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Sacred rites, especially those of the Catholic and Orthodox churches.

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What is the Justification of a priest acting in persona Christi?

What is the justification used in Catholicism to justify the doctrine of a priest acting in persona Christi? Scriptural and catechismal references please.
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What is the logic behind the present arrangement of Seven Sacraments?

As per Catholic Catechism, the Seven Sacraments are sequenced in the following order : Baptism, Confirmation , Eucharist, Penance, Anointing of the Sick, Holy Orders, and Matrimony But, that is not ...
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133 views

Under What Conditions Can a Priest Validly Refuse to Absolve Sins?

Absolution can be withheld, I was wondering under what conditions such an action can be considered to be valid(not licit or illicit), if any are needed at all. Furthermore I want to know if a priest ...
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141 views

Which sacraments can hermaphrodites validly receive in the Catholic Church?

Which sacraments can hermaphrodites validly receive in the Catholic Church?
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If God only forgives our sins at the Sacrament of Penance, why do ask forgivness in prayer? [duplicate]

In Catholicism and Orthodoxy, forgiveness of sins is only attained at the Sacrament of Penance. What then is the role to pray that God would forgive us our sins? Why pray Our Father, or ask of this at ...
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107 views

What precisely is the sacramental “economy”? In which sense it is an economy?

I have always been puzzled by the use of the word "economy" linked to the sacraments, or in other expressions like "economy of salvation", "economy of creation", Divine "economy" (see full list of its ...
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104 views

Would this confession be valid?

If a priest prematurely says the prayer for absolution, is the confession still valid? Is the confession still valid even when the priest is not wearing his normal vestments? Or if I didn't say the ...
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21 views

Is the Sacrament of Baptism simulated in cases where records are later discovered? [duplicate]

If someone comes to RCIA and says they are not baptized and we facilitate their baptism and then later a baptismal record is found for them before the Baptism of RCIA has the sacrament been simulated?
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244 views

In Catholicism, why can deacons not celebrate all sacraments, but only Baptism (and Matrimony)?

According to this post by an expert in Canon Law, deacons can only celebrate the sacrament of Baptism and Matrimony. Similarly, Wikipedia states (apparently wrongly) that deacons can only celebrate ...
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65 views

Can an Orthodox Christian of one diocese receive sacraments at a coterminous one, e.g. a Greek Orthodox at an OCA parish?

I'm presently a confirmed Catholic but am considering conversion to the Orthodoxy. Something I understand of it is that there is no single diocese in America, but multiple overlapping ones for ...
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151 views

According to Catholicism, if someone receives last rites, is everything forgiven?

So you've killed dozens of people, cheated on wife, destroyed families blah blah. Then before dying the priest administers you the last rites. Is everything forgiven? Will you go to heaven because you ...
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216 views

Is a Roman Catholic allowed by Church law to receive sacraments from other Churches in full communion with Rome?

In a simple example, a Roman Catholic gets an invitation from a Maronite Catholic to attend Mass in the latter's rite. Can a Catholic participate in the Mass to the point of receiving Communion from ...
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1answer
246 views

If Eastern Orthodoxy sees marriage as an eternal and unbreakable bond, why do they permit divorce?

The Wikipedia article for Marriage in Eastern Orthodoxy describes in almost poetic terms how marriage cannot be dissolved, even by death, because Christ has defeated death. If I'm interpreting all ...
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0answers
144 views

The right to read a Catholic church's sacramental register

In the era of handwritten parish registers, when a diocesan or missionary priest performed a sacramental rite, he wrote it up in a semi-structured form in a record book. Sometimes that priest was the ...
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1answer
182 views

Which sacraments can be administered validly but illicitly?

There are several questions on this site dealing with the difference in licit and valid when it comes to sacraments. A good starting point might be this one. On this basis one can sort administered ...
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665 views

Transition from a natural to a sacramental marriage

Please note: This question is not based on a real world case. I am not looking for pastoral advice but for a clearer understanding of the catholic position on marriage. As far as I understand the ...
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Why do Catholics believe transubstantiated host may still affect the gluten sensitive?

I was reading about the Eucharist the other day and read that sometimes in Catholic mass, there is low-gluten bread available for those who are gluten free. The same text said that the bread, once ...
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2answers
167 views

Is the resolution not to sin again a must for absolution?

