Questions tagged [protestantism]

Protestantism is a broad tradition referring to the churches which broke from the Roman Catholic Church during the 16th Century and those that descended from them.

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How central is the claim the pope is the antichrist to Protestant theology?

When I read through Luther's writings awhile back, I noticed he said the pope was the antichrist. I thought this was just some of Luther's usual hyperbolic rhetoric. However, I've learned that many (...
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General, albeit serious and well written reference for an introduction to Protestantism

I'd like to have some references for books to get a grasp of Protestantism: history, development, theology, philosophy, dogmas, rituals etc, among its diverse branches. Preferably from authors not ...
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How did the early church understand the priesthood?

Protestantism reject the idea of a sacerdotal priesthood, embracing instead the idea of priesthood of all believers(cf. 1 Peter 2:9). Protestant Reformers like Martin Luther and John Calvin also claim ...
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How do non-Catholics understand Catholics' fulfillment of the Great Commission?

One argument in favor of Catholicism that I see as particularly convincing is that Catholics have done the best job of fulfilling the great commission. This is born out in the fact that Catholics have ...
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Does God say Israel will Not be Saved?

My question is based on a study of things which God has NOT SAID, and on His promises to Israel, for example: And since the Lord had NOT SAID he would blot out the name of Israel from under heaven, ...
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What is an overview for how protestants tend to regard progress in the spiritual life?

This question is similar to this one ("How is spiritual progress described in eastern monastic traditions?"). But mine is directed towards Protestants, and includes how they even speak of ...
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How do protestants respond to apostolic succession?

How do protestants respond to apostolic succession(the line of bishops stretching back to the apostles) ? Pope Clement I “Through countryside and city [the apostles] preached, and they appointed ...
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Catholicism - Is the TULIP Formula more or less true? (Semantics)

Catholic convert here. It is of my understanding that the differences between the Calvinist and Catholic predestination theology is mostly a game of semantics, and I was curious to see other opinions ...
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Between Protestants & Catholics what are the major disagreements with respect to Church history?

I’ve recently wondered at the claims that the Catholic Church had stated that they began 2,000 years ago, and that the Protestant church only began back with Martin Luther or in the 1500’s. In terms ...
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According to Protestant NT scholars/historians did Gamaliel get the chronology & history wrong in Acts 5?

I was listening on (audio) to Wayne Grudem’s systematic theology and in the chapter on biblical inerrancy.. he mentioned some people dispute Gamaliel's historical accuracy on certain uprisings, and ...
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Do Protestant Trinitarians see a completeness of the canon of New Testament scripture in the number of books and authors?

There are 27 books in the Protestant, Trinitarian canon of scriptures of the New Testament writings. Which is three times three times three. There are 9 authors (Peter, James, Jude, Matthew, Paul, ...
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According to Protestant New Testament Scholars, can one argue for the inspiration & unity of scripture without using a “theological” claim or method?

Q: According to Protestant New Testament Scholars, can one argue for the inspiration & unity of scripture without using a “theological” claim or method? Suppose I were to argue for the unity & ...
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How do Protestants who say Catholicism doesn't teach the true Gospel understand a Catholic person’s faith in Jesus?

On Protestant theology, Sola Fide is understood as: Sola fide—the doctrine of justification by faith alone apart from works—is simply recognizing what is taught over and over in Scripture—that at ...
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What does it mean exactly when Wikipedia calls Annihilationism a legitimate minority opinion within modern conservative Protestantism?

The Wikipedia article regarding Annihilationism states: "Annihilationism seems to be gaining as a legitimate minority opinion within modern, conservative Protestant theology since the 1960s, and ...
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According to Protestant Old Testament Scholars, why did God charge Adam & Eve to multiply during creation week if they didn’t until after the fall?

Q: According to Protestant Old Testament Scholars, why did God charge Adam & Eve to multiply during creation week if they didn’t until after the fall? It would appear that as soon as God made ...
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According to Arminian Protestants, who can forgive sin or withhold forgiveness?

