Questions tagged [reformed-theology]

A branch of Protestantism emphasizing the sovereignty of God and his covenants with humanity. Also known as Calvinism.

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Does R.C. Sproul elaborate on his position regarding images of Christ?

In discussions of theologians who take the continental Reformed view of the 2nd commandment (as opposed to the Westminster / Puritan view), people often point out this brief quote by R.C. Sproul: ...
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According to Calvinism, what should one do if one doubts their election?

What does the reformed church teach in terms of what to do, or pray for, if one begins to suspect that they are not predestined for salvation. And if they are in fact not elected by God, does the ...
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According to Thomas A. Bailey what does “stark but reassuring order in the divine plan” mean? [closed]

I am reading “The American Pageant” by Thomas A. Bailey https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_A._Bailey. Bailey has given a short introduction of Calvinism. Calvin argued, was all- powerful and all-...
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Doesn't Calvinism turn God into a monster? [duplicate]

Another question was posted about Calvinism that asked, "Does God force people to be saved?" The consensus, was that yes, He does. But the question then becomes, "Does God force people to go to ...
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Calvinism: alternatives to evanescent grace?

It appears to me that the so-called "Doctrines of Grace" contain a practical contradiction. The T in TULIP states that the reprobate (and even the unregenerate elect) are zealous in their hatred of ...
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According to Reformed Theology, why did the 70 Jewish translators include the Apocrypha?

I read at carm.org: Paul tells us that the Jews were entrusted with the oracles of God. This means that they are the ones who understood what inspired Scriptures were, and they never accepted ...
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What is the Reformed Protestant understanding of God's Permissive Will, His Sovereign or Decretive Will and Efficacious Will?

I have an assignment to explain the Reformed Protestant view of the differences between the Permissive, Sovereign (Decretive) and Efficacious Wills of God. My initial exploration into this subject ...
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Do Catholics believe that people can be saved without hearing the name of Christ? [duplicate]

Do Catholics believe that people can be saved without hearing the name of Christ? I came across this while listening to John MacArthur on Catholicism, and Billy Graham What do Catholics believe is ...
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According to the teaching of the Reformed Church do we contribute anything to our salvation or is it all of grace?

According to Reformed Theology if we need to willingly desire salvation to be saved do we contribute willingness, or receive it?
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Calvin on Catholicity of a Doctrine

Calvin writes in chapter 7 of his 'Institutes of the Christian Religion:' ... But he [Augustine] nowhere insinuates that the authority which we give to the Scriptures depends on the definitions or ...
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What does Reformed Protestantism teach regarding 'spirit and soul and body' (I Thessalonians 5:23)

And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly; and I pray God your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. I Thessalonians 5:23 KJV Paul lists '...
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How are the bread and wine explained by those who forbid images of Jesus?

This question is directed at those who subscribe to the Westminster Standards, particularly Westminster Larger Catechism 109, which reads: The sins forbidden in the second commandment are [...] the ...
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According to Calvinists, how do Job's works correspond to his salvation?

Job 31:1–4 (DRB) I made a covenant with my eyes, that I would not so much as think upon a virgin.1 2 For what part should God from above have in me, and what inheritance the Almighty from on high? 3 ...
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What function does a Council actually serve in Calvinism?

Calvin begins his Antidote1 with the following word (Preface): The name of Sacred Council2 is held in such reverence in the Christian Church, that the very mention of it produces an immediate ...
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Which Reformed Christians deny the doctrine of common grace and why?

Common grace is the doctrine that states that God has a general sense in which he gives all people, not just believers, gifts that proceed from his own graciousness. Most of these gifts concern ...
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According to Calvinists, what does “looking back” refer to in Luke 9:62?

Luke 9:62 (DRB) Jesus said to him: No man putting his hand to the plough, and looking back, is fit for the kingdom of God. Question According to Calvinists, what does "looking back" refer to?
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Meaning of 1 Peter 4:17 According to Calvinists

1 Peter 4:16-18 (ESV) Yet if anyone suffers as a Christian, let him not be ashamed, but let him glorify God in that name. For it is time for judgment to begin at the household of God; and if it begins ...
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Was Saint Augustine a Calvinist on divine foreknowledge?

