Questions tagged [reformed-theology]

A branch of Protestantism emphasizing the sovereignty of God and his covenants with humanity. Also known as Calvinism.

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17
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2answers
206 views

What is Common Grace?

The term "Common Grace" is often thrown around in reformed circles. What is this concept? What is the scriptural basis for the belief?
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Perseverance of the Saints – Historical Interpretations before Calvin

When I read the writings of early Christians I am constantly seeing references to persevering to the end and absolutely nothing resembling this teaching. It is almost as if everything taught prior to ...
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According to Reformed Theology, why did the 70 Jewish translators include the Apocrypha?

I read at carm.org: Paul tells us that the Jews were entrusted with the oracles of God. This means that they are the ones who understood what inspired Scriptures were, and they never accepted ...
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Did John Bunyan believe in predestination and irresistible grace?

This particular question is concerned with John Bunyan's stance, rather than the stance of Pilgrim's Progress, which is addressed in a related question. I learned of Pilgrim's Progress through ...
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Is it true that no post-apostolic theologians before St. Augustine believed in Eternal Security / Assurance of Salvation?

According to Wikipedia in it's entry of 'perseverance of the saints', eternal security has its roots in Church Father St. Augustine of Hippo. Considering that Augustine lived centuries after the ...
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Are all the elect are raptured before the Tribulation, according to the Calvinist?

From this link: It seems inconsistent for God to promise believers that they will not suffer wrath and then leave them on the earth to suffer through the wrath of the tribulation If the ...
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Are the Local Churches (associated with Watchman Nee) Calvinist? [duplicate]

Are the Local Churches, based on the teachings of Watchman Nee and Witness Lee, Calvinist (Reformed Theology)?
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1 John 3:20 what does it mean “He knows everything” according to Calvinist Single Predestination?

This question as a continuation of my question here, because the question before is not "tight". 1 John 3:20 For God is greater than our hearts, and He knows everything. Trying to put my ...
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How did Reformed Theologians view works-based “Heavenly Rewards”?

I am currently reading Erwin Lutzer's "Your Eternal Reward". I also watched MacArthus's "Eternal Rewards and Motivation". Now, I know that Reformed theologians believe: salvation by grace, not works ...
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Do the reformed theology adherents believe that a believer should not “converse with” or “pray to” or worship the Holy Spirit?

I was in a Reformed house church and heard them making a statement of faith after the meeting. In that, they wrote that only the Father and the Son are to be worshipped and prayed to. They believed ...
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Do fallen angels know and understand the Bible according to the Calvinist?

What I mean "know and understand" for example: this angel knows about TULIP?
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What is the Biblical basis for asserting that infants can have faith in Christ under a Calvinistic framework?

Calvin argued for the election of infants, which opposed Roman Catholic faith, which believed that baptism was necessary for salvation (sacramentalists). He was even more forceful about this view than ...
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Romans 11:32 according to Calvinist?

Romans 11:32 For God has bound everyone over to disobedience so that he may have mercy on them all Is the "everyone" including Adam and Eve before they are created ?
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How is God's Predestination according to Calvinist?

I've just read from this link, an explanation by John Piper : Nobody is in hell that doesn't deserve to be there and isn't in active rebellion to God Because my own interpretation that Total ...
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Is it possible to reconcile Owen's trilemma with salvation by faith?

John Owen's "trilemma" argument is often used as a defense for Limited Atonement, but it appears to have an underlying difficulty: To which I may add this dilemma to our universalists: God ...
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A quote from Calvin about all five points?

