Questions tagged [pneumatology]

The theology, or doctrine, of the Holy Spirit. For the majority of Christians, the Holy Spirit is a person of the Holy Trinity – Father, Son, and Holy Spirit – and is Almighty God.

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According to Trinitarians, can the personhood of the Holy Spirit be confirmed through personal experience?

First of all, I'm well aware of the existence of scriptural arguments both for (link) and against (link, link) the personhood of the Holy Spirit. Whether one finds the arguments either for or against ...
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What is the biblical basis for the personhood of the Holy Spirit?

According to Trinitarian theology, the Holy Trinity consists of three persons (τρεῖς ὑποστάσεις), the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, who share the same essence/nature (ὁμοούσιος). What is the ...
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Personhood of the Holy Spirit [duplicate]

All the arguments I have read for a unique personhood of the Holy Spirit separate from the Father or Son are comprised of passages that show the Spirit’s emotions or independent will. (Example ...
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Theologians who compared the tripartite division of civil authority to the Trinity?

Pope Pius XI, encyclical Quas primas (1925) instituting the feast of Christ the King, says that the "lordship of Christ […] consists […] in a threefold [tripartite] power which is essential to ...
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Are there published testimonies from Unitarians about their experiences with the presence of the Holy Spirit?

Have any Unitarians experienced the presence of the Holy Spirit, possibly in a dramatic, life-changing way, and published a testimony in which they recount their experiences? Note: this question has ...
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Are there published testimonies from Jehovah's Witnesses about their experiences with the presence of the Holy Spirit?

Have any Jehovah's Witnesses experienced the presence of the Holy Spirit, possibly in a dramatic, life-changing way, and published a testimony in which they recount their experiences? Similar ...
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Did the Holy Spirit manifest in people before Jesus?

In John 16:7-8, Jesus says: “But I tell you the truth: it is to your advantage that I am leaving; for if I do not leave, the Helper will not come to you; but if I go, I will send Him to you. And He, ...
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According to Pentecostals and Charismatics, what are concrete practical ways by which Christians can be filled (and stay filled) with the Holy Spirit?

The concept of "being filled" with the Holy Spirit is mentioned multiple times in the New Testament, and according to the book of Acts it appears to have been a crucial aspect of the early ...
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Are there published testimonies from Latter-day Saints about their personal experiences with the constant companionship of the Holy Ghost?

I'm very intrigued by the concept of constant companionship of the Holy Ghost taught by the LDS church. This is mentioned in Doctrine and Covenants 121:46: 46 The Holy Ghost shall be thy constant ...
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What are the mechanics of interaction with the Holy Spirit?

Context John 14:25 These things have I spoken unto you, being yet present with you. 26 But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all ...
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What is the earliest clear and unambiguous post-NT denial of the Holy Spirit's personhood in Christianity?

Essentially the opposite of this question: What is the earliest recorded post-NT instance of a clear and unambiguous denial of the personhood of the Holy Spirit? When was it claimed for the first ...
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According to Christianity, to what extent can non-Christians develop and manifest the fruit of the Spirit?

Galatians 5:22-24 (ESV): 22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, 23 gentleness, self-control; against such things there is no law. 24 And those ...
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What does the historical evidence tell us about the pneumatological beliefs of the early Church during the first two centuries of Christianity?

What did the early Christians believe about the Holy Spirit in the 1st and 2nd centuries AD? What does the historical evidence tell us? Did most Christians believe that the Holy Spirit was a Person? ...
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How does the power of the Holy Spirit manifest in Christians, as opposed to non-Christians who don't have access to this power?

To the best of my knowledge and understanding, access to the power of the Holy Spirit is an essential and distinctive attribute and privilege of Christians. People from other religions, as well as ...
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How do Cessationists view "being filled with the Holy Spirit"?

I'm aware that Cessationists do not believe in spiritual gifts. However, how do they view the process of being filled with the Holy Spirit? Tozer's How to be filled with the holy spirit defines the ...
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Is the Holy Spirit more effective at restoring people's mental health than secular therapeutic approaches and treatments?

Mental health is an essential component of a person's well-being and, as everything else in life, it is subject to a plethora of potential maladies, some of which are quite difficult to cure even for ...
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According to Jehovah's Witnesses, are there Spirit-filled Christians in non-JW denominations?

