in Saint Thomas Aquinas' sermons on the Apostles' Creed (emphasis mine): “Confirmation.”—The second Sacrament is Confirmation. Just as they who are physically born need certain ...
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Did Thomas Aquinas rate masturbation as a greater sin than rape?

It is sometimes said that St. Thomas Aquinas taught that rape is a lesser sin than masturbation. Is this actually the case? Here are two examples: [In Aquinas's view], Because sins against nature ...
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On the Catholic Perspective on the incarnation of Jesus, according to St.Thomas Aquinas: Two natures, one Person

To understand St.Thomas theology, we must understand the metaphysics that goes hand in hand with his theology. For the notion of Person, the previous notion of Suppositum or Hypostasis seems to be ...
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On the viae of St. Thomas Aquinas: The subordinated causes

I'm reading «Teología Natural» by Ángel Luis González. In the book, it is stated that St. Thomas Aquinas' viae would allow an indefinite series of causes. He distiguishes between two causes. The ...
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What is the connection between Charity and Virtues according to Aquinas?

According Paul Wadell's book The Primacy of Love: An Introduction to the Ethics of Thomas Aquinas, Aquinas defends that Charity is the mother of all virtues, and also how they can be perfected into '...
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From a Trinitarian perspective, does the term 'only begotten Son' make sense outside of the concept of the incarnation?

From a Trinitarian perspective, does the term 'only begotten Son' make sense outside of the concept of the incarnation? If so, how? If not, why not? The Niceno–Constantinopolitan Creed states (in ...
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Before St. Thomas Aquinas, who laid the foundation for the existence of God?

During His preaching ministry, Jesus described the nature of God. But before doing so, did He have to lay a foundation and convince people that God exists? Or had oral tradition and the Old Testament ...
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Is Aquinas' idea of 'Beatific Vision' widely accepted today?

Thomas Aquinas defined the beatific vision as the human being's "final end" in which one attains to a perfect happiness. Aquinas reasons that one is perfectly happy only when all one's desires are ...
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Is Thomas of Aquinas's idea of 'beatification' still held? [duplicate]

If so, how can we agree that man will only reach the end he was meant to enjoy by achieving the highest happiness, where there is nothing left to want or can be had...if we assume we shall remain ...
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How did Thomas Aquinas view grace as opposed to the church fathers?

I talked to a teacher at a theological seminary here in Sweden today, and we discussed the nature of grace: Fulfillment of natural potential or completely otherworldly? His idea was that with Thomas ...
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According to Catholicism, does intelligence or rationality belong to other animals by participation?

In the Summa Theologica, Question 108(5), St Thomas Aquinas writes: Therefore, if anything is to be called by a name designating its property, it ought not to be named from what it participates ...
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How do Aquinas and Hooker differ in their doctrine on communion?

In The Screwtape Letters (1942), C. S. Lewis records the words of the devil Screwtape on church shopping and factionalism (letter 16): The real fun is working up hatred between those who say "mass" ...
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Why did Aquinas place so much credence in Aristotle?

Many of Aquinas' proofs are based on Aristotle's writings. But, why did Aquinas rely so heavily on Aristotle? Science proves that Aristotle sometimes erred in his own writings. For example, Aristotle ...
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What's the Evangelical take on the Natural Moral Law?

Since it's not in the Bible, are Evangelicals taught to ignore or disapprove of the teachings of such folks as Aristotle and Plato? Would they belive a redacted version of the Summa Theologica or ...
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What's wrong with the Summa Theologica?

I've heard that there were two points of Catholic doctrine in Aquinas' Summa Theologica that were later successfully defended to the contrary. One, I think is the Immaculate Conception of Mary (...
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Did Jesus need to die, or would mere shedding of blood have been sufficient?

Originally: St. Thomas Aquinas on salvation by a drop of Christ's Blood I heard on Relevant Radio a year or so ago something perplexing, I think it was a priest saying it, but it may have been a ...
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What's the new rite in Tantum Ergo?

St. Thomas Aquinas' hymn Tantum Ergo, which is usually sung at Benediction, always seems better in Latin: Et antiquum documentum Novo cedat ritui: Mainly because in both the transliterated and ...
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Did reformation leaders throw out the Summa Theologica?

St. Thomas Aquinas's seminal work the Summa Theologica was an attempt to catalog all the theological arguments ever conceived. Much of the reasoning is rooted in the Natural Law and it's what ...