I have heard that John Calvin either stated, or made reference to, the necessity of holding all 5 points of Calvinism. If one is dropped, the whole system collapses. I can't find this reference. If ...
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Does the love of God fulfil the Law, or keep the Law, or both? (Reformed view)

"If you love Me, you will keep My commandments." (John 14:15, ESV / NASB) There seem to be at least two opposing interpretations of Jesus' above statement, and similar Scripture, namely the following:...
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Sin Nature and the Sarx, how can Jesus be sinless if all flesh is evil

Someone asked about sin nature and the answer they were given was that the word Sarx was translated as sin nature? In Greek Sarx just means flesh. So if Jesus came in the Sarx and was sinless how is ...
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Is fencing the Lord's Table (in reformed traditions) to include only believers who are members of a church biblical? [closed]

For the last decade or so, I have attended churches that fenced the communion table in a guarded way, opening it only to members of Gospel-believing churches in good standing. This did not bother me ...
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Calvinism: limited atonement and the negative inference fallacy

All Biblical proof-texts that Calvinists use to provide evidence for the doctrine of limited atonement suffer from an objective logical fallacy informally known as the 'negative inference fallacy.' A ...
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According to Reformed Theology, how does omniscience relate to election?

If before the creation, God had planned everything from A to Z of the life on the earth since it's created until the end of day and every life of each individual from A to Z since he/she was born ...
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1answer
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How do the reformed theologians understand Hebrews 3:14?

How do the reformed theologians understand Hebrews 3:14 For we have come to share in Christ, if indeed we hold our original confidence firm to the end. ( ESV ) ? Does it not imply that we can ...
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In Reformed theology, what exactly does the doctrine of “limited atonement” actually assert?

I have found it quite confusing to try and understand what traditional Reformed circles mean precisely in their doctrine of "limited/definite atonement"/"particular redemption", especially as not all ...
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What is the Reformed Protestant understanding of God's Permissive Will, His Sovereign or Decretive Will and Efficacious Will?

I have an assignment to explain the Reformed Protestant view of the differences between the Permissive, Sovereign (Decretive) and Efficacious Wills of God. My initial exploration into this subject ...
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According to reformed theology, does Satan know who the elect are (during their time on earth?)

Reformed theology believes in the doctrine of election. Question: Does reformed theology say anything about whether Satan "recognizes" the Elect while they're on earth?
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According to Calvinists, how could Adam and Eve fall? How could Satan fall?

Under Calvinism, men under grace are guaranteed to choose God and be saved. If God's holy influence is so convincing, that it is impossible for free thinking creations to choose against it, why did ...
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Does R.C. Sproul elaborate on his position regarding images of Christ?

In discussions of theologians who take the continental Reformed view of the 2nd commandment (as opposed to the Westminster / Puritan view), people often point out this brief quote by R.C. Sproul: ...
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How can God be Sovereign (in the Reformed sense) if a man can ignore His call to repentance?

The Scriptures tell us: The times of ignorance God overlooked, but now he commands all people everywhere to repent, because he has fixed a day on which he will judge the world in righteousness by a ...
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According to Calvinism, what should one do if one doubts their election?

What does the reformed church teach in terms of what to do, or pray for, if one begins to suspect that they are not predestined for salvation. And if they are in fact not elected by God, does the ...
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According to Calvinism, why does God give mercy to some and not to others?

So according to Calvinism as I understand it... ...God has chosen from eternity to extend mercy to those he has chosen and to withhold mercy from those not chosen. Those chosen receive salvation ...
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According to Thomas A. Bailey what does “stark but reassuring order in the divine plan” mean? [closed]

I am reading “The American Pageant” by Thomas A. Bailey https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_A._Bailey. Bailey has given a short introduction of Calvinism. Calvin argued, was all- powerful and all-...
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Calvinism: Does God force people to be saved?

Calvinists often object to the criticism that their doctrine teaches that God forces men to be saved against their will. From what I've read, Calvinism teaches that God changes a man's nature and ...
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Doesn't Calvinism turn God into a monster? [duplicate]

Another question was posted about Calvinism that asked, "Does God force people to be saved?" The consensus, was that yes, He does. But the question then becomes, "Does God force people to go to ...
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What's the difference between predestination and predeterminism?

