Questions tagged [pneumatology]

The theology, or doctrine, of the Holy Spirit. For the majority of Christians, the Holy Spirit is a person of the Holy Trinity – Father, Son, and Holy Spirit – and is Almighty God.

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According to Catholicism, are Popes expected to receive power by the Holy Spirit to operate in the miraculous as Peter did?

The Bible records many instances where Peter operated in the supernatural by the power of the Holy Spirit. For example: Peter was among the disciples that were filled with the Holy Spirit at Pentecost:...
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How many different Spirits do Biblical Unitarians believe God has sent or gifted to be in believers?

There are many names given in Scripture to a Spirit or Spirits sent to live with and, most especially, live within those who have received the salvation inherent in the Gospel. This is not an ...
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How do Biblical Unitarians understand verses that appear to identify God (the Father) and the Holy Spirit as different beings/entities?

Here are a few notable passages (the list is probably not exhaustive - edits are welcome): 13 So if you, despite being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your ...
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Calvinism and Blasphemy of the Holy Spirit

Matthew 12:31 says blasphemy of the Holy Spirit is an unforgivable sin. Blasphemy of the Holy Spirit in the ESV Study Bible, says that it is, "This sin is committed today only by unbelievers who ...
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What is the biblical basis for praying to the Holy Spirit?

There is a question about praying to Jesus already, but I noticed there is no question about praying to the Holy Spirit. What is the biblical basis for praying to the third person of the trinity?
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Do Cessationists believe that the Holy Spirit still speaks specific messages or instructions to Christians today?

The book of Acts includes several examples: Then the Spirit said to Philip, “Go up and join this chariot.” Acts 8:29 While Peter was reflecting on the vision, the Spirit said to him, “Behold, three ...
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Difference between spirit and soul and consciousness

From my reading of the Bible, spirit gives Man a consciousness of God and soul gives Man a consciousness of the self and the body gives Man consciousness of the world. Spirit is also the immaterial ...
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How do Cessationists explain Spirit-inspired prophecies whose contents were not recorded in the final canon of scripture?

It's my understanding that Cessationists usually adhere to the interpretation of 1 Corinthians 13:8-10 as meaning that prophecy and other spiritual gifts have ceased because "completeness" ...
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What is the biblical basis for interpreting "born again", "baptized in the Holy Spirit" and "filled with the Holy Spirit" as different experiences?

In the New Testament we find expressions such as being "born again", being "baptized in the Holy Spirit" and being "filled with the Holy Spirit". I can't pinpoint ...
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What is the biblical basis for claims that certain manifestations are not of the Holy Spirit but counterfeits (e.g. Kundalini awakening)?

Revivalist movements such as the Toronto Blessing have spurred a wave of controversy around the origin of the manifestations observed in their services. Many Christians believe that these ...
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According to Catholicism, does reception of the gift of the Holy Spirit protect against demon possession?

A Catholic answer to this question regarding instances of animal-like behaviors in spiritual movements in history included reference to the Loudon possessions in 1634 in France in which a group of ...
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Do all believers receive the Holy Spirit at conversion but only a few are filled with the Holy Spirit post conversion?

The following passages seem to support that all believers receive the Holy Spirit at the time of conversion: Ephesians 1:13 (NIV) 13 And you also were included in Christ when you heard the message of ...
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How do Christians tell whether they lack or have the "power" promised in Acts 1:8?

Acts 1:7-8 (NIV): 7 He said to them: “It is not for you to know the times or dates the Father has set by his own authority. 8 But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you ...
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What is the Biblical basis for the personhood of the Holy Spirit? Is it a new revelation? [duplicate]

I worship in a Pentecostal Church, where the Holy Spirit is endorsed. Whenever I hear gospels about the Holy Spirit I always hear the following that the Spirit is a Person. Is there biblical excerpts ...
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How do seventh day Sabbatarians explain the lack of Sabbath observing following Spirit led revivals?

Thinking a lot about the controversial matter of whether Christians should keep the Sabbath in a strict literal sense (from sunset Friday to sunset Saturday), after looking at the problem from ...
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Is there scriptural basis for feelings such as "electricity", "fire", "heat" or "burning all over" reported in Pentecostal and Charismatic circles?

Doing my own independent research, I've noticed a clear pattern of religious people reporting feelings and sensations that they usually describe with expressions such as "waves of electricity&...
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When, in recent Church history, do we see results from 'ministering to the Lord'?

