Questions tagged [reformed-theology]

A branch of Protestantism emphasizing the sovereignty of God and his covenants with humanity. Also known as Calvinism.

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Calvinism: Does God force people to be saved?

Calvinists often object to the criticism that their doctrine teaches that God forces men to be saved against their will. From what I've read, Calvinism teaches that God changes a man's nature and ...
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Did Jacob Arminius and/or the remonstrants believe they were in agreement with John Calvin?

In a comment on another question on this site, a user says that the Remonstrants thought they more faithfully represented Calvin and Augustine's teaching than did those who eventually convened the ...
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Calvinist Regeneration, Interpreting Colossians 2:12

I am convinced that the scriptures teach of a God who is completely sovereign in salvation. I am a monergist. I can cite several passages that make me think this way. I think if you look at some of my ...
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According to Reformed Theology, why did the 70 Jewish translators include the Apocrypha?

I read at carm.org: Paul tells us that the Jews were entrusted with the oracles of God. This means that they are the ones who understood what inspired Scriptures were, and they never accepted ...
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How does Reformed Theology reconcile Jesus' meaningful temptation and impeccability?

According to Reformed Theology (the predominant view or an overview of slight variations within), how is the impeccability of Jesus reconciled with the idea that his temptations were authentic to the ...
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According to Reformed theology, where is the Scriptural evidence for homoousion?

The Westminster Confession of Faith says: The whole counsel of God, concerning all things necessary for his own glory, man’s salvation, faith, and life, is either expressly set down in scripture, ...
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Did John Bunyan believe in predestination and irresistible grace?

This particular question is concerned with John Bunyan's stance, rather than the stance of Pilgrim's Progress, which is addressed in a related question. I learned of Pilgrim's Progress through ...
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Is the Pope the Antichrist or the spirit of the Antichrist?

According to reformed theology, in the Savoy Declaration of Faith, Chapter 26 (Of the Church), paragraph 4, the Pope is the Antichrist. There is no other Head of the Church but the Lord Jesus Christ; ...
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Why do Covenant theologians use the word "dispensation," and what do they mean by it?

The first time I read the Westminster Confession of Faith, a confession reflecting Covenant (or Reformed) theology, I was surprised to see the word dispensations used in it: There are not therefore ...
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What is the Calvinist Perspective on the Tribulation

What view of the tribulation do Calvinists generally tend to take? I am aware of the eschatology espoused in the Westminister Confession , but I don't see anything related to the tribulation there. ...
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Did Pentecostalism lead to Cessationism in the modern Reformed churches?

I understand that several theologians throughout church history believed that the gifts of the Spirit had ceased or mostly ceased. It didn't seem like a huge point of contention for them as it is ...
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What does Karl Barth imply by God entrusting us with a "nobile officium"?

In Evangelical Theology: An Introduction, chapter 8, Karl Barth writes: It is splendid and beautiful to be assigned a duty by the God of the Gospel who is the object of evangelical theology, but it ...
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How did Reformed Theologians view works-based "Heavenly Rewards"?

I am currently reading Erwin Lutzer's "Your Eternal Reward". I also watched MacArthus's "Eternal Rewards and Motivation". Now, I know that Reformed theologians believe: salvation by grace, not works ...
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Is Jonathan Edwards's view of "philosophical necessity" compatible with the Westminster Standards?

Jonathan Edwards (1703–1758) was a major 18th century theologian who, though rooted in Reformed theology, innovated in some important ways. According to J. V. Fesko, in The Theology of the ...
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What is the Lutheran view on sovereign election?

My understanding is that Lutherans have some doctrine of sovereign election/predestination, yet they also affirm unlimited atonement and that some do go on to shipwreck their faith. What are the ...
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What is the biblical basis for the Covenant of Redemption?

In Covenant Theology the Covenant of Redemption is an eternal agreement made between the members of the Trinity in which the Son of God agrees to become incarnate and die for the the sins of God's ...
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Do Reformed paedobaptists call for the baptism of household servants, just as Abraham's servants were circumcised?

