Questions tagged [predestination]

The doctrine that all events have been willed by God

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If an individual sins because God “hardened their heart”, does that make God the direct responsible of the sin (i.e. a sinner)? [closed]

In the Bible we find passages such as: Exodus 7:3-4 3 But I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, and though I multiply my signs and wonders in Egypt, 4 he will not listen to you. Exodus 11:9-10 9 The Lord ...
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How can children who are not elect be a gift from God? [closed]

How can children who are not elect be a gift from God? Scripture tells us that children are a gift from the Lord, the fruit of the womb a reward. When a parent has surrendered "birth control"...
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Is there a consensus among early Christians on Romans 9?

How did the early church interpret St. Paul in Romans 9? Is there a consensus in early Christianity regarding the relation between predestination and free will?
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Does God predetermine all things according to His prescience?

In "An Exact Exposition of the Orthodox Faith" (ἔκδοσις ἀκριβὴς τῆς ὀρθοδόξου πίστεως) John of Damascus wrote, Χρὴ γινώσκειν, ὡς πάντα μὲν προγινώσκει ὁ θεός, οὐ πάντα δὲ προορίζει· προγινώσκει γὰρ ...
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Predestination and human knowledge [closed]

Is there any denomination that claim to know it is possible for humans to know where a human is predestined to go after death?
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What is the difference between “called” and “chosen”?

Matthew 22:14: For many are called, but few are chosen. [ESV] What is the difference between “called” and “chosen” here? Though I believe in predestination, I struggle to see how this verse ...
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According to Catholics, who are “the elect”?

Calvinists believe that God unconditionally elects certain people to believe, these are His "elect" I am trying to figure what Catholics believe. This article states "A true biblical understanding of ...
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God's foreknowledge according to the Calvinist?

I read from this link-1 Romans 8:29 means that God “fore-loved” certain people, and predestinated them And from this link-2 1 Peter 1:20 says Christ was "foreknown before the foundation of ...
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Romans 9:14 to 9:24 and free will

Do all Christians believe in predestination? If not, for those who don't, how do they explain Romans 9:14 - 9:24? 14 What shall we say then? There is no injustice with God, is there? May it never be! ...
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What do Calvinists teach about the Election of mankind? Is it before or after the Creation?

From this link: Calvin also reminds us that Paul states that the love God had for us before the creation of the world had always been founded in Christ From this link: Calvinists believe that ...
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What is the Arminian view of God's providence?

Disclaimer: This question is not intended to suggest that God is not sovereign under Arminianism. It is simply a question for clarification, as I haven't really found a detailed description. Also, I ...
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All my days are ordained before I was born?

Psalm 139:16 (KJV) Thine eyes did see my substance, yet being unperfect; and in thy book all my members were written, which in continuance were fashioned, when as yet there was none of them. My ...
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How do Calvinists understand the argument that only the Ephesian church were elect in the context of Ephesians?

I was talking to an individual and he told me that the Calvinist premise that we were elect before the creation of the world is false because the verse in Ephesians 1 is taken out of context. He said ...
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How does the Roman Catholic Church interpret predestination?

I've been trying to determine how the Roman Catholic church interprets the idea of predestination. From what I have found so far it appears to be a view more rooted in single predestination, though I ...
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How do Calvinists explain God's wanting no one to perish and electing some to judgement?

I have two ideas that have support in the bible, but seem to contradict! Please help! I am looking for a Calvinist/Evangelical answer. These two verses have the general effect that God does not want ...
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How do molinists justify a world where not everyone freely chooses salvation?

Assuming not all humans on earth will become Christians. Many have lived and died that have not. The Bible is clear that many will fall away and perish. If Molinism is true, Then either: A. There ...
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How does election work according to mainstream Presbyterian thought?

In the Presbyterian church, does election require that we both receive God's call and answer it? Or is it only that we need to have been chosen? Could this be a question of understanding God as not ...
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What happens if someone who is not elect tries to seek God?

From the perspective of Reformed Theology, in relation to Unconditional Election: What happens if someone who is not elect, tries to seek God? Does God reject them? Or this an impossibility - does ...
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Did John Bunyan believe in predestination and irresistible grace?

This particular question is concerned with John Bunyan's stance, rather than the stance of Pilgrim's Progress, which is addressed in a related question. I learned of Pilgrim's Progress through ...
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Did John Calvin teach that souls 'pre-existed'?

My understanding of Calvin's teaching on Paul's expression of foreknowledge, election and predestination is that all of these are within the eternal Deity. That which occurred within Deity (I ...
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1 John 3:20 what does it mean “He knows everything” according to Calvinist Single Predestination?

This question as a continuation of my question here, because the question before is not "tight". 1 John 3:20 For God is greater than our hearts, and He knows everything. Trying to put my ...
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1 Peter 2:7-8 different meaning on other language

1 Peter 2: (7) Now to you who believe, this stone is precious. But to those who do not believe, "The stone the builders rejected has become the cornerstone," (8)and, "A stone that causes people to ...
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What is the Biblical basis for asserting that infants can have faith in Christ under a Calvinistic framework?

Calvin argued for the election of infants, which opposed Roman Catholic faith, which believed that baptism was necessary for salvation (sacramentalists). He was even more forceful about this view than ...
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How is God's Predestination according to Calvinist?

I've just read from this link, an explanation by John Piper : Nobody is in hell that doesn't deserve to be there and isn't in active rebellion to God Because my own interpretation that Total ...
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Thomistic Predestination and Free Will

What is the role of free will in Thomistic predestination? My understanding of Thomist teachings: people have free will to do what they want everyone gets sufficient amount of grace (Sufficient for ...
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What is an overview of the different predestination beliefs?