Can Spirit-filled Christians be found in non-JW denominations, according to Jehovah's Witnesses? Related: According to Unitarians, are there Spirit-filled Christians in non-Unitarian denominations? ...
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What is the earliest clear and unambiguous post-NT affirmation of the Holy Spirit's personhood in Christianity?

I have two very related questions: What is the earliest recorded post-NT instance of a clear and unambiguous affirmation that the Holy Spirit is a Person, distinct from the Father and the Son, in the ...
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According to Unitarians, are there Spirit-filled Christians in non-Unitarian denominations?

Not much to add to the title. Can Spirit-filled Christians be found in non-Unitarian denominations, according to Unitarians? Related: According to Trinitarians, can non-Trinitarians experience ...
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How do Jehovah’s Witnesses support their belief that only 144,000 persons can be in the New Covenant and go to heaven, there to rule with Christ Jesus

This is the second in a series of three questions about the beliefs of Jehovah’s Witnesses. This is the first question: How do Jehovah’s Witness support their belief that Jesus started ruling (...
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Technical Nestorianism and quasi-Incarnational Mariology

But why am I so favored, that the mother of my Lord should come to me? [Luke 1:43, NIV] A secondary question in the Chalcedonian/Nestorian debate was whether it was more fitting to refer to Mary as ...
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Christianity and extreme, seizure-like bodily shaking

I've noticed here and there the odd practice of inducing an extreme, seizure-like bodily shaking in oneself, which seems quite strange to me; it's not at all clear what the purpose is. Some people ...
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If you do not believe the Holy Spirit is a person, then what is it? What do Bible verses that reference the Holy Spirit or the Spirit of God mean?

Question: If you do not believe the Holy Spirit is a person, then what is it? The Bible includes over 100 verses that mention the Holy Spirit, the Spirit of God or just the Spirit. Here are four ...
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According to Catholicism, what are concrete and practical ways by which Christians can be filled (and stay filled) with the Holy Spirit?

The concept of "being filled" with the Holy Spirit is mentioned multiple times in the New Testament, and according to the book of Acts it appears to have been a crucial aspect of the early ...
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Why in the Reformed tradition the 7 spiritual gifts mentioned in Isaiah 11:1-3 are no longer taught?

Two lists of the Gifts of the Holy Spirit: Protestant vs. Catholic In the Evangelical church circles, when they do retreats / workshops, when they talk about the Gifts of the Holy Spirit, they usually ...
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Do any mission agencies wait for divine empowerment in communal prayer before embarking on evangelism efforts?

My question is inspired by the extraordinary example set by the early Church as recorded in Acts 4:23-31 (ESV): 23 When they were released, they went to their friends and reported what the chief ...
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Is there a specific term to denote an encounter with the Holy Spirit?

Encounters with God (the Father) are called Theophanies, encounters with Jesus are called Christophanies, but what about encounters with the Holy Spirit? Is there a specific term for an encounter with ...
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How was the gift of the word of knowledge defined by the pioneers of the pentecostal healing revival?

I will ask a series of questions concerning individual spiritual gifts (pneumatika/charismata), or manifestations of the Spirit in 1 Cor 12. This second one is also about the gift of the word (logos) ...
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What is the biblical basis against the personhood of the Holy Spirit?

Someone already asked a question seeking the biblical basis for the personhood of the Holy Spirit, but it seems that no one has asked a question yet seeking the opposite. Thus, in order to fill this ...
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In Catholicism, what happens to the gifts of the Holy Spirit after we committed a mortal sin?

If a baptized and confirmed Catholic commits a mortal sin, what are the effects on the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit received in the sacrament of baptism and later intensified (sealed) in the ...
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According to non-Pentecostal Protestants, what are concrete practical ways by which Christians can be filled (and stay filled) with the Holy Spirit?

The concept of "being filled" with the Holy Spirit is mentioned multiple times in the New Testament, and according to the book of Acts it appears to have been a crucial aspect of the early ...
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Are there published testimonies from Christians who had the truth of the Trinity revealed to them through the Holy Spirit?

Has either a non-Trinitarian Christian or a non-Christian ever had the truth of the Trinity specially revealed to them, personally, unquestionably, beyond any reasonable doubt, through the Holy Spirit,...
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Is there a study that has been done showing the transformational power of the Holy Spirit in people's lives?

