Questions tagged [reformed-theology]

A branch of Protestantism emphasizing the sovereignty of God and his covenants with humanity. Also known as Calvinism.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
4
votes
1answer
803 views

According to Reformed Theology how can we saved by Grace 'Alone' and Faith 'Alone'?

Two of the Five Solas are: Sola Gratia: Salvation by Grace Alone Sola Fide: Justification by Faith Alone If salvation is by "grace alone", how can "faith alone" be added as well? ...
10
votes
1answer
5k views

What was at issue in the Clark-Van Til controversy?

In the 1940s, Cornelius Van Til and other professors at Westminster Theological Seminary first tried to block Gordon Clark's entry into the Orthodox Presbyterian Church, then later put him on trial ...
12
votes
1answer
442 views

Were Luther and Calvin Aphthartodocetists?

Julian of Halicarnassus (d. 527) was condemned at a council in Constantinople in 536. In denying a distinction between ousia (common essence) and physis (particular nature), Julian was faced with the ...
18
votes
2answers
11k views

Do Calvinists believe they know whether they are saved?

My question is pretty straightforward: Do Calvinists believe they know whether they are saved? This might seem like a strange question at first glance, so let me explain why I'm asking. From what I ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Did Karl Barth confess an orthodox doctrine of the Trinity?

Karl Barth (1886–1968) is considered noteworthy for allegedly "recovering the doctrine of the Trinity in the 20th century." He is considered a reformed theologian, but his views are generally not ...
4
votes
1answer
286 views

What was the justification of morality in Puritan Antinomianism?

As far as I know, Puritans were devout Calvinists. According to Theopedia, Antinomianism is associated with disobedience to the established authority, so it may be connected with the idea of ...
5
votes
1answer
632 views

What is the traditional view of Divine Command Theory in accordance to the Reformed tradition?

Wikipedia gives the following definition: Divine command theory is a meta-ethical theory which proposes that an action's status as morally good is equivalent to whether it is commanded by God. ...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

How do Calvinists account for Calvin's statements on atonement?

Calvinism gets its name from John Calvin. One of the tenets of Calvinism is "Limited Atonement", the idea that Christ died for the elect, not for all mankind. However, this does not appear to be what ...
6
votes
3answers
9k views

What's the difference between predestination and predeterminism?

Could someone please plainly spell out the differences between the following concepts? Predestination Predeterminism Determinism Theological determinism There appears to be some debate over whether ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the Lutheran view on sovereign election?

My understanding is that Lutherans have some doctrine of sovereign election/predestination, yet they also affirm unlimited atonement and that some do go on to shipwreck their faith. What are the ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

How do Calvinists interpret “Your word is a lamp to my feet And a light to my path” and “He shall direct your paths”?

Do Calvinists interpret the following verses to support predestination? - “Your word is a lamp to my feet And a light to my path” (Psa 119:105) - “In all your ways acknowledge Him, And He shall ...
7
votes
2answers
493 views

Did Jacob Arminius and/or the remonstrants believe they were in agreement with John Calvin?

In a comment on another question on this site, a user says that the Remonstrants thought they more faithfully represented Calvin and Augustine's teaching than did those who eventually convened the ...
6
votes
2answers
219 views

How can Pharisees turn someone from God if His grace is irresistible?

How does Calvinism reconcile these words from Jesus along with its doctrine of irresistible grace (IG)? Matthew 23:13,15 ESV But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you shut the ...
14
votes
3answers
1k views

How do Calvinists interpret 2 Peter 1:10?

Therefore, brothers, be all the more diligent to confirm your calling and election, for if you practice these qualities you will never fall. - 2 Peter 1:10 (ESV) This seems to suggest that we have ...
3
votes
2answers
286 views

According to Reformed Theology how can God judge us if we are born sinful?

This question was asked by my Atheist friend who was raised Jewish. His point was basically that if we are all inherently sinners (Rom.3:23) than how can God hold us accountable for something we ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the biblical basis for the Covenant of Redemption?

In Covenant Theology the Covenant of Redemption is an eternal agreement made between the members of the Trinity in which the Son of God agrees to become incarnate and die for the the sins of God's ...
5
votes
1answer
782 views

How did the Brownists/Calvinists justify capital punishment for witches?

