Questions tagged [predestination]

The doctrine that all events have been willed by God

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According to Calvinism, why does God give mercy to some and not to others?

So according to Calvinism as I understand it... ...God has chosen from eternity to extend mercy to those he has chosen and to withhold mercy from those not chosen. Those chosen receive salvation ...
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What's the difference between predestination and predeterminism?

Could someone please plainly spell out the differences between the following concepts? Predestination Predeterminism Determinism Theological determinism There appears to be some debate over whether ...
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According to Calvin, how can God be loving if he created people to go to hell?

I struggle with John Calvin writing that God created people to go to the lake of fire (Institues, Volume 3, Chapter 21, Section 5). How could a loving, merciful, and gracious God create people so that ...
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Do Calvinists believe they know whether they are saved?

My question is pretty straightforward: Do Calvinists believe they know whether they are saved? This might seem like a strange question at first glance, so let me explain why I'm asking. From what I ...
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All my days are ordained before I was born?

Psalm 139:16 (KJV) Thine eyes did see my substance, yet being unperfect; and in thy book all my members were written, which in continuance were fashioned, when as yet there was none of them. My ...
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According to the Catholic Church, why should we pray if God has already decided the best future for all of us?

According to Roman Catholic Church, if God knows everything, including the future (which he does, if he's omniscient) Refer : What is the biblical evidence for God's omnipotence and ...
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What is an overview of the different predestination beliefs?

I once saw a listing of around 20 different views of predestination on a site. I can't find it any more. I know my own view is a bit unorthodox, but it works cleanly with the biblical text. What is ...
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Was Saint Augustine a Calvinist on divine foreknowledge?

It is my understanding that Calvinism conflates God's passive will with His active will—i.e., the fact that He knows something will occur due to His divine foreknowledge and allows said thing to occur ...
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How do Calvinists explain God's wanting no one to perish and electing some to judgement?

I have two ideas that have support in the bible, but seem to contradict! Please help! I am looking for a Calvinist/Evangelical answer. These two verses have the general effect that God does not want ...
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What happens if someone who is not elect tries to seek God?

From the perspective of Reformed Theology, in relation to Unconditional Election: What happens if someone who is not elect, tries to seek God? Does God reject them? Or this an impossibility - does ...
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What does St. Augustine allude to when he writes in 'Confessions'?

In Book 1 of St. Augustine's 'Confessions', we read "Tell me, O God, I beg you; in your mercy tell me, pitiable creature that I am, did my infancy come after some other period of my existence which is ...
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How would a Calvinist interpret Matthew 13:37-40?

(37) He answered, “The one who sows the good seed is the Son of Man. (38) The field is the world, and the good seed is the sons of the kingdom. The weeds are the sons of the evil one, (39) and the ...
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What is the basis for Lutheran single predestination, as opposed to double predestination?

I was reading this question, What were the main doctrinal disagreements between Luther and Calvin?, and one of the differences between the two was Calvin believed in double predestination, while ...
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How do those who reject both predestination and purgatory justify their beliefs?

For the sake of this question: Predestination = from the foundations of the universe, God chose who will be saved. Purgatory = a place where people suffer / are purified, and afterwards, they go to ...
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Calvinist Disagreement with Valentinian Gnosticism on Predestination

For the record, I do not believe Calvinists are cryto-Valentinians. I do not believe Calvinists are Gnostics, so please understand my question knowing I am not trying to paint anyone in a good or bad ...
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How do Arminians handle the case of Judas?

Unless I'm mis-reading this passage in John, it seems like Judas was predestined to be lost. John 17:12 (KJV) 12  While I was with them in the world, I kept them in thy name: those that thou ...
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How do Calvinists explain Luke 19:41-44

How do Calvinists explain Luke 19:41-44: 41 And when he drew near and saw the city, he wept over it, 42 saying, “Would that you, even you, had known on this day the things that make for peace! ...
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According to Calvinists, why did God say what He did to Cain in Genesis 4:7?

Both high and low Calvinists from this Wiki say that God authorized the Fall, by which all deserve to be condemned. Me: If there is no predestination at all, both Cain and Abel will end up in hell. ...
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Thomistic Predestination and Free Will

What is the role of free will in Thomistic predestination? My understanding of Thomist teachings: people have free will to do what they want everyone gets sufficient amount of grace (Sufficient for ...
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To whom the Election applied according to the Calvinist (TULIP)?

A. To every human (including Adam and Eve) who will exist in the future. B. To every human (except Adam and Eve) who will exist in the future. C. To every human who will exist in the future after ...
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Is there a Christian philosopher who has published a book challenging compatibilism from the point of view of hard determinism?

A.W Pink in "The sovereignty of God" says in the introduction- "Two things are beyond dispute: God is sovereign, man is responsible". That compatibilist point of view is compared to Libertarian ...
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If God “shows no partiality,” how do Calvinists defend predestination?

There are a number of verses in the Bible that say that God is "not partial" (Deuteronomy 10:17) or that he "shows no partiality" (Romans 2:11, ESV). How do Calvinists square such verses with their ...
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What is the easy and less complicated definition of predestination [Calvinism]?

I am finding it difficult to understand the Calvinistic ideas of limited atonement and predestination. Does limited atonement mean that only a chosen people called the elect will attain salvation? If ...
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What do Southern Baptists believe about Predestination?

It seems that some doctrines and beliefs are not taught openly. I was curious, what is the Southern Baptist doctrine regarding predestination? Do they believe in unconditional election or complete ...
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Did John Bunyan believe in predestination and irresistible grace?

This particular question is concerned with John Bunyan's stance, rather than the stance of Pilgrim's Progress, which is addressed in a related question. I learned of Pilgrim's Progress through ...
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According to Reformed Theology, how does omniscience relate to election?

