Questions tagged [reformed-theology]

A branch of Protestantism emphasizing the sovereignty of God and his covenants with humanity. Also known as Calvinism.

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According to Reformed Theology do non-trinitarians go to hell?

According to Reformed theology, if one believes that Yeshua (Jesus) is the Messiah and the son of God (but they deny that he is God and the second person of a triune god), is this person sent to an ...
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How is 1 Corinthians 9:27 reconciled with the teaching that losing salvation is impossible?

This question is aimed at those Christians who believe that someone saved can't become "unsaved" later. At least in 1 Corinthians 9:27 apostle Paul says he is not sure whether he will be saved or not ...
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How have Calvinist theologians dealt with statements about God repenting?

There are a number of OT passages that seem to show God changing his mind.1 Perhaps most well-known is his approach to Nineveh in the book of Jonah (summarized in 3:10). An example from Jeremiah also ...
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Did Jacob Arminius and/or the remonstrants believe they were in agreement with John Calvin?

In a comment on another question on this site, a user says that the Remonstrants thought they more faithfully represented Calvin and Augustine's teaching than did those who eventually convened the ...
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According to Calvinists, why did God say what He did to Cain in Genesis 4:7?

Both high and low Calvinists from this Wiki say that God authorized the Fall, by which all deserve to be condemned. Me: If there is no predestination at all, both Cain and Abel will end up in hell. ...
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Perseverance of the Saints – Historical Interpretations before Calvin

When I read the writings of early Christians I am constantly seeing references to persevering to the end and absolutely nothing resembling this teaching. It is almost as if everything taught prior to ...
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What theological teachings of Watchman Nee, Witness Lee, and the Local Churches differ from Reformed Theology

I recently moved and have been Church hunting (but this it not a question about Church advice) and attended a "Local Church." In this particular Church, service goes as follows: first part: ...
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What is the origin of the Covenant of Grace?

In Covenant Theology the Covenant of Grace refers to an overarching theological covenant which God made on the basis of grace. The various Biblical covenants such as Abraham's, the Mosaic/Deuteronomic,...
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Other than Augustine, which Church Fathers have directly influenced John Calvin's teaching of “double-predestination?”

"By predestination we mean the eternal decree of God, by which he determined with himself whatever he wished to happen with regard to every man. All are not created on equal terms, but some are ...
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Is there a recognised soteriology that combines selective election for some and general election for everyone else?

Are there any Christian groups or denominations that hold a belief in selective election to salvation, in that some individuals are specifically and irresistibly called (Noah, Moses, 12 desciples, ...
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Do Calvinists believe that God is the author of evil?

"Arminius taught that Calvinist predestination and unconditional election made God the author of evil." -Wikipedia I have heard Calvinism presented in a similar way, where God has designed everything ...
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What is the justification for reciting creeds in public worship according to the regulative principle?

Some churches which hold to the regulative principle of worship (RPW) insist that recitation of creeds or portions of confessions or catechisms by the congregation is an important act in the public ...
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Did Karl Barth confess an orthodox doctrine of the Trinity?

Karl Barth (1886–1968) is considered noteworthy for allegedly "recovering the doctrine of the Trinity in the 20th century." He is considered a reformed theologian, but his views are generally not ...
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Why is it rare to combine Reformed/Calvinist doctrine and Dispensationalism?

I've been told that it's rare to find someone who combines Dispensationalism and Reformed/Calvinistic doctrine (such as John MacArthur). Why is this? What ideas don't mesh well?
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Can Grace be irresistible and still be a gift?

According to TULIP Calvinism grace is "irresistible". If grace is irresistible then what role does faith play in salvation and can it still be considered a gift?
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In Reformed Theology, what are seen as the implications of Traducianism versus Creationism (of the soul)?

Traducianism says that one's soul is derived from one's parents' souls, but creationism says that God creates a soul for each body. The Wikipedia articles are a start, but I'm especially interested ...
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Do Reformed paedobaptists call for the baptism of household servants, just as Abraham's servants were circumcised?

In Genesis 17:9–13 we read: 9 And God said to Abraham, “As for you, you shall keep my covenant, you and your offspring after you throughout their generations. 10 This is my covenant, which you ...
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Do Calvinists believe that it is possible to be saved without believing the doctrine of predestination?

From a Calvinist theological view, is it possible for God to predestine that XYZ be saved, but for XYZ to reject the doctrine of predestination throughout his or her life?
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What is the biblical basis for the Covenant of Redemption?

In Covenant Theology the Covenant of Redemption is an eternal agreement made between the members of the Trinity in which the Son of God agrees to become incarnate and die for the the sins of God's ...
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Why do Covenant theologians use the word “dispensation,” and what do they mean by it?

The first time I read the Westminster Confession of Faith, a confession reflecting Covenant (or Reformed) theology, I was surprised to see the word dispensations used in it: There are not therefore ...
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Are foster children considered covenant children in Presbyterianism?

