Questions tagged [reformed-theology]

A branch of Protestantism emphasizing the sovereignty of God and his covenants with humanity. Also known as Calvinism.

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Which Reformed Christians deny the doctrine of common grace and why?

Common grace is the doctrine that states that God has a general sense in which he gives all people, not just believers, gifts that proceed from his own graciousness. Most of these gifts concern ...
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Was Saint Augustine a Calvinist on divine foreknowledge?

It is my understanding that Calvinism conflates God's passive will with His active will—i.e., the fact that He knows something will occur due to His divine foreknowledge and allows said thing to occur ...
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Do Calvinists Disbelieve the Doctrine of Eternal Generation as a 'Begetting'?

I read this on a Calvinist website (emphasis mine): Monogenes – This fallacy has existed for years and caused much confusion and damage. It is thought by many to be derived from monos (only) and ...
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What role does the New Covenant play in Reformed Theology?

After looking at @Affable Geek's answer to an overview question on different understandings of why Jesus had to die, and in particular after his comment on Catholicism in this respect, I went to look ...
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According to Reformed theology, when did the New Covenant start?

When instituting the Lord's Supper, Jesus Christ said (Luke 22:20, NIV): In the same way, after the supper he took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out ...
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What does the Roman Catholic Church teach about covenant theology?

In Reformed theology, there are summary theological constructs termed the covenant of works, the covenant of grace, and the covenant of redemption. In short, the covenant of works encompasses the path ...
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What is the difference in original sin and our nature to sin from a Reformed or Calvinist view?

There is another question like this on the CSE but seems to be answered with the Catholic view in mind. As a Calvinist, I have become quite confused or I am just not properly understanding the ...
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Did John Calvin believe that the grandchildren of a believer are entitled to infant baptism?

In Calvinism, the children of believers are considered "members of the covenant" and as a sign of that covenant, they are baptized as infants. Practically speaking, this means that if at least one ...
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How do Lutherns and Reformers explain when God's Preceptive Will goes against His Decretive Will?

Is there any insight to understand how God Himself doesn't wish any to fall away (His preceptive will) and the fact that His decretive will states that some will? Further, Zachariah and Romans speak ...
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Historical origins of the doctrine of God's self glorification

Within the Reformed tradition, it is a considered a fundamental principle of doctrine that the 'Chief End' of Man, of Creation and most importantly of God Himself is His own self glorification. We see ...
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According to the Reformers, how does the doctrine of Total Depravity result in assurance of faith?

The doctrine of Total Depravity is a reformed doctrine that teaches that man is wholly incapable of having acts or will that is holy or pleasing to God. According to Calvin and modern reformed ...
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What is the Biblical basis against the Calvinist doctrine of Irresistible Grace?

The question of what the Biblical basis is in favor of Irresistible Grace has been asked here. However, the question regarding the Biblical argument against it does not seem to have been addressed ...
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What is an overview of the similarities and differences between the Catholic doctrine of Original Sin and the Reformed doctrine of Total Depravity?

Upon a cursory examination, both the Catholic doctrine of Original Sin and the Reformed doctrine of Total Depravity seem to say that mankind is by default separated from God. What is an overview of ...
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How would a Calvinist interpret Matthew 13:37-40?

(37) He answered, “The one who sows the good seed is the Son of Man. (38) The field is the world, and the good seed is the sons of the kingdom. The weeds are the sons of the evil one, (39) and the ...
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What is the basis for Lutheran single predestination, as opposed to double predestination?

I was reading this question, What were the main doctrinal disagreements between Luther and Calvin?, and one of the differences between the two was Calvin believed in double predestination, while ...
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What does “God is just” mean according to Calvinists?

In our world, what we understand about "justice" is not just a verdict between guilty or not guilty, because it also balances the punishment on the severity of the crime. Here is an illustration: ...
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According to Reformed Theology, how is Compatibilism different than Hard Determinism?

