Questions tagged [reformed-theology]

A branch of Protestantism emphasizing the sovereignty of God and his covenants with humanity. Also known as Calvinism.

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Did 17th century Reformed Christians reject textual criticism?

The Westminster Confession says the following: WCF 1.8: The Old Testament in Hebrew (which was the native language of the people of God of old), and the New Testament in Greek (which at the time of ...
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Are Calvinism and Arminianism compatible?

This question may seem ridiculous at first glance, but bear with me... As I learn more about Calvinism and Arminianism I am struck with the notion that they are each based on Scripture, and each ...
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God's foreknowledge according to the Calvinist?

I read from this link-1 Romans 8:29 means that God “fore-loved” certain people, and predestinated them And from this link-2 1 Peter 1:20 says Christ was "foreknown before the foundation of ...
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What is the Biblical basis for Unconditional Election?

Calvin, among his other points includes the point that we are Unconditionally Elected and chosen by God alone and nothing we can do can help or hurt this fact. What is the Biblical basis for this?
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In what sense do faith and hope remain?

In 1 Corinthians 13, the Apostle Paul discusses various different spiritual gift, explaining that most of them will be redundant in the New Creation, and therefore "fade away". He concludes his ...
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What does “the Lord opened her heart” (Acts 16:14) mean, according to Calvinists?

Acts 16:13 (NIV) On the Sabbath we went outside the city gate to the river, where we expected to find a place of prayer. We sat down and began to speak to the women who had gathered there. I ...
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According to the Calvinist, why “believe” if something is known absolutely true?

From this link: Christians have said Scripture is infallible because they have believed that God’s Word is incapable of erring and thus contains no errors The above sentences maybe to everyone ...
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What do Calvinists teach about the Election of mankind? Is it before or after the Creation?

From this link: Calvin also reminds us that Paul states that the love God had for us before the creation of the world had always been founded in Christ From this link: Calvinists believe that ...
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In Hebrew 5:9, what changed about the Son's perfection?

In the book of Hebrews, we read: 8 Son though he was, he learned obedience from what he suffered 9 and, once made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him 10 and was ...
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Eschatology: Reformed and Roman Catholic?

I've heard that both Reformed and Roman Catholic eschatologies have Augustine as a major foundation. True?
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In what sense are angels elect?

In 1 Timothy 5:21 we read: I charge you, in the sight of God and Christ Jesus and the elect angels, to keep these instructions without partiality, and to do nothing out of favoritism. 1 Timothy 5:...
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How is 1 Corinthians 9:27 reconciled with the teaching that losing salvation is impossible?

This question is aimed at those Christians who believe that someone saved can't become "unsaved" later. At least in 1 Corinthians 9:27 apostle Paul says he is not sure whether he will be saved or not ...
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Is the root of salvation correctly summed up as “Be saved and repent!” or should it be “Repent and be saved!”?

In the article below, the phrase "Be saved and repent!" was endorsed. I wish to know what a Reformed Protestant view would be on this. The context for the phrase is this: The editor wrote an article ...
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How are Regeneration, Faith, and Union with Christ ordered in Reformed Theology?

In the Reformed Ordo Salutis, or order of salvation, how are Regeneration, Faith, and Union with Christ ordered? (Note that the order of salvation is a logical order, not temporal, and the believer ...
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Does Reformed Theology teach that Old Testament saints were personally united to Christ?

Union with Christ is a central doctrine in Reformed Theology, and concerns the mystical union of the believer with Christ, by faith and by the Holy Spirit. In faith the Spirit unites us to Christ, and ...
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Did Calvinism borrow its scheme of predestination from Valentinian Gnosticism?

How does the Calvinist notion of predestination differ from that of the Valentinian Gnostics' predestination? There are several sources outlining the Valentinian Gnostic system (anti-heretic "church ...
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Did John Calvin discourage harmonies in congregational singing?