Foster children are on the one hand a part of the household but on the other hand not legally adopted and may be ultimately reunited with their birth parents. So do Presbyterians of a confessional ...
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What is an overview of the similarities and differences between the Catholic doctrine of Original Sin and the Reformed doctrine of Total Depravity?

Upon a cursory examination, both the Catholic doctrine of Original Sin and the Reformed doctrine of Total Depravity seem to say that mankind is by default separated from God. What is an overview of ...
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What does “the Lord opened her heart” (Acts 16:14) mean, according to Calvinists?

Acts 16:13 (NIV) On the Sabbath we went outside the city gate to the river, where we expected to find a place of prayer. We sat down and began to speak to the women who had gathered there. I ...
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Where is Jesus' body now?

In Acts 1 we're told: After he said this, he was taken up before their very eyes, and a cloud hid him from their sight. They were looking intently up into the sky as he was going, when suddenly two ...
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How does reformed theology view hypnosis?

In particular, how do reformed theologians address these questions: Is hypnosis Biblically warranted? Is hypnosis a form of demon possession? Is hypnosis basically a bad idea? Is the question of ...
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What is the earliest claim that Jesus Christ kept the law of Moses on behalf of others?

J N Darby and William Kelly, those responsible for the Plymouth Brethren movement in the mid to late 1800s, did not accept the concept that, during his earthly life, Jesus Christ kept the law on ...
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According to Reformed theology, when did the New Covenant start?

When instituting the Lord's Supper, Jesus Christ said (Luke 22:20, NIV): In the same way, after the supper he took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out ...
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What is the Biblical basis for asserting that infants can have faith in Christ under a Calvinistic framework?

Calvin argued for the election of infants, which opposed Roman Catholic faith, which believed that baptism was necessary for salvation (sacramentalists). He was even more forceful about this view than ...
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In what ways did early Jansenists believe that their doctrine of salvation differed from that of Calvinism?

The soteriology of Jansenism appears to bear some resemblance to that of Calvinism, as both emphasize doctrines like original sin, predestination, and irresistible grace. The two movements also share ...
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According to Reformed Theology how can we saved by Grace 'Alone' and Faith 'Alone'?

Two of the Five Solas are: Sola Gratia: Salvation by Grace Alone Sola Fide: Justification by Faith Alone If salvation is by "grace alone", how can "faith alone" be added as well? ...
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Was Abel regenerated before the offering according to the Calvinist?

Genesis 4:4–5 [Berean Study Bible] (4) The LORD looked with favor on Abel and his offering (5) but He had no regard for Cain and his offering I'm in the middle of conversation with a Calvinist ...
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What is the basis for Calvinist double predestination, as opposed to single predestination?

I was reading this question, What were the main doctrinal disagreements between Luther and Calvin?, and one of the differences between the two was Calvin believed in double predestination, while ...
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How are the Decretive, Preceptive, and Permissive wills of God defined?

I've heard people talk about the Decretive, the Preceptive, and the Permissive wills of God, but I don't entirely understand them. What do they mean and what makes them distinct from each other?
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What is the use of faith if God doesn't need/require anything from humans to save them?

According to soteriologies (e.g. Calvinism) that believe God makes the choice to save people without expecting any decision from them first, what is the role of faith? If the decision making process ...
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To whom the Election applied according to the Calvinist (TULIP)?

A. To every human (including Adam and Eve) who will exist in the future. B. To every human (except Adam and Eve) who will exist in the future. C. To every human who will exist in the future after ...
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According to Trinitarian theology of Calvinism, was the Word (2nd person of the Trinity) missing from heaven when He (the Word) incarnated on Earth?

What I mean with "missing from heaven" is something like this : A. Only the first and the third persons of the Trinity were in heaven because the second person was on Earth. Example: Q : Where is ...
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In Calvinism, why does free will to accept salvation seem to take away from God's glory?

Background: We are unable to accept Christ without His work in us. God gives every man, life, faith, breath, and everything else needed to come to Him. "And you hath he quickened, who were dead ...
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According to reformed theology, are _all_ wealthy Christians required to give their wealth to the poor?

In Mark 10:17-31, we see Jesus talk to the rich young ruler, and tell him to sell his possessions and give it to the poor. According to reformed theologians, is this required of all wealthy followers ...
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According to Reformed Theology, how does omniscience relate to election?

If before the creation, God had planned everything from A to Z of the life on the earth since it's created until the end of day and every life of each individual from A to Z since he/she was born ...
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What do Calvinists teach about the Election of mankind? Is it before or after the Creation?

From this link: Calvin also reminds us that Paul states that the love God had for us before the creation of the world had always been founded in Christ From this link: Calvinists believe that ...
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Romans 11:32 according to Calvinist?

Romans 11:32 For God has bound everyone over to disobedience so that he may have mercy on them all Is the "everyone" including Adam and Eve before they are created ?

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