Questions tagged [pneumatology]

The theology, or doctrine, of the Holy Spirit. For the majority of Christians, the Holy Spirit is a person of the Holy Trinity – Father, Son, and Holy Spirit – and is Almighty God.

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27
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What are the theological implications of "filioque"?

Depending on your tradition, the Nicene Creed may or may not say that the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Son as well as from the Father: (Greek) τὸ ἐκ τοῦ πατρὸς ἐκπορευόμενον - who from the Father ...
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What is Baptism of the Holy Spirit? [closed]

What is the Baptism of the Holy Spirit, and how does it differ from water baptism? Do all Christians experience Baptism of the Holy Spirit? EDIT A few references to Baptisim of the Holy Spirit, or ...
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Why did Jesus have to leave for the Holy Spirit to come?

John 16:7 Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you. Why did ...
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What is the biblical basis for the personhood of the Holy Spirit?

According to Trinitarian theology, the Holy Trinity consists of three persons (τρεῖς ὑποστάσεις), the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, who share the same essence/nature (ὁμοούσιος). What is the ...
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If the Holy Spirit is God, and God can not be in the presence of sin, then how can the Holy Spirit dwell in me a sinner? [closed]

If we believe in the Trinity, in essense that the Holy Spirit is God, and we believe that God can not be in the presence of sin, then how can the Holy Spirit dwell within me a sinner?
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What is the Biblical basis for the Holy Spirit being God?

I know that Trinitarians believe that God exists as one God in three persons: God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit. That God the Father is God is patently obvious from the entire Old ...
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Did anyone understand the Holy Spirit to be a person prior to the Council of Constantinople in AD 381?

Do we know of any case of the concept of the Holy Spirit being a person existing among Christians before the Constantinople council of 381 A.D.? The reason I am asking this question is because one ...
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From an idealist perspective, what are the "seven spirits of God"?

In Revelation, we see God along with the "Seven Spirits before his throne". Revelation 1:4 (NIV) John, To the seven churches in the province of Asia: Grace and peace to you from him who is, ...
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Can anyone provide any sources where earlier English Theologians distinguished between Holy Ghost and holy Spirit?

I have heard the claim (and especially here) that English theologians in the Middle Ages made a distinction between the Spirit of Christ as the indwelling Spirit or holy Spirit (holy as an adjective ...
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To what extent does mainstream Christian doctrine teach that knowing a spirit's name gives you power over it?

A while ago I was at a resort with a man who for many years worked as a church painter. He introduced me into some pieces of Christian doctrine. He told me that the humans' souls, the angels, demons ...
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What is the blasphemy of the Holy Spirit? [closed]

In Matthew 12:31-32, Jesus says: Therefore I tell you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven people, but the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven. And whoever speaks a word ...
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Does the New Testament mention Christians worshipping the Holy Spirit?

The New Testament often mentions Christians worshipping God the Father, as well as His only-begotten Son, the Lord Jesus Christ (John 5:23). However, does the New Testament mention Christians ...
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How do you know that you are reborn of Spirit? [closed]

This is by far one of the most profound questions in Christianity today. We have so many different denominations stating many different things. I know that this is a large debate, but go ahead and ...
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Was the Holy Spirit or God (the Godhead), the father of Jesus? [closed]

Holy Spirit conceives Jesus Matthew 1:20 ESV But as he considered these things, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, do not fear to take Mary ...
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How do Protestants understand the "unforgivable" sin?

Scripture refers to an unpardonable sin in Matthew 12:31–32, Mark 3:29–30, and Luke 12:10, as well as Hebrews 6:4–6. There's also "sin that leads to death" (1 John 5:16–17). Given the Protestant ...
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Did any early Church Fathers record the event of the ceasing of spiritual gifts?

A central belief held by an overwhelming majority of Cessationists is that the "supernatural spiritual gifts" (e.g., tongues, prophecy, healing, miracles, etc.) ceased with the end of the ...
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How do sola-scriptura adherents reconcile the role of the Holy Spirit as a teacher?

