Questions tagged [protestantism]

Protestantism is a broad tradition referring to the churches which broke from the Roman Catholic Church during the 16th Century and those that descended from them.

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When did lay people first get a vote in the general conferences of the United Methodist Church?

In the news reports swirling around the 2019 General Conference of the United Methodist Church, something struck me as odd – there were "lay delegates" among the 800 delegates able to vote on the ...
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How many people were killed by Protestant Inquisition style tribunals? Asking for references

It's relatively easy to find estimates for the number of people killed during the Catholic Inquisition; one just needs to check the Wikipedia page, to see several estimates of the number of people ...
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What happened with the schools of Luther and Melanchthon?

I know that Martin Luther and Philip Melanchthon tried to oppose the school system introduced by the Catholic Church (according to Luther, Oxford and Cambridge model was influenced by the Paris ...
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Did J. Gresham Machen consider joining an existing presbyterian body before founding the OPC?

J. Gresham Machen is best known for his battle against theological liberalism in the northern Presbyterian church in the US (the PCUSA), first founding a seminary (in 1929) and then an independent ...
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What function does a Council actually serve in Calvinism?

Calvin begins his Antidote1 with the following word (Preface): The name of Sacred Council2 is held in such reverence in the Christian Church, that the very mention of it produces an immediate effect ...
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How did Aquinas and Reformation-era Protestants disagree on God's will?

Thomas Aquinas distinguished between God's antecedent and consequent wills. Meanwhile, the Reformed confessions (eg Westminster Confession) distinguished between God's decretive and revealed wills. ...
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191 views

How is Article XVII of the Articles of Religion defended by Arminians?

The beginning of Article 17 (XVII) of the Articles of Religion seems to me to clearly teach Calvinistic predestination: Predestination to Life is the everlasting purpose of God, whereby (before the ...
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101 views

Is “formal schismatic” a useful category in practice?

Wikipedia says that formal schismatics are those who: knowing the true nature of the Church, have personally and deliberately committed the sin of schism. But if formal schismatics have to truly ...
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Is there an equivalent of analytic meditation in Protestantism?

Analytic meditation, as defined: Our minds are filled with confused thoughts and beliefs; often, even when we recognize logically that our beliefs are wrong, they are so embedded that they are ...
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177 views

What are the practical differences between German Lutheran and Swiss Reformed traditions?

I know very little about the German Lutheran church and what set them appart from the religion I've been raised in, Swiss Reformed. However, my understanding is that they are closer to Catholics, and ...
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267 views

Was John Smyth, the earliest Baptist, influenced by the Anabaptists?

John Smyth, according to Bruce Shelley (CHPL, 308) and Wikipedia, was the first of the English Baptists. An Anglican priest, he came to the conclusion that infant baptism was invalid and started a ...
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201 views

Does modern protestantism have any deviations from sola fide?

I have read that modern protestantism on one hand, and catholicism on the other, tended to abridge their historical differences. Are there any cases in modern protestantism where justification can ...
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Historic Premillennial Church in NYC?

How can I find a New York City (preferably Manhattan) church that holds to historic premillennialism (post-trib rapture)?
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Did Protestant Founders lay their hands on their pastors like the Apostles in Book of Acts?

In the Book of Acts the Apostles was seen laying their hands on their disciples in particular Matthias who replaced Judas Iscariot to be counted among the Apostles. Among the Protestant founders like ...
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What contemporary definitions of Sola Scriptura are there, from self-professed proponents, which do not call it the supreme spiritual authority?

The doctrine of Sola Scriptura is generally defined as the belief that, while tradition, reason, and experience may be sources of spiritual knowledge for the Christian, the scriptures are the only ...
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172 views

Why Many Who Believe That “All Are Born Sinful” Hold That “None Are Born Gay Or Trans”?

Many Protestants, though not technically or officially Reformed, are nevertheless strongly influenced by Calvinistic theology; as such, they espouse the doctrine of total depravity, teaching that all ...
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Why Protestants Engage in Culture Wars about Legislation?

Protestants, whether American or otherwise, (should) know better than anyone that the Law, be it human or divine, does not and cannot save, and they, of all people, should understand the vanity of ...