This is a question for Trinitarian Protestants regarding devotion to the Lord prior to evangelical activities. After the persecution at the time of Stephen's martyrdom, Luke relates the gathering of ...
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Will God give us the gift of vision, dream, and prophecy if we request Him?

In Acts 2:1-4 the believers were filled with the Holy Spirit and began speaking in other languages, as the Holy Spirit gave them this ability. Then in Acts 2:14-21 Peter quoted Joel 2:28-32 to ...
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Can anyone provide any sources where earlier English Theologians distinguished between Holy Ghost and holy Spirit?

I have heard the claim (and especially here) that English theologians in the Middle Ages made a distinction between the Spirit of Christ as the indwelling Spirit or holy Spirit (holy as an adjective ...
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What are the origins and history of shaking, trembling, jerking, contorting, collapsing, fainting and similar manifestations in Christianity?

I'm interested in learning about the origins and evolution throughout Church history of manifestations such as shaking, trembling, jerking, contorting, collapsing or fainting attributed to the Holy ...
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What role does the Holy Ghost fill that the Father can't?

In trinitarian doctrine, what role does the Holy Ghost fill that the Father can't / doesn't? My understanding is, that according to trinitarians: The Father is a spirit The Holy Ghost is a spirit The ...
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Holy Spirit Presence, Metaphor, Gender; how does gender apply to the Holy Spirit?

I was reading through this page about the "Gender of the Holy spirit" in Wikipedia. "The Holy Spirit was furthermore equated with the (grammatically feminine) Wisdom of God by two early Church ...
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According to Protestantism is the Holy Spirit a Spirit of a Spirit?

God is a Spirit as stated in the Bible. The Holy Spirit is described as the Spirit of God. Does this mean that the Holy Spirit is a Spirit of a Spirit? How does this relationship work? I know the ...
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Does Reformed Theology teach that Old Testament saints were personally united to Christ?

Union with Christ is a central doctrine in Reformed Theology, and concerns the mystical union of the believer with Christ, by faith and by the Holy Spirit. In faith the Spirit unites us to Christ, and ...
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Whence did 'with the Holy Spirit' get added to the prayer "One is Holy, One is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. Amen"?

In Western Christian worship, there is a part where the faithful say "One is Holy, One is Lord, Jesus Christ, (together) with the Holy Spirit, to the glory of God the Father. Amen." In Eastern ...
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Is it official Catholic dogma that Mary is the wife of the Holy Spirit?

I've seen many posts here from Catholics describing Mary as the spouse or wife of the Holy Spirit. Catholic Answers calls it a "pious custom". Is this official Catholic dogma? If so, when was it ...
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Where is the Holy Spirit in Jesus life before baptism in the river Jordan happen? [closed]

Baptism in the Jordan River is where Jesus received the anointing of the Holy Spirit. The Baptism of Jesus …16As soon as Jesus was baptized, He went up out of the water. Suddenly the heavens ...
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"Spirit"of God the Father, Son and the Holy Spirit?

Biblically there's is a phrase for the Spirit of God the Father and the Spirit of Christ the Son. And the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son. How about the "Spirit" of the Holy Spirit? ...
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According to Pentecostals can a born again believer have spirits?

According to Pentecostals, using Scriptural backing, is it possible for a born-again, Bible-believing, water-baptized, tongue-speaking, disciple of Jesus Christ have, or come under, or invite in an ...
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Perseverance of the elects ---vs--- blasphemy against the Spirit according to Calvinist?

I am in the middle of discussion with a Calvinist friend. He said that the Elect will be forgiven and never lose his salvation. Some verses which I thought the verses are showing that to the one ...
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According to Catholicism at the Upper Room, did the Apostles follow the tradition of laying of hands and pouring of oil like the prophet Samuel?

Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brother, and the Spirit of the Lord came mightily upon David from that day forward." 1 Samuel 16:13 And Samuel words saying ...
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Did Mary lay her hands on all the Apostles in the Upper Room to pour out the Holy Spirit anointing?

Pentecost is the outpouring of graces or anointing coming from the Holy Spirit and the Catholic Church teaches that all graces comes only from the hands of Mary as Mediatrix of all graces. In the Old ...
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Do the reformed theology adherents believe that a believer should not "converse with" or "pray to" or worship the Holy Spirit?