It's pretty clear that the Bible promises to change people's lives. It's also pretty clear that it did significantly change people's lives such as the apostles and others both in the the present day (...
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Is the Holy Spirit offered worship at any instance?

This question is similar to this one except that its on Holy Spirit: All the references where Jesus is offered worship Is there any reference in the Bible where the Holy Spirit is offered worship?
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What is the biblical basis for the Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed's claims that the Holy Ghost is the Lord and is to be worshiped and glorified?

From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicene_Creed#Niceno-Constantinopolitan_Creed: And in the Holy Ghost, the Lord and Giver of life, who proceedeth from the Father, who with the Father and the Son ...
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According to Trinitarians, is the Holy Spirit quenched and grieved by those who deny His personhood and Christ's deity?

According to Trinitarians, is the Holy Spirit quenched and grieved by those who deny His personhood and Christ's deity? If so, would that mean that people who do not believe in the deity of Christ and ...
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If the Holy Spirit came in Jesus, who is the "Holy Spirit" that David refers to?

The following passage denotes the Holy Spirit, or the Comforter, came unto us after the Ascension of Jesus. Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not ...
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"Spirit"of God the Father, Son and the Holy Spirit?

Biblically there's is a phrase for the Spirit of God the Father and the Spirit of Christ the Son. And the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son. How about the "Spirit" of the Holy Spirit? ...
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Do other Christian denominations/groups have an equivalent to the "burning in the bosom" of Mormonism?

In the question How is one supposed to "know" whether or not the Book of Mormon is true?, the accepted answer affirms: But the witness of the Holy Ghost is testimony from God's spirit ...
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What is the role of the Holy Spirit in Swedenborg's soteriology?

A common function of the Holy Spirit in the salvation of sinners, according to Catholicism, mainstream Protestantism, and the Reformed Church, among others, is derived from passages like the following:...
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What was the early Church Fathers' understanding of the "baptism with Holy Spirit and fire"?

The concept of "baptism with Holy Spirit and fire" is introduced for the first time by John the Baptist in Matthew 3:11, referencing Jesus as the baptizer. Jesus confirms this in Acts 1:4,8, ...
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Do any Christian groups/denominations encourage their members to seek personal revelations from the Holy Spirit to accurately interpret Scripture?

The notion of relying on God's guidance to walk the right path has ample support in Scripture. Jesus was in intimate connection with the Father and relied on His direct guidance at all times to carry ...
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Did St. Thomas Aquinas deny the Holy Spirit proceeds immediately from the Father alone?

There have been many attempts from among both Catholic1 and Eastern Orthodox2 theologians to revisit the theology behind the eternal procession of the Holy Spirit from the Father and the Son in light ...
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What is the difference between God and the Spirit of God?

There are passages that appear to establish an identity between God and his Spirit: 24 God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth.” [John 4:24, ESV] 17 Now the Lord is ...
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Does the Holy Spirit indwell the Christian, and if so, how?

It is written that the Holy Spirit indwells the Christian, as the apostle Paul wrote (1 Cor. 3:16 cp. 1 Cor. 6:19), Don't you know that you are the temple of God and the Spirit of God dwells in you?...
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What is the Reformed perspective on how the Holy Spirit is present or is growing a church at the institutional level?

With my Pentecostal friends I often hear comments like these: There is God's presence in the church worship today. The Holy Spirit has moved from church A to church B since church B is growing ...
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What is the Biblical basis for continuationism?

Continuationism is the idea that extraordinary gifts of the Spirit (prophecy, tongues, healing) continue in the present day. This is contrasted with cessationism, which says that such gifts have ...
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Did any early Church Fathers record the event of the ceasing of spiritual gifts?

A central belief held by an overwhelming majority of Cessationists is that the "supernatural spiritual gifts" (e.g., tongues, prophecy, healing, miracles, etc.) ceased with the end of the ...
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Has the phenomenon of being "slain in the Spirit" ever taken place spontaneously and unexpectedly outside of Pentecostal and charismatic circles?

The phenomenon of being "slain in the Spirit" was recently brought to my attention by a couple of very recent uploads. Here are a few additional examples if you want to see more (warning -- ...
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Do Cessationists believe that the Holy Spirit still speaks specific messages or instructions to Christians today?

The book of Acts includes several examples: Then the Spirit said to Philip, “Go up and join this chariot.” Acts 8:29 While Peter was reflecting on the vision, the Spirit said to him, “Behold, three ...

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