Questions tagged [reformed-theology]

A branch of Protestantism emphasizing the sovereignty of God and his covenants with humanity. Also known as Calvinism.

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Catholicism - Is the TULIP Formula more or less true? (Semantics)

Catholic convert here. It is of my understanding that the differences between the Calvinist and Catholic predestination theology is mostly a game of semantics, and I was curious to see other opinions ...
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How do Arminian Protestants interpret Chapter 3 Article 1 of the Westminster Confession of Faith?

Q: How do Arminian Protestants interpret Chapter 3 Article 1 of the Westminster Confession of Faith? We read: CHAPTER 3 - Of God’s Eternal Decree God, from all eternity, did, by the most wise and ...
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Did R.C Sproul consider any historical-seeming book to be non-historical?

I was watching this video on YouTube by R.C. Sproul and it discussed the Sensus Literalis, and how genre matters. One comment that surpised me was that, Sproul says it may take a lot of technical work ...
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Do any living, Reformed authors interpret ‘the life the eternal’ as anything other than an expression of the eternal Sonship of the Lord Jesus Christ?

My header question had to be curtailed - this is my question in full : Do any living authors of Reformed, Protestant, Trinitarian systematic theologies interpret ‘the life the eternal’ (1 John 1:2) as ...
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What is the Reformed Protestant view of Theodicy?

The definition of Theodicy is: "the vindication of divine goodness and providence in view of the existence of evil. ("the question of theodicy") My question is: What is the Reformed ...
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How do Reformed Calvinists interpret 1 Corinthians 10:13?

1 Corinthians 10:13 (ESV) 13 No temptation has overtaken you that is not common to man. God is faithful, and he will not let you be tempted beyond your ability, but with the temptation he will also ...
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How do Christians who believe in libertarian free will respond to R.C. Sproul's critique in the article "What Is Free Will?"?

I'm referring to this article: What Is Free Will?, which is a transcript of a sermon by Reformed Theologian R.C. Sproul (a video recording of the sermon is available in the same article). I highly ...
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According to Reformed Theology, how can one justify infant baptism?

I have read the entire Westminster Confession of faith before; and I agree with pretty much everything except for the infant baptism section: Not only those that do actually profess faith in and ...
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According to Reformed Theology, what is the exegetical basis for the claim that 1 Timothy 2:4 means "all kinds of people"?

I am not an expert with Hermeneutics or methods of Exegesis, yet I am in the process of learning such things. This particular verse is easier to understand in terms of a basic tenet of Hermeneutics, ...
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How can God be loving and just whilest creating people for His wrath? I cannot wrap my head around Calvinism!

I just recently left a church that I attended for nearly a decade that is rooted in Calvinist beliefs. I am really struggling with their conception of the Lord and their understanding of the scripture....
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What is the Reformed Protestant view of Progressive Christianity?

My question has been inspired by this question: Can a Christian be a Conservative? It led me to investigate ‘Progressive Christianity’ which is a "post-liberal movement" within Christianity ...
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According to Arminians, why do they find Calvinism distasteful or inaccurate? [duplicate]

R.C. Sproul, a Reformed thinker said in his book “Chosen by God” that: “Jimmy Swaggart has made it clear that he considers the Reformed view a demonic heresy.” (Page 7) Obviously, disagreements can ...
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What is a brief history of the term "reformed" as in Reformed churches and Reformed theology?

Why do theologies and churches based on the teaching of Calvin consistently self-identify using the term "Reformed" even down to the 21st century, such as the 2019 Reformed Systematic ...
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Who said, “The exegesis favors the Calvinist”?

I’m trying to find an obscure quote from a particular theologian who in his commentary on a particular verse of Scripture wrote something along the lines of the following: “The exegesis favors the ...
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In Reformed theology or Reformed churches what does the confirmation "ceremony" do?

When I was a baby I was baptized in a Reformed church descended from the Dutch Reformed Church. I still have my certificate of baptism. Then I went to Sunday school with other kids in the ...
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What is the Reformed Protestant Interpretation of 1 Timothy 1:19 in relation to “eternal security”?