A Catholic is supposed to resolve not to sin again and also to express his/her resolution at the time of confession in order to seek absolution from sins already committed by him/her. I wish to know ...
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What is the status of Humbert's views on the efficacy of sacraments in Catholicism?

Humbert of Silva Candida was an important medieval theologian, best known for his involvement in the excommunication of the Patriarch of Constantinople in 1054. He was also a vocal proponent of a ...
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3answers
488 views

Protestant Interpretation of John 20:23 in Light of Matthew 9:8?

How is: John 20:21-23 Εἶπεν οὖν αὐτοῖς ὁ Ἰησοῦς πάλιν Εἰρήνη ὑμῖν καθὼς ἀπέσταλκέν με ὁ Πατήρ, κἀγὼ πέμπω ὑμᾶς καὶ τοῦτο εἰπὼν ἐνεφύσησεν καὶ λέγει αὐτοῖς Λάβετε Πνεῦμα Ἅγιον ἄν τινων ἀφῆτε ...
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In Catholicism, does the efficacy of the sacrament depend on the intention of the priest?

In an essay by Gordon Clark, no friend of Roman Catholicism, I was surprised to read his contention that in Catholicism, the efficacy of the sacrament depends on the intention of the priest. As part ...
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157 views

The history of the Confession sacrament

Recently I had a small discussion with some of my catholic friends: some of them refuse the idea that the Confession act, as it is known in present day - as the acknowledgment of one's sins given in ...
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2answers
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Variances in the sacrament of confession

What are the different viewpoints between Anglicans, Orthodox churches and the Roman Church over the sacrament of Confession. Of course Roman Catholics must confess mortal sins to priest to be ...
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1answer
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Do Lutherans believe that the sacraments are necessary for salvation (similar to Catholics), and if so, how do they reconcile this with Sola Fide?

During my internet adventures browsing theological articles and blogs, I somehow picked up the idea that in a similar way to Catholics, Lutherans believe in baptismal regeneration and that baptism is, ...
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1answer
324 views

What would happen to the Catholic Church if all of the bishops get wiped out? [closed]

If some maniacal, evil, "hitler-esque" dictator decided that he wanted to cripple the Catholic church by assassinating all the bishops, and then he actually succeeds at killing them all, how would the ...
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1answer
211 views

In Catholicism, in case of emergency Is it valid to baptise a large assembly of people with a fire hose?

In an emergency is it possible to baptise a large group of catechumens (around 100 or more) with a firehose or some other "group baptism" method, such as walking outside during rain? The catechumens ...
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4answers
160 views

Does the LDS discuss the issue of LDS children “playing Sacrament”?

In the LDS faith, the Sacrament (most analogous to the Eucharist in other Christian faiths) is a very sacred ordinance performed weekly as part of Sacrament Meeting: Partaking of the sacrament is a ...
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2answers
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When did marriage become a sacrament?

The Nestorian Christians who accept just the first ecumenical council do not have marriage as a sacrament. It seems that matrimony was first insitutionalized as a sacrament in the Roman church at the ...
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2answers
638 views

What does the Catholic Church require for a parent's name to appear on the child's baptism certificate?

Does the pastor of a parish, or his representative, have the right in canon law to prevent a parent's name from appearing on the baptismal certificate of their child to be baptized for any reason, ...
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112 views

Did John Wycliffe accept extreme unction?

According to Bruce Shelley, in Church History in Plain Language, John Wycliffe, the early dissident in Catholicism, accepted the sacrament of extreme unction: He retained belief in purgatory and ...
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220 views

Are Extraordinary Ministers of the Eucharistic allowed to break the host?

I'd like to know if Eucharistic Ministers are allowed to break a consecrated host? I witnessed this happening and I didn't think they had the right to do it. I was searching for the answer but some ...
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1answer
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Why does the Salvation Army not administer the sacraments of baptism and the Lord's Supper?

While reading a book on Reformed theology (The Shorter Westminster Catechism, by G. I. Williamson), I came across a brief criticism of the Salvation Army's views on the sacraments: A very different ...
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Why wouldn't a practicing Catholic joke about the Sacraments and what would happen if they did?

Stephen Colbert is a high profile entertainer and an out-an-proud Roman Catholic. As reported by the Daily Beast, prior to taking on his new role as host of the The Late Show, he sat down in an ...
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Can a practicing Catholic be an ordained minister of the Universal Life Church Monastery?

