Questions tagged [reformed-theology]

A branch of Protestantism emphasizing the sovereignty of God and his covenants with humanity. Also known as Calvinism.

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According to reformed theology, is hypocrisy a sin?

People don't like hypocrites, and they get a pretty bad rap in the Bible (especially from Jesus), but is hypocrisy itself a sin? In reformed theology at least, every one is fallen and cannot avoid ...
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According to Two Kingdom theology, could a man hold both secular and spiritual office?

The so called Two Kingdom view of the separate institutes of secular state vs the church identifies a fairly clear boundary between the authority of each: one demanding some compliance with a nominal ...
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Can Grace be irresistible and still be a gift?

According to TULIP Calvinism grace is "irresistible". If grace is irresistible then what role does faith play in salvation and can it still be considered a gift?
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Why is “faith” omitted as a doctrinal consideration in TULIP (five point) Calvinism?

Throughout the Bible “faith” coupled with God’s “grace” is essential for salvation. The I in TULIP stands for irresistible “grace”, what role does “faith” hold in Calvinism and why is it isolated ...
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How do Calvinists interpret 2 Peter 2:1?

2Pe 2:1 But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and ...
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Does a literal reading of Romans 4:25 conflict with Reformed theology?

In the NASB, Romans 4:25 (emphasis mine) reads: He who was delivered over because of our transgressions, and was raised because of our justification. However, in the ESV (emphasis mine) it reads:...
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Why is it rare to combine Reformed/Calvinist doctrine and Dispensationalism?

I've been told that it's rare to find someone who combines Dispensationalism and Reformed/Calvinistic doctrine (such as John MacArthur). Why is this? What ideas don't mesh well?
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Does traditional Calvinistic monergism include limited synergism in the doctrine of justification?

I found an article Regeneration precedes faith by R.C. Sproul that could imply there is no synergism at all in justification. In other words no part of the human will involved in believing? It is ...
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What are the differences between hamartiology from a Nazarene to a Calvinist perspective?

Coming from a Nazarene tradition, influenced by Wesley and the Holiness Movement, my reflections upon sin are based upon the Nazarene manual's definitions (See 5.1,5.3) summarized as 5.1. Original ...
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How did Reformed Theologians view works-based “Heavenly Rewards”?

I am currently reading Erwin Lutzer's "Your Eternal Reward". I also watched MacArthus's "Eternal Rewards and Motivation". Now, I know that Reformed theologians believe: salvation by grace, not works ...
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What is the difference between Calvinist “nature” and “nature” in the sense of the Hypostatic union?

In Christ, one person subsists in two natures, the Divine and the human. This is called the Hypostatic Union. The following quoted points explain the relevant details of what the Hypostatic Union is ...
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Where did the “We are the pure and chosen few / And all the rest are damned” nursery rhyme originate? [closed]

I've heard Christopher Hitchens say this a few times now, We are the pure and chosen few And all the rest are damned There’s room enough in hell for you We don’t want heaven ...
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What is the Biblical basis for God's divine decree in Scripture (Calvinism)?

I have listened to Calvinists state that all that happens in time is a result of God's divine decree. Where in Scripture do we find evidence for the existence of such a decree, or where in Scripture ...
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Calvinism: How does Limited Atonement Work in View of the Universality of Christ's Work?

Issues, Etc. has a post on Lutheranism vs. Calvinism. I'm more or less in total agreement with the pastor on the first two of the five Calvinistic points. However, he loses me when talking about ...
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What is the Biblical basis for asserting that infants can have faith in Christ under a Calvinistic framework?

Calvin argued for the election of infants, which opposed Roman Catholic faith, which believed that baptism was necessary for salvation (sacramentalists). He was even more forceful about this view than ...
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Did John Bunyan believe in predestination and irresistible grace?

This particular question is concerned with John Bunyan's stance, rather than the stance of Pilgrim's Progress, which is addressed in a related question. I learned of Pilgrim's Progress through ...
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Do reformed theologians call “God the Father” Jehovah?