Q: What is the Reformed Protestant Answer/interpretation to 1 Timothy 1:19 as it pertains to “eternal security”? We read in the immediate context: “I put this charge before you, Timothy my child, in ...
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What is the reformed perspective of why God continues to give breath & life to those who are sinners in Adam?

I am aware of Romans chapter 9 and it’s eternal implications for eternal destinies, especially given the Reformed interpretation of it. I am also aware of the doctrines of “Original Sin” & “God’s ...
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According to Calvinists, why does God not predestine all to Heaven?

It seems to me that if God chooses not only those who will go to heaven, but those who will go to hell, a Calvinist would hold the position of Universalism, that being that all people will be saved. ...
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According to Reformed Calvinists, are all of a person's volitional states causally determined by prior causes in time?

From the Wikipedia article on Determinism: Determinism is the philosophical view that all events are determined completely by previously existing causes. Deterministic theories throughout the history ...
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Does the Confessional Calvinism rule Arminianism as a heretic teaching?

While searching on the Web about the Synod of Dort, I have found this post on Heidelblog. It takes a long time preparing the ground to defend that the Arminianism is mere repackaged Pelagianism: Did ...
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What is particular about Psalms according to Exclusive Psalmodists?

I've run into some adherents of Exclusive Psalmody in my denomination. The general argument they've been running with is that if we teach the inspiration and perfection of the Psalms then they should ...
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Are there modern apostles according to Reformed continuationists?

In Should you earnestly desire to prophesy, part of the series on The Gift of Prophecy Today, Jon Bloom gives exegetical ground from Reformed Continuationist perspective of why modern era prophetic ...
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What is the earliest example of the concept of Total Depravity?

Total Depravity is the Calvinist doctrine that human nature is thoroughly corrupt and sinful as a result of the Fall. Thus we can only do good works through God's grace. What is the earliest document ...
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Why in the Reformed tradition the 7 spiritual gifts mentioned in Isaiah 11:1-3 are no longer taught?

Two lists of the Gifts of the Holy Spirit: Protestant vs. Catholic In the Evangelical church circles, when they do retreats / workshops, when they talk about the Gifts of the Holy Spirit, they usually ...
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By Reformed Theology, Which Beliefs Accompany Saving Faith?

Which articles do Reformed Theologians say are always part of our salvation? (For instance, I have heard recognized figures teach that saving faith will always carry with it a recognition of the Deity ...
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What is the appeal of John Piper (Desiring God Ministries)?

This question is not a slight or belittlement of the pastor but I simply don't understand. He is the most referenced and watched pastor at my college, even among those that wouldn't identify as ...
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Basis for believing services are for the regenerate?

This is actually needed for an upcoming communication. I’ve heard several Reformed Theology preachers criticizing the focus some modern Protestant churches have on using services largely or even ...
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Did C.S. Lewis misunderstand or did he truly repudiate the Reformed / Anglican doctrine of Total Depravity?

In the book The Problem of Pain CS Lewis said explicitly that he disbelieved the doctrine of Total Depravity despite his dedicating the whole chapter 4 (Human Wickedness) with 8 very good insights ...
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What is the Reformed perspective on how the Holy Spirit is present or is growing a church at the institutional level?

With my Pentecostal friends I often hear comments like these: There is God's presence in the church worship today. The Holy Spirit has moved from church A to church B since church B is growing ...
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Does John 6:64-65 prove total depravity?

John 6:64-65 reads: “But there are some of you who do not believe.” For Jesus knew from the beginning who they were who did not believe, and who it was who would betray Him. And He was saying “For ...
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According to Calvinism does God both issue commands AND withhold the ability to obey?

Although this question regarding 1 Corinthians 10:13 is thematically closely related it differs in specifics to what I am asking. It asks about God's provision of a way to escape and endure ...
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Are the weaknesses in man intended by God? What are those weaknesses? Are they sinful?

In the scriptures, it says in Romans 8:20 For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of him who subjected it, in hope. I also remember Paul saying in 2 Corin. 12:9 that: ...
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Does Calvinism recognize that it has God working at cross purposes to His stated desire?

