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Questions tagged [protestantism]

Protestantism is a broad tradition referring to the churches which broke from the Roman Catholic Church during the 16th Century and those that descended from them.

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What is the biblical basis for the imputation of Christ's righteousness to believers?

In Christendom as a whole, and within evangelicalism and Reformed theology more specifically, one of the controversial aspects of the doctrine of justification is the imputation of the righteousness ...
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What was first, sola scriptura or sola fide?

I just watched a video with an Orthodox professor, in which he said that "Sola Scriptura" came first, and then "Sola Fide". Is that true? The best I can gather from the Wiki articles on these two ...
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What happened with the schools of Luther and Melanchthon?

I know that Martin Luther and Philip Melanchthon tried to oppose the school system introduced by the Catholic Church (according to Luther, Oxford and Cambridge model was influenced by the Paris ...
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Did Philip Melanchthon teach penal substitution?

This question is a follow-up to my question, "Did Martin Luther teach penal substitution?" The Wikipedia article on Philip Melanchthon states in its opening paragraphs: Philip Melanchthon . . . (...
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What is an overview of Lutheran faith-alone systematically taught before Martin Luther?

Are there records of Lutheran doctrine of faith-alone taught by theologians prior to him whether explicitly? I read in the Catholic Encyclopedia's article on Justification that Luther was ...
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1answer
592 views

Who first clearly formulated the penal substitution theory of atonement?

The Wikipedia article on Penal substitution states in its opening paragraph: Penal substitution (sometimes, esp. in older writings, called forensic theory) is a theory of the atonement within ...
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How were the old saints justified under the law? (Catholic and Protestant views) [closed]

How were the old saints like Moses and the prophets justified under the law? Were they justified by keeping the law? What is an overview of Catholic and Protestant views on this? Explain with Biblical ...
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Why have conservative Presbyterians objected to chapters on the Holy Spirit and the Gospel in the Westminster Confession?

In the United States, the mainline Presbyterian denomination (the PCUSA), along with several other Presbyterian bodies, include two chapters that were first added to the Westminster Confession in 1903....
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According to Protestants following the Reformation, what did Jesus mean when he said “do this and you will live”?

According to the Reformers, man is saved by faith alone in Christ alone, through grace alone, and not by any works- anything they can do. Consider the following passage from Luke. Luke 10:25–28 (...
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What are the practical differences between German Lutheran and Swiss Reformed traditions?

I know very little about the German Lutheran church and what set them appart from the religion I've been raised in, Swiss Reformed. However, my understanding is that they are closer to Catholics, and ...
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How could Adam and Eve lose their just standing before God if it was given to them as a Grace and not earned?

I have often heard pastors, internet preachers especially, repeat that, "We did nothing to earn our salvation and there is nothing that we can do to lose it" or something to that effect. These are ...
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What do Evangelical Protestants mean by “receive Jesus”?

In conservative Evangelical Churches, one often hears exhortations to become "saved" by "accepting" or "receiving" Jesus "into your heart", often accompanied by an invitation to pray a special prayer ...
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What major changes have American Presbyterians made to the Westminster Confession of Faith?

As someone who generally affirms the Westminster Confession of Faith, one comment I hear periodically is that I therefore must believe that the Pope is the Antichrist. However, the Confession ...
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According to LCMC Lutheranism, why is human imagination considered evil, when unsaved people do some amazingly good things?

According to Genesis 6:5 (NIV) every inclination of the thoughts of the human heart was only evil all the time. According to Genesis 8:21 states similarly ... every inclination of the human ...
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What is the biblical basis for the belief that good works are the fruits of faith?

It is common for Protestant doctrinal statements to say that good works are the fruits of faith. For example: We confess that good works are necessary fruits of faith in the life of a Christian and ...
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Did anyone try to convert Catholics on the Isle of Man to Protestantism?

Was there any person who tried converting the Catholics there?
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According to Protestants, what is the biblical basis of Jesus being “one substance with the father”?

