Questions tagged [pneumatology]

The theology, or doctrine, of the Holy Spirit. For the majority of Christians, the Holy Spirit is a person of the Holy Trinity – Father, Son, and Holy Spirit – and is Almighty God.

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What are Christian explanations for the similarities between ecstatic spiritual experiences of Christians and those of other religions?

My question is motivated a recent realization of a concrete example. In Tibetan Buddhism there is a spiritual practice known as Tummo. According to Wikipedia: Tummo is also a tantric practice for ...
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Are experiences of revelatory “impressions of the Holy Spirit” reported by Charles Spurgeon common among cessationists?

According to https://www.desiringgod.org/articles/should-you-earnestly-desire-to-prophesy: Charles Spurgeon (1834–1892) once described a remarkable experience he had while preaching: He suddenly ...
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Did the Ante-Nicene Church believe in the personhood of the Holy Spirit? [duplicate]

Did the Ante-Nicene Church believe in the personhood of the Holy Spirit? What about the Apostolic Fathers and Ante-Nicene Fathers? Is there any evidence that they believed in a sentient and conscious ...
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What denominations believe that a Book of Acts style of interaction with the Holy Spirit is still possible today?

Book of Acts (ESV): Then the Spirit said to Philip, “Go up and join this chariot.” Acts 8:29 And when they came up out of the water, the Spirit of the Lord carried Philip away, and the eunuch saw him ...
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3 votes
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How do Christians discern between genuine dreams & visions from God and false dreams & visions from a different source (flesh, enemy)?

Dreams & visions - how do Christians discern between genuine dreams & visions from God and false dreams & visions from a different source (flesh, enemy)? Are there any denominations that ...
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1 vote
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In the New Catholic Bible, is Isiaiah 9:5 speaking about Jesus, and who is the Wonderful Counsellor?

I have a question for Trinitarian Roman Catholics as to who Isaiah 9:6 (New Catholic Bible) is describing, and who the Wonderful Counsellor is. Isaiah 9:5 New Catholic Bible 5 For a child has been ...
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2 votes
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What is an overview of beliefs about how the Holy Spirit guides Christians?

How are Christians led by the Holy Spirit? How does the Holy Spirit communicate God's will to Christians? What mechanisms does the Holy Spirit employ to this end? Since these are probably ...
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5 votes
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What exactly does "Spirit-Filled" mean?

I recently saw this being used on a church website, where they describe themselves as "a regional, Spirit-filled, Word-based church led by Pastors Keith and Margie Nix." Now, I understand &...
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Are there any Christian groups or denominations that believe that non-Christians have access to the power of the Holy Spirit?

In response to my question How does the power of the Holy Spirit manifest in Christians, as opposed to non-Christians who don't have access to this power?, a user commented: Perhaps this question ...
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What is the Biblical basis for the idea that non-Christians do not have access to the power of the Holy Spirit?

The question "How does the power of the Holy Spirit manifest in Christians, as opposed to non-Christians who don't have access to this power?" states "To the best of my knowledge and ...
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Have other group visitations of the Holy Spirit similar to Acts 4:23-31 been reported in church history?

Acts 4:23-31 (ESV): 23 When they were released, they went to their friends and reported what the chief priests and the elders had said to them. 24 And when they heard it, they lifted their voices ...
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What does it mean to be "in the Spirit"?

I keep coming upon the phrase "in the Spirit" in the NT. One search result of that phrase is here: https://www.blueletterbible.org/search/search.cfm?Criteria=%22in+the+spirit%22&t=NKJV#s=...
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Is "the law of faith" in Romans 3:27 the same as "the law of the Spirit" in Romans 8:2? If not, are they still linked?

Various laws are detailed in the book of Romans, principally via contrasts, e.g. the law of sin and death versus the gift of eternal life (as in 8:2), and the law of works versus the law of faith (as ...
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According to deniers of the personhood of the Holy Spirit, are there any other examples of spirits devoid of sentience in the Bible?

According to deniers of the personhood of the Holy Spirit, is it possible to make an inductive case against the personhood of the Holy Spirit by appealing to other examples of spirits without ...
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According to Trinitarians, what is the correct personal pronoun to refer to the person who is the Holy Spirit? [duplicate]

Trinitarians hold that God is One but 3 persons, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Referring to the Father or the Son as 'He' is pretty straightforward. What pronoun do Trinitarians hold is ...
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What are the drawbacks of studying/teaching the Bible in an overly erudite (overly academic) manner?

It's good that God has blessed us with towering intellectual pastors/Christian writers like D. A. Carson, John Piper, John F. MacArthur, etc. Many of the aforementioned people belong to Baptist, ...
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How do Cessationists view "being led by the Holy Spirit"?