It is my understanding that Calvinism conflates God's passive will with His active will—i.e., the fact that He knows something will occur due to His divine foreknowledge and allows said thing to occur ...
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Do Calvinists Disbelieve the Doctrine of Eternal Generation as a 'Begetting'?

I read this on a Calvinist website (emphasis mine): Monogenes – This fallacy has existed for years and caused much confusion and damage. It is thought by many to be derived from monos (only) and ...
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What is the difference in original sin and our nature to sin from a Reformed or Calvinist view?

There is another question like this on the CSE but seems to be answered with the Catholic view in mind. As a Calvinist, I have become quite confused or I am just not properly understanding the ...
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Historical origins of the doctrine of God's self glorification

Within the Reformed tradition, it is a considered a fundamental principle of doctrine that the 'Chief End' of Man, of Creation and most importantly of God Himself is His own self glorification. We see ...
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What did Thomas Merton mean by cartesian when it comes to modern christianity?

Wikipedia article on Thomas Merton states: He believed that for the most part, Christianity had forsaken its mystical tradition in favor of Cartesian emphasis on "the reification of concepts, ...
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According to the Reformers, how does the doctrine of Total Depravity result in assurance of faith?

The doctrine of Total Depravity is a reformed doctrine that teaches that man is wholly incapable of having acts or will that is holy or pleasing to God. According to Calvin and modern reformed ...
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What is an overview of the similarities and differences between the Catholic doctrine of Original Sin and the Reformed doctrine of Total Depravity?

Upon a cursory examination, both the Catholic doctrine of Original Sin and the Reformed doctrine of Total Depravity seem to say that mankind is by default separated from God. What is an overview of ...
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Promises of God that help us partake in His divine nature

What are the promises referred to by Peter in 2 Peter 1:4 through which we can partake of the divine nature and escape the corruption that is in the world by lust? What are the views regarding this ...
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Calvinist Disagreement with Valentinian Gnosticism on Predestination

For the record, I do not believe Calvinists are cryto-Valentinians. I do not believe Calvinists are Gnostics, so please understand my question knowing I am not trying to paint anyone in a good or bad ...
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According to Calvin, how can God be loving if he created people to go to hell?

I struggle with John Calvin writing that God created people to go to the lake of fire (Institues, Volume 3, Chapter 21, Section 5). How could a loving, merciful, and gracious God create people so that ...
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In Reformed theology, what exactly does the doctrine of “limited atonement” actually assert?

I have found it quite confusing to try and understand what traditional Reformed circles mean precisely in their doctrine of "limited/definite atonement"/"particular redemption", especially as not all ...
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Are there sola scriptura inerrantists who reject sensus unum as a general hermeneutic?

I have noticed that adherers to sola scriptura that defend biblical inerrancy nearly always argue from a sensus unum understanding of scripture as opposed to a sensus plenior understanding of ...
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Limited Atonement and Perseverance of the Saints in Light of 1 Corinthians 8:11 (Calvinism)

The acronym T.U.L.I.P summarizes five core doctrines of Calvinism concerning salvation. I hope I've summarized them accurately enough for the question's purpose. T. Total Depravity — The doctrine ...
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Did the authors of the Westminster Standards accept Roman Catholic baptisms as valid?

In the original version of the Westminster Standards, a highly regarded Protestant doctrinal statement, there's a line that is particularly famous: There is no other head of the Church but the Lord ...
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According to Calvinists, does God command the non-elect to do what is for them impossible?

Question: Does God, according to Calvinism, command people He has specifically given neither the ability nor choice to do so to repent and believe in Christ or be damned?1, 2 And if so, why? ...
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Indwelled by the Holy Spirit — VS — not indwelled by the Holy Spirit according to the Calvinist?