In many traditional Reformed churches, the songs found in hymnbooks and psalters (collections of Psalms set to music) are written with four parts: a melody/soprano line on the top, and alto, tenor, ...
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Calvinism vs Independent Fundamental Baptist

I would like to know how does Calvinism differ from Independent Fundamental Baptist teachings. If someone can point main differences in a form of points (f.e. 1st point, 2nd point and so on for ...
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What hard evidence is there that Charles Wesley was Arminian?

It is well-known that John Wesley was an adherent and defender of Arminian soteriology. I have noticed that it is often assumed, and occasionally explicitly asserted, that his brother Charles agreed ...
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1answer
108 views

How do Calvinists understand the argument that only the Ephesian church were elect in the context of Ephesians?

I was talking to an individual and he told me that the Calvinist premise that we were elect before the creation of the world is false because the verse in Ephesians 1 is taken out of context. He said ...
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Is the choice, or decision, to accept Salvation through Jesus Christ a Work?

While reviewing the superb answers to this question about free will, I was inspired to leave a comment for Ian that I realized ought to be its own question. As I understand (and possibly ...
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How do Calvinists explain God's wanting no one to perish and electing some to judgement?

I have two ideas that have support in the bible, but seem to contradict! Please help! I am looking for a Calvinist/Evangelical answer. These two verses have the general effect that God does not want ...
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Do reformed theologians call “God the Father” Jehovah?

"God the Son" is generally agreed to be Jesus. Do reformed theologians agree that "God the Father" is Jehovah, or is this only something claimed by the denomination calling themselves Jehovah's ...
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Perseverance of the elects ---vs— blasphemy against the Spirit according to Calvinist?

I am in the middle of discussion with a Calvinist friend. He said that the Elect will be forgiven and never lose his salvation. Some verses which I thought the verses are showing that to the one ...
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Did the authors of the Westminster Confession of Faith ever explain why they thought God could not be the author of sin?

Ch3 of the W.C.of F. says "neither is God the author of sin". One can make something which is entirely different from oneself. e.g. if someone makes a cake they do not become a cake themselves. ...
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What theological teachings of Watchman Nee, Witness Lee, and the Local Churches differ from Reformed Theology

I recently moved and have been Church hunting (but this it not a question about Church advice) and attended a "Local Church." In this particular Church, service goes as follows: first part: ...
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What are the core beliefs of Presbyterianism? How does it differ and compare to other denominations of reformed Protestantism?

I have never thought of myself as being overtly religious ever in my life (in high school). I have never gone to church, but what I am now realizing is that I have been raised (more or less) as a ...
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1answer
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How do Calvinists interpret Acts 7:51 in light of the doctrine of 'irresistible grace?'

In light of the doctrine of irresistable grace, how do Calvinists interpret Acts 7:51? Acts 7:51 (DRB) You stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, you always resist the Holy Ghost: as your ...
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Why is it rare to combine Reformed/Calvinist doctrine and Dispensationalism?

I've been told that it's rare to find someone who combines Dispensationalism and Reformed/Calvinistic doctrine (such as John MacArthur). Why is this? What ideas don't mesh well?
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1answer
628 views

What is the Biblical basis for Irresistible Grace?

Calvin, among his other points, includes the point that when we are saved, we are irresistibly drawn to God and that there is nothing we can do to prevent this or cause this. What is the Biblical ...
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762 views

What is the origin of the Covenant of Grace?

In Covenant Theology the Covenant of Grace refers to an overarching theological covenant which God made on the basis of grace. The various Biblical covenants such as Abraham's, the Mosaic/Deuteronomic,...
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How do Covenant Theologians explain the Noahic covenant?

In Covenant Theology, the Covenant of Grace is a singular overarching covenant God makes with his people. The various Biblical covenants are understood to be expressions or administrations of this ...
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What happens if someone who is not elect tries to seek God?

From the perspective of Reformed Theology, in relation to Unconditional Election: What happens if someone who is not elect, tries to seek God? Does God reject them? Or this an impossibility - does ...
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What is Common Grace?

