Questions tagged [reformed-theology]

A branch of Protestantism emphasizing the sovereignty of God and his covenants with humanity. Also known as Calvinism.

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In what sense do Presbyterians consider Christ's sacrifice “perfect”?

This question concerns in part the following quote heard regularly by Presbyterian Pastors: “Catholics deny the sufficiency of Christ’s redemptive work on the cross and by doing so, forfeit their ...
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How are the Decretive, Preceptive, and Permissive wills of God defined?

I've heard people talk about the Decretive, the Preceptive, and the Permissive wills of God, but I don't entirely understand them. What do they mean and what makes them distinct from each other?
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Is “You cannot love your neighbour unless you love yourself” a form of antinomianism?

The second great commandment, "You shall love your neighbour as yourself," is often turned into "You cannot love your neighbour unless you love yourself." Is this a form of antinomianism? If not, how ...
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Reformed Theology [closed]

Can anyone point me to a scholarly article or book that clearly, definitively, and authoritatively defines what qualifies a person or denomination as "reformed"? I've heard Presbyterians claim that ...
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What is the Calvinist view of God's sovereignty?

I have many Calvinist friends, and when we discuss matters of theology or doctrine, almost inevitably, the conversation turns to them saying something like "That's because of God's sovereignty," or "...
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Who does John 6:40 refer to according to Reformed theology? [closed]

For my Father's will is that everyone who looks to the Son and believes in him shall have eternal life, and I will raise them up at the last day. —John 6:40 NIV (emphasis mine) Does the bold ...
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What does John 3:16 mean according to Calvinism?

John 3:16 For God so loved the world that He gave His one and only Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish but have eternal life. I originally believed the sentence above is like an ...
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How are the Calvinist, Arminian and Lutheran conceptions of Total Depravity different?

I'm quite sure I understand the concept of Total Depravity, but I'm not sure it's viewed exactly the same in different doctrinal frameworks that support it. I've spent a lot of time among Lutherans, ...
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Reformed View of Titus 2:11 and Irresistible Grace

Titus 2:11 says For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men... How does this fit with Irresistible Grace? From my understanding of Irresistible Grace, when God's grace ...
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From reformed perspective, what does the oil in the foolish virgin's lamp represent?

This question is related to the question: How do "once saved always saved" advocates explain the parable of the wise virgins? Many of the answers explain that the foolish virgins never had oil, ...
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What is the distinction between Justification and Salvation? (Reformed point of view)

As a practicing Christian, my only hope is for salvation through Jesus Christ. I note that scripture addresses salvation from a variety of perspectives and analogies, but also I find that in Paul's ...
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How would a Reformed theologian distinguish his or her view of atonement?

The term 'limited atonement' has been used, and I wonder how the Reformed is differing by definition from the Evangelical view of atonement. Further, what Scriptures do the Reformed base this view ...
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What is the Calvinist perspective on regeneration?

When do Calvinists consider an elect person to be regenerate? If it is at birth, then is it odd that someone who is "regenerate" is living in sin, up until the point of faith in Christ? And if it is ...
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How does reformed theology reconcile the universal resurrection with limited atonement

When reading about the Reformed doctrine of limited atonement I can follow the logical flow as follows: Hell is punishment for sin, the outpouring of the wrath of God Heaven is being with God in the ...
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According to Reformed theology are the Psalms suitable preaching/prayers/songs for Christians?

In other words, are the Psalms considered Jewish-specific or deemed equally useful as prayers and songs for Christians? For example, is the first Psalm a Christian Psalm as well as a Jewish Psalm? ...
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How does the Reformed tradition understand Philippians 2:6-9 as it regards the Hypostatic Union?

Philippians 2:6-9 (A) Though he was God, he did not think of equality with God as something to cling to but (B) emptied himself, by taking the form of a servant, being born in the ...
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According to Calvinism, when and what happen during the Lord's Passover in the time of Moses?

