Questions tagged [pneumatology]

The theology, or doctrine, of the Holy Spirit. For the majority of Christians, the Holy Spirit is a person of the Holy Trinity – Father, Son, and Holy Spirit – and is Almighty God.

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Theologians who compared the tripartite division of civil authority to the Trinity?

Pope Pius XI, encyclical Quas primas (1925) instituting the feast of Christ the King, says that the "lordship of Christ […] consists […] in a threefold [tripartite] power which is essential to ...
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Personhood of the Holy Spirit [duplicate]

All the arguments I have read for a unique personhood of the Holy Spirit separate from the Father or Son are comprised of passages that show the Spirit’s emotions or independent will. (Example ...
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Are there published testimonies from Jehovah's Witnesses about their experiences with the presence of the Holy Spirit?

Have any Jehovah's Witnesses experienced the presence of the Holy Spirit, possibly in a dramatic, life-changing way, and published a testimony in which they recount their experiences? Similar ...
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Did the Holy Spirit manifest in people before Jesus?

In John 16:7-8, Jesus says: “But I tell you the truth: it is to your advantage that I am leaving; for if I do not leave, the Helper will not come to you; but if I go, I will send Him to you. And He, ...
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Are there published testimonies from Unitarians about their experiences with the presence of the Holy Spirit?

Have any Unitarians experienced the presence of the Holy Spirit, possibly in a dramatic, life-changing way, and published a testimony in which they recount their experiences? Note: this question has ...
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According to Christianity, to what extent can non-Christians develop and manifest the fruit of the Spirit?

Galatians 5:22-24 (ESV): 22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, 23 gentleness, self-control; against such things there is no law. 24 And those ...
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How does the power of the Holy Spirit manifest in Christians, as opposed to non-Christians who don't have access to this power?

To the best of my knowledge and understanding, access to the power of the Holy Spirit is an essential and distinctive attribute and privilege of Christians. People from other religions, as well as ...
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What does the historical evidence tell us about the pneumatological beliefs of the early Church during the first two centuries of Christianity?

What did the early Christians believe about the Holy Spirit in the 1st and 2nd centuries AD? What does the historical evidence tell us? Did most Christians believe that the Holy Spirit was a Person? ...
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What is the earliest clear and unambiguous post-NT denial of the Holy Spirit's personhood in Christianity?

Essentially the opposite of this question: What is the earliest recorded post-NT instance of a clear and unambiguous denial of the personhood of the Holy Spirit? When was it claimed for the first ...
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According to Jehovah's Witnesses, are there Spirit-filled Christians in non-JW denominations?

Can Spirit-filled Christians be found in non-JW denominations, according to Jehovah's Witnesses? Related: According to Unitarians, are there Spirit-filled Christians in non-Unitarian denominations? ...
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According to Unitarians, are there Spirit-filled Christians in non-Unitarian denominations?

Not much to add to the title. Can Spirit-filled Christians be found in non-Unitarian denominations, according to Unitarians? Related: According to Trinitarians, can non-Trinitarians experience ...
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Technical Nestorianism and quasi-Incarnational Mariology

But why am I so favored, that the mother of my Lord should come to me? [Luke 1:43, NIV] A secondary question in the Chalcedonian/Nestorian debate was whether it was more fitting to refer to Mary as ...
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How do Jehovah’s Witnesses support their belief that only 144,000 persons can be in the New Covenant and go to heaven, there to rule with Christ Jesus

This is the second in a series of three questions about the beliefs of Jehovah’s Witnesses. This is the first question: How do Jehovah’s Witness support their belief that Jesus started ruling (...
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Is there a specific term to denote an encounter with the Holy Spirit?

Encounters with God (the Father) are called Theophanies, encounters with Jesus are called Christophanies, but what about encounters with the Holy Spirit? Is there a specific term for an encounter with ...
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Do any mission agencies wait for divine empowerment in communal prayer before embarking on evangelism efforts?

My question is inspired by the extraordinary example set by the early Church as recorded in Acts 4:23-31 (ESV): 23 When they were released, they went to their friends and reported what the chief ...
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In Catholicism, what happens to the gifts of the Holy Spirit after we committed a mortal sin?

If a baptized and confirmed Catholic commits a mortal sin, what are the effects on the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit received in the sacrament of baptism and later intensified (sealed) in the ...
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According to Pentecostals and Charismatics, what are concrete practical ways by which Christians can be filled (and stay filled) with the Holy Spirit?

The concept of "being filled" with the Holy Spirit is mentioned multiple times in the New Testament, and according to the book of Acts it appears to have been a crucial aspect of the early ...
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According to Catholicism, what are concrete and practical ways by which Christians can be filled (and stay filled) with the Holy Spirit?

