Questions tagged [old-testament]

The Old Testament is comprised of the writings of ancient Israel held sacred by both Jews and Christians.

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What is the oldest copy of Genesis 26, and is there a place to see a side-by-side translation? thanks

What is the oldest copy of Genesis 26, and is there a place to see a side-by-side translation? thank you!
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Does Numbers 16 describe the first earthquake?

Numbers 16 describes the Levites revolting against Moses and Aaron. In proving the Lord sent him to do all those things, Moses said "But if the Lord brings about something totally new, and the ...
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Analyzing the Tele Dan Stele as extra-biblical evidence for credibility

( Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tel_Dan_stele ) I suppose I'm just asking the obvious, but I'm really interested in emphasizing the existence of extra-biblical evidence that gives at the ...
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What's the official Catholic position regarding the literal truth of incidents described in the Old Testament?

Someone recently told me that passages like Samuel 15:3 and Numbers 31:17-18 which talk of God and Moses giving orders for violence, are considered by the Catholic church as exaggerations and ...
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How old was Moses when he parted the Red Sea and how old was he when he received the Ten Commandments?

I'm trying to write a timeline of Moses's greatest achievements and this is all I haven't found so far. If you know what the two ages of Moses are in relation to these two events, please let me know, ...
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Why did God allow polygamy in the Old Testament?

I’ve been reading a bit into 1 Samuel, and came across something that confused me: 1 Samuel 25:43 NIV David had also married Ahinoam of Jezreel, and they both were his wives. But, in Genesis, we ...
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What historical periods do the 390 year and 40 year periods refer to in Ezekiel 4:1-8?

In Ezekiel chapter 4 the prophet was instructed to lie on his left side for 390 days, a day for each year of the sin of Israel, and then to lie on his right side for 40 days for the sin of Judah. What ...
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What is the original source of summary of the 10 Commandments, which Jesus quotes in Mtt 22: 35-40?

We read in Lk 10: 25-28 : Just then a lawyer stood up to test Jesus. “Teacher,” he said, “what must I do to inherit eternal life?” He said to him, “What is written in the law? What do you read there?...
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What is the Old Testament Biblical basis to the idea that only God can forgive sins?

Mark 2:7 and Luke 5:21 have scribes and Pharisees claiming that only God can forgive sins. "Why does this man speak like this? He is blaspheming! Who can forgive sins but God alone?" and &...
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What is the Biblical basis of the idea that men can be given authority to forgive sins?

This question is inspired by the question What is the Old Testament basis to the idea that only God can forgive sins? What is the Biblical basis (Old or New Testament) for the idea that men can be ...
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Did Lot's daughters rape Lot?

I read this horrifying article that sounds like victim blaming. I think this is like how rape victims are told they got raped because of they way they dressed, of where or when they went or, like Lot, ...
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Psalm 14 and psalm 53 are similar?

Psalm 14 and Psalm 53 are almost identical with little differences. Is there any reason why the same psalm is repeated? Are these psalms composed by the same author?
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What is the breath of life spoken of in Genesis 2:7?

In Genesis chapter two verse seven God created man from the dust and breathed the breath of life into his nostrils; Genesis 2:7 KJV And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and ...
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Why is the word 'Lord' in all caps in the OT but not in the NT?

My friend asked me the other day, why is the word 'Lord' in all capital letters in the Old Testament but not the New Testament? I tend to lean towards the fact that the OT was written in Hebrew and ...
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Does anyone know the name of the pharaoh that Joseph brought his family to meet?

Jacob and his house of 70 Jacob in Egypt, Wikipedia According to Wikipedia, Jacob brought 70 people to an Egyptian pharaoh. Israel and his entire house of 70, gathered up with all their livestock and ...
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Were the Old Testament prophets married?

Were Elijah, Isaiah, Jeremiah and Ezekiel married? There is no mention for them, whilst there are for Moses
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Does the Old Testament anywhere imply that the Law of Moses may be abrogated?

