Questions tagged [schism]

A split in a single religious body, often a result of accusations of differences in doctrine (heresy)

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1answer
4k views

Why did Rome and Constantinople split in 1054 AD?

The Great Schism represents the break between the Eastern and Western churches. I know that a primary bone of contention that the East had with the West was Rome's insistence on Papal Supremacy. My ...
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4answers
9k views

What made Luther a heretic and not a schismatic?

I know the difference between heresy and schism, but I don't know why various Protestant reformation leaders, Martin Luther in particular, wouldn't have been satisfied by merely being a schismatic ...
18
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1answer
643 views

Why did the Presbyterian Church of Korea split in 1959?

The number of Presbyterian denominations in Korea is breathtaking: Wikipedia lists dozens of them. From what I can tell, most of these denominations originate in the Presbyterian Church of Korea, ...
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8answers
3k views

Are there theological explanations for why God allowed ambiguity to exist in Scripture?

Doctrinal differences abound in Christianity. This is attested to by the numerous times the Church has suffered splits and given birth to different denominations, branches, and sub-branches. The ...
12
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1answer
413 views

At what point did the Roman See start self-identifying as the Catholic Church?

The Great (East-West) Schism was a massive trainwreck centuries in the making and centuries in its outworking. At what point in the process did the Roman see start identifying itself as the Catholic ...
9
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4answers
8k views

What is the Difference between a Heretic and a Schismatic, according Catholic and Orthodox tradition?

(This question is aimed at the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox perspective only) What is the difference between a heretic and a schismatic, and what are the soteriological consequences of each?
9
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1answer
699 views

Was William of Ockham the first sedevacantist?

Ockham (cf. this article on him by the Catholic logician Paul V. Spade) invented his dead-end nominalist philosophy in order to justify his being against the papacy (cf. Thomist John Deely's Four Ages ...
8
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3answers
404 views

Why is denial of the primacy of the bishop of Rome considered a Schism, not a Heresy?

Why is denial of the primacy of the bishop of Rome considered a Schism, not a Heresy? Disclaimer: I'm interesting only in authoritative answer according to the Roman Catholic Doctrine. The Papal ...
8
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1answer
529 views

Schism leading to present day Christian Churches?

I was reading about schisms in Christianity. I could found out a few schisms which has lead to the generation of new churches. But many of those churches were died out after sometime but some of them ...
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1answer
2k views

What non-Catholic Christian groups existed in Western Europe during the Middle Ages?

Between the fall of the Western Roman Empire and the Reformation, were there any Christian groups outside the Roman Catholic Church? Who were they?
7
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1answer
141 views

What were the common exonyms of the Roman Catholic and the Eastern Orthodox churches leading up to and after the Great Schism (1054)?

A common misconception I encounter among people interested in the history of Christianity is that the term "Catholic" refers solely to the Roman Catholic church and likewise "Orthodox" only to the ...
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2answers
161 views

The ramifications of the severing of ties between the Eucumenical Patriarchate and the Russian Church

This may be highly politically charged right now, however can anyone please explain what previously intercommuning churches will be directly impacted by the severing of ties between the Eucumenical ...
6
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1answer
428 views

According to Roman Catholicism, was the 1054 excommunication of the Patriarch of Constantinople valid, in light of Leo IX's death?

The excommunications of 1054 have long been seen as a pivotal moment in the Great Schism. But recently I found that some people apparently doubt that the excommunication of the Patriarch of ...
6
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1answer
173 views

Is "formal schismatic" a useful category in practice?

Wikipedia says that formal schismatics are those who: knowing the true nature of the Church, have personally and deliberately committed the sin of schism. But if formal schismatics have to truly ...
5
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2answers
734 views

Is the Society of St. Pius X schismatic or not?

Back in the 1980s, Archbishop Lefebvre of the Society of St. Pius X consecrated four priests as bishops without the Pope's approval. Does this action make the Society schismatic?
5
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2answers
675 views

How do the Eastern Orthodox view using the term 'catholic', particularly in regard to Roman Catholicism?