This question is related to What is the difference between hard determinism and compatibilism, under the assumption of physicalism?, but I'm looking for the Reformed/Calvinism understanding of this ...
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What is the Biblical basis for God's divine decree in Scripture (Calvinism)?

I have listened to Calvinists state that all that happens in time is a result of God's divine decree. Where in Scripture do we find evidence for the existence of such a decree, or where in Scripture ...
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How do Calvinists argue that limited atonement is just and merciful?

Why is it just or merciful that God predetermines who is to be saved and who is to be damned, before they are even born? Does that not mean a murderer may be saved and a charity worker damned?
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According to Calvinists, does God command the non-elect to do what is for them impossible?

Question: Does God, according to Calvinism, command people He has specifically given neither the ability nor choice to do so to repent and believe in Christ or be damned?1, 2 And if so, why? ...
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An explanation from Calvinist about why Cain's offering is not accepted by God?

This question is following the question before, where Calvin said : We must, however, notice the order here observed by Moses; for he does not simply state that the worship which Abel had paid ...
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According to Reformed Covenant theology, how were the people of Israel “purchased” per Exodus 15:16?

In the triumphal song of Moses, it is mentioned in 15:15 that the people were purchased. Exodus 15:16 Terror and dread fall upon them; because of the greatness of your arm, they are still ...
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Promises of God that help us partake in His divine nature

What are the promises referred to by Peter in 2 Peter 1:4 through which we can partake of the divine nature and escape the corruption that is in the world by lust? What are the views regarding this ...
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According to reformed theology, how does the fall glorify God?

What this question is not about: This question is NOT about: Is God omniscient (all knowing?), omnipotent (all powerful?) and benevolent? Then if God foresaw the first sin, and had the power to stop ...
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Calvinist Disagreement with Valentinian Gnosticism on Predestination

For the record, I do not believe Calvinists are cryto-Valentinians. I do not believe Calvinists are Gnostics, so please understand my question knowing I am not trying to paint anyone in a good or bad ...
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Are there sola scriptura inerrantists who reject sensus unum as a general hermeneutic?

I have noticed that adherers to sola scriptura that defend biblical inerrancy nearly always argue from a sensus unum understanding of scripture as opposed to a sensus plenior understanding of ...
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According to reformed theology, is hypocrisy a sin?

People don't like hypocrites, and they get a pretty bad rap in the Bible (especially from Jesus), but is hypocrisy itself a sin? In reformed theology at least, every one is fallen and cannot avoid ...
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How do Calvinists explain Luke 19:41-44

How do Calvinists explain Luke 19:41-44: 41 And when he drew near and saw the city, he wept over it, 42 saying, “Would that you, even you, had known on this day the things that make for peace! ...
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Limited Atonement and Perseverance of the Saints in Light of 1 Corinthians 8:11 (Calvinism)

The acronym T.U.L.I.P summarizes five core doctrines of Calvinism concerning salvation. I hope I've summarized them accurately enough for the question's purpose. T. Total Depravity — The doctrine ...
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What did Calvin think about Knox's “Monstrous Regiment”?

Scottish Protestant reformer John Knox (1514-1572) is the author of the work of vile misogyny, The first blast of the trumpet against the monstruous regiment of women (1558). In the book, Knox rails ...
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Difference between Augustinianism and Calvinism

Is there a difference between Augustinianism and (Five Points) Calvinism as they relate to the doctrine of salvation? If so, what is the difference?
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Did the authors of the Westminster Standards accept Roman Catholic baptisms as valid?

In the original version of the Westminster Standards, a highly regarded Protestant doctrinal statement, there's a line that is particularly famous: There is no other head of the Church but the Lord ...
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How do Calvinists understand “anyone” in 2 Peter 3:9?

2 Peter 3:9 The Lord is not slow in keeping his promise, as some understand slowness. Instead he is patient with you, not wanting anyone to perish, but everyone to come to repentance From a ...
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Indwelled by the Holy Spirit — VS — not indwelled by the Holy Spirit according to the Calvinist?