For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God. [Romans 8:14 KJV] 16 This I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lust of the flesh. 17 For the flesh ...
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What is the difference between the "burning in the bosom" of Mormonism and the more general "inner witness of the Holy Spirit" of Christianity?

When it comes to having epistemological certainty that one's beliefs are true, Mormonism has the so-called "burning in the bosom" experience. Please see this related question to find a few ...
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Theologians who compared the tripartite division of civil authority to the Trinity?

Pope Pius XI, encyclical Quas primas (1925) instituting the feast of Christ the King, says that the "lordship of Christ […] consists […] in a threefold [tripartite] power which is essential to ...
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Personhood of the Holy Spirit [duplicate]

All the arguments I have read for a unique personhood of the Holy Spirit separate from the Father or Son are comprised of passages that show the Spirit’s emotions or independent will. (Example ...
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Are there published testimonies from Jehovah's Witnesses about their experiences with the presence of the Holy Spirit?

Have any Jehovah's Witnesses experienced the presence of the Holy Spirit, possibly in a dramatic, life-changing way, and published a testimony in which they recount their experiences? Similar ...
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4 votes
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Did the Holy Spirit manifest in people before Jesus?

In John 16:7-8, Jesus says: “But I tell you the truth: it is to your advantage that I am leaving; for if I do not leave, the Helper will not come to you; but if I go, I will send Him to you. And He, ...
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Are there published testimonies from Unitarians about their experiences with the presence of the Holy Spirit?

Have any Unitarians experienced the presence of the Holy Spirit, possibly in a dramatic, life-changing way, and published a testimony in which they recount their experiences? Note: this question has ...
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3 votes
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According to Christianity, to what extent can non-Christians develop and manifest the fruit of the Spirit?

Galatians 5:22-24 (ESV): 22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, 23 gentleness, self-control; against such things there is no law. 24 And those ...
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2 votes
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How does the power of the Holy Spirit manifest in Christians, as opposed to non-Christians who don't have access to this power?

To the best of my knowledge and understanding, access to the power of the Holy Spirit is an essential and distinctive attribute and privilege of Christians. People from other religions, as well as ...
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1 vote
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What does the historical evidence tell us about the pneumatological beliefs of the early Church during the first two centuries of Christianity?

What did the early Christians believe about the Holy Spirit in the 1st and 2nd centuries AD? What does the historical evidence tell us? Did most Christians believe that the Holy Spirit was a Person? ...
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3 votes
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What is the earliest clear and unambiguous post-NT denial of the Holy Spirit's personhood in Christianity?

Essentially the opposite of this question: What is the earliest recorded post-NT instance of a clear and unambiguous denial of the personhood of the Holy Spirit? When was it claimed for the first ...
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1 vote
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According to Jehovah's Witnesses, are there Spirit-filled Christians in non-JW denominations?

Can Spirit-filled Christians be found in non-JW denominations, according to Jehovah's Witnesses? Related: According to Unitarians, are there Spirit-filled Christians in non-Unitarian denominations? ...
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According to Biblical Unitarians, are there Spirit-filled Christians in other denominations?

Not much to add to the title. Can Spirit-filled Christians be found in other denominations, according to Biblical Unitarians? Related: According to Trinitarians, can non-Trinitarians experience ...
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1 vote
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Technical Nestorianism and quasi-Incarnational Mariology

But why am I so favored, that the mother of my Lord should come to me? [Luke 1:43, NIV] A secondary question in the Chalcedonian/Nestorian debate was whether it was more fitting to refer to Mary as ...
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2 votes
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How do Jehovah’s Witnesses support their belief that only 144,000 persons can be in the New Covenant and go to heaven, there to rule with Christ Jesus

This is the second in a series of three questions about the beliefs of Jehovah’s Witnesses. This is the first question: How do Jehovah’s Witness support their belief that Jesus started ruling (...
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Is there a specific term to denote an encounter with the Holy Spirit?

Encounters with God (the Father) are called Theophanies, encounters with Jesus are called Christophanies, but what about encounters with the Holy Spirit? Is there a specific term for an encounter with ...
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Do any mission agencies wait for divine empowerment in communal prayer before embarking on evangelism efforts?

My question is inspired by the extraordinary example set by the early Church as recorded in Acts 4:23-31 (ESV): 23 When they were released, they went to their friends and reported what the chief ...
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1 vote
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In Catholicism, what happens to the gifts of the Holy Spirit after we committed a mortal sin?