The terms orthodox and catholic have immense significance to those that seek to make exclusive truth claims about their particular Christian Tradition. Both Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodox trace ...
5
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2answers
441 views

According to the Catholic magisterium, are sedevacantists by definition schismatics?

This is both a terminology question and a Catholic doctrine question regarding the status of sedevacantists, that is, those who reject the current pope as illegitimate. I found the following Catholic ...
5
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1answer
181 views

At what point did the Eastern Church start self-identifying as the Orthodox Church?

The Great (East-West) Schism was a massive trainwreck centuries in the making and centuries in its outworking. At what point in the process did the Eastern Church start identifying itself as the ...
5
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0answers
62 views

What theological problem in the Henoticon triggered the excommunication of the Patriarch Acacius, by the Bishop of Rome in the fifth century?

As I read through Oman's treatment of the Dark Ages, I am struck again and again by his references to Catholics (which seems in a contextual sense to mean Christian orthodoxy writ large) and what I ...
4
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1answer
394 views

What is the theological justification for believing in the real presence of Mary in the Eucharist?

I stumbled across the wikipedia article for a sedevacantist, schismatic Catholic group called the Palmarian Catholic Church which states that this group has also declared the Real Presence of the ...
4
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2answers
293 views

Does "Being in schism" merely imply mutual excommunication? (Catholic perspective)

In the answer provided to the following question: Explanation of the bell, book, and candle ritual of excommunication the author states that it is a common misconception that excommunication implies ...
4
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1answer
98 views

Did the two sides anathematize each other in the East–West Schism of 1054?

In the East–West Schism, did the two sides anathematize each other, stop considering each other brothers in Christ and members of the Body of Christ?
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2answers
3k views

Do the Catholics consider Orthodox Christians heretics?

The Orthodox Christians consider Catholics heretics. But what is the opposite case?
3
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1answer
307 views

Request: Christian demographic statistics at the time of the reformation

I suspect I won't be able to get any good answers but I think it's worth asking anyway. I'm curious about what Christian demographics looked like at different points in history. For example what ...
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1answer
101 views

Does any church believe in Sola Scriptura, but without allowing private interpretation?

Is there a protestant church which adheres to Sola Scriptura, but considers rightful interpretation to be made by the church only (or elders, synod, etc.)?
3
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1answer
314 views

Are there any individuals who are claiming to be the pope that are not Pope Francis?

Are there any individuals who are claiming to be the pope that are not Pope Francis? I came across the Wikipedia link on the Palmarian Catholic Church and they claim to have their own Pope. And it ...
3
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1answer
158 views

What is the Roman Catholic view on using the term 'orthodox', particularly in regard to Eastern Orthodoxy?

The terms orthodox and catholic have immense significance to those that seek to make exclusive truth claims about their particular Christian Tradition. Both Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodox trace ...
3
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0answers
310 views

What were the doctrinal differences behind the Great Schism of 1054?

What were the doctrinal differences that caused the split of the Roman Catholic and Orthodox Catholic Church in 1054?
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1answer
934 views

Are Russian Orthodox Christians considered heretics by Roman Catholicism?

I heard that Russian Orthodox Christians are considered heretics by Catholics. Are there any official Catholic doctrines, documents or quotes that deny or confirm this statement?
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1answer
162 views

Famous theologians or saints who held that there were no valid Popes during the Great Western Schism?

St. Catherine of Siena and St. Vincent Ferrer, for example, disagreed about who the valid Pope was during the Great Western Schism. Are there famous theologians or even saints who lived during the ...
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1answer
222 views

Is the Patriarch of Alexandria an Eastern Orthodox or an Oriental Orthodox?

I see Eastern Orthodox keyboard warriors commonly posting memes, bite size apologetics and propaganda against Catholicism which make some variation on the claim "4 out of 5 Patriarchs choose Eastern ...