I will quote a few points that I found from Regeneration in the Old Testament. It can be clearly demonstrated that regeneration is an occurrence in both the Old and New testaments But the ...
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What is the “gospel” in OT according to the Calvinist?

This question is following my question before. At my question there I have a quotation from Reformation Study Bible (2015) : Divine illumination and persuasion is necessary for the heart blinded ...
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What does “the Lord opened her heart” (Acts 16:14) mean, according to Calvinists?

Acts 16:13 (NIV) On the Sabbath we went outside the city gate to the river, where we expected to find a place of prayer. We sat down and began to speak to the women who had gathered there. I ...
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Is it true that no post-apostolic theologians before St. Augustine believed in Eternal Security / Assurance of Salvation?

According to Wikipedia in it's entry of 'perseverance of the saints', eternal security has its roots in Church Father St. Augustine of Hippo. Considering that Augustine lived centuries after the ...
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An explanation from Calvinist about why Cain's offering is not accepted by God?

This question is following the question before, where Calvin said : We must, however, notice the order here observed by Moses; for he does not simply state that the worship which Abel had paid ...
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Was Abel regenerated before the offering according to the Calvinist?

Genesis 4:4–5 [Berean Study Bible] (4) The LORD looked with favor on Abel and his offering (5) but He had no regard for Cain and his offering I'm in the middle of conversation with a Calvinist ...
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Calvinism: Does God force people to be saved?

Calvinists often object to the criticism that their doctrine teaches that God forces men to be saved against their will. From what I've read, Calvinism teaches that God changes a man's nature and ...
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Has 'Affirmation 2010' been adopted, generally, by those called 'Reformed'?

A few years ago, I was given a booklet called 'Affirmation 2010' in which several signatories, standing as 'Reformed', added their names to a list of doctrinal elements which sought to 're-affirm' ...
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Does the Associate Reformed Presbyterian church believe in replacement theology?

I belong to Associate Reformed Presbyterian church and would like to know if they believe in replacement theology . Do they believe in the prophecy and the thousand year reign of Christ on the earth??...
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How is the election of Adam and Eve according to the Calvinist?

The Westminster Confession : 3.1 "God from all eternity, did, by the most wise and holy counsel of His own will, freely, and unchangeably ordain whatsoever comes to pass; yet so, as thereby ...
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To whom the Election applied according to the Calvinist (TULIP)?

A. To every human (including Adam and Eve) who will exist in the future. B. To every human (except Adam and Eve) who will exist in the future. C. To every human who will exist in the future after ...
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List of old heresies condemned by the Catholic Church now present in Lutheranism and Calvinism

The title says it all, I'd like a list of all heresies condemned by the Catholic Church before the Reformation. This time specifically those identified in Lutheranism and 5 point Calvinism.
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Calvinism: Dealing with paradoxes

In a video entitled "John MacArthur: Calvinism vs. Arminianism", Todd Friel of Wretched gives a short introduction before showing a clip of John MacArthur at some event several years ago, allegedly ...
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How do Calvinists argue that limited atonement is just and merciful?

Why is it just or merciful that God predetermines who is to be saved and who is to be damned, before they are even born? Does that not mean a murderer may be saved and a charity worker damned?
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What hard evidence is there that Charles Wesley was Arminian?

It is well-known that John Wesley was an adherent and defender of Arminian soteriology. I have noticed that it is often assumed, and occasionally explicitly asserted, that his brother Charles agreed ...
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What is the easy and less complicated definition of predestination [Calvinism]?

I am finding it difficult to understand the Calvinistic ideas of limited atonement and predestination. Does limited atonement mean that only a chosen people called the elect will attain salvation? If ...
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Did John Calvin believe that the grandchildren of a believer are entitled to infant baptism?

In Calvinism, the children of believers are considered "members of the covenant" and as a sign of that covenant, they are baptized as infants. Practically speaking, this means that if at least one ...
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Election, Gods Sovereignty and Is Cain Saved?

Does Calvinism (and those who believe in Unconditional Election) teach that Cain was elected to Salvation? This is my source for defining Unconditional Election. Unconditional Election: God does ...