"God the Son" is generally agreed to be Jesus. Do reformed theologians agree that "God the Father" is Jehovah, or is this only something claimed by the denomination calling themselves Jehovah's ...
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Are Calvinism and Arminianism compatible?

This question may seem ridiculous at first glance, but bear with me... As I learn more about Calvinism and Arminianism I am struck with the notion that they are each based on Scripture, and each ...
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Do Calvinists believe that God is the author of evil?

"Arminius taught that Calvinist predestination and unconditional election made God the author of evil." -Wikipedia I have heard Calvinism presented in a similar way, where God has designed everything ...
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Would Calvinists classify themselves as determinists?

One of Joseph Arminius' arguments against Calvinism was that God's exhaustive foreknowledge does not require a doctrine of determinism.1 My question here is pretty straightforward: Do Calvinists ...
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What is the Biblical basis against the Calvinist doctrine of Irresistible Grace?

The question of what the Biblical basis is in favor of Irresistible Grace has been asked here. However, the question regarding the Biblical argument against it does not seem to have been addressed ...
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Do Calvinists believe that God does not love the world, but only the elect?

I seem to remember hearing somewhere that at least some Calvinists believe that, contrary to what seems to be a literal reading of John 3:16 and other verses, that God, in fact, does not love the ...
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How does leaving a 'gift at the altar' reconcile with reformed views of the need to 'approach the throne of grace' in everything?

Jesus said: “Therefore, if you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother or sister has something against you, leave your gift there in front of the altar. First go ...
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How is 1 Corinthians 9:27 reconciled with the teaching that losing salvation is impossible?

This question is aimed at those Christians who believe that someone saved can't become "unsaved" later. At least in 1 Corinthians 9:27 apostle Paul says he is not sure whether he will be saved or not ...
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Reformed perspective on “It seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us” (Acts 15:28)

Acts 15 records the Council of Jerusalem, a meeting in about 50AD of early Church leaders regarding whether Gentiles could be Christians without first becoming Jews. "After much discussion" (15:7) ...
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How would Reformed Christians deal with homosexual marriage of individuals prior to their conversion to Christianity?

I've been pondering this for several weeks and I believe that the reformed church (really, the church in general) is woefully unprepared to answer the following question: How would the church deal ...
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How do non-reformed theologists argue against “God alone matters”? [closed]

Edit For anyone that might stumble across this by accident: This is not a position that reformed theologists hold. (I.e. my assumption is incorrect.) Original Question If I understand reformed ...
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According to Calvinism, is God always loving?

It is well known that "God is Love" but, is there ever a time, according to 5 point Calvinists, in the bible when God is not loving? If so, according to 5 point Calvinists, what causes God to act as ...
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“God desires all men to be saved” from a Calvinist perspective?

If I understand correctly, Calvinists believe that God selects certain people for salvation based solely on His will... that is, the selection has nothing to do with the people themselves. My question ...
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“Hell's Best Kept Secret” from a Calvinist Perspective

The Hell's Best Secret teaching is very popular, and is making an impact on Churches and Christians, crossing denominational borders, and having an influence on Christian movies, television, and ...
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Is the following rationale for sharing the gospel consistent with reformed theology?

One can ask: if one believes in predestination, then why share the Gospel? A common response one often hears is: because God also said to share the gospel or perhaps God predestined you to be the ...
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Do Calvinists rejoice in the destruction of sinners?

I recently re-read "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" and I was struck by the pleasure Jonathan Edwards seemed to have taken in describing the imminent destruction of sinners: The God that ...
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According to reformed theology, does reformed theology fall apart if one removes the doctrine of predestination?

Context: I was recently pondering on why it took me so long to discover reformed theology, and how my beliefs changed before/after reading reformed theology -- and as I traced my thoughts, it seems ...
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According to reformed theology, is there any valid reason to desire to be saved besides it glorifies God?

