Questions tagged [reformed-theology]

A branch of Protestantism emphasizing the sovereignty of God and his covenants with humanity. Also known as Calvinism.

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What was Van Til's view on the use and validity of historical proofs for the resurrection?

Cornelius Van Til was the pioneer of presuppositional apologetics, and was one of the founding members of Westminster Theological Seminary. The defenses of faith that he developed sought to apply the ...
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Historical origins of the doctrine of God's self glorification

Within the Reformed tradition, it is a considered a fundamental principle of doctrine that the 'Chief End' of Man, of Creation and most importantly of God Himself is His own self glorification. We see ...
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249 views

How do monergists respond to Bible verses that support the doctrine of synergism?

How do Lutherans, Calvinists and other protestants that believe in monergism respond to biblical passages that seem to support synergism such as these? For example: "Be perfect, therefore, as ...
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In Federal Vision theology, what is the difference between decisional regeneration and presupposed regeneration?

In some Reformed/Calvinist circles, a theological framework called the Federal Vision (FV) has led to significant internal debate over the true nature of the covenant between God and man, and, by ...
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In Presbyterianism, what is the basis for a parallel between the office of deacon and Christ's priestly office?

In Presbyterianism, there are three "titles" that can be given to officers of a church: Teaching elder (e.g., pastors) Ruling elder Deacon Last weekend I heard something rather novel, at least to ...
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323 views

In Reformed theology, what exactly does the doctrine of “limited atonement” actually assert?

I have found it quite confusing to try and understand what traditional Reformed circles mean precisely in their doctrine of "limited/definite atonement"/"particular redemption", especially as not all ...
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What is the current Reformed and Protestant view of the 'image of the beast' (Revelation 13: 14 &15)?

The traditional view of previous centuries after the Reformation focused on the religious authority of the time and its political affiliations (corresponding to the first, sea, beast and the second, ...
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68 views

What function does a Council actually serve in Calvinism?

Calvin begins his Antidote1 with the following word (Preface): The name of Sacred Council2 is held in such reverence in the Christian Church, that the very mention of it produces an immediate effect ...
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How did Aquinas and Reformation-era Protestants disagree on God's will?

Thomas Aquinas distinguished between God's antecedent and consequent wills. Meanwhile, the Reformed confessions (eg Westminster Confession) distinguished between God's decretive and revealed wills. ...
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125 views

What is the Calvinist view of Christians with different levels of loving God?

A) Scripture says no force or power can separate us from the Love of God. "For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor ...
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Whose is the 'grace of God that bringeth salvation' ? (Titus 2:11)

This question is in the context of Protestant Trinitarianism. There are two schools of thought within Protestant Trinitarianism : one, founded mainly in the Westminster Confession (or Savoy ...
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159 views

In the Sanctification stage (Reformed perspective) are believers truly becoming more like Christ (“infusion” not imputed)?

Believers who have been born again (regenerated) should have the desire to be conformed to Christ completely and should mourn when we find out that there are sins STILL to repent during the walk in ...
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Calvin on Catholicity of a Doctrine

Calvin writes in chapter 7 of his 'Institutes of the Christian Religion:' ... But he [Augustine] nowhere insinuates that the authority which we give to the Scriptures depends on the definitions or ...
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In what sense do Presbyterians consider Christ's sacrifice “perfect”?

This question concerns in part the following quote heard regularly by Presbyterian Pastors: “Catholics deny the sufficiency of Christ’s redemptive work on the cross and by doing so, forfeit their ...
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201 views

What are the practical differences between German Lutheran and Swiss Reformed traditions?

I know very little about the German Lutheran church and what set them appart from the religion I've been raised in, Swiss Reformed. However, my understanding is that they are closer to Catholics, and ...
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In the Reformed tradition, can an elect expect progressive recovery of reason, emotion, and will before death?

Reformed tradition teaches that human beings are totally depraved, and cannot even come to faith without God's assistance. Their reason rejects God's supremacy, their will refuses God's invitation, ...
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49 views

Eschatology: Reformed and Roman Catholic?

I've heard that both Reformed and Roman Catholic eschatologies have Augustine as a major foundation. True?
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113 views

The word “faith” in Matthew 17:20, Matthew 21:21 according to Reformed?

Matthew 17:20 And He said to them, "Because of the littleness of your faith; for truly I say to you, if you have faith the size of a mustard seed, you will say to this mountain, 'Move from here ...
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From the Reformed Perspective, What are “The Secret Things that Belong to the Lord”?

Given: Romans 11:33 (NIV) Oh, the depth of the riches of the wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable his judgments, and his paths beyond tracing out! Isaiah 55:9 (NIV) As the heavens are higher ...
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Is ”sola scriptura” the first appeal of “Ecclesia Reformata, Semper Reformanda?”

"Sola scriptura" & "Ecclesia Reformata, Semper Reformanda" (a church reformed and always to be reformed according to the Word of God) are the "two mottos" among others, from the early church and ...
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Does Reformed Theology teach that Old Testament saints were personally united to Christ?

Union with Christ is a central doctrine in Reformed Theology, and concerns the mystical union of the believer with Christ, by faith and by the Holy Spirit. In faith the Spirit unites us to Christ, and ...
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Calvinist Disagreement with Valentinian Gnosticism on Predestination

For the record, I do not believe Calvinists are cryto-Valentinians. I do not believe Calvinists are Gnostics, so please understand my question knowing I am not trying to paint anyone in a good or bad ...
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What do Reformed Christians understand by God's foreordination?

The reformed, Westminster Confession of faith, reads in chapter three: God from all eternity, did, by the most wise and holy counsel of His own will, freely, and unchangeably ordain whatsoever comes ...
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103 views

Is this a Calvinistic or Arminian statement of faith?

We believe in the Holy Trinity consisting of God the Father, Jesus Christ, His only begotten Son, and the Holy Spirit. We believe this triune God to be perfect in every way and worthy of our complete ...
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329 views

Why Many Who Believe That “All Are Born Sinful” Hold That “None Are Born Gay Or Trans”?

Many Protestants, though not technically or officially Reformed, are nevertheless strongly influenced by Calvinistic theology; as such, they espouse the doctrine of total depravity, teaching that all ...
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Which Reformed Christians deny the doctrine of common grace and why?

Common grace is the doctrine that states that God has a general sense in which he gives all people, not just believers, gifts that proceed from his own graciousness. Most of these gifts concern ...
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116 views

Was Saint Augustine a Calvinist on divine foreknowledge?

It is my understanding that Calvinism conflates God's passive will with His active will—i.e., the fact that He knows something will occur due to His divine foreknowledge and allows said thing to occur ...
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Perseverance of the elects ---vs— blasphemy against the Spirit according to Calvinist?

I am in the middle of discussion with a Calvinist friend. He said that the Elect will be forgiven and never lose his salvation. Some verses which I thought the verses are showing that to the one ...
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129 views

Romans 11:32 according to Calvinist?

Romans 11:32 For God has bound everyone over to disobedience so that he may have mercy on them all Is the "everyone" including Adam and Eve before they are created ?
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How is the election of Adam and Eve according to the Calvinist?

The Westminster Confession : 3.1 "God from all eternity, did, by the most wise and holy counsel of His own will, freely, and unchangeably ordain whatsoever comes to pass; yet so, as thereby ...