Questions tagged [peter]

One of the original 12 disciples. He was from Bethsaida in Galilee. Peter was crucified upside down as a result of his faith. He is considered to be the first Bishop and the first Pope by the Roman Catholic Church.

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What is the view of Reformed Protestantism on those who were 'numbered with' the apostles but did not, as did Paul, receive Peter's approbation?

Paul, alone, receives the strong approbation of Peter and obtains Peter's clear emphasis that Paul's writings are 'scripture : ... even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom given ...
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Was God "unmerciful" to Ananias & Sapphira in Acts 5:1-10?

Mercy in the words of the Popes; “God’s face is the face of a merciful Father who is always patient. Have you thought about God’s patience, the patience he has with each one of us? That is his mercy. ...
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How do Trinitarians interpret Acts 2:22 in terms of St. Peter's beliefs?

Acts 2:22 quotes St. Peter saying "Men of Israel, listen to this message: Jesus of Nazareth was a man certified by God to you by miracles, wonders, and signs, which God did among you through Him,...
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What is the age at which Peter the Apostle died?

In John 21:18–19 (RSVCE) we hear Jesus telling Peter: “Truly, truly, I say to you, when you were young, you girded yourself and walked where you would; but when you are old, you will stretch out ...
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Was the apostle Peter martyred in Rome?

There are some legends that say that Peter traveled to Rome where he was martyred. Is this legend true? Are there any historical accounts that support the legend? Are there any other theories about ...
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Why does Paul call Peter "Cephas" in his writings?

In John 1:42 Jesus called Peter as Cephas. Jesus looked at him and said, “You are Simon son of John. You will be called Cephas” (which, when translated, is Peter). But throughout the Gospels, ...
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According to Catholicism, are Popes expected to receive power by the Holy Spirit to operate in the miraculous as Peter did?

The Bible records many instances where Peter operated in the supernatural by the power of the Holy Spirit. For example: Peter was among the disciples that were filled with the Holy Spirit at Pentecost:...
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What is the biblical basis for the belief that Papal supremacy can be passed on from person to person over time? [duplicate]

I know that Matthew 16:18 is commonly cited as the biblical basis for the Papal supremacy of Peter, who is viewed by Catholics as the first Pope. However, what is not yet clear to me is the biblical ...
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Has there ever existed a Catholic local church feast at Rome in honor of the Domine Quo Vadis?

The Church of St. Mary in Palmis at Rome, originally was called the Church of Domine Quo Vadis. The title of this church takes its' name from a pious tradition that St. Peter one day decided to leave ...
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What is the evidence that the bones found under St. Peter's Basilica are actually St. Peter's bones?

There were some bone fragments found under St. Peter's Basilica in the 1940's. Pope Paul VI said in 1968 that the bones were "identified in a way that we can consider convincing." What is the ...
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What evidence is there that Peter was a bishop in Rome?

The Encyclopaedia Brittanica says The claims that the church of Rome was founded by Peter or that he served as its first bishop are in dispute and rest on evidence that is not earlier than the ...
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What were the ages of the Apostles Peter and John when Jesus was crucified?

What were the ages of the Apostles Peter and John when Jesus was crucified? What I’ve heard is Peter was about the same age as Jesus (30-33), while John was an older teenage, approximately 18. This ...
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Was Peter poor and uneducated before he met Jesus?

Peter is sometimes depicted as a poor uneducated fisherman before he met Jesus (I am referring to quite a few homilies I have heard in different churches). Do we know what languages he spoke? Did he ...
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What did Peter, James and John see on the Mount of Transfiguration?

During a Bible discussion for seekers last week, one of them asked a question that led me to ponder this questions. As I understand it, the body of Moses (not Elijah since he never died) should still ...
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Peter's hypocrisy?

From this link, the word hypocrite is rooted in the Greek word hypokrites, which means “stage actor, pretender, dissembler.” So think of a hypocrite as a person who pretends to be a certain way, but ...
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What is the biblical basis for seeing Saint Peter at the gates of heaven?

