Questions tagged [reformed-theology]

A branch of Protestantism emphasizing the sovereignty of God and his covenants with humanity. Also known as Calvinism.

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By Reformed Theology, Which Beliefs Accompany Saving Faith?

Which articles do Reformed Theologians say are always part of our salvation? (For instance, I have heard recognized figures teach that saving faith will always carry with it a recognition of the Deity ...
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What is the appeal of John Piper (Desiring God Ministries)?

This question is not a slight or belittlement of the pastor but I simply don't understand. He is the most referenced and watched pastor at my college, even among those that wouldn't identify as ...
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Basis for believing services are for the regenerate?

This is actually needed for an upcoming communication. I’ve heard several Reformed Theology preachers criticizing the focus some modern Protestant churches have on using services largely or even ...
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Did C.S. Lewis misunderstand or did he truly repudiate the Reformed / Anglican doctrine of Total Depravity?

In the book The Problem of Pain CS Lewis said explicitly that he disbelieved the doctrine of Total Depravity despite his dedicating the whole chapter 4 (Human Wickedness) with 8 very good insights ...
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What is the Reformed perspective on how the Holy Spirit is present or is growing a church at the institutional level?

With my Pentecostal friends I often hear comments like these: There is God's presence in the church worship today. The Holy Spirit has moved from church A to church B since church B is growing ...
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Does John 6:64-65 prove total depravity?

John 6:64-65 reads: “But there are some of you who do not believe.” For Jesus knew from the beginning who they were who did not believe, and who it was who would betray Him. And He was saying “For ...
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According to Calvinism does God both issue commands AND withhold the ability to obey?

Although this question regarding 1 Corinthians 10:13 is thematically closely related it differs in specifics to what I am asking. It asks about God's provision of a way to escape and endure ...
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Are the weaknesses in man intended by God? What are those weaknesses? Are they sinful?

In the scriptures, it says in Romans 8:20 For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of him who subjected it, in hope. I also remember Paul saying in 2 Corin. 12:9 that: ...
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Does Calvinism recognize that it has God working at cross purposes to His stated desire?

Just to set the stage for this question, Jesus said that the gate is narrow and there are few that find it. As this question has to do with the Calvinist understanding of Election (and the flip side ...
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Is the doctrine of "Particular Election" synonymous with that of "Unconditional Election"?

I learned today, from The Oxford Dictionary of Quotations, that the phrase "Damned if you do and damned if you don't" was coined by Lorenzo Dow, the 19th century American preacher. According ...
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What heresies have required (since the Reformation) 'rejection' after the 'first and second admonition' (Titus 3:10)?

But avoid foolish questions, and genealogies, and contentions, and strivings about the law; for they are unprofitable and vain. A man that is an heretick after the first and second admonition reject; ...
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What does Paul mean by "divine nature", as revealed through creation?

In Romans 1, the Apostle Paul says 18 The wrath of God is being revealed from heaven against all the godlessness and wickedness of people, who suppress the truth by their wickedness, 19 since what ...
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Is the "righteousness of God" more than a life of perfect submission?

Many reformed protestants believe in "double imputation" - the idea that our sin is imputed to Christ, and his righteousness is imputed to us. 2 Corinthians 5 is often the source quoted for ...
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Why did Jesus submit to the authority of God while Jesus was a man?

The Bible tells us that Jesus emptied himself and set aside his heavenly glory and submitted himself to the will of his Father (God). In order to do the will of his Father (God) who sent him, and to ...
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What is the most authentic Reformed 'ordo salutis'?

This question follows on from a comment made in the previous closed question. The Wikipedia article on the subject of ordo salutis quotes and lists the following, in the following order, as '...
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In Reformed theology, where are baptism and the Lord's supper in the ordo salutis?

Baptism and the Lord's supper are means of grace in Reformed theology, but yet we don't see it explicitly mentioned in Calvinist ordo salutis. According to one Reformed pastor writing for the ...
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Why don't Reformed Christians consider it necessary to confess to a priest?