"If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven them; if you withhold forgiveness from any, it is withheld." (John 20:23) The Power of the Keys is a Catholic (and, IIUC, Lutheran) ...
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Do any living, Reformed authors interpret ‘the life the eternal’ as anything other than an expression of the eternal Sonship of the Lord Jesus Christ?

My header question had to be curtailed - this is my question in full : Do any living authors of Reformed, Protestant, Trinitarian systematic theologies interpret ‘the life the eternal’ (1 John 1:2) as ...
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According to Reformed Theologians, when did the kingdom of God arrive?

Q: According to Reformed Theologians, when did the Kingdom of God arrive? Pentecost? Jesus’ incarnation? Or the end of the age? There is a translation debate about the verse saying “the kingdom of ...
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What are the main arguments Protestants use against the idea of the perpetual virginity of Mary?

Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodoxy have the doctrine of the perpetual virginity of Mary. Protestants generally don't have that belief. What are the main arguments Protestants use against the idea ...
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Have any Protestant Biologists demonstrated through their own research that Evolution is untenable?

Q: Have any Protestant Biologists who don’t believe in evolution posted real research papers showing how evolution is not likely or possible? I think I heard a famous atheist say creation and ...
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What are the major arguments Protestants make for the Catholic Church being apostate?

What are the major arguments Protestants make for the Catholic Church being an apostate church?
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Is there a standard definition of what 'heresy' is across Protestant denominations?

Different major branches of Christianity often understand certain terms differently. Is there a standard definition of 'heresy' across major Protestant denominations?
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What are the major arguments Protestants use against both Catholic and Orthodox claims of authority re scriptural interpretation?

The Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church both claim authority re scriptural interpretation. They are different organizations, and Protestants reject the claims of authority by both. Are there any ...
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According to Protestantism, why did God make exoplanets?

According to Wikipedia’s data, it says: “This is a list of exoplanets. As of 1 May 2022, there are 5,017 confirmed exoplanets in 3,694 planetary systems, with 822 systems having more than one planet. ...
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Who are called Catholics in the Early Church?

I saw recently that some protestants are trying to label themselves as authentic Catholics. “Protestants: The Most ‘Catholic’ of Christians.” Reforming Catholic Confession Who are called Catholics in ...
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According to Protestant theology, does God’s omnipresence entail us humans walking into God all the time?

We read: Even before there is a word on my tongue, Behold, Lord, You know it all. You have encircled me behind and in front, And placed Your hand upon me. Such knowledge is too wonderful for me; It ...
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According to Protestantism, why is Hermeneutics necessary if we have the Holy Spirit?

We can understand in Protestant circles that Biblical Hermeneutics are important; for without such methods of interpretation the Scripture becomes “hard to understand” in many portions & passages. ...
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According to Protestant interpretations, is Romans 3:5-6 a text relating to Theodicy or something else?

We read: “But if our unrighteousness demonstrates the righteousness of God, what shall we say? Is God unjust who inflicts wrath? (I speak as a man.) Certainly not! For then how will God judge the ...
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What is the minimum necessary description of God?

I'm interested in a hypothetical scenario where two people, one Protestant, the other of non-specified faith, are discussing their concept of God. What would be a reasonable minimum set of ...
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According to Protestant interpretations of the Bible, is there justification for “disliking somebody”?

We know that if we hate a brother we are a murderer at heart: “We know that we have passed from death to life, because we love the brethren. He who does not love his brother abides in death. Whoever ...
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According to Protestant understanding, how does a believer know if they have been called to be an evangelist?

An evangelist is a specific office that is different from pastors & teachers. Q: According to Protestantism, how does one know if they have been called to be an evangelist? “He who descended is ...
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Is shunning/disfellowshipping biblical in Protestant churches?

Is this practice supported by the Christian bible ? Please argument your response with biblical support. We have this practice in our Pentecostal church and no matter from which angle I view it, I ...
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According to Protestant interpretations why does God want people to serve Him when He doesn’t need it?

We read: “God, who made the world and everything in it, since He is Lord of heaven and earth, does not dwell in temples made with hands. Nor is He worshiped with men’s hands, as though He needed ...
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Martin Luther's Explanation of Sola Scriptura

What was Martin Luther's Explanation of Sola Scriptura in his writings? And did he use Sola Scripura by name? Thank You.
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Why don't Protestants use the Augustinian concept of concupiscence?

