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Questions tagged [reformed-theology]

A branch of Protestantism emphasizing the sovereignty of God and his covenants with humanity. Also known as Calvinism.

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What function does a Council actually serve in Calvinism?

Calvin begins his Antidote1 with the following word (Preface): The name of Sacred Council2 is held in such reverence in the Christian Church, that the very mention of it produces an immediate effect ...
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In what sense do Presbyterians consider Christ's sacrifice "perfect"?

This question concerns in part the following quote heard regularly by Presbyterian Pastors: “Catholics deny the sufficiency of Christ’s redemptive work on the cross and by doing so, forfeit their ...
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What is the Calvinist view of Christians with different levels of loving God?

A) Scripture says no force or power can separate us from the Love of God. "For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor ...
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In Federal Vision theology, what is the difference between decisional regeneration and presupposed regeneration?

In some Reformed/Calvinist circles, a theological framework called the Federal Vision (FV) has led to significant internal debate over the true nature of the covenant between God and man, and, by ...
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In the Sanctification stage (Reformed perspective) are believers truly becoming more like Christ ("infusion" not imputed)?

Believers who have been born again (regenerated) should have the desire to be conformed to Christ completely and should mourn when we find out that there are sins STILL to repent during the walk in ...
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In Presbyterianism, what is the basis for a parallel between the office of deacon and Christ's priestly office?

In Presbyterianism, there are three "titles" that can be given to officers of a church: Teaching elder (e.g., pastors) Ruling elder Deacon Last weekend I heard something rather novel, at least to ...
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Is there a theological link between the views of Cassian and Pelagius and Arminianism?

During the fifth century, John Cassian claimed that the initial steps to salvation were in the power of each individual, unaided by grace. He reacted against Augustine’s view of the irresistible ...
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Basis for believing services are for the regenerate?

This is actually needed for an upcoming communication. I’ve heard several Reformed Theology preachers criticizing the focus some modern Protestant churches have on using services largely or even ...
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Did C.S. Lewis misunderstand or did he truly repudiate the Reformed / Anglican doctrine of Total Depravity?

In the book The Problem of Pain CS Lewis said explicitly that he disbelieved the doctrine of Total Depravity despite his dedicating the whole chapter 4 (Human Wickedness) with 8 very good insights ...
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What is the most authentic Reformed 'ordo salutis'?

This question follows on from a comment made in the previous closed question. The Wikipedia article on the subject of ordo salutis quotes and lists the following, in the following order, as '...
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In Reformed theology, where are baptism and the Lord's supper in the ordo salutis?

Baptism and the Lord's supper are means of grace in Reformed theology, but yet we don't see it explicitly mentioned in Calvinist ordo salutis. According to one Reformed pastor writing for the ...
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How did Richard Baxter support his arguments against John Owen (in 1649 and thereafter)?

In 1648 John Owen (1616-1683) published his definitive work The Death of Death in the Death of Christ which produced an almost immediate response, in the next year, from Richard Baxter (1615-1691) and ...
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In the Reformed tradition, can an elect expect progressive recovery of reason, emotion, and will before death?

Reformed tradition teaches that human beings are totally depraved, and cannot even come to faith without God's assistance. Their reason rejects God's supremacy, their will refuses God's invitation, ...
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Is ”sola scriptura” the first appeal of "Ecclesia Reformata, Semper Reformanda?"

"Sola scriptura" & "Ecclesia Reformata, Semper Reformanda" (a church reformed and always to be reformed according to the Word of God) are the "two mottos" among others, from the early church and ...
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Eschatology: Reformed and Roman Catholic?

I've heard that both Reformed and Roman Catholic eschatologies have Augustine as a major foundation. True?
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Calvin on Catholicity of a Doctrine

Calvin writes in chapter 7 of his 'Institutes of the Christian Religion:' ... But he [Augustine] nowhere insinuates that the authority which we give to the Scriptures depends on the definitions or ...
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From the Reformed Perspective, What are "The Secret Things that Belong to the Lord"?