If before the creation, God had planned everything from A to Z of the life on the earth since it's created until the end of day and every life of each individual from A to Z since he/she was born ...
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What does John 3:16 mean according to Calvinism?

John 3:16 For God so loved the world that He gave His one and only Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish but have eternal life. I originally believed the sentence above is like an ...
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How do monergists respond to Bible verses that support the doctrine of synergism?

How do Lutherans, Calvinists and other protestants that believe in monergism respond to biblical passages that seem to support synergism such as these? For example: "Be perfect, therefore, as ...
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What is a special sign of predestination? (Catholic)

One of the promises given by Mary to the people who pray the rosary is Devotion to my Rosary is a special sign of predestination. Reference I read many things on predestination and can't really ...
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To the Calvinist, does Phillipians 1:29 mean that all the Philippians will go to heaven because all of them have already been elected?

Philippians 1:29 For unto you it is given in the behalf of Christ, not only to believe on him, but also to suffer for his sake. My understanding : 1. The word "you" is all of the Philippians. ...
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How does free will fit with the doctrine of predestination?

The Calvinistic doctrine of predestination states that God has chosen who will live and who will die. That Christians are unconditionally elected for salvation or damnation. However, how does this ...
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If God controls our decisions, does this mean we don't have free will? [closed]

This was originally part of this question However, it's really a separate line of logic (and therefore a different question, imo). If others prefer, I can remerge this into the original. God is ...
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How do molinists justify a world where not everyone freely chooses salvation?

Assuming not all humans on earth will become Christians. Many have lived and died that have not. The Bible is clear that many will fall away and perish. If Molinism is true, Then either: A. There ...
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Does the Bible give the reasons (if any) for God choosing Abraham?

Is there any reason given in the Bible as to why God chose Abram to be the father of Israel? For example, Noah seems to be chosen by God because he is Righteous. "Noah was a righteous man, ...
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Does Bunyan's “Pilgrim's Progress” state a position on predestination?

This question is NOT: what does John Bunyan believe about predestination is predestination biblically accurate? This question is: Does "Pilgrim's Progress" take a position on predestination? And if ...
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Was the Second Council of Quierzy (853) controlled by Hincmar against the Augustinians?

In a lecture, Reformed theologian and church historian Douglas Kelly says: Hincmar controlled a council – it was not a really representative council. He stacked it. […] The semi-Augustinian, proto-...
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Why isn't supralapsarianism's first decree to create?

From Wikipedia Supralapsarians believe that God chose which individuals to save logically prior to the decision to allow the race to fall and that the Fall serves as the means of realization of ...
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How does the Roman Catholic Church interpret predestination?

I've been trying to determine how the Roman Catholic church interprets the idea of predestination. From what I have found so far it appears to be a view more rooted in single predestination, though I ...
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According to reformed theology, does reformed theology fall apart if one removes the doctrine of predestination?

Context: I was recently pondering on why it took me so long to discover reformed theology, and how my beliefs changed before/after reading reformed theology -- and as I traced my thoughts, it seems ...
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To the Calvinist, is Romans 9:21 potter story based on Jeremiah 18:4?

My Calvinist friend gave me Romans 9:21 and Jeremiah 18:4 to support his view that each individual since was born already either the object of His wrath or the object of His mercy. After I read ...
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In light of Article of Religion XVII, why is teaching predestination a good thing?

Article 17 of the Articles of Religion, on the topic of predestination, asserts that for the non-elect having the sentence of predestination before their eyes causes them to sin more and more. So, ...
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How is Article XVII of the Articles of Religion defended by Arminians?

The beginning of Article 17 (XVII) of the Articles of Religion seems to me to clearly teach Calvinistic predestination: Predestination to Life is the everlasting purpose of God, whereby (before the ...
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According to Catholic Tradition, did God create people to be prophets or did He choose people to be prophets based on good works?

According to Catholic Tradition, did God create people to be prophets? Or did he choose people to be prophets based on good works? For example, before Isaiah was born, did God know that he would be a ...
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What is the difference between Irresistible Grace and the Immaculate Conception?

So, there's a Calvinist dogma called "Irresistible grace" which I take to mean that some people are unable to resist the call of God and will do the "Godly thing" against their freewill (or instead of ...
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What is the basis for Calvinist double predestination, as opposed to single predestination?

I was reading this question, What were the main doctrinal disagreements between Luther and Calvin?, and one of the differences between the two was Calvin believed in double predestination, while ...
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5answers
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What is the Biblical basis and support for and against the view of predestination? [closed]

Simple and easy. I am looking for Biblical support (not opinion) for and against the view of predestination. Predestination is the view that all events are willed by God. I'm looking for both sides of ...
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According to reformed theology, does Satan know who the elect are (during their time on earth?)

Reformed theology believes in the doctrine of election. Question: Does reformed theology say anything about whether Satan "recognizes" the Elect while they're on earth?
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According to Calvinism, is it possible to believe in predestination, yet reject Christ?

This question is different from: Do Calvinists believe that it is possible to be saved without believing the doctrine of predestination? One asks "Does A => B?" the other asks "Does B => A" ? Given: ...
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What is the difference between “called” and “chosen”?

Matthew 22:14: For many are called, but few are chosen. [ESV] What is the difference between “called” and “chosen” here? Though I believe in predestination, I struggle to see how this verse ...
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How does Calvinism explain how an omniscient, omnipotent, and omnibenevolent creator could NOT have a plan for universal salvation?

In the haze of discerning truth and wisdom by the hybrid application of scripture, tradition, philosophy, and experience it seems illogical that a loving creator with perfect and complete knowledge ...