Questions tagged [presbyterianism]

Presbyterianism is a branch of Reformed Protestantism. Presbyterian churches derive their name from the presbyterian form of church government, which is government by representative assemblies of elders, but not all churches which carry the name still practice this form of government. This tag may be used for either.

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19
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4answers
28k views

What is the difference between Reformed and Presbyterian

I feel like this is a dumb question, but maybe, just maybe, I'm not the only one confused by this. Maybe if I'm willing to stick my neck out and look stupid, the answer will be here for those poor ...
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7answers
10k views

Does Christianity allow eating pork and horse meat, which even though it is prohibited by the Jewish Law? [closed]

I am a Malaysian Muslim and am very curious about Christian diets. I've heard that Christianity prohibited eating Pork and Horse Meat but why do my Presbyterian classmates always eat both Pork and ...
17
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1answer
460 views

Why did the Presbyterian Church of Korea split in 1959?

The number of Presbyterian denominations in Korea is breathtaking: Wikipedia lists dozens of them. From what I can tell, most of these denominations originate in the Presbyterian Church of Korea, ...
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6answers
22k views

Debtors vs. Trespassers

I converted to the Presbyterian faith from a Catholic upbringing a while back and have always wondered - but never had anyone to ask - why Catholics use "Trespassers" in the Lord's prayer (Please ...
12
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1answer
384 views

How does the doctrine of the URC differ from its predecessors?

The United Reformed Church is a denomination in Britain that was formed out of a merger of the Congregationalist and Presbyterian denominations in 1972. What doctrinal compromises had to be made for ...
11
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2answers
2k views

How is Matthew 18: 8-9 explained in the context of non works-based salvation?

if your hand or your foot causes you to stumble, cut it off and throw it away. It is better for you to enter life maimed or crippled than to have two hands or two feet and be thrown into eternal fire. ...
10
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1answer
4k views

What was at issue in the Clark-Van Til controversy?

In the 1940s, Cornelius Van Til and other professors at Westminster Theological Seminary first tried to block Gordon Clark's entry into the Orthodox Presbyterian Church, then later put him on trial ...
9
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2answers
298 views

What is the theological justification for the British monarch worshipping in the Church of Scotland, rather than the Scottish Episcopal Church?

When Queen Elizabeth II is in Scotland, she worships in the (Presbyterian) Church of Scotland, rather than in the Scottish Episcopal Church, which is in full communion with the Church of England. The ...
9
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2answers
251 views

Do Mainline Presbyterians oppose Satisfaction Theory? Is this why “In Christ Alone” was rejected for their Hymnal?

Satisfaction Theory is a theory of atonement that, in a nutshell, says that God's justice demands a certain amount of punishment for sin. In that, God's "wrath" is often used as a metaphor for that ...
7
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2answers
2k views

How common is intinction in the Catholic Church?

Intinction at communion is "the practice of dipping the bread in the cup and partaking the elements simultaneously". The Presbyterian Church in America (PCA) at their 2012 General Assembly narrowly ...
7
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1answer
89 views

Does being a “state church” give the Church of Scotland any doctrinal distinctive?

Does it's status as a "state church" have any affect the beliefs or practices of the Church of Scotland? Are there any doctrinal distinctives that make it unique (particularly among Presbyterian ...
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3answers
18k views

What is the difference between Presbyterianism and Evangelicalism?

I understand the main differences with Evangelicals vs. protestants are the strong beliefs in being "born again" and Biblical fundamentalism. However, what are some of the main differences in ...
6
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1answer
122 views

Why do Protestant Presbyterians no longer use a congregational Psalter?

Growing up in Protestant Presbyterianism, the two great literature influences in my life were the Authorised Version and the Scottish Psalter. I have visited many Protestant Presbyterian ...
5
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1answer
3k views

Is confirmation part of the Presbyterian Church in America (PCA) doctrine?

In my research I have concluded that infant-baptisms and confirmations are practiced in the PCA, however it's not clear whether the latter is a necessary part of PCA doctrine. The clarify, I regard ...
5
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2answers
339 views

Are foster children considered covenant children in Presbyterianism?

Foster children are on the one hand a part of the household but on the other hand not legally adopted and may be ultimately reunited with their birth parents. So do Presbyterians of a confessional ...
5
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1answer
170 views

Why have some conservative Reformed churches objected to the Belhar Confession?

Among the reasons given by several Reformed Church in America churches in the midwestern US when leaving the denomination are issues with the Belhar Confession, a document emphasizing reconciliation ...
5
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1answer
295 views

What are Presbyters in Presbyterian groups supposed to be?

Are Presbyters in Presbyterian groups the same thing St. Luke calls Presbyters in Acts 11:30, which seems to be more like a congregation of elders or what St. Peter calls a Presbyter in 1 Peter 5, ...
5
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1answer
126 views

How is the “spirituality of the church” consistent with theonomy?

In Hart and Muether's history of American Presbyterianism, Seeking a Better Country, they describe a doctrine of the "spirituality of the church," which emphasizes the spiritual, not social, task of ...
5
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1answer
72 views

In the Christian Reformed Churches, who evaluates the pastor's theological beliefs?

Note: This question is admittedly a bit technical, but I hope it serves to clarify differences in polity between two distinct but related Reformed traditions in the US. In the brand of ...
4
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4answers
3k views

Why don't Presbyterians have altars? [closed]

Why don't Presbyterians have altars in their churches or in their homes? Who administers the sacraments, especially communion, then without an altar? Do children help out at all? In other churches, ...
4
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2answers
1k views

Does 1 Corinthians 9:27 contradict the doctrine of “The Perseverance of the Saints?”