The only place in scripture where the relationship of the substance of Jesus with the substance of God that I can find in the scriptures is To the Hebrews:1:3 which actually says that they are of ...
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Did John Calvin help Nicolas Cop write his infamous inaugural address?

Early in John Calvin's career, he was involved in a controversy that forced him to flee Paris and live in hiding for a time. Calvin's friend, Nicolas Cop, delivered an address that many considered ...
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Was John Smyth, the earliest Baptist, influenced by the Anabaptists?

John Smyth, according to Bruce Shelley (CHPL, 308) and Wikipedia, was the first of the English Baptists. An Anglican priest, he came to the conclusion that infant baptism was invalid and started a ...
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480 views

How did the Born Again teaching be associated with one first believing in Jesus Christ?

Many Protestant Christians believe that you become born again as soon as you believe on Jesus Christ. Many believe that this teaching is clear in the opening verses of John chapter 3. How did this ...
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What do Protestant churches teach about the fate of deceased infants?

My question is posed to the Protestant churches that teach that man is saved by faith alone. If a person is saved by faith alone, what happens to children who die before they are able to conceive of ...
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Why does the Salvation Army not administer the sacraments of baptism and the Lord's Supper?

While reading a book on Reformed theology (The Shorter Westminster Catechism, by G. I. Williamson), I came across a brief criticism of the Salvation Army's views on the sacraments: A very different ...
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Did Pelagius believe in “faith alone”?

The doctrine of "faith alone," or sola fide, teaches that people are justified only by their faith in Christ, not by any works they do. It was emphasized during the Protestant Reformation, where it ...
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Are there any Protestant denominations or churches that reject penal substitution?

I come from a background in Protestant/Evangelical churches. The trademark salvation message in those churches is that Christ bore the wrath of God for your sins to satisfy his justice that we have ...
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Why don't most Protestants consider confession to be a sacrament?

Most Protestants recognise only two sacraments, saying something like this (from the Anglican 39 Articles): There are two sacraments ordained of Christ our Lord in the Gospel, that is to say, ...
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Is Jesus seen as both the Passover Lamb and Goat(s) of the Atonement in any Protestant Theology? [closed]

It is often said that Jesus fulfilled the Jewish spring feasts when he first came and the expectation is that he will fulfill the fall feasts when we returns. Also, that Jesus died at the time of ...
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Works Rightouseness - Is there any Christian Group that focus on this

I have been reading a Protestant book on evangelism and it, as well as other books I have read from Evangelical sources, focus greatly on on how their faith practice is in direct opposition to Works-...
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What are the theological reasons some Protestants are Zionists?

Zionism, founded by Theodor Herzl, is a movement for reestablishing a political nation for the Jewish people. Thus, what are the theological reasons why some Protestants are Zionists, especially in ...
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Christian Flag symbol [duplicate]

I have seen a symbol on my way to work and am wondering what it means. It is a flag with a Red Cross on a black background and there is a red upside down triangle in the upper right corner that ...
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1answer
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Cities of Refuge - Churches of Refuge

In the Old Testament, God asked Joshua to set aside six cities where those accused of manslaughter may flee to for protection against their avenger! 7 And they appointed Kedesh in Galilee in mount ...
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1answer
190 views

When were Gentiles under Law? [closed]

In "Protestant" Christian sermons, I very often notice that preachers say "we are no longer under the law but under the grace now". I don't understand the logic of these statements since the Mosaic ...
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2answers
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How does the Roman Catholic Church interpret predestination?

I've been trying to determine how the Roman Catholic church interprets the idea of predestination. From what I have found so far it appears to be a view more rooted in single predestination, though I ...
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What is the basis for “Church Shopping”?

"Church shopping" is when church goers move about from church to church to find one they like, sometimes willing to travel great distances or spend many months visiting dozens of churches. It ...
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If a Catholic converts to some Protestant religion is he excommunicated or given any official rebuke by the Church?