In Genesis 17:9–13 we read: 9 And God said to Abraham, “As for you, you shall keep my covenant, you and your offspring after you throughout their generations. 10 This is my covenant, which you ...
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How did John Calvin reconcile killing followers of opposing religious views with the New Testament?

I was reading about persecutions by Christians and was wondering if the persecutors justified their violence with passages of the bible and how they reconciled that with the teachings of Jesus. In ...
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How are the different covenants related to or different from each other?

In church traditions that subscribe to Reformed theology it is common to refer to God's relationship to men in terms of covenants -- agreements between God and His people in which God makes specific ...
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Why is “faith” omitted as a doctrinal consideration in TULIP (five point) Calvinism?

Throughout the Bible “faith” coupled with God’s “grace” is essential for salvation. The I in TULIP stands for irresistible “grace”, what role does “faith” hold in Calvinism and why is it isolated ...
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How can God be Sovereign (in the Reformed sense) if a man can ignore His call to repentance?

The Scriptures tell us: The times of ignorance God overlooked, but now he commands all people everywhere to repent, because he has fixed a day on which he will judge the world in righteousness by a ...
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Is one's predestination influenced by one's parents?

This question regards the reformed doctrine of predestination. Predestination states that God, even before the child has been born, decides whether the child is saved. Is there any biblical evidence ...
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What is the difference between Arminianism, Molinism, and Calvinism?

I know the basic difference between Arminianism and Calvinism in the soteriology subject, but when Molinism comes I can't grasp the core doctrines that it teaches. I'm not asking for which is better, ...
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From a Calvinist perspective, does Limited Atonement make the Gospel offer empty?

It seems to me that the limited atonement of Calvinism makes the Gospel offer seem empty. Let's say that I hear someone saying that he is in need of $100 and I tell him "I have $100, I can give it to ...
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What belief system would combine both elements from Calvinism and Arminianism?

I've often heard some people describe themselves as a "Calminianist" in an attempt to say through a portmanteau that they ascribe to both Calvinism and Arminianism. Is/Are there some universally ...
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Do reformed theologians call "God the Father" Jehovah?

"God the Son" is generally agreed to be Jesus. Do reformed theologians agree that "God the Father" is Jehovah, or is this only something claimed by the denomination calling themselves Jehovah's ...
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What does Sinclair Ferguson (a reformed theologian) mean by a 'new identity'?

I watched some of the Youtube recordings of lectures given by Sinclair Ferguson and I am now uncertain which one it was in which he stated that in Colossians we see that 'we are given a new identity'. ...
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How are the bread and wine explained by those who forbid images of Jesus?

This question is directed at those who subscribe to the Westminster Standards, particularly Westminster Larger Catechism 109, which reads: The sins forbidden in the second commandment are [...] the ...
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What hard evidence is there that Charles Wesley was Arminian?

It is well-known that John Wesley was an adherent and defender of Arminian soteriology. I have noticed that it is often assumed, and occasionally explicitly asserted, that his brother Charles agreed ...
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How can Pharisees turn someone from God if His grace is irresistible?

How does Calvinism reconcile these words from Jesus along with its doctrine of irresistible grace (IG)? Matthew 23:13,15 ESV But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you shut the ...
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What is the difference between Presbyterianism and Evangelicalism?

I understand the main differences with Evangelicals vs. protestants are the strong beliefs in being "born again" and Biblical fundamentalism. However, what are some of the main differences in ...
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"Hell's Best Kept Secret" from a Calvinist Perspective

The Hell's Best Secret teaching is very popular, and is making an impact on Churches and Christians, crossing denominational borders, and having an influence on Christian movies, television, and ...
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Reformed Theology, Pentecostalism, and Charismatic Movement on The Holy Spirit

To a first degree approximation, is the following correct? Reformed Theology: Spiritual gifts ceased after the apostolic age. The gifts were important to setup the initial church, but after the ...
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What does John 3:16 mean according to Calvinism?