My ancestors were Brownist pilgrims, leading up to the Salem witch trials, my Great-great-great-something-aunt was hung for having a lack of the fear of God in her. The people at the time were no ...
12
votes
3answers
762 views

What is the origin of the Covenant of Grace?

In Covenant Theology the Covenant of Grace refers to an overarching theological covenant which God made on the basis of grace. The various Biblical covenants such as Abraham's, the Mosaic/Deuteronomic,...
9
votes
4answers
7k views

What happens if someone who is not elect tries to seek God?

From the perspective of Reformed Theology, in relation to Unconditional Election: What happens if someone who is not elect, tries to seek God? Does God reject them? Or this an impossibility - does ...
17
votes
4answers
2k views

According to Calvinism, why does God give mercy to some and not to others?

So according to Calvinism as I understand it... ...God has chosen from eternity to extend mercy to those he has chosen and to withhold mercy from those not chosen. Those chosen receive salvation ...
9
votes
2answers
425 views

What is the Calvinist perspective on John 5:28–29 in regard to earning salvation?

John 5:28–29 seems to teach salvation by works: Do not marvel at this, for an hour is coming when all who are in the tombs will hear his voice and come out, those who have done good to the ...
8
votes
1answer
333 views

What role does the New Covenant play in Reformed Theology?

After looking at @Affable Geek's answer to an overview question on different understandings of why Jesus had to die, and in particular after his comment on Catholicism in this respect, I went to look ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Did Calvinism borrow its scheme of predestination from Valentinian Gnosticism?

How does the Calvinist notion of predestination differ from that of the Valentinian Gnostics' predestination? There are several sources outlining the Valentinian Gnostic system (anti-heretic "church ...
2
votes
4answers
238 views

Christ in the context of Predestination

I'm grappling with the idea of predestination at the moment. I feel it has several problems, or maybe I'm just not thinking things through. However, one of the basic questions that arises for me is ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

What theological teachings of Watchman Nee, Witness Lee, and the Local Churches differ from Reformed Theology

I recently moved and have been Church hunting (but this it not a question about Church advice) and attended a "Local Church." In this particular Church, service goes as follows: first part: ...
2
votes
0answers
85 views

Are the Local Churches (associated with Watchman Nee) Calvinist? [duplicate]

Are the Local Churches, based on the teachings of Watchman Nee and Witness Lee, Calvinist (Reformed Theology)?
-4
votes
1answer
159 views

Do Calvinism and Arminianism cover all Christian doctrines? [closed]

This is sort of the opposite version of a question I just asked. What is the most popular belief system that rejects all points of Calvinism and Arminianism? It seems to me that Calvinism and ...
6
votes
2answers
902 views

What belief system would combine both elements from Calvinism and Arminianism?

I've often heard some people describe themselves as a "Calminianist" in an attempt to say through a portmanteau that they ascribe to both Calvinism and Arminianism. Is/Are there some universally ...
11
votes
1answer
459 views

How do non-sacramental denominations identify and ordain pastors and other leaders?

I'm aware that not all Christian denominations call the leaders/pastors of local congregations "priests" (as Catholics, Orthodox, some Anglicans, and apparently some Lutherans do, perhaps among others)...
6
votes
3answers
578 views

How can God be Sovereign (in the Reformed sense) if a man can ignore His call to repentance?

The Scriptures tell us: The times of ignorance God overlooked, but now he commands all people everywhere to repent, because he has fixed a day on which he will judge the world in righteousness by a ...
4
votes
2answers
241 views

What is the Reformed perspective on “All people are called by God to salvation in Christ”?

The quote in the title is taken from paragraph 16 of the JOINT DECLARATION ON THE DOCTRINE OF JUSTIFICATION by the Lutheran World Federation and the Catholic Church. Is such a statement consistent or ...
10
votes
2answers
341 views

What was the point of the third article of Remonstrance?

The other four points of the Remonstrants seem to articulate significant departures from Calvin's soteriology, but not this one: THIRD ARTICLE. Saving Faith.—Man in his fallen state is unable to ...
9
votes
1answer
865 views

In Reformed Theology, what are seen as the implications of Traducianism versus Creationism (of the soul)?

Traducianism says that one's soul is derived from one's parents' souls, but creationism says that God creates a soul for each body. The Wikipedia articles are a start, but I'm especially interested ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

How do Arminians reconcile free will with God's omnipotence logically?