The Bible teaches that one of the many roles of the Holy Spirit is that of a teacher: Luke 12:11-12 (NIV) John 14:26 (NIV) 1 Corinthians 2:11-15 (NIV) Sola-scriptura is the belief that "that the ...
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What is the difference between being filled by the Holy Spirit and being indwelt by the Holy Spirit? [closed]

The book of Acts talks about people "being filled" with the Holy Spirit at various times. There is also the concept of being indwelt by the Holy Spirit. From the perspective that asserts these are, ...
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When did Jesus send the Holy Spirit? [closed]

I've always assumed that the Holy Spirit did not make his presence known amongst men until Pentecost. Famously, in Acts 2, the Spirit descends upon the first believers, gives them power of speech, ...
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From a LDS perspective, when does the Holy Ghost get a Physical Body?

I am looking for where we are told that the Holy Ghost gets a physical body. I thought it was doctrine that He will get a physical body during the Millennium. However, I am not able to find a ...
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What is the difference between baptism of the Holy Spirit and receiving the Holy Spirit? [closed]

What is the difference between baptism of the Holy Spirit and receiving the Holy Spirit (or being filled with the Holy Spirit)? Do these two mean the same? I am open to the different views given by ...
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How does one discern between thoughts inspired by the Holy Spirit and those produced from themselves [closed]

This question has been nagging at me for a while, how can one tell the difference between honest-to-God inspiration from the Holy Spirit and thoughts that are induced by themselves out of the needs or ...
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What is the Biblical basis for continuationism?

Continuationism is the idea that extraordinary gifts of the Spirit (prophecy, tongues, healing) continue in the present day. This is contrasted with cessationism, which says that such gifts have ...
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Why does the Eastern Orthodox Church dislike the idea that the Spirit proceeds from the Son?

In studying the Orthodox doctrines I have noticed that there is controversy about the nature of the Spirit and that the word 'filioque' is tossed around. What I am wondering is, what is the ...
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Does the Holy Spirit's procession from the Father and Son infringe on the co-equality of the Trinity?

The following is intended to correlate to classical scholastic terminology, to whit: Nature = essence, as in "the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit all have the Trinitarian 'nature' of God." Person = ...
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What is the biblical basis for the concept of being "slain in the spirit" and what exactly is it?

Among charismatic Christians, I have occasionally heard the phrase "to be slain in the spirit." I have not found any biblical reference to this phrase, so what is it to which this is referring and ...
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Do any of the Church Fathers draw a connection between Eve and the Holy Spirit?

In Wild at Heart, author John Eldredge takes some effort to describe the language used in Genesis 2:18 to refer to Eve. While some translations and commentors translate the hebrew "עֵ֖זֶר כְּנֶגְדּֽוֹ׃...
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What does it mean for the Spirit to only speak of what he hears? (trinitarian perspective)

I have much more to say to you, more than you can now bear. But when he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all the truth. He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he ...
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How do Cessationists view "being filled with the Holy Spirit"?

I'm aware that Cessationists do not believe in spiritual gifts. However, how do they view the process of being filled with the Holy Spirit? Tozer's How to be filled with the holy spirit defines the ...
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Christianity and extreme, seizure-like bodily shaking

I've noticed here and there the odd practice of inducing an extreme, seizure-like bodily shaking in oneself, which seems quite strange to me; it's not at all clear what the purpose is. Some people ...
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Did any groups or noted theologians in early Christian history teach that the Holy Spirit is matriarchal?

Count Zinzendorf came to the aid of the Moravian Brethren. He held that the Holy Spirit was matriarchal. Are there any teachings of this perspective in early church history?
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What is the role of the Holy Spirit in the Roman Catholic church?

What is the role of the Holy Spirit in the Roman Catholic church? When I search online, I mostly find stuff about filioque. But I want to know specifically what he does. What is his role? How does he ...
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What, according to Jesus, is the primary purpose and objective of sending the Holy Spirit at Pentecost?