John 3:16 For God so loved the world that He gave His one and only Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish but have eternal life. I originally believed the sentence above is like an ...
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According to the Puritans, at what time did the Sabbath start and end?

In college, many of my Presbyterian brothers wouldn't study on Sunday, seeing that as a violation of the Christian Sabbath. But I heard that at least one of them, if he had a test on Monday morning, ...
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How do Calvinists interpret Acts 7:51 in light of the doctrine of 'irresistible grace?'

In light of the doctrine of irresistable grace, how do Calvinists interpret Acts 7:51? Acts 7:51 (DRB) You stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, you always resist the Holy Ghost: as your ...
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Did John Calvin observe Christmas?

In some strands of Reformed theology, the regulative principle of worship is understood to mean that "church holidays," not specifically established in the Bible, should not be recognized in public ...
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According to Reformed Baptist theology when did the Church begin?

According to Reformed Baptist theology, when did the Church begin? In the Old Testament or in the New Testament?
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How do Calvinists explain Luke 19:41-44

How do Calvinists explain Luke 19:41-44: 41 And when he drew near and saw the city, he wept over it, 42 saying, “Would that you, even you, had known on this day the things that make for peace! ...
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What's the difference between predestination and predeterminism?

Could someone please plainly spell out the differences between the following concepts? Predestination Predeterminism Determinism Theological determinism There appears to be some debate over whether ...
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According to Calvinism, is God always loving?

It is well known that "God is Love" but, is there ever a time, according to 5 point Calvinists, in the bible when God is not loving? If so, according to 5 point Calvinists, what causes God to act as ...
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Did John Calvin believe that the grandchildren of a believer are entitled to infant baptism?

In Calvinism, the children of believers are considered "members of the covenant" and as a sign of that covenant, they are baptized as infants. Practically speaking, this means that if at least one ...
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How do Covenant Theologians explain the Noahic covenant?

In Covenant Theology, the Covenant of Grace is a singular overarching covenant God makes with his people. The various Biblical covenants are understood to be expressions or administrations of this ...
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How do Arminians interpret God's reserving of a remnant in Romans 11:4?

Much has been written about Romans 9 and the differing Calvinist/Arminian interpretations of it. However, Arminians (and I consider myself an Arminian) usually argue that, read in context with the ...
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How can 1 Corinthians 15:3 be reconciled with Calvinism and limited atonement?

I have been studying the 5 Points of Calvinism (TULIP) for some time and I can say that I accept 4 out of 5. My biggest problem with Calvinism is the doctrine of Limited Atonement that says Jesus ...
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In Reformed Covenant Theology, why does the covenant sign of circumcision pass away but the Abrahamic covenant of which it was the sign of does not?

Galatians 3:16-18 denies that the Mosaic covenant annulled the promises of the Abrahamic and proceeds to argue the Christian gospel on the basis of the Abrahamic covenant against the idea of salvation ...
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According to Reformed Theology, how does one make disciples?

According to Reformed Theology, how does one "make disciples"? Are "making disciples" and "evangelizing" synonymous?
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Prevenient Grace - Negative Responses to Scriptural Examples of It

See what I mean by "Prevenient Grace" in the first question I asked relating to this topic. If your understanding of scripture leads you to believe the doctine of Prevenient Prace is not supported ...
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Historical origins of the doctrine of God's self glorification

Within the Reformed tradition, it is a considered a fundamental principle of doctrine that the 'Chief End' of Man, of Creation and most importantly of God Himself is His own self glorification. We see ...
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Does the love of God fulfil the Law, or keep the Law, or both? (Reformed view)

"If you love Me, you will keep My commandments." (John 14:15, ESV / NASB) There seem to be at least two opposing interpretations of Jesus' above statement, and similar Scripture, namely the following:...

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