I will quote a few points that I found from Regeneration in the Old Testament. It can be clearly demonstrated that regeneration is an occurrence in both the Old and New testaments But the ...
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What is the “gospel” in OT according to the Calvinist?

This question is following my question before. At my question there I have a quotation from Reformation Study Bible (2015) : Divine illumination and persuasion is necessary for the heart blinded ...
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What is supralapsarianism?

One of the main reasons Jacobus Arminius split with Calvinism was his opposition to the doctrine of supralapsarianism taught by his colleagues at Leiden University. What is supralapsarianism? Is it a ...
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According to Calvinists, why did God say what He did to Cain in Genesis 4:7?

Both high and low Calvinists from this Wiki say that God authorized the Fall, by which all deserve to be condemned. Me: If there is no predestination at all, both Cain and Abel will end up in hell. ...
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What was the difference between Ratramnus's view of the Eucharist and that of Calvin?

In the First Eucharistic Controversy (ninth century), Paschasius Radbertus wrote a monograph arguing that the elements in communion were nothing less than the physical flesh and blood of Jesus. He ...
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What was at issue in the Clark-Van Til controversy?

In the 1940s, Cornelius Van Til and other professors at Westminster Theological Seminary first tried to block Gordon Clark's entry into the Orthodox Presbyterian Church, then later put him on trial ...
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Was Abel regenerated before the offering according to the Calvinist?

Genesis 4:4–5 [Berean Study Bible] (4) The LORD looked with favor on Abel and his offering (5) but He had no regard for Cain and his offering I'm in the middle of conversation with a Calvinist ...
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To whom the Election applied according to the Calvinist (TULIP)?

A. To every human (including Adam and Eve) who will exist in the future. B. To every human (except Adam and Eve) who will exist in the future. C. To every human who will exist in the future after ...
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How would Reformed Christians deal with homosexual marriage of individuals prior to their conversion to Christianity?

I've been pondering this for several weeks and I believe that the reformed church (really, the church in general) is woefully unprepared to answer the following question: How would the church deal ...
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Are there disagreements between Reformed Theology and the teachings of A.W. Tozer?

Are there any known conflicts between the teachings of A.W. Tozer and those of Reformed Theology? My concern is sparked by his relation to the Christian "mystics", which sound potentially heretical. ...
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Has 'Affirmation 2010' been adopted, generally, by those called 'Reformed'?

A few years ago, I was given a booklet called 'Affirmation 2010' in which several signatories, standing as 'Reformed', added their names to a list of doctrinal elements which sought to 're-affirm' ...
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Does the Associate Reformed Presbyterian church believe in replacement theology?

I belong to Associate Reformed Presbyterian church and would like to know if they believe in replacement theology . Do they believe in the prophecy and the thousand year reign of Christ on the earth??...
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How is the election of Adam and Eve according to the Calvinist?

The Westminster Confession : 3.1 "God from all eternity, did, by the most wise and holy counsel of His own will, freely, and unchangeably ordain whatsoever comes to pass; yet so, as thereby ...
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If God “shows no partiality,” how do Calvinists defend predestination?

There are a number of verses in the Bible that say that God is "not partial" (Deuteronomy 10:17) or that he "shows no partiality" (Romans 2:11, ESV). How do Calvinists square such verses with their ...
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Calvinism: Dealing with paradoxes

In a video entitled "John MacArthur: Calvinism vs. Arminianism", Todd Friel of Wretched gives a short introduction before showing a clip of John MacArthur at some event several years ago, allegedly ...
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List of old heresies condemned by the Catholic Church now present in Lutheranism and Calvinism

The title says it all, I'd like a list of all heresies condemned by the Catholic Church before the Reformation. This time specifically those identified in Lutheranism and 5 point Calvinism.
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What is the easy and less complicated definition of predestination [Calvinism]?

I am finding it difficult to understand the Calvinistic ideas of limited atonement and predestination. Does limited atonement mean that only a chosen people called the elect will attain salvation? If ...

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