Could someone please plainly spell out the differences between the following concepts? Predestination Predeterminism Determinism Theological determinism There appears to be some debate over whether ...
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Meaning of 1 Peter 4:17 According to Calvinists

1 Peter 4:16-18 (ESV) Yet if anyone suffers as a Christian, let him not be ashamed, but let him glorify God in that name. For it is time for judgment to begin at the household of God; and if it begins ...
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According to Calvinists, what does “looking back” refer to in Luke 9:62?

Luke 9:62 (DRB) Jesus said to him: No man putting his hand to the plough, and looking back, is fit for the kingdom of God. Question According to Calvinists, what does "looking back" refer to?
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According to Calvin, how can God be loving if he created people to go to hell?

I struggle with John Calvin writing that God created people to go to the lake of fire (Institues, Volume 3, Chapter 21, Section 5). How could a loving, merciful, and gracious God create people so that ...
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Do Calvinists believe they know whether they are saved?

My question is pretty straightforward: Do Calvinists believe they know whether they are saved? This might seem like a strange question at first glance, so let me explain why I'm asking. From what I ...
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Do Catholics believe that people can be saved without hearing the name of Christ? [duplicate]

Do Catholics believe that people can be saved without hearing the name of Christ? I came across this while listening to John MacArthur on Catholicism, and Billy Graham What do Catholics believe is ...
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Why didn't God forgive Saul when he asked for it?

In 1 Samuel 15:24-25 (NIV): 24 Then Saul said to Samuel, “I have sinned. I violated the Lord’s command and your instructions. I was afraid of the men and so I gave in to them. 25 Now I beg you, ...
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What did Thomas Merton mean by cartesian when it comes to modern christianity?

Wikipedia article on Thomas Merton states: He believed that for the most part, Christianity had forsaken its mystical tradition in favor of Cartesian emphasis on "the reification of concepts, ...
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According to the teaching of the Reformed Church do we contribute anything to our salvation or is it all of grace?

According to Reformed Theology if we need to willingly desire salvation to be saved do we contribute willingness, or receive it?
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Calvinist perspective on Luke 18:18-30

Luke 18:18-30 (NIV) tells the story of the "rich young ruler" who asked Christ what he must do to inherit eternal life: 18A certain ruler asked him, “Good teacher, what must I do to inherit ...
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Why did Huldrych Zwingli oppose music in the worship service?

Three of the most influential reformers, Martin Luther, John Calvin, and Huldrych Zwingli, took very different approaches to music in corporate worship. Of the three, Zwingli was the most accomplished ...
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Calvin on Catholicity of a Doctrine

Calvin writes in chapter 7 of his 'Institutes of the Christian Religion:' ... But he [Augustine] nowhere insinuates that the authority which we give to the Scriptures depends on the definitions or ...
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What does Reformed Protestantism teach regarding 'spirit and soul and body' (I Thessalonians 5:23)

And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly; and I pray God your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. I Thessalonians 5:23 KJV Paul lists '...
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How are the bread and wine explained by those who forbid images of Jesus?

This question is directed at those who subscribe to the Westminster Standards, particularly Westminster Larger Catechism 109, which reads: The sins forbidden in the second commandment are [...] the ...
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According to Calvinists, how do Job's works correspond to his salvation?

Job 31:1–4 (DRB) I made a covenant with my eyes, that I would not so much as think upon a virgin.1 2 For what part should God from above have in me, and what inheritance the Almighty from on high? 3 ...
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What function does a Council actually serve in Calvinism?

Calvin begins his Antidote1 with the following word (Preface): The name of Sacred Council2 is held in such reverence in the Christian Church, that the very mention of it produces an immediate effect ...
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Which Reformed Christians deny the doctrine of common grace and why?

Common grace is the doctrine that states that God has a general sense in which he gives all people, not just believers, gifts that proceed from his own graciousness. Most of these gifts concern ...

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