Concupiscence, which can be defined as perversity and lack of order, a turning away from the Creator who is more excellent toward creatures which are inferior to Him (To Simplician, I.2.18) which is ...
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When were Protestants first called 'Protestants' and what were they, originally, protesting about?

I am asking, precisely, the first time when 'Protestants' were so called, either among themselves or by others. And what, precisely, they were in protestation regarding. There is a previous question ...
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How do Protestants interpret "Give us this day our daily bread"?

Disclaimer: I understand that there is no monolithic Protestant belief on any topic except a protestation of the Catholic Church. That being said - I would appreciate it if this answer contained some ...
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Why does the Catholic Church consider protestant baptisms valid sacraments, but not protestant marriages?

Inspired by GratefulDisciple's comment under Geremia's answer Multiple marriages and divorces The Catechism says: The ordinary ministers of baptism are the bishop and priest and, in the Latin Church, ...
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What is the Protestant view of the miracle at Fátima?

I’m very curious to hear the Protestant view of Fatima, considering that it involves the Virgin Mary appearing before witnesses, many of whom were skeptics.
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Can a Catholic visiting Protestant Parents attend the Parents Church? [duplicate]

Once I am in college and fully convert to Catholicism, would it be considered wrong (in terms of violating Catholic teaching) to attend my Parents Protestant Church? Note that I would probably be ...
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What is the reformed perspective of why God continues to give breath & life to those who are sinners in Adam?

I am aware of Romans chapter 9 and it’s eternal implications for eternal destinies, especially given the Reformed interpretation of it. I am also aware of the doctrines of “Original Sin” & “God’s ...
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How do non-episcopal Protestants respond to St. Ignatius who says you need a Deacon, Priest, and Bishop for a Church?

St. Ignatius of Antioch, an early Martyr with connection to the apostles, wrote that a Deacon, Priest, and Bishop were needed for the Church: “See that ye all follow the bishop, even as Jesus Christ ...
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What is the Protestant view with what happens to a Christian who resists the Devil but he doesn’t flee?

We read a text in Scripture like: “Therefore submit to God. Resist the devil and he will flee from you.” ‭‭James‬ ‭4:7‬ Q: What does it mean that a Christian submits to God, resists the devil, but ...
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What is the Protestant view of John 20:23 and the disciples ability to forgive sins?

Besides the Anglican Church (as far as I'm aware) no Protestant Church practices confession. John 20:23 (ESV) says: 23 If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven them; if you withhold ...
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Is there more than one High Priest in the order of Melchizedek?

The bible makes it clear that Christ Jesus' ministry is of the order of Melchizedek and not of Aaron. Christ was born from Judah and not from Levi. Christ is the High Priest of the order of ...
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How is the claim that the doctrine of Papal Supremacy has not always existed within the Church substantiated? [duplicate]

Papal Supremacy means this: Papal supremacy is the doctrine of the Catholic Church that the Pope, by reason of his office as Vicar of Christ, the visible source and foundation of the unity both of ...
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Are the Five Solas considered "Axioms" or "Theorems" in the logic of salvation in Protestant theology?

It might be utterly reprehensible to apply reason to faith in this way and feel free to VTC this question if it's just not a question. I believe reason can't contradict faith and vice versa, but I'm ...
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What is the biblical basis for the rejection of purgatory? [duplicate]

Often from protestants, I get asked the biblical basis for purgatory. But I want to flip the question around and ask protestants this: What is the biblical basis against the cleansing of the soul ...
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How do Christians who reject the idea of purgatory deal with the fact that most people don't repent of every sin before they die?

It is an observable fact that most people, even most Christians, don't repent of every sin individually before they die. Even that really great guy at church who's everyone's best friend and is first ...
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Where did the layout of protestant worship come from?

Most protestant churches I have attended (from a wide degree of protestant denominations) have a very specific setup in the layout of their service. It generally goes like this: About 5 Worship Songs ...
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