I was in a Reformed house church and heard them making a statement of faith after the meeting. In that, they wrote that only the Father and the Son are to be worshipped and prayed to. They believed ...
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What is the Biblical Basis of Eastern Orthodox Christians that the Holy Spirit proceeded from the Father alone?

Filioque is a Latin word meaning "and the Son" which was added to the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed. This inclusion in the Creedal article regarding the Holy Spirit thus states that the Spirit "...
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Has the Holy Spirit and the Virgin Mary ever been viewed as a dual maternity?

The Old Roman Symbol was a forerunner of the Apostles Creed. The structure seems to imply a dual maternity. I believe in God the Father almighty; and in Christ Jesus His only Son, our Lord, Who was ...
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What is the role of the Holy Spirit in the Thomistic understanding of vocation?

What is the role of the Holy Spirit in the Thomistic understanding of vocation and how is the action of the Holy Spirit manifest when one is being called to religious state? Related questions: ...
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What are the relationships of the Gifts of the Holy Ghost to the beatitudes and virtues?

According to Catholic theology, what are the relationships of the seven Gifts of the Holy Ghost to the beatitudes and virtues?
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Did St. Thomas Aquinas deny the Holy Spirit proceeds immediately from the Father alone?

There have been many attempts from among both Catholic1 and Eastern Orthodox2 theologians to revisit the theology behind the eternal procession of the Holy Spirit from the Father and the Son in light ...
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According to Pentecostalism, what is the impact of the sin nature, hormones, and the Holy Spirit on libido?

What has more of an affect on libido, the flesh/sin nature or hormones and how does that change, after becoming a Christian filled with The Holy Spirit? And does receiving the Holy Spirit as a teen ...
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According to the Reformers, how does the doctrine of Total Depravity result in assurance of faith?

The doctrine of Total Depravity is a reformed doctrine that teaches that man is wholly incapable of having acts or will that is holy or pleasing to God. According to Calvin and modern reformed ...
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Why did Jesus compare one born of the Spirit to the wind?

At John 3:8 (RSVCE) we see Jesus saying: "The wind blows where it chooses, and you hear the sound of it, but you do not know where it comes from or where it goes. So it is with everyone who is born ...
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Are there biblical passages supporting a "quasi-incarnation" attributed to the mystical union of the Holy Spirit and Mary?

The Logos or the Incarnate Word became flesh in what known to be "hypostatic union". Jesus Christ the Second Person of the Most Holy Trinity became flesh and dwelt among us having two nature both ...
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In John 14:16, according to the Catholic Church, who is the Spirit of Truth?

"And I will ask the Father, and He will give you another Advocate to be with you forever – the Spirit of truth" (John 14:16–17, NIV) From Jesus' words the Spirit of Truth is the Holy Spirit, but if ...
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How did the Gift of the Holy Ghost operate before Christ came?

How did the Gift of the Holy Ghost operate before Christ came? In particular, I'm wondering how it operated among the ancient Jewish people, who only had the Aaronic priesthood, and therefore would ...
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What is the meaning of "overshadowed" by the power of the most High in Luke 1:35? [closed]

We read in Luke 1:35 that "the power of the most High will overshadow" Mary. Some interpret this as the Holy Spirit will overshadow the Virgin Mary. The greeting of the angel already reveals the ...
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What is the biblical basis for the idea that the Bible cannot be understood without aid from God?

I have heard this claim often in discussions and also read it several times on this site: The Bible cannot be properly understood without God's help. Is there a scriptural basis for this claim? ...
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What is the extra value of the body of Christ in the Eucharist when someone is already full of the Holy Spirit?

In the Catholic Church, the Eucharist is almost the central practice of their faith. By eating the bread as the body of Christ, one is united with God, but sometimes a person can be so full of the ...
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In LDS doctrine, what is the difference between the Holy Ghost and the Light of Christ?

The Holy Ghost is usually described as the member of the Godhead that helps us know what is true, prompts us to do good, and generally helps us feel God's influence. I've often heard it described as ...
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Ephesians 1: 13-14 and falling from grace

Ephesians 1:13-14 KJV [13] In whom ye also trusted , after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit ...
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Did any early Church Fathers record the event of the ceasing of spiritual gifts?

A central belief held by an overwhelming majority of Cessationists is that the "supernatural spiritual gifts" (e.g., tongues, prophecy, healing, miracles, etc.) ceased with the end of the ...