Stephen Colbert's wikipedia bio states: Colbert is a practicing Roman Catholic and a Sunday school teacher and an ordained minister with the Universal Life Church Monastery. These two (bolded) ...
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Is the receipt of the Sacrament of Confirmation a requirement before receiving the Sacrament of Holy Matrimony?

I'm contemplating of getting married. However, I haven't been confirmed yet. I need to know if it's actual Catholic law or if it's simply tradition to receive Confirmation before getting married. ...
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Why don't most Protestants consider confession to be a sacrament?

Most Protestants recognise only two sacraments, saying something like this (from the Anglican 39 Articles): There are two sacraments ordained of Christ our Lord in the Gospel, that is to say, ...
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Does transubstantiation occur when the Eucharist is received by one barred from sacraments?

If someone is banned from receiving the sacraments through interdict or excommunication but does so anyway (perhaps they go to a different parish where their status is not known) does the sacrament ...
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Why is oil the suitable “matter” for the Sacrament of Confirmation?

The Catholic Church teaches that for each of the seven sacraments she administers, there is matter and form of the sacrament [cf. Sacraments | New Advent]. Some catechisms also describe a sacrament ...
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How do credo-baptists explain baptism in the Nicene Creed?

How do credo-baptists explain "baptism for the remission of sins" in the Nicene Creed? Is this phrase interpreted in some way as being symbolic?
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Can priests (or popes) administer sacraments in a liturgy other than their own?

As I understand it, the Roman Catholic Church consists of a number of "particular churches" with separate liturgical traditions. For example, the Ruthenian and Hungarian Greek Catholic Churches use ...
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2answers
120 views

In the Latin Catholic Church, would clerics administer the last rites if the sick person's illness is contagious and deadly?

In the Latin Catholic Church, would clerics administer the last rites if the sick person's illness is contagious and deadly? Diseases can be deadly and can spread by water, air, and/or bodily fluids. ...
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773 views

If marriage is not a sacrament for reformed churches, how to interpret Ephesians 5:32?

As far as I know, Martin Luther in his "Vom ehelichem Leben" indicates that marriage is not a sacrament. Calvin mentioned in the Institutes that it was Gregory I who denoted marriage as a sacrament. ...
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197 views

At what age should Christians be confirmed according to St. Thomas Aquinas?

I've read this in Saint Thomas Aquinas' sermons on the Apostles' Creed (emphasis mine): “Confirmation.”—The second Sacrament is Confirmation. Just as they who are physically born need certain ...
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Is there a Catholic list of Old Testament sacraments?

Augustine said that there are fewer sacraments in the New Covenant than there were in the Old: Thus the sacraments of the Old Testament, which were celebrated in obedience to the law, were types of ...
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Is Baptism of a child still valid if one of the pouring during baptism misses?

In the Rite of Baptism for one Child the Celebrant when baptizing the child, says and does: N., I baptize you in the name of the Father, He immerses the child or pours water upon it. ...
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406 views

Meaning of “Confirmatio” in relation to the Sacrament of Confirmation (Sacramentum Confirmationis)

Of the seven sacraments of the Christian faith (as held by the Roman Catholic Church), one is "confirmation." This is derived from the Latin word confirmatio, as seen in the Latin text of the ...
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What is the distinction between a sacrament and an ordinance?

I have observed that Catholics and some other denominations call certain things they do "sacraments", and Protestants call certain things they do "ordinances". I am not a Christian, but as an ...
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What is the Lutheran doctrine of consubstantiation and how does it differ from transubstantiation and a more general protestant sacramental view?

In transubstantiation, the bread and wine are said to become the literal body and blood of Jesus. Consubstantiation appears to affirm that "this is my body" does apply to the bread and wine, but not ...
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162 views

In Catholic teaching, to what scripture is each of the seven sacraments referenced?

In Catholic teaching, to what scripture (OT and NT) is each of the seven sacraments referenced? The seven sacraments are: Baptism, Confirmation (or Chrismation), the Eucharist, Penance, the ...
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What is the difference between apostolic pardon and absolution?

I was preparing for Catechism Class tonight on the the last things, the notes in my teachers manual say that unconscious people receive "apostolic pardon" if they get the anointing of the sick while ...