Reformed Christians, like Presbyterians differ from the Catholic and Orthodox Church in their understanding of forgiveness of ones' sins. One way in which they differ is not having the sacrament of ...
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In Reformed Theology what mechanisms and practices does God provide a believer to help fight temptation?

In Reformed Theology what mechanisms and practices does God provide a believer to help fight temptation? Common answers are grace, prayer, Holy Spirit, and possibly others. But how does God make ...
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How did Richard Baxter support his arguments against John Owen (in 1649 and thereafter)?

In 1648 John Owen (1616-1683) published his definitive work The Death of Death in the Death of Christ which produced an almost immediate response, in the next year, from Richard Baxter (1615-1691) and ...
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What do Reformed Christians understand by God's foreordination?

The reformed, Westminster Confession of faith, reads in chapter three: God from all eternity, did, by the most wise and holy counsel of His own will, freely, and unchangeably ordain whatsoever comes ...
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Who compiled the Canons of Dort?

I have found many articles and discussions online regarding the Canons of Dort but have yet to find who was actually instrumental in formulating this document. Can anyone tell me or link to some ...
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What is the Biblical Basis for the belief that Christ's death was not for everyone (The notion called Limited Atonement)? [duplicate]

Im not asking for an overview of different denominations' views, but rather scriptural evidence for the view held by Calvinists that Christ's death was not for everyone. I'm very familiar with alleged ...
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Calvinism and Blasphemy of the Holy Spirit

Matthew 12:31 says blasphemy of the Holy Spirit is an unforgivable sin. Blasphemy of the Holy Spirit in the ESV Study Bible, says that it is, "This sin is committed today only by unbelievers who ...
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Who is a Reformed substitute for Catholic Marian Doctrine in exemplifying the new dignity accorded women?

A pattern I see in scripture is that God performs a literal act in history, then makes it into the concrete support for a doctrinal principle, a fitting example. He creates the world and all of ...
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Whose hand wrote 'the document that listed my transgressions' ? (Colossians 2:14)

This is a question in regard to Trinitarian, Protestant, reformed, baptist doctrine. In Colossians 2:14 Paul states : Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was ...
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Calvinist and Arminian debate before the 16th century?

For some 500 years after the reformation, the Calvinist and Arminian debate is still ongoing on, both between scholars and layman Christians. You can simply google or search in youtube how much hatred ...
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What practices are prohibited by Protestant churches but not explicitly prohibited by the Bible?

I would like examples of practices that are prohibited by Protestant churches (consider only Protestant churches that accept the Westminster Confession of Faith) but are not explicitly prohibited in ...
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Did John Calvin say "The worst of plagues is human reason"?

I have searched high and low for the source of this quote, attributed to John Calvin, but to no avail. This link provides approximately 425 quotes, but I could not find "The worst of plagues is ...
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What is the current Reformed and Protestant view of the 'image of the beast' (Revelation 13: 14 &15)?

The traditional view of previous centuries after the Reformation focused on the religious authority of the time and its political affiliations (corresponding to the first, sea, beast and the second, ...
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Is this a Calvinistic or Arminian statement of faith?

We believe in the Holy Trinity consisting of God the Father, Jesus Christ, His only begotten Son, and the Holy Spirit. We believe this triune God to be perfect in every way and worthy of our complete ...
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Whose is the 'grace of God that bringeth salvation' ? (Titus 2:11)

This question is in the context of Protestant Trinitarianism. There are two schools of thought within Protestant Trinitarianism : one, founded mainly in the Westminster Confession (or Savoy ...
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Is the Pope the Antichrist or the spirit of the Antichrist?

According to reformed theology, in the Savoy Declaration of Faith, Chapter 26 (Of the Church), paragraph 4, the Pope is the Antichrist. There is no other Head of the Church but the Lord Jesus Christ; ...
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Do Reformed theologians understand the Catholic Church and the Papacy to have been true heirs of Peter until the Reformation?