I once saw a listing of around 20 different views of predestination on a site. I can't find it any more. I know my own view is a bit unorthodox, but it works cleanly with the biblical text. What is ...
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According to Reformed Theology, how does omniscience relate to election?

If before the creation, God had planned everything from A to Z of the life on the earth since it's created until the end of day and every life of each individual from A to Z since he/she was born ...
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According to reformed theology, does Satan know who the elect are (during their time on earth?)

Reformed theology believes in the doctrine of election. Question: Does reformed theology say anything about whether Satan "recognizes" the Elect while they're on earth?
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According to Calvinism, why does God give mercy to some and not to others?

So according to Calvinism as I understand it... ...God has chosen from eternity to extend mercy to those he has chosen and to withhold mercy from those not chosen. Those chosen receive salvation ...
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What's the difference between predestination and predeterminism?

Could someone please plainly spell out the differences between the following concepts? Predestination Predeterminism Determinism Theological determinism There appears to be some debate over whether ...
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According to Calvin, how can God be loving if he created people to go to hell?

I struggle with John Calvin writing that God created people to go to the lake of fire (Institues, Volume 3, Chapter 21, Section 5). How could a loving, merciful, and gracious God create people so that ...
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Do Calvinists believe they know whether they are saved?

My question is pretty straightforward: Do Calvinists believe they know whether they are saved? This might seem like a strange question at first glance, so let me explain why I'm asking. From what I ...
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According to the Catholic Church, why should we pray if God has already decided the best future for all of us?

According to Roman Catholic Church, if God knows everything, including the future (which he does, if he's omniscient) Refer : What is the biblical evidence for God's omnipotence and ...
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Was Saint Augustine a Calvinist on divine foreknowledge?

It is my understanding that Calvinism conflates God's passive will with His active will—i.e., the fact that He knows something will occur due to His divine foreknowledge and allows said thing to occur ...
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What does St. Augustine allude to when he writes in 'Confessions'?

In Book 1 of St. Augustine's 'Confessions', we read "Tell me, O God, I beg you; in your mercy tell me, pitiable creature that I am, did my infancy come after some other period of my existence which is ...
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How would a Calvinist interpret Matthew 13:37-40?

(37) He answered, “The one who sows the good seed is the Son of Man. (38) The field is the world, and the good seed is the sons of the kingdom. The weeds are the sons of the evil one, (39) and the ...
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What is the basis for Lutheran single predestination, as opposed to double predestination?

I was reading this question, What were the main doctrinal disagreements between Luther and Calvin?, and one of the differences between the two was Calvin believed in double predestination, while ...
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How do those who reject both predestination and purgatory justify their beliefs?

For the sake of this question: Predestination = from the foundations of the universe, God chose who will be saved. Purgatory = a place where people suffer / are purified, and afterwards, they go to ...
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Calvinist Disagreement with Valentinian Gnosticism on Predestination

For the record, I do not believe Calvinists are cryto-Valentinians. I do not believe Calvinists are Gnostics, so please understand my question knowing I am not trying to paint anyone in a good or bad ...
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How do Arminians handle the case of Judas?

Unless I'm mis-reading this passage in John, it seems like Judas was predestined to be lost. John 17:12 (KJV) 12  While I was with them in the world, I kept them in thy name: those that thou ...
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How do Calvinists explain Luke 19:41-44

How do Calvinists explain Luke 19:41-44: 41 And when he drew near and saw the city, he wept over it, 42 saying, “Would that you, even you, had known on this day the things that make for peace! ...
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According to Calvinists, why did God say what He did to Cain in Genesis 4:7?

Both high and low Calvinists from this Wiki say that God authorized the Fall, by which all deserve to be condemned. Me: If there is no predestination at all, both Cain and Abel will end up in hell. ...
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To whom the Election applied according to the Calvinist (TULIP)?

A. To every human (including Adam and Eve) who will exist in the future. B. To every human (except Adam and Eve) who will exist in the future. C. To every human who will exist in the future after ...
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Is there a Christian philosopher who has published a book challenging compatibilism from the point of view of hard determinism?

A.W Pink in "The sovereignty of God" says in the introduction- "Two things are beyond dispute: God is sovereign, man is responsible". That compatibilist point of view is compared to Libertarian ...
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If God “shows no partiality,” how do Calvinists defend predestination?

There are a number of verses in the Bible that say that God is "not partial" (Deuteronomy 10:17) or that he "shows no partiality" (Romans 2:11, ESV). How do Calvinists square such verses with their ...
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What is the easy and less complicated definition of predestination [Calvinism]?

I am finding it difficult to understand the Calvinistic ideas of limited atonement and predestination. Does limited atonement mean that only a chosen people called the elect will attain salvation? If ...
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What do Southern Baptists believe about Predestination?

It seems that some doctrines and beliefs are not taught openly. I was curious, what is the Southern Baptist doctrine regarding predestination? Do they believe in unconditional election or complete ...
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What does John 3:16 mean according to Calvinism?

John 3:16 For God so loved the world that He gave His one and only Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish but have eternal life. I originally believed the sentence above is like an ...
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How do monergists respond to Bible verses that support the doctrine of synergism?

How do Lutherans, Calvinists and other protestants that believe in monergism respond to biblical passages that seem to support synergism such as these? For example: "Be perfect, therefore, as ...
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What is a special sign of predestination? (Catholic)

One of the promises given by Mary to the people who pray the rosary is Devotion to my Rosary is a special sign of predestination. Reference I read many things on predestination and can't really ...