The concept of "being filled" with the Holy Spirit is mentioned multiple times in the New Testament, and according to the book of Acts it appears to have been a crucial aspect of the early ...
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According to non-Pentecostal Protestants, what are concrete practical ways by which Christians can be filled (and stay filled) with the Holy Spirit?

The concept of "being filled" with the Holy Spirit is mentioned multiple times in the New Testament, and according to the book of Acts it appears to have been a crucial aspect of the early ...
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Why in the Reformed tradition the 7 spiritual gifts mentioned in Isaiah 11:1-3 are no longer taught?

Two lists of the Gifts of the Holy Spirit: Protestant vs. Catholic In the Evangelical church circles, when they do retreats / workshops, when they talk about the Gifts of the Holy Spirit, they usually ...
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Is the Holy Spirit more effective at restoring people's mental health than secular therapeutic approaches and treatments?

Mental health is an essential component of a person's well-being and, as everything else in life, it is subject to a plethora of potential maladies, some of which are quite difficult to cure even for ...
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According to Trinitarians, can the personhood of the Holy Spirit be confirmed through personal experience?

First of all, I'm well aware of the existence of scriptural arguments both for (link) and against (link, link) the personhood of the Holy Spirit. Whether one finds the arguments either for or against ...
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Are there published testimonies from Christians who had the truth of the Trinity revealed to them through the Holy Spirit?

Has either a non-Trinitarian Christian or a non-Christian ever had the truth of the Trinity specially revealed to them, personally, unquestionably, beyond any reasonable doubt, through the Holy Spirit,...
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What is the biblical basis for the Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed's claims that the Holy Ghost is the Lord and is to be worshiped and glorified?

From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicene_Creed#Niceno-Constantinopolitan_Creed: And in the Holy Ghost, the Lord and Giver of life, who proceedeth from the Father, who with the Father and the Son ...
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According to Trinitarians, is the Holy Spirit quenched and grieved by those who deny His personhood and Christ's deity?

According to Trinitarians, is the Holy Spirit quenched and grieved by those who deny His personhood and Christ's deity? If so, would that mean that people who do not believe in the deity of Christ and ...
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If the Holy Spirit came in Jesus, who is the "Holy Spirit" that David refers to?

The following passage denotes the Holy Spirit, or the Comforter, came unto us after the Ascension of Jesus. Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not ...
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Do other Christian denominations/groups have an equivalent to the "burning in the bosom" of Mormonism?

In the question How is one supposed to "know" whether or not the Book of Mormon is true?, the accepted answer affirms: But the witness of the Holy Ghost is testimony from God's spirit ...
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What is the Reformed perspective on how the Holy Spirit is present or is growing a church at the institutional level?

With my Pentecostal friends I often hear comments like these: There is God's presence in the church worship today. The Holy Spirit has moved from church A to church B since church B is growing ...
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How often do Christian missionaries follow the example of Acts 16:6-10 in order to make decisions as to which country/place they are to go to preach?

Acts 16:6-10 (NIV): 6 Paul and his companions traveled throughout the region of Phrygia and Galatia, having been kept by the Holy Spirit from preaching the word in the province of Asia. 7 When they ...
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Has the phenomenon of being "slain in the Spirit" ever taken place spontaneously and unexpectedly outside of Pentecostal and charismatic circles?

The phenomenon of being "slain in the Spirit" was recently brought to my attention by a couple of very recent uploads. Here are a few additional examples if you want to see more (warning -- ...
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Are there published testimonies from Latter-day Saints about their personal experiences with the constant companionship of the Holy Ghost?

I'm very intrigued by the concept of constant companionship of the Holy Ghost taught by the LDS church. This is mentioned in Doctrine and Covenants 121:46: 46 The Holy Ghost shall be thy constant ...
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How do Latter-day Saints explain testimonies of profound experiences with the Holy Spirit in other denominations?

Note: I'm afraid that this question might make some cessationist readers uncomfortable, but given that Latter-day Saints are continuationists, I'll just go ahead with it. It's my understanding that ...
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According to LDS, do all non-LDS Christians lack the Gift of the Holy Ghost, and if so, how does this lack manifest itself in the lives of non-LDS?

I just finished reading Chapter 16: The Gift of the Holy Ghost of the LDS book Doctrines of the Gospel Student Manual. One section that caught my attention is the following: “True it is that honest ...
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Does any denomination believe that it's not possible to be a Christian full of the Holy Spirit without being eventually led by the HS to join them?

