Questions tagged [protestantism]

Protestantism is a broad tradition referring to the churches which broke from the Roman Catholic Church during the 16th Century and those that descended from them.

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7
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883 views

Who first clearly formulated the penal substitution theory of atonement?

The Wikipedia article on Penal substitution states in its opening paragraph: Penal substitution (sometimes, esp. in older writings, called forensic theory) is a theory of the atonement within ...
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According to Protestantism, what are the strongest apologetic arguments against the doctrine of Intercession of Saints?

It's well known that Protestants reject the doctrine of Intercession of Saints. According to Wikipedia: With the exception of a few early Protestant churches, most modern Protestant churches strongly ...
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According to Protestants is God (The Father or The Spirit) capable of human emotions?

Can God for example sigh? Can He grieve? Can He burn with anger? All of these examples in some form have Bible backing. Or are these merely metonymic figures of speech, metaphors?
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Why don't Protestants engage in monasticism?

One distinction between the vast majority of Protestant denominations and those of the Roman Catholic Church and Orthodox Church is the lack of monasteries and a monastic class. What is an overview of ...
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1answer
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From a Protestant perspective, do we really have free will if sin nature is passed on from Adam and Eve to us?

If we are born with a sinful nature from Adam, does that really mean we have free will, since the sin nature makes us more likely to choose to sin?
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1answer
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Where did the first born blessing come from?

In Genesis 27, Isaac blesses Jacob when Jacob pretends to be Esau. Where does the first-born blessing come from? Is this a practice that God gave Isaac similar to how God gave Abraham the ...
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2answers
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Are there any scriptural objections to using Ignatian Spiritual Exercises according to Protestants?

Ignatian Spiritual Exercises has been around for centuries, yet only in the past few decades Evangelicals and Charismatics started to appreciate it: In a 1990 The Way journal article Why Ignatian ...
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How do proponents of Sola Scriptura choose the “correct” interpretation of a key Bible verse?

As a Protestant who really tries to abide by the sola scriptura principle to subject my understanding of God, His works, and His relation to us under the accepted Protestant canon, I am bewildered on ...
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Are there Protestants in Italy today?

Are there Protestants in Italy today and what became of the Protestants reformers from the peninsula during the reformation? The reason I ask is that I've never heard of any particular persecution ...
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Why does the Salvation Army not administer the sacraments of baptism and the Lord's Supper?

While reading a book on Reformed theology (The Shorter Westminster Catechism, by G. I. Williamson), I came across a brief criticism of the Salvation Army's views on the sacraments: A very different ...
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Are there any differences between Protestant and Catholic theology concerning the distinction between demonic possession from mental illness?

Is there a difference between Catholic and Protestant Theology in regards to what constitutes Demonic possession as opposed to mental illness?
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Can the forensic justication doctrine be characterized as false justification contrary to fact and truth?

Forensic justification is defined as strictly legal declaration as justified, rather than reckoning or acknowledging someone as righteous to justify him. In other words, a person is declared righteous ...
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What do Lutherans distinguish between Sabbath and the Lord's day?

Do Lutherans in any Church documents or their historical confessions have any teachings regarding the Sabbath and the Lord's day? Are they distinct are they the same?
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1answer
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Whose is the 'grace of God that bringeth salvation' ? (Titus 2:11)

This question is in the context of Protestant Trinitarianism. There are two schools of thought within Protestant Trinitarianism : one, founded mainly in the Westminster Confession (or Savoy ...
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Why Many Who Believe That “All Are Born Sinful” Hold That “None Are Born Gay Or Trans”?

Many Protestants, though not technically or officially Reformed, are nevertheless strongly influenced by Calvinistic theology; as such, they espouse the doctrine of total depravity, teaching that all ...
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When did lay people first get a vote in the general conferences of the United Methodist Church?

In the news reports swirling around the 2019 General Conference of the United Methodist Church, something struck me as odd – there were "lay delegates" among the 800 delegates able to vote on the ...
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What kind of “condemnation” is a believer exempt from in Romans 8:1?