I was taught that Saint Peter is at the gates of heaven, and you have to pass him to get in. Answers to a recent question suggest this is not true. What is the biblical basis for seeing Saint Peter ...
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Was James the early church leader?

In Acts 15 Paul goes to the Jerusalem council and, although Peter speaks, James has the last word and announces his judgement: "Therefore my judgment is that we should not trouble those of the ...
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Did Paul recognize Peter as the earthly leader of the Church?

By suggestion this is a re-posting of one part of a multipart question. Paul appears (under inspiration of the Spirit) indifferent to whatever reputation may have been ascribed to James, Peter, and ...
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Did Paul consider Peter as the Leader of the Church? [closed]

From whichever theologies hold Peter to have been the first and highest authority in the visible Church I would like two questions answered, please. Please indicate which tradition you are speaking ...
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Why did Ananias die?

In Acts 4:32-5:11, Ananias dies when Peter asks him why he has held some of the proceeds of the sale of his property back from the communal pot. However, it is not made clear that he promised to give ...
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What are the sources concerning the deaths of Peter and Paul

Where do we learn that the deaths of Peter and Paul were during the Neronic persecutions of 64 - 68 AD? What is the source of this information and is it considered valid?
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According to Catholicism, does Matthew 16:18 justify that the Catholic Church is the one true church?

According to Catholicism, does Matthew 16:18 ("thou art Peter; and upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.") justify that the Catholic Church is the ...
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Is there any evidence to support the claim that the Apostle St. Peter founded the Church in Antioch and, if so, what are the implications?

According to tradition, the Apostle Peter founded the Church in Antioch in A.D. 34 and is regarded as the first Bishop of Antioch. Here are a few extracts from sources I found regarding this claim: ...
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Why is the Last Place on Earth St. Peter Founded the Seat of his Authority?

The (Roman) Catholic Church agrees that Peter founded different churches, like at Antioch or Rome, but it claims that it is only at the last place Peter lived or died is to where his supposed ...
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Does the Catholic Church in Turkey celebrate the Feast of the Chair of St Peter at Antioch?

Prior to the changes to the General Roman Calendar in 1969, Catholics of the Roman Rite celebrated two Feasts of the Chair of St. Peter. The Feast of the Chair of St. Peter at Antioch was celebrated ...
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When was the festival of the see of Peter in the 6th Century?

I've been researching the Decrees of the second Council of Tours (AD 567), specifically Canon XXI: Some still hold fast the old error, that they should honour the 1st of January. Others, on the ...
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Was Peter ever in Rome? [duplicate]

Is there any Biblical or historical evidence that Peter ever went to Rome? If not, how can Peter be considered the first Pope? Please note that unlike the following questions (What evidence is there ...
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Promises of God that help us partake in His divine nature

What are the promises referred to by Peter in 2 Peter 1:4 through which we can partake of the divine nature and escape the corruption that is in the world by lust? What are the views regarding this ...
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Why did Jesus change Peter's name, according to non-Catholic theology?

I have been discussing Matthew 16:18 for years now with both Catholics and non-Catholics. This verse is obviously a very important verse concerning the doctrine of the Bishop of Rome being Supreme ...
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Do any Protestant groups teach that Paul founded the Church and not Peter?

I have always been told that Peter was the head of the entire Church at the time of Christ. However, James was apparently leader of the Church in Jerusalem, and Paul started a number of churches ...
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How far was Peter from Jesus when he denied him? [closed]

In The Gospel of Luke it says: Luke 22: 61- and the Lord turned and looked upon Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how he had said to him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me ...
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Could there have been a different translation for Matthew 14:28? (Catholic perspective)

At Matthew 14:25-28 we read: And early in the morning he came walking toward them on the sea. But when the disciples saw him walking on the sea, they were terrified, saying, "It is a ghost!" And ...
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What are the Church fathers' arguments that Peter is the rock?