Given: Romans 11:33 (NIV) Oh, the depth of the riches of the wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable his judgments, and his paths beyond tracing out! Isaiah 55:9 (NIV) As the heavens are higher ...
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What are the practical differences between German Lutheran and Swiss Reformed traditions?

I know very little about the German Lutheran church and what set them appart from the religion I've been raised in, Swiss Reformed. However, my understanding is that they are closer to Catholics, and ...
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what does it mean in The Canons of Dort article 17?

From What does Calvinism teach about infant death? Do newborn babies go to heaven when they die because they haven't committed sins yet, or do they go to hell because they, like everyone else, have a ...
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Why is Adoption placed before Sanctification in the Reformed ‘ordo salutis’?

I am trying to understand the Reformed ‘ordo salutis’ or order of salvation events and the rationale for the placement of adoption in that order. I take this (from Wikipedia) as the Reformed (...
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Did R.C Sproul consider any historical-seeming book to be non-historical?

I was watching this video on YouTube by R.C. Sproul and it discussed the Sensus Literalis, and how genre matters. One comment that surpised me was that, Sproul says it may take a lot of technical work ...
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Who said, “The exegesis favors the Calvinist”?

I’m trying to find an obscure quote from a particular theologian who in his commentary on a particular verse of Scripture wrote something along the lines of the following: “The exegesis favors the ...
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Does Reformed Theology teach that Old Testament saints were personally united to Christ?

Union with Christ is a central doctrine in Reformed Theology, and concerns the mystical union of the believer with Christ, by faith and by the Holy Spirit. In faith the Spirit unites us to Christ, and ...
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Calvinist Disagreement with Valentinian Gnosticism on Predestination

For the record, I do not believe Calvinists are cryto-Valentinians. I do not believe Calvinists are Gnostics, so please understand my question knowing I am not trying to paint anyone in a good or bad ...
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The word "faith" in Matthew 17:20, Matthew 21:21 according to Reformed?

Matthew 17:20 And He said to them, "Because of the littleness of your faith; for truly I say to you, if you have faith the size of a mustard seed, you will say to this mountain, 'Move from here ...
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According to major Reformed theologians, what is the Christian fulfillment of the Songs of Ascent (Ps 120-134)?

According to major Reformed theologians, what is the Christian fulfillment of the Songs of Ascent (Ps 120-134)? I'm particularly interested in what a Reformed theologian determines to be the Christian ...
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What is the Reformed perspective on how the Holy Spirit is present or is growing a church at the institutional level?

With my Pentecostal friends I often hear comments like these: There is God's presence in the church worship today. The Holy Spirit has moved from church A to church B since church B is growing ...
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Which Reformed Christians deny the doctrine of common grace and why?

Common grace is the doctrine that states that God has a general sense in which he gives all people, not just believers, gifts that proceed from his own graciousness. Most of these gifts concern ...
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Was Saint Augustine a Calvinist on divine foreknowledge?

It is my understanding that Calvinism conflates God's passive will with His active will—i.e., the fact that He knows something will occur due to His divine foreknowledge and allows said thing to occur ...
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What kind of trinitarian was Thomas F. Torrance?

If I understand correctly (and I might be wrong). When it comes to the doctrine of the Trinity, as opposed to the Cappadocian Fathers (or at lest against Basil), Torrance believed that not just God ...
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Perseverance of the elects ---vs--- blasphemy against the Spirit according to Calvinist?

I am in the middle of discussion with a Calvinist friend. He said that the Elect will be forgiven and never lose his salvation. Some verses which I thought the verses are showing that to the one ...
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How is the election of Adam and Eve according to the Calvinist?

The Westminster Confession : 3.1 "God from all eternity, did, by the most wise and holy counsel of His own will, freely, and unchangeably ordain whatsoever comes to pass; yet so, as thereby ...
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