I've been looking up several of my reference books for a good definition of condemnation, but evidently it's simply "judgment" based on its context, including in Rom. 8:1. It's clear from ...
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1answer
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What does Neo-Scholastic Thomism say about the Charismatic Renewal movement?

What does Neo-Scholastic Thomism say about the Charismatic Renewal movement? Contemporary Thomist philosopher Dr. Ed Feser, in The Thomistic Tradition (part 1), defines "Neo-Scholastic Thomism" as ...
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How do liberal Protestants reconcile support for transgenderism with scripture?

The Bible does not strike me as welcoming to transgenderism: The woman shall not wear that which pertaineth unto a man, neither shall a man put on a woman's garment: for all that do so are ...
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What are the reasons for German Bishops who favor the “Synodal Path” for not just becoming Protestants?

I was reading an interesting article on the National Catholic Register where the pastor at Martin Luther's church in Wittenburg said he thought that people who disagree with the Catholic Church and ...
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Is “formal schismatic” a useful category in practice?

Wikipedia says that formal schismatics are those who: knowing the true nature of the Church, have personally and deliberately committed the sin of schism. But if formal schismatics have to truly ...
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1answer
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How is Article XVII of the Articles of Religion defended by Arminians?

The beginning of Article 17 (XVII) of the Articles of Religion seems to me to clearly teach Calvinistic predestination: Predestination to Life is the everlasting purpose of God, whereby (before the ...
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How do Protestants respond to the JW interpretation of John 14:28?

According to What Does the Bible Really Teach?, a Watchtower publication, pp.41–42: The only-begotton Son never even considered trying to be equal to his Father. The Bible clearly teaches that the ...
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Why don't Reformed Christians consider it necessary to confess to a priest?

Reformed Christians, like Presbyterians differ from the Catholic and Orthodox Church in their understanding of forgiveness of ones' sins. One way in which they differ is not having the sacrament of ...
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What are the core differences between Protestants and Eastern Orthodox Christianity?

I read an answer here which explained the difference between the various branches of the Eastern Church. I was thinking as an extension, what is the difference between Eastern Christianity and ...
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When people go to heaven, does their spelling improve? [closed]

Note: by Heaven I mean the "temporary state before the resurrection". In other words, do people keep their virtues, morals, skills, faults, wickedness when they go to heaven? Or do they ...
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Did Protestants get “Thine is the Kingdom etc…” from the Didache?

So, I was writing an answer to a question a few minutes ago, and I was going to smugly tell all you Protestants that your "thine is the Kingdom" doxology is so non-Biblical, it's apocryphal. Well, ...
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How do Protestants answer the Catholic accusation of historicity?

The Roman Catholic Church has a claim of apostolic succession, from St. Peter transited by the laying on of hands. Most Protestants reject this understanding of apostolic succession, and instead teach ...
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Counterarguments to “KJV-only”?

Some people believe the King James Version of the Bible is the only version English-speakers should be using, as it is the only inspired translation. (This is referred to as "KJV-onlyism.") ...
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Do Protestants accept the doctrine of free-will?

Protestants accept the doctrine of faith alone. If they accept the doctrine of free-will, how do they reconcile James 2:20-24 faith is dead without works, since works to do good is a free- will of man....
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Why is the word ‘concupiscence’ so important in understanding the difference between a Catholic view and a Protestant view of ‘Original Sin’?

I have noticed this word ‘concupiscence’ a lot while studying Catholic Theology. It seems to significantly change what ‘Original Sin’ means, making a Catholic meaning of ‘Original Sin’ very different ...
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What is the biblical basis for the belief that Jesus' death made satisfaction for individual sins?

Among evangelical Protestants, especially, but also in various other quarters of Christianity, it is common to believe that "Jesus died for me" in the sense that Jesus' death made satisfaction for (in ...
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Why did Stephen have authority to ask God to forgive the sins of his nonbelieving executioners?