Question: According to reformed theology, is there any valid reason to desire to be saved besides it glorifies God? As a result: According to reformed theology, is it valid to desire to be saved ...
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How does reformed theology view hypnosis?

In particular, how do reformed theologians address these questions: Is hypnosis Biblically warranted? Is hypnosis a form of demon possession? Is hypnosis basically a bad idea? Is the question of ...
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According to reformed theology, are _all_ wealthy Christians required to give their wealth to the poor?

In Mark 10:17-31, we see Jesus talk to the rich young ruler, and tell him to sell his possessions and give it to the poor. According to reformed theologians, is this required of all wealthy followers ...
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According to reformed theology, why are certain important doctrines not “obvious”? [i.e. why does the Westminister Confession even exist?]

Consider the important doctrines of: divinity of Christ doctrine of Trinity doctrine of predestination Consider in general, that the Westminister Confession is shorter than most books of the Bible. ...
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According to reformed theology, how does the fall glorify God?

What this question is not about: This question is NOT about: Is God omniscient (all knowing?), omnipotent (all powerful?) and benevolent? Then if God foresaw the first sin, and had the power to stop ...
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How did Calvin view the use of religious icons to facilitate worship of God?

Recently I was told in a chat room on this site that the use of icons in the church 'wasn't offensive to anyone'!? I was so amazed that anyone would ever say such a thing, but since I have never had ...
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Is ex-nihilo creationism irreconcilable with the concept of individual free will?

Looking on this site in many answers involving the problem of evil I see affirmations of belief in free-will. According to Calvinist Mark Hausam, who presented a paper at a conference on Mormonism, ...
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According to reformed theology, does Satan know who the elect are (during their time on earth?)

Reformed theology believes in the doctrine of election. Question: Does reformed theology say anything about whether Satan "recognizes" the Elect while they're on earth?
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What is the purpose of Satan's fall from a reformed perspective? [closed]

Did God, in His omnipotence, allow Satan to fall from grace have something to do with His allowing Adam and Eve to fall which provides first hand knowledge to the elect angels / elect humans in a way ...
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According to reformed theology: Is loving God a choice? If not, do the elect differ from robots?

According to reformed theology: God, before the foundations of the universe, chose to elect some humans God ensures that the elect will come to believe and follow Christ Thus, the question: For the ...
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How do Calvinists go from “X is Sinful” to “X is unable to accept Christ on his own?”

I was recently reviewing Piper's TULIP notes. I'm also aware of What is the Biblical Basis for Total Depravity Here, however, is something that I no longer understand. How do Calvinists jump from: "...
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According to Reformed Theology, are Catholics Christians?

In John MacArthur's Scandal of the Catholic Preisthood, Catholicism is not portrayed as the zenith of Christianity. Question: Is this a John MacArthur only view, not held by the majority of ...
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Reformed Theology, Pentecostalism, and Charismatic Movement on The Holy Spirit

To a first degree approximation, is the following correct? Reformed Theology: Spiritual gifts ceased after the apostolic age. The gifts were important to setup the initial church, but after the ...
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Total Depravity vs the Rich Man

If I understand "Total Depravity" from Calvinism -- apart from God's grace, there is nothing good within us -- we are miserable, evil creatures. In light of this, I have some questions about the rich ...
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Are there disagreements between Reformed Theology and the teachings of A.W. Tozer?

Are there any known conflicts between the teachings of A.W. Tozer and those of Reformed Theology? My concern is sparked by his relation to the Christian "mystics", which sound potentially heretical. ...
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Do Calvinists believe that Heavenly Rewards are predestined?

Assume doctrine of predestination Calvinism Context 10 Talents (Matthew 25): For the kingdom of heaven is as a man travelling into a far country, who called his own servants, and delivered unto ...
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Is one's predestination influenced by one's parents?

This question regards the reformed doctrine of predestination. Predestination states that God, even before the child has been born, decides whether the child is saved. Is there any biblical evidence ...

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