The term "Common Grace" is often thrown around in reformed circles. What is this concept? What is the scriptural basis for the belief?
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1answer
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Perseverance of the Saints – Historical Interpretations before Calvin

When I read the writings of early Christians I am constantly seeing references to persevering to the end and absolutely nothing resembling this teaching. It is almost as if everything taught prior to ...
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According to Reformed Theology, why did the 70 Jewish translators include the Apocrypha?

I read at carm.org: Paul tells us that the Jews were entrusted with the oracles of God. This means that they are the ones who understood what inspired Scriptures were, and they never accepted ...
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Did John Bunyan believe in predestination and irresistible grace?

This particular question is concerned with John Bunyan's stance, rather than the stance of Pilgrim's Progress, which is addressed in a related question. I learned of Pilgrim's Progress through ...
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702 views

Is it true that no post-apostolic theologians before St. Augustine believed in Eternal Security / Assurance of Salvation?

According to Wikipedia in it's entry of 'perseverance of the saints', eternal security has its roots in Church Father St. Augustine of Hippo. Considering that Augustine lived centuries after the ...
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Are the Local Churches (associated with Watchman Nee) Calvinist? [duplicate]

Are the Local Churches, based on the teachings of Watchman Nee and Witness Lee, Calvinist (Reformed Theology)?
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1answer
117 views

1 John 3:20 what does it mean “He knows everything” according to Calvinist Single Predestination?

This question as a continuation of my question here, because the question before is not "tight". 1 John 3:20 For God is greater than our hearts, and He knows everything. Trying to put my ...
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How did Reformed Theologians view works-based “Heavenly Rewards”?

I am currently reading Erwin Lutzer's "Your Eternal Reward". I also watched MacArthus's "Eternal Rewards and Motivation". Now, I know that Reformed theologians believe: salvation by grace, not works ...
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Do the reformed theology adherents believe that a believer should not “converse with” or “pray to” or worship the Holy Spirit?

I was in a Reformed house church and heard them making a statement of faith after the meeting. In that, they wrote that only the Father and the Son are to be worshipped and prayed to. They believed ...
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Do fallen angels know and understand the Bible according to the Calvinist?

What I mean "know and understand" for example: this angel knows about TULIP?
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What is the Biblical basis for asserting that infants can have faith in Christ under a Calvinistic framework?

Calvin argued for the election of infants, which opposed Roman Catholic faith, which believed that baptism was necessary for salvation (sacramentalists). He was even more forceful about this view than ...
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134 views

Romans 11:32 according to Calvinist?

Romans 11:32 For God has bound everyone over to disobedience so that he may have mercy on them all Is the "everyone" including Adam and Eve before they are created ?
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How is God's Predestination according to Calvinist?

I've just read from this link, an explanation by John Piper : Nobody is in hell that doesn't deserve to be there and isn't in active rebellion to God Because my own interpretation that Total ...
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267 views

Is it possible to reconcile Owen's trilemma with salvation by faith?

John Owen's "trilemma" argument is often used as a defense for Limited Atonement, but it appears to have an underlying difficulty: To which I may add this dilemma to our universalists: God ...
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A quote from Calvin about all five points?

I have heard that John Calvin either stated, or made reference to, the necessity of holding all 5 points of Calvinism. If one is dropped, the whole system collapses. I can't find this reference. If ...
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229 views

Does the love of God fulfil the Law, or keep the Law, or both? (Reformed view)

"If you love Me, you will keep My commandments." (John 14:15, ESV / NASB) There seem to be at least two opposing interpretations of Jesus' above statement, and similar Scripture, namely the following:...
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Sin Nature and the Sarx, how can Jesus be sinless if all flesh is evil

Someone asked about sin nature and the answer they were given was that the word Sarx was translated as sin nature? In Greek Sarx just means flesh. So if Jesus came in the Sarx and was sinless how is ...

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