Just to set the stage for this question, Jesus said that the gate is narrow and there are few that find it. As this question has to do with the Calvinist understanding of Election (and the flip side ...
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Is the doctrine of "Particular Election" synonymous with that of "Unconditional Election"?

I learned today, from The Oxford Dictionary of Quotations, that the phrase "Damned if you do and damned if you don't" was coined by Lorenzo Dow, the 19th century American preacher. According ...
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What heresies have required (since the Reformation) 'rejection' after the 'first and second admonition' (Titus 3:10)?

But avoid foolish questions, and genealogies, and contentions, and strivings about the law; for they are unprofitable and vain. A man that is an heretick after the first and second admonition reject; ...
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What does Paul mean by "divine nature", as revealed through creation?

In Romans 1, the Apostle Paul says 18 The wrath of God is being revealed from heaven against all the godlessness and wickedness of people, who suppress the truth by their wickedness, 19 since what ...
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Is the "righteousness of God" more than a life of perfect submission?

Many reformed protestants believe in "double imputation" - the idea that our sin is imputed to Christ, and his righteousness is imputed to us. 2 Corinthians 5 is often the source quoted for ...
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Why did Jesus submit to the authority of God while Jesus was a man?

The Bible tells us that Jesus emptied himself and set aside his heavenly glory and submitted himself to the will of his Father (God). In order to do the will of his Father (God) who sent him, and to ...
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What is the most authentic Reformed 'ordo salutis'?

This question follows on from a comment made in the previous closed question. The Wikipedia article on the subject of ordo salutis quotes and lists the following, in the following order, as '...
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In Reformed theology, where are baptism and the Lord's supper in the ordo salutis?

Baptism and the Lord's supper are means of grace in Reformed theology, but yet we don't see it explicitly mentioned in Calvinist ordo salutis. According to one Reformed pastor writing for the ...
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Why don't Reformed Christians consider it necessary to confess to a priest?

Reformed Christians, like Presbyterians differ from the Catholic and Orthodox Church in their understanding of forgiveness of ones' sins. One way in which they differ is not having the sacrament of ...
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In Reformed Theology what mechanisms and practices does God provide a believer to help fight temptation?

In Reformed Theology what mechanisms and practices does God provide a believer to help fight temptation? Common answers are grace, prayer, Holy Spirit, and possibly others. But how does God make ...
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How did Richard Baxter support his arguments against John Owen (in 1649 and thereafter)?

In 1648 John Owen (1616-1683) published his definitive work The Death of Death in the Death of Christ which produced an almost immediate response, in the next year, from Richard Baxter (1615-1691) and ...
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What do Reformed Christians understand by God's foreordination?

The reformed, Westminster Confession of faith, reads in chapter three: God from all eternity, did, by the most wise and holy counsel of His own will, freely, and unchangeably ordain whatsoever comes ...
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Who compiled the Canons of Dort?

I have found many articles and discussions online regarding the Canons of Dort but have yet to find who was actually instrumental in formulating this document. Can anyone tell me or link to some ...
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What is the Biblical Basis for the belief that Christ's death was not for everyone (The notion called Limited Atonement)? [duplicate]

Im not asking for an overview of different denominations' views, but rather scriptural evidence for the view held by Calvinists that Christ's death was not for everyone. I'm very familiar with alleged ...
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Calvinism and Blasphemy of the Holy Spirit

Matthew 12:31 says blasphemy of the Holy Spirit is an unforgivable sin. Blasphemy of the Holy Spirit in the ESV Study Bible, says that it is, "This sin is committed today only by unbelievers who ...
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Who is a Reformed substitute for Catholic Marian Doctrine in exemplifying the new dignity accorded women?

A pattern I see in scripture is that God performs a literal act in history, then makes it into the concrete support for a doctrinal principle, a fitting example. He creates the world and all of ...
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Whose hand wrote 'the document that listed my transgressions' ? (Colossians 2:14)

This is a question in regard to Trinitarian, Protestant, reformed, baptist doctrine. In Colossians 2:14 Paul states : Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was ...
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Calvinist and Arminian debate before the 16th century?

For some 500 years after the reformation, the Calvinist and Arminian debate is still ongoing on, both between scholars and layman Christians. You can simply google or search in youtube how much hatred ...
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