Inspired by a previous related question I asked specifically targeting LDS, I would like to ask a generalized version of said question: If a person accepts Jesus Christ as their Lord and Savior, and ...
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According to Latter-day Saints, are all Christians who are full of the Holy Spirit unequivocally led by the Spirit to accept the truth of Mormonism?

Many passages in the Bible suggest the crucial importance of being filled with/full of the Holy Spirit and being led by the Spirit for an optimal Christian walk. Below a few examples: And Jesus, full ...
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What was the early Church's understanding of the practice of "praying in the Spirit" during the ante-Nicene period?

The Apostle Paul alludes to the practice of "praying in the Spirit" in at least two of his epistles, namely: Ephesians 6:18 (ESV): 18 praying at all times in the Spirit, with all prayer and ...
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Do any Christian groups/denominations encourage their members to seek personal revelations from the Holy Spirit to accurately interpret Scripture?

The notion of relying on God's guidance to walk the right path has ample support in Scripture. Jesus was in intimate connection with the Father and relied on His direct guidance at all times to carry ...
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What was the early Church Fathers' understanding of the "baptism with Holy Spirit and fire"?

The concept of "baptism with Holy Spirit and fire" is introduced for the first time by John the Baptist in Matthew 3:11, referencing Jesus as the baptizer. Jesus confirms this in Acts 1:4,8, ...
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Would Jehovah’s Witnesses anointed with the Holy Spirit be unable to suffer demonic possession, whilst un-anointed Jehovah's Witnesses could?

Given that barely 1% of all JWs today claim to be anointed with the Holy Spirit and thus have the heavenly calling (Romans 8:15-17), would that indwelling protect them? I speak of demon possession as ...
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What is the biblical basis for "spiritual drunkenness"?

According to Wikipedia, Spiritual drunkenness refers to a phenomenon seen in some Christian denominations, particularly those associated with Pentecostalism and the Charismatic Movement, in which ...
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How do deniers of the personhood of the Holy Spirit interpret Romans 8:26-27?

Romans 8:26-27 (ESV): 26 Likewise the Spirit helps us in our weakness. For we do not know what to pray for as we ought, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us with groanings too deep for words. 27 ...
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What is an overview of how Christians interpret 2 Timothy 1:6-7 and apply it to their own lives?

2 Timothy 1:6-7 (ESV): 6 For this reason I remind you to fan into flame the gift of God, which is in you through the laying on of my hands, 7 for God gave us a spirit not of fear but of power and ...
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If you do not believe the Holy Spirit is a person, then what is it? What do Bible verses that reference the Holy Spirit or the Spirit of God mean?

Question: If you do not believe the Holy Spirit is a person, then what is it? The Bible includes over 100 verses that mention the Holy Spirit, the Spirit of God or just the Spirit. Here are four ...
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What, according to Jesus, is the primary purpose and objective of sending the Holy Spirit at Pentecost?

After the Holy Spirit came at Pentecost and filled all those gathered together in that upper room in Jerusalem (Acts 1: 13-14), they were enabled to go forth and speak boldly about Jesus of Nazareth ...
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How is the "baptism in the Holy Spirit" (promoted through CHARIS) connected with the Sacrament of Baptism?

Catholic charismatic renewal has received continuing papal support since Pope Paul VI in the 1970s. On June 6, 2019, The CHARIS ("Catholic Charismatic Renewal International Service") was ...
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Do Christians who view homosexuality as a sin believe that homosexuals can be freed from their sinful condition by the power of God?

It should be common sense knowledge that many Christians condemn homosexuality as a sin. The following already asked questions should be more than enough to prove the point: Why do some Christians ...
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What is the difference between God and the Spirit of God?

There are passages that appear to establish an identity between God and his Spirit: 24 God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth.” [John 4:24, ESV] 17 Now the Lord is ...
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What is the biblical basis against the personhood of the Holy Spirit?

Someone already asked a question seeking the biblical basis for the personhood of the Holy Spirit, but it seems that no one has asked a question yet seeking the opposite. Thus, in order to fill this ...
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What is the earliest clear and unambiguous post-NT affirmation of the Holy Spirit's personhood in Christianity?

I have two very related questions: What is the earliest recorded post-NT instance of a clear and unambiguous affirmation that the Holy Spirit is a Person, distinct from the Father and the Son, in the ...
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What is the Biblical Basis for God the Holy Spirit having a spouse?

The following are taken from Pure Devotion to Mary by St. Louis de Montfort By the light which the Holy Spirit will give you through Mary, his faithful spouse, you will perceive the evil inclinations ...

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