Exodus 12:11 This is how you are to eat it: with your cloak tucked into your belt, your sandals on your feet and your staff in your hand. Eat it in haste; it is the LORD's Passover. From the ...
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According to Calvinists, Luke 22:8 what date did it happen?

Luke 22 (7)Then came the day of Unleavened Bread on which the Passover lamb had to be sacrificed. (8)Jesus sent Peter and John, saying, "Go and make preparations for us to eat the Passover." ...
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Is Jonathan Edwards's view of “philosophical necessity” compatible with the Westminster Standards?

Jonathan Edwards (1703–1758) was a major 18th century theologian who, though rooted in Reformed theology, innovated in some important ways. According to J. V. Fesko, in The Theology of the ...
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In Reformed Covenant Theology, why does the covenant sign of circumcision pass away but the Abrahamic covenant of which it was the sign of does not?

Galatians 3:16-18 denies that the Mosaic covenant annulled the promises of the Abrahamic and proceeds to argue the Christian gospel on the basis of the Abrahamic covenant against the idea of salvation ...
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According to Reformed theology, what is an infant's first sin?

From what I understand, every human that has ever lived is "born into sin", which means we all carry a "sin nature". Saul says: "For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God" Romans 3:23 ...
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According to Reformed theology, is teaching a false Trinitarian concept considered blasphemy?

There are several people that do not understand the trinity. I hear things such as "God is like water. He is liquid, steam, and solid". This analogy actually comes with a longer explanation about how ...
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According to Trinitarian theology of Calvinism, was the Word (2nd person of the Trinity) missing from heaven when He (the Word) incarnated on Earth?

What I mean with "missing from heaven" is something like this : A. Only the first and the third persons of the Trinity were in heaven because the second person was on Earth. Example: Q : Where is ...
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According to Reformed Theology, why do unbelievers deserve punishment?

I read this quote from John Calvin on some website: "...we allow that man has choice and that it is self-determined, so that if he does anything evil, it should be imputed to him and to his own ...
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According to Reformed - 1 Corinthians 11:29-30, the words [weak, sick, died] literal or not?

1 Corinthians 11:29-30 (29) For if you eat the bread or drink the cup without honoring the body of Christ, you are eating and drinking God's judgment upon yourself. (30) That is why many of ...
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What did Luther and Calvin believe about “Lucifer” in Isaiah 14?

To many Christians Lucifer of Isaiah 14 (not to be confused with Satan) is considered a visually beautiful, Rock n' Rolling cherub who fell from heaven to deceive mankind. And according to a few ...
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Which specific canons of the Second Council of Constantinople do Lutherans and Calvinists reject?

The Wikipedia article on the Second Council of Constantinople (the fifth Ecumenical Council) claims that Lutherans and Calvinists accept only the first four Ecumenical Councils as being canonical. My ...
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Does a literal reading of Romans 4:25 conflict with Reformed theology?

In the NASB, Romans 4:25 (emphasis mine) reads: He who was delivered over because of our transgressions, and was raised because of our justification. However, in the ESV (emphasis mine) it reads:...
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How does Reformed Theology consider passages that may imply that God is the “subject of sufferings”?

In A Dissertation Concerning the End for which God Created the World, John Edwards makes the following statement, Because it is evident, by both Scripture and reason, that God is infinitely, ...
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To the Calvinist, does Phillipians 1:29 mean that all the Philippians will go to heaven because all of them have already been elected?

Philippians 1:29 For unto you it is given in the behalf of Christ, not only to believe on him, but also to suffer for his sake. My understanding : 1. The word "you" is all of the Philippians. ...
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How does free will fit with the doctrine of predestination?

The Calvinistic doctrine of predestination states that God has chosen who will live and who will die. That Christians are unconditionally elected for salvation or damnation. However, how does this ...
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According to Calvinists, is each person “dead in sin” at birth, or only after committing a sin?