Contemplating the question do Catholics recognize Protestants as Christian here:Does the Catholic Church officially recognize Protestants as Christians? I am not sure what an official church policy ...
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What is the difference between classical and revised dispensationalism?

I understand from Wikipedia and elsewhere that dispensationalism can be broken into three main categories: Classical (Scofield, Chafer) Traditional, revised, or normative (Ryrie, Walvoord) ...
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1answer
355 views

Did John Wesley reject the Athanasian Creed?

I've seen a few examples online of people claiming that John Wesley objected to the "hell" clauses of the Athanasian Creed, such as on the United Methodist Church website: United Methodists are not ...
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How has the ontological argument been used to explain the Trinity?

The basis of an ontological argument is the existence of an idea of a great God, of whom none greater can be imagined. However, we've heard many times that the human mind cannot comprehend the ...
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Have any Protestant leaders in Korea expressly supported the destruction of Buddhist statues?

In its discussion of inter-religion relations in South Korea, Wikipedia states: Buddhist statues have been considered as idols, attacked and decapitated. [...] Such acts, which are supported by ...
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Positional and Relational Forgiveness, what is the Biblical Basis?

My question spawns from an explanation of 1 John 1:9 provided by the very popular protestant resource GotQuesitons.org. It seems to me that the answer given has holes in it, which I would like, ...
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What is the biblical basis for the centrality of preaching in worship?

Among many Protestants, preaching is often seen as the most important part of the worship service: Proclamation, the preaching of the gospel, should be central to Christian worship. The sermon is ...
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Are crucifixes used in Protestant churches in Germany?

I want to know if Protestant churches and chapels in Germany have crucifixes with Jesus depicted on them, or just empty crosses. Correct me if I am mistaken, because I am ignorant of christian ...
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1answer
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Why do some Christians object to images of Jesus?

Within some branches of Protestantism, many Christians believe that "images of Jesus" are sinful, and that Christians should not attempt to produce them. Some go so far as to say that they should be ...
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What arguments are used by Protestants who object to the use of marijuana, even where it is legal?

With the legalization of recreational marijuana in a few states this summer, no longer can the argument against marijuana be that people are supposed to obey those in authority over them (in this ...
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Do Protestants accept the similarity between Mary and the Ark of the Covenant?

Catholics believe that Mary is the Ark New Testament and they believe it on a scriptural basis (source).This is the same stance Orthodoxy has (source). Do Protestants accept the similarity between ...
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116 views

Why didn't the universe fall apart when Jesus died? [closed]

In Colossians 1:16-17, it talks about how the world was made by Jesus and for Jesus. But it also says that "He is before all things, and in him all things hold together", so why didn't we all die and ...
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1answer
258 views

Are there any Trinitarian Protestant denominations that deny the doctrine of the eternal generation of the Son from the Father?

Are there any Trinitarian Protestant denominations that deny the doctrine of the eternal generation of the Son from the Father? By "denomination" in this context I am excluding any sects, Unitarians, ...
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597 views

Do any Protestant denominations recognize Latter Day Saints as Christians?

Correct me if I'm wrong but I think the Catholic, Anglican, and Orthodox churches do not so that leaves the Protestants. By Protestant, I mean the 'mainstream' Protestant denominations, with minimal (...
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Is there a concept of Ministerial Priesthood existing in Protestantism?

Catholicism teaches ministerial priesthood (source). Is there a concept of Ministerial Priesthood existing in Protestantism? I'm referring to the hierarchy as well as to those who perform the ...
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How do different Protestant denominations view the relationship between Israel and the Church?

I know there is some complicated theology, which I am not an expert in, regarding what I am about to ask. I honestly don't even know the technical terms for what I am trying to describe. I would ...
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Is there any branch of the Protestant Church that can receive Communion at Mass? [duplicate]

Does Roman Catholicism allow certain Protestants to receive communion during the mass if they have been baptized and confirmed? I'd like to know if there are any Protestant denominations that Roman ...