The Roman Catholic Church asserts that the Bishop of Rome, the Pope, is the legitimate successor of the apostle Peter, the "rock" upon whom the Lord Jesus Christ founded his Church, according to its ...
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Refute perceived differences in the Gospel between Peter and Paul from Sola Scriptura perspective [closed]

What is the biblical evidence in keeping with the Protestant, Sola Scriptura perspective, for refuting a claim that Paul's gospel differed from Peter's gospel? I see in Scripture: 2 Peter 1:1-2 ...
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Why did St. Peter propose to make different tents at the time of Christ's Transfiguration? (Catholic perspective)

At Matthew 17:4 we hear St. Peter exclaiming at the Transfiguration of Christ: “Lord, it is well that we are here; if you wish, I will make three booths here, one for you and one for Moses and one ...
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Wasn't Peter just trying to avoid getting caught when he denied Jesus three times? [closed]

Simon Peter's denial of Jesus is seen as a horrible sin, but it seems to me that it wasn't that bad; Peter was among enemies and they surely would have taken Peter or sent him out if they found out he ...
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How do Protestants interpret Matthew 16:13–20?

The verses read like this: 13 When Jesus came to the region of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, “Who do people say the Son of Man is?” 14 They replied, “Some say John the Baptist; ...
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According to the Catholic Church, when Peter briefly walked on water, was it a miracle attributed to him?

According to Catholic Church was Peter being able to at least for a few steps walk on water attributed to him as his first miracle? Or is it understood that it was Jesus using the power given him by ...
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What is the biblical basis for the argument against the Catholic teaching on the primacy of Peter?

The Catholic Church uses, for example, the following NT passages in support of its teaching on the primacy of Peter: Mt 16:13-20. Lk 22-31-34. Jn 21:15-23. What is the biblical basis that argues ...
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Where did the Petrine title of "First Among Equals" originate?

Contrary to the Roman Catholic assertion that Peter and his successors are the Supreme Pontiff, the Orthodox Catholic Churches assert that Peter and his successors hold the honorary title of the First ...
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Did Christ's original twelve apostles have families?

We know that Peter was married because Christ healed his mother-in-law. Do we know if he had children? Do we know whether any of the other apostles were married and if they had children?
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Why was Peter Fishing Naked (John 21:7)?

John 21: 7 7 Therefore that disciple whom Jesus loved saith unto Peter, It is the Lord. Now when Simon Peter heard that it was the Lord, he girt his fisher's coat unto him, (for he was naked,)...
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What did Jesus mean in Matthew 16:18? [closed]

When Jesus proclaimed that Peter was his Rock in Matthew 16:18-19, did he mean that Peter was given divine authority to change God's commandments and or statutes here on earth?
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Why did Jesus favor Peter, James and John more than the other disciples? [closed]

It's clear that Peter, James and John witnessed more miracles that Jesus did than the other disciples. Why weren't the other disciples permitted to see the miracles that Jesus performed like Peter, ...
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Why did Simon Peter react so violently?

In John 18, when Jesus is in the Garden on Gethsemane, Judas approaches with a mob of Pharisees and soldiers, coming to arrest Him. 4 Jesus, knowing all that was going to happen to him, went out and ...
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Why the change of heart for Peter in John 18? [closed]

In John 18:10 Peter demonstrates courage during Jesus's arrest when Peter uses his sword to defend Jesus. A few verses later during Jesus's trial Peter denies Jesus. It seems that Peter would risk ...
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When Jesus gave Peter his name (rock) what is the significance that he then said upon a ‘different’ kind of rock he would build his church?

When Peter made his famous confession, Jesus responded by saying: And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it. (NIV ...
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Reconciling Peter in Acts with Deuteronomy/Psalms on the burden of the Law?

Peter is cited in Acts 15:10-11 as saying to the Jerusalem Council, "Now then, why do you try to test God by putting on the necks of Gentiles a yoke that neither we nor our ancestors have been able to ...
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How does the doctrine of Papal Infallibility account for Peter's error?

I understand that the Catholic Churches teaches the doctrine of Papal Infallibility. How does that account for the Scripture that references Peter's error? But when Cephas came to Antioch, I ...
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What is the Biblical basis for Peter being the leader of the apostles?

The Roman Catholic church claims that the apostle Peter was the first bishop of Rome, that he was the leader of the other apostles/bishops, and that since the pope is the rightful heir of Peter's ...