If a baptized and confirmed Catholic commits a mortal sin, what are the effects on the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit received in the sacrament of baptism and later intensified (sealed) in the ...
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1 vote
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According to Pentecostals and Charismatics, what are concrete practical ways by which Christians can be filled (and stay filled) with the Holy Spirit?

The concept of "being filled" with the Holy Spirit is mentioned multiple times in the New Testament, and according to the book of Acts it appears to have been a crucial aspect of the early ...
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1 vote
3 answers
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According to Catholicism, what are concrete and practical ways by which Christians can be filled (and stay filled) with the Holy Spirit?

The concept of "being filled" with the Holy Spirit is mentioned multiple times in the New Testament, and according to the book of Acts it appears to have been a crucial aspect of the early ...
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0 votes
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According to non-Pentecostal Protestants, what are concrete practical ways by which Christians can be filled (and stay filled) with the Holy Spirit?

The concept of "being filled" with the Holy Spirit is mentioned multiple times in the New Testament, and according to the book of Acts it appears to have been a crucial aspect of the early ...
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6 votes
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Why in the Reformed tradition the 7 spiritual gifts mentioned in Isaiah 11:1-3 are no longer taught?

Two lists of the Gifts of the Holy Spirit: Protestant vs. Catholic In the Evangelical church circles, when they do retreats / workshops, when they talk about the Gifts of the Holy Spirit, they usually ...
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4 votes
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Is the Holy Spirit more effective at restoring people's mental health than secular therapeutic approaches and treatments?

Mental health is an essential component of a person's well-being and, as everything else in life, it is subject to a plethora of potential maladies, some of which are quite difficult to cure even for ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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According to Trinitarians, can the personhood of the Holy Spirit be confirmed through personal experience?

First of all, I'm well aware of the existence of scriptural arguments both for (link) and against (link, link) the personhood of the Holy Spirit. Whether one finds the arguments either for or against ...
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1 vote
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Are there published testimonies from Christians who had the truth of the Trinity revealed to them through the Holy Spirit?

Has either a non-Trinitarian Christian or a non-Christian ever had the truth of the Trinity specially revealed to them, personally, unquestionably, beyond any reasonable doubt, through the Holy Spirit,...
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What is the biblical basis for the Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed's claims that the Holy Ghost is the Lord and is to be worshiped and glorified?

From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicene_Creed#Niceno-Constantinopolitan_Creed: And in the Holy Ghost, the Lord and Giver of life, who proceedeth from the Father, who with the Father and the Son ...
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According to Trinitarians, is the Holy Spirit quenched and grieved by those who deny His personhood and Christ's deity?

According to Trinitarians, is the Holy Spirit quenched and grieved by those who deny His personhood and Christ's deity? If so, would that mean that people who do not believe in the deity of Christ and ...
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2 answers
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If the Holy Spirit came in Jesus, who is the "Holy Spirit" that David refers to?

The following passage denotes the Holy Spirit, or the Comforter, came unto us after the Ascension of Jesus. Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not ...
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4 votes
5 answers
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Do other Christian denominations/groups have an equivalent to the "burning in the bosom" of Mormonism?

In the question How is one supposed to "know" whether or not the Book of Mormon is true?, the accepted answer affirms: But the witness of the Holy Ghost is testimony from God's spirit ...
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What is the Reformed perspective on how the Holy Spirit is present or is growing a church at the institutional level?

With my Pentecostal friends I often hear comments like these: There is God's presence in the church worship today. The Holy Spirit has moved from church A to church B since church B is growing ...
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How often do Christian missionaries follow the example of Acts 16:6-10 in order to make decisions as to which country/place they are to go to preach?

Acts 16:6-10 (NIV): 6 Paul and his companions traveled throughout the region of Phrygia and Galatia, having been kept by the Holy Spirit from preaching the word in the province of Asia. 7 When they ...
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1 vote
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Has the phenomenon of being "slain in the Spirit" ever taken place spontaneously and unexpectedly outside of Pentecostal and charismatic circles?

The phenomenon of being "slain in the Spirit" was recently brought to my attention by a couple of very recent uploads. Here are a few additional examples if you want to see more (warning -- ...
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1 vote
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Are there published testimonies from Latter-day Saints about their personal experiences with the constant companionship of the Holy Ghost?

I'm very intrigued by the concept of constant companionship of the Holy Ghost taught by the LDS church. This is mentioned in Doctrine and Covenants 121:46: 46 The Holy Ghost shall be thy constant ...
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How do Latter-day Saints explain testimonies of profound experiences with the Holy Spirit in other denominations?

Note: I'm afraid that this question might make some cessationist readers uncomfortable, but given that Latter-day Saints are continuationists, I'll just go ahead with it. It's my understanding that ...
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