At First Corinthians 9:24-27, the Apostle Paul writes: Do you not know that in a race all the runners run, but only one receives the prize? So run that you may obtain it. Every athlete exercises ...
4
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1answer
186 views

Why have conservative Presbyterians objected to chapters on the Holy Spirit and the Gospel in the Westminster Confession?

In the United States, the mainline Presbyterian denomination (the PCUSA), along with several other Presbyterian bodies, include two chapters that were first added to the Westminster Confession in 1903....
4
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1answer
999 views

What major changes have American Presbyterians made to the Westminster Confession of Faith?

As someone who generally affirms the Westminster Confession of Faith, one comment I hear periodically is that I therefore must believe that the Pope is the Antichrist. However, the Confession ...
4
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2answers
131 views

What is the easy and less complicated definition of predestination [Calvinism]?

I am finding it difficult to understand the Calvinistic ideas of limited atonement and predestination. Does limited atonement mean that only a chosen people called the elect will attain salvation? If ...
4
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2answers
435 views

According to Evangelical Presbyterians, do ghosts exist?

They were startled and frightened, thinking they saw a ghost. Luke 24:37 (NIV) This incident shows that the disciples were afraid of an apparition.They thought that they saw a ghost. A ghost is ...
4
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0answers
67 views

What was Samuel Rutherford's view on the role of pastors in wedding ceremonies?

Samuel Rutherford was an important 17th-century Presbyterian theologian who had significant influence in the drafting of the Westminster Standards, still widely used as a part of the constitutions of ...
4
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0answers
104 views

Reformed Theology [closed]

Can anyone point me to a scholarly article or book that clearly, definitively, and authoritatively defines what qualifies a person or denomination as "reformed"? I've heard Presbyterians claim that ...
4
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1answer
93 views

In Presbyterianism, what is the basis for a parallel between the office of deacon and Christ's priestly office?

In Presbyterianism, there are three "titles" that can be given to officers of a church: Teaching elder (e.g., pastors) Ruling elder Deacon Last weekend I heard something rather novel, at least to ...
3
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2answers
200 views

Do Presbyterian Protestants have a 'day of rest' or a 'day of religious works'?

My own experience, growing up in Presbyterian Protestantism (four generations of Church of Scotland ministers) gave me the distinct impression that many influential people in that section of ...
3
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1answer
225 views

When was the first African American ordained in a US Presbyterian denomination?

In Presbyterianism, a distinction is typically made between preachers who are "licensed" and those who are "ordained." One who is licensed has permission to preach regularly in a particular ...
3
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3answers
600 views

What is or are the mechanism(s) behind the naming conventions for a church building or organization?

What is or are the mechanism(s) behind the naming conventions for a church building or organization in a denomination, say Presbyterianism? This question can be reworded as "When churches assign ...
3
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0answers
44 views

Did J. Gresham Machen consider joining an existing presbyterian body before founding the OPC?

J. Gresham Machen is best known for his battle against theological liberalism in the northern Presbyterian church in the US (the PCUSA), first founding a seminary (in 1929) and then an independent ...
2
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1answer
225 views

Does the Presbyterian Church in America (PCA) have a policy regarding admitting members who do not accept its doctrines?

According to the PCA's Book of Church Order and any other relevant material, should members wishing to join a Reformed church (PCA) be required to adopt its doctrines or should they be allowed to join ...
2
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1answer
248 views

Why is the first question of the Westminster Shorter Catechism so different from the Westminster Confession opening statement?

The former is based on the latter, being drawn up by a special Assembly convened in London in 1643, to be a Catechism for the Christian Church in England, Scotland and Ireland. It was adopted by the (...
2
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0answers
211 views

In what sense do Presbyterians consider Christ's sacrifice “perfect”?

This question concerns in part the following quote heard regularly by Presbyterian Pastors: “Catholics deny the sufficiency of Christ’s redemptive work on the cross and by doing so, forfeit their ...
1
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1answer
168 views

Do conservative Presbyterians accept 4-point Calvinists?

I realize that many conservative Presbyterian churches (PCA, OPC, etc.) have fairly basic standards for membership, not requiring much more than baptism and a basic affirmation of faith, although ...
1
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2answers
229 views

What are the Presbyterian denominations in England?

Except the Evangelical Presbyterian Church in England and Wales and the Free Presbyterian Church of Ulster, both of which have a few congregations in England, I am not aware of any other Presbyterian ...
1
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4answers
456 views

Question about the PCUSA treatment of Scriptures [duplicate]

I read an article the other day about the PCUSA church, and I will preface this question with the disclaimer that I have not done extensive research on the church, but it said that they hold the Bible ...
0
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2answers
156 views

Was what I was told about Catholics correct? [closed]

I've been told (admittedly from a denomination with a very anti-Catholic view (e.g. Catholics believe/pray to in saints => they are idol worshippers))the following: Catholics believe that they have ...
0
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1answer
260 views

Does the Associate Reformed Presbyterian church believe in replacement theology?

I belong to Associate Reformed Presbyterian church and would like to know if they believe in replacement theology . Do they believe in the prophecy and the thousand year reign of Christ on the earth??...
0
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0answers
132 views

Can I take communion in the Catholic Church? [duplicate]

I was baptized and raised in the Presbyterian Church. I am a speech language pathologist. For the past 12 months have been volunteering my time tutoring a Cathololic priest who was born in a third ...