First I thought that there is no difference between OS (Original Sin) and TD (Total Depravity) in the Calvinist pov. This is what I first thought : (OS = TD) Cain/Abel/Seth (and their next ...
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Ephesians 2:2, which one comes first in the Calvinist view?

Ephesians 2:2 reads: in which you used to live when you followed the ways of this world and of the ruler of the kingdom of the air, the spirit who is now at work in those who are disobedient. ...
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Do Calvinists believe that God is the author of evil?

"Arminius taught that Calvinist predestination and unconditional election made God the author of evil." -Wikipedia I have heard Calvinism presented in a similar way, where God has designed everything ...
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How can 1 Corinthians 15:3 be reconciled with Calvinism and limited atonement?

I have been studying the 5 Points of Calvinism (TULIP) for some time and I can say that I accept 4 out of 5. My biggest problem with Calvinism is the doctrine of Limited Atonement that says Jesus ...
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Did Karl Barth confess an orthodox doctrine of the Trinity?

Karl Barth (1886–1968) is considered noteworthy for allegedly "recovering the doctrine of the Trinity in the 20th century." He is considered a reformed theologian, but his views are generally not ...
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According to Reformed Theology, are Catholics Christians?

In John MacArthur's Scandal of the Catholic Preisthood, Catholicism is not portrayed as the zenith of Christianity. Question: Is this a John MacArthur only view, not held by the majority of ...
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How do Calvinists interpret 2 Peter 2:1?

2Pe 2:1 But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and ...
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According to reformed theologians, was Barnabas an Apostle?

We usually read the position that there were only 12 Apostles + Paul, and that after the Apostolic era, we have no more Apostles at all. Specially I see this among Reformed theologians. But how do ...
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According to Reformed theology, does God show special favor to some believers?

I am looking for answer from a reformed theology perspective. I know that there are verses in the Bible that God does not show favor. But at the same time there has been many instances where the son ...
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Is God's sovereignty a term associated with Reformed theology?

Is the concept of God's sovereignty disputed outside of Reformed theology, and is God's sovereignty a label for God that is exclusively used in the context of Reformed theology?
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Why isn't supralapsarianism's first decree to create?

From Wikipedia Supralapsarians believe that God chose which individuals to save logically prior to the decision to allow the race to fall and that the Fall serves as the means of realization of ...
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How is the “spirituality of the church” consistent with theonomy?

In Hart and Muether's history of American Presbyterianism, Seeking a Better Country, they describe a doctrine of the "spirituality of the church," which emphasizes the spiritual, not social, task of ...
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What is the Calvinist view of Christians with different levels of loving God?

A) Scripture says no force or power can separate us from the Love of God. "For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor ...
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According to Reformed Theology, how does one make disciples?

According to Reformed Theology, how does one "make disciples"? Are "making disciples" and "evangelizing" synonymous?
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How did Calvin view the use of religious icons to facilitate worship of God?

Recently I was told in a chat room on this site that the use of icons in the church 'wasn't offensive to anyone'!? I was so amazed that anyone would ever say such a thing, but since I have never had ...
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Is there a recognised soteriology that combines selective election for some and general election for everyone else?

Are there any Christian groups or denominations that hold a belief in selective election to salvation, in that some individuals are specifically and irresistibly called (Noah, Moses, 12 desciples, ...
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According to reformed theology, does reformed theology fall apart if one removes the doctrine of predestination?

Context: I was recently pondering on why it took me so long to discover reformed theology, and how my beliefs changed before/after reading reformed theology -- and as I traced my thoughts, it seems ...
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How did John Calvin reconcile killing followers of opposing religious views with the New Testament?

I was reading about persecutions by Christians and was wondering if the persecutors justified their violence with passages of the bible and how they reconciled that with the teachings of Jesus. In ...
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To the Calvinist, what does it mean that in the beginning God already has His object of wrath?

I have a Calvinist friend who told me that before the creation, God already knows the objects of His wrath. (I'm not a Christian). I question him "the objects of His wrath" is in a point of view in ...

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