In other words, say, in the fourth century, were they "on track" and the legitimate heirs of the reins of Christianity, so to speak but then went off track toward the middle ages? Or do they ...
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What did the early church fathers have to say about “eternal security” or “assurance of salvation”

I am trying to find out what the early church fathers had to say about “eternal security” or “assurance of salvation”. By that, I refer to the following Bible verses: To Him who is able to keep you ...
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Do ghosts exist or not? [duplicate]

What is the view of reformed churches on the subject of ghosts? Do they exist or do they not? If they exist, what are they: demons or spirits of dead people or both?
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What does Sinclair Ferguson (a reformed theologian) mean by a 'new identity'?

I watched some of the Youtube recordings of lectures given by Sinclair Ferguson and I am now uncertain which one it was in which he stated that in Colossians we see that 'we are given a new identity'. ...
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What is the difference between Arminianism, Molinism, and Calvinism?

I know the basic difference between Arminianism and Calvinism in the soteriology subject, but when Molinism comes I can't grasp the core doctrines that it teaches. I'm not asking for which is better, ...
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Who first came up with the "four attributes of Scripture"?

There's a lot written about the "four attributes of Scripture", meaning it's "Sufficient, Necessary, Authoritative and Perspicuous". On the other hand, most sources (like this one) ...
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What is the earliest claim that Jesus Christ kept the law of Moses on behalf of others?

J N Darby and William Kelly, those responsible for the Plymouth Brethren movement in the mid to late 1800s, did not accept the concept that, during his earthly life, Jesus Christ kept the law on ...
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Why Many Who Believe That “All Are Born Sinful” Hold That “None Are Born Gay Or Trans”?

Many Protestants, though not technically or officially Reformed, are nevertheless strongly influenced by Calvinistic theology; as such, they espouse the doctrine of total depravity, teaching that all ...
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Christ 'made' sin - the Reformed, Protestant view?

Following on from both of the two recent questions regarding the inheritance or transmission of 'original' or 'inbred' sin, from generation to generation, I am interested in the Trinitarian, ...
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Where is Jesus' body now?

In Acts 1 we're told: After he said this, he was taken up before their very eyes, and a cloud hid him from their sight. They were looking intently up into the sky as he was going, when suddenly two ...
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How do Reformed Protestants interpret Matthew 18:18?

How do Reformed Protestants interpret Matthew 18:18? Truly, I say to you, whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. - Matthew 18:...
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In the Reformed tradition, can an elect expect progressive recovery of reason, emotion, and will before death?

Reformed tradition teaches that human beings are totally depraved, and cannot even come to faith without God's assistance. Their reason rejects God's supremacy, their will refuses God's invitation, ...
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Is ”sola scriptura” the first appeal of "Ecclesia Reformata, Semper Reformanda?"

"Sola scriptura" & "Ecclesia Reformata, Semper Reformanda" (a church reformed and always to be reformed according to the Word of God) are the "two mottos" among others, from the early church and ...
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Why the word "REgenerate" according to the Calvinist?

I've search in the internet : RE- a prefix, occurring originally in loanwords from Latin, used with the meaning “again” or “again and again” to indicate repetition, or with the meaning “back” ...
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Did 17th century Reformed Christians reject textual criticism?

The Westminster Confession says the following: WCF 1.8: The Old Testament in Hebrew (which was the native language of the people of God of old), and the New Testament in Greek (which at the time of ...
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In what sense do faith and hope remain?

In 1 Corinthians 13, the Apostle Paul discusses various different spiritual gift, explaining that most of them will be redundant in the New Creation, and therefore "fade away". He concludes his ...
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God's foreknowledge according to the Calvinist?

I read from this link-1 Romans 8:29 means that God “fore-loved” certain people, and predestinated them And from this link-2 1 Peter 1:20 says Christ was "foreknown before the foundation of ...
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Eschatology: Reformed and Roman Catholic?

I've heard that both Reformed and Roman Catholic eschatologies have Augustine as a major foundation. True?

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