After the Holy Spirit came at Pentecost and filled all those gathered together in that upper room in Jerusalem (Acts 1: 13-14), they were enabled to go forth and speak boldly about Jesus of Nazareth ...
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Is the Holy Spirit, the Spirit of the Father? [closed]

Is the Holy Spirit, the Spirit of the Father? It's a pretty simple question, so I don't really know if there is much I can add to the body.
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Reformed perspective on "It seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us" (Acts 15:28)

Acts 15 records the Council of Jerusalem, a meeting in about 50AD of early Church leaders regarding whether Gentiles could be Christians without first becoming Jews. "After much discussion" (15:7) ...
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Spirit of the Lord Upon David [closed]

1 Samuel 16:13 states that: So Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the presence of his brothers, and from that day on the Spirit of the LORD came powerfully upon David. and in 14: ...
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How could the person in Luke 9:49 cast out demons without Jesus' mandate?

Luke 9:49 (ESV): John answered, “Master, we saw someone casting out demons in your name, and we tried to stop him, because he does not follow with us.” The 12 (and later the 70) only started ...
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In 1611, in the KJV, what did the words "ghost" and "spirit" mean?

According to Merriam-Webster dictionary, the first appearance of the word "ghost" was in 1606, five years before the Authorized Version was released in 1611. The word "ghost" appears in the KJV 109 ...
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Are the gifts of the Holy Spirit still active today? [closed]

In first Corinthians and other places, there is a lot of talk about the gifts of the Holy Spirit. For example: Now to each one the manifestation of the Spirit is given for the common good. To one ...
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What is the biblical basis for the idea that the Bible cannot be understood without aid from God?

I have heard this claim often in discussions and also read it several times on this site: The Bible cannot be properly understood without God's help. Is there a scriptural basis for this claim? ...
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How should we judge the trustworthiness of a given Bible translation?

Given that both the humans who actually penned the Bible and the later humans who translated it all had free will, the issue of Biblical inerrancy is a tricky one. See also: By what mechanism could ...
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What is the role of the Holy Spirit in Swedenborg's soteriology?

A common function of the Holy Spirit in the salvation of sinners, according to Catholicism, mainstream Protestantism, and the Reformed Church, among others, is derived from passages like the following:...
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Is the choice of a new Pope inspired by the Holy Spirit?

Are Roman Catholics required to believe that the Cardinals choice of a new Pope is inspired by the Holy Spirit? If so, how do we explain "bad" popes?
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How do Eastern Christians explain Jesus "sending" the Holy Spirit in John 15:26?

One of the issues behind the schism between East and West was the doctrine of the eternal procession of the Holy Spirit: does he proceed from the Father, or from the Father and Son? There doesn't ...
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What is the biblical basis for praying to the Holy Spirit?

There is a question about praying to Jesus already, but I noticed there is no question about praying to the Holy Spirit. What is the biblical basis for praying to the third person of the trinity?
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What is the evidence that someone is filled with the Holy Spirit?

There seems to be a distinction between being filled with the Holy Spirit and being indwelt with the Holy Spirit. The book of Acts mentions the filling of the Holy Spirit several times. What ...
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What is an overview of different denominations' beliefs about how Jesus Christ performed miracles? (By the Holy Spirit or by something else?) [closed]

for to one is given the word of wisdom through the Spirit, to another the word of knowledge through the same Spirit, to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healings by the same ...
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Is the gender of the Holy Spirit, feminine or masculine? [closed]

I know the Holy Spirit (רוח הקודש) is usually referred to as masculine. But, what is the reason for that? The Hebrew word רוח (ruach; "wind; spirit") is one of the few words that is sometimes used as ...
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Where in Scripture is the Holy Spirit said to be speaking directly? [closed]

God the Son speaks in Luke 5:31-32: Jesus said to them in reply, “Those who are healthy do not need a physician, but the sick do. I have not come to call the righteous to repentance but sinners.” ...
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Do all believers receive the Holy Spirit at conversion but only a few are filled with the Holy Spirit post conversion?

The following passages seem to support that all believers receive the Holy Spirit at the time of conversion: Ephesians 1:13 (NIV) 13 And you also were included in Christ when you heard the message of ...

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