Consider the following verse related to Stephen's stoning: Acts 7:60 Then he fell on his knees and cried out, "Lord, do not hold this sin against them." When he had said this, he fell ...
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According to the Protestant denominations that hold to the doctrine of clarity of scripture, is trinitarianism clear?

The doctrine of the clarity of Scripture (often called the perspicuity of Scripture) is a Protestant Christian position teaching that "...those things which are necessary to be known, believed, ...
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Who compiled the Canons of Dort?

I have found many articles and discussions online regarding the Canons of Dort but have yet to find who was actually instrumental in formulating this document. Can anyone tell me or link to some ...
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According to Protestantism, are we saved by faith into a repentance of law-following?

Just have a question regarding faith and works: A person has eternal life solely by faith in Jesus Christ (as in believing every word Jesus said, including his claims that he is God), but by believing ...
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Can families do their own communion service with the sacrament being valid as a means of grace?

In Protestant denominations where the practice of the Lord's Supper / Holy Communion is considered a means of grace (instead of 100% remembrance / memorial), can a head of family celebrate the Lord's ...
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Did Jonah fail the test of a prophet?

I came across an article on the FAIR Mormon wiki that discusses the prophetic test (Deut. 18). It applies the test on some Biblical prophets, and shows how someone could claim these prophets fail the ...
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Protestants, why do some Christians suffer so much more than others?

Yes, we all have our own trials, but there are a few Christians who, very obviously, suffer so much more and much more often too (I am not talking about "bad choices" either, so please do ...
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What are fellowships, associations, and denominations within the Baptist denomination?

This is something I read from hrc Although ABCUSA shares many traditions, beliefs and values with other Baptists, ABCUSA is a distinct entity from its relatives, the American Baptist Association (ABA)...
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Why do Salvation Army members wear uniforms in the church?

I have seen Salvation Army church members going to church in white uniforms. Here is a sample image (source). What is the role of uniforms in the Salvation Army? Is it compulsory for them to wear ...
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What is the Scriptural evidence for the Protestant view that the AntiChrist will be Jewish?

In Eschatology, there is a lot of speculation about the identity of the AC, and if he's active on the world stage now, [in other words, a well known leader but just not having revealed his true ...
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How do Protestant Christians understand the “Sabbath-rest for the people of God” in Hebrews chapter 4?

So then, there remains a Sabbath rest for the people of God, for whoever has entered God's rest has also rested from his works as God did from his. (Hebrews 4:9-10) What are God’s conditions for ...
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What practices are prohibited by Protestant churches but not explicitly prohibited by the Bible?

I would like examples of practices that are prohibited by Protestant churches (consider only Protestant churches that accept the Westminster Confession of Faith) but are not explicitly prohibited in ...
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What do Protestant churches teach about the fate of deceased infants?

My question is posed to the Protestant churches that teach that man is saved by faith alone. If a person is saved by faith alone, what happens to children who die before they are able to conceive of ...
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Whose hand wrote 'the document that listed my transgressions' ? (Colossians 2:14)

This is a question in regard to Trinitarian, Protestant, reformed, baptist doctrine. In Colossians 2:14 Paul states : Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was ...
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How does Protestantism defend the adoption of practices and beliefs not found in the Bible?

I was reading this entry in the Catholic Encyclopedia about the theological concept of Tradition (as a source of revealed truth different from the Scripture). The author states that the Protestant ...
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Why do literalist Protestants reject transubstantiation?

In both Orthodox Christianity and Catholicism, the words of Jesus, "This is My body" and "This is My blood" referring to communion bread and wine, respectively, are taken literally, and ...
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What is the difference between Arminianism, Molinism, and Calvinism?

I know the basic difference between Arminianism and Calvinism in the soteriology subject, but when Molinism comes I can't grasp the core doctrines that it teaches. I'm not asking for which is better, ...
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At the Last Supper what would the disciples make of what Jesus said about partaking of the bread and the wine?

Luke 22:15-20 is clear that the cross yet lay ahead of Christ. Then he said, "This is my body which is given for you… This cup is the new testament in my blood which is shed for you”, commanding ...

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