I just finished reading Mere Christianity and was blown away by some of the statements Lewis makes. He mentions "even [God] cannot produce [a changed heart] by a mere act of power...It is something ...
8
votes
5answers
1k views

How are the teachings in the Book of James consistent with Salvation by Grace alone?

I was reading through James today and I understand his point was to convey to the Jews that only having faith - but not showing your gratitude for the grace they've received - is not good. He does get ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Orthodoxy's “ancestral sin” versus Calvinism's “total depravity”

Correct me if I'm wrong, but from what I understand, one of the major differences between Eastern Orthodox and Protestant theology is "ancestral sin." Note: Although Roman Catholicism's definition ...
2
votes
1answer
949 views

Was the account of eating forbidden fruit a metaphor?

What is the established church's (Church of England's) view on the theology of the eating of the fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil as being a metaphor for the act of questioning God's ...
1
vote
2answers
714 views

How does Calvinism explain how an omniscient, omnipotent, and omnibenevolent creator could NOT have a plan for universal salvation?

In the haze of discerning truth and wisdom by the hybrid application of scripture, tradition, philosophy, and experience it seems illogical that a loving creator with perfect and complete knowledge ...
6
votes
1answer
633 views

Prevenient Grace - Negative Responses to Scriptural Examples of It

See what I mean by "Prevenient Grace" in the first question I asked relating to this topic. If your understanding of scripture leads you to believe the doctine of Prevenient Prace is not supported ...
10
votes
2answers
3k views

Other than Augustine, which Church Fathers have directly influenced John Calvin's teaching of “double-predestination?”

"By predestination we mean the eternal decree of God, by which he determined with himself whatever he wished to happen with regard to every man. All are not created on equal terms, but some are ...
6
votes
3answers
23k views

What is the difference between Presbyterianism and Evangelicalism?

I understand the main differences with Evangelicals vs. protestants are the strong beliefs in being "born again" and Biblical fundamentalism. However, what are some of the main differences in ...
7
votes
1answer
271 views

What does Karl Barth imply by God entrusting us with a “nobile officium”?

In Evangelical Theology: An Introduction, chapter 8, Karl Barth writes: It is splendid and beautiful to be assigned a duty by the God of the Gospel who is the object of evangelical theology, but it ...
5
votes
1answer
720 views

Was Charles Haddon Spurgeon a five-point Calvinist?

I think so, but some articles online indicates that he was a Fullerist. If so, was "Fullerism" orthodox? Ex: here. Any thought?
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Does 1 Corinthians 9:27 contradict the doctrine of “The Perseverance of the Saints?”

At First Corinthians 9:24-27, the Apostle Paul writes: Do you not know that in a race all the runners run, but only one receives the prize? So run that you may obtain it. Every athlete exercises ...
5
votes
2answers
5k views

Is John Piper a five point Calvinist?

John Piper is the well known and highly regarded (and recently retired) Pastor for Preaching and Teaching at Bethlehem Church in Minnesota, and the leader of Desiring God Ministries. Piper is widely ...
12
votes
2answers
3k views

Did John Calvin teach that God creates certain souls only to be destroyed?

From what I understand, Calvin not only taught, but effectively systematized the doctrine of "predestinarianism," which holds that: God for His own glorification, and without any regard to original ...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

How do Reformed Baptists view Dispensationalism?

What is the "official" stances of Reformed Baptists on Dispensationalism? What biblical base do they claim for such views? If, as a group, they would generally not teach Dispensationalism, are there ...
21
votes
5answers
32k views

What is the difference between Reformed and Presbyterian

I feel like this is a dumb question, but maybe, just maybe, I'm not the only one confused by this. Maybe if I'm willing to stick my neck out and look stupid, the answer will be here for those poor ...
9
votes
2answers
634 views

What is the justification for reciting creeds in public worship according to the regulative principle?

Some churches which hold to the regulative principle of worship (RPW) insist that recitation of creeds or portions of confessions or catechisms by the congregation is an important act in the public ...
3
votes
2answers
147 views

Can a Sovereign-will authorize personal liberty?

Every thing I read about “sovereignty” associates it with having “authority” not how authority is exercised. Some Protestant Denominations seem to claim that because God is sovereign then He is the ...

1
4 5
6
7 8