I am wondering if there are any statements in the Old Testament which either: A) Foretell a time when the Law of Moses will be abrogated (in the way Christ does in the NT) or B) States that some ...
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Did Moses worship Egyptian gods while living in the palace?

When and how did Moses first learn about the true God? Did the princess teach him about Egyptian gods or the God of Israel?
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Are Christians not permitted to have sex with wife when she's on her period? [closed]

Acts 15:29 and 21:25 carry over four requirements from the old testament to apply to gentile Christians - one of which is abstaining from sexual immorality. In Leviticus 20:18, it makes a big deal ...
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How are emendations to the Masoretic Text viewed within the doctrine of inerrancy?

This was prompted by an answer to another question of mine which quoted a source that noted alternative vocalization of the Masoretic text as an example of liberal tendencies in the NRSV. This ...
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Does the Old Testament foretell the time in history in which the Messiah would come (the first time)?

I understand that the Old Testament prophecies many different things about the Messiah who was to come, including the virgin birth, His suffering, His resurrection, etc. However, is there anything ...
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What is the family tree diagram explaining how Sarah was Abraham's half sister?

What is the family tree diagram explaining how Sarah was Abraham's half sister (same father different mothers)? She is indeed my sister, the daughter of my father, but not the daughter of my mother; ...
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According to the Catholicism, what was the marital status of Gomer, the woman chosen to be Prophet Hosea's wife?

We read at Hosea 3: 1-2 ( NRSVCE) of the Lord's direction to him to marry a woman: The Lord said to me again, “Go, love a woman who has a lover and is an adulteress, just as the Lord loves the ...
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What does it mean for a person to be 'Old Testament'?

The context of this question as follows: In the Peaky Blinders there is a scene in which Alfie Solomons, an orthodox Jew taunts Arthur Shelby for his newfound faith to which Arthur replies he is 'Old ...
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If God is omniscient, why would he command the Israelites to destroy the Caananites? God would have known the Israelites wouldn't keep his command [closed]

My understanding is that God knows every minute detail of the past, present and future. And yet several times throughout the Old Testament, God issues a command to his people or an individual and we ...
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How were people saved prior to 33 AD?

The exact date isn't important but at some point about 2000 years ago Christ died on a cross. Since that point Christians everywhere have put their faith in Him. He claimed to be the Way, the Truth ...
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How does the Catholic Church explain the differences in the verses of Lk 4:18 vis-a-vis Isiah 61:1

We read at Lk 4:16-18 (NRSVCE): "When he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, he went to the synagogue on the sabbath day, as was his custom. He stood up to read, and the scroll of ...
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Did Samuel act as a priest on top of being a prophet?

Thinking about the life of Samuel, you can see that in some ways lived like a priest on top of being a prophet, despite being from the half-tribe of Ephraim. One, he was brought up in the temple by ...
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Looking for a passage about God forbidding that a census be taken

Years ago, reading the Bible, I came across a passage where God forbade that a census be taken. I don't remember where that was, but would like to find it again. Looking at an online concordance, I ...
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Are the Ten Commandments a perfect summary of all the commandments found in the Bible?

Many Christians claim that Ten Commandments (Exodus 20) are special because they summarize the "moral law" of God. However, in the Old Testament we find about 613 commandments, and similarly ...
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Which, according to Catholic Church, is the writing in Old Testament that Jesus is referring to in Jn 7:38?

We read in Jn 7: 37-38: "On the last day of the festival, the great day, while Jesus was standing there, he cried out, “Let anyone who is thirsty come to me, and let the one who believes in me ...
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What is the Catholic Church's view on curses and their after-effects?

We see at Exodus 20:232-24 (NRSVCE): "You shall not abuse any widow or orphan. If you do abuse them, when they cry out to me, I will surely heed their cry; my wrath will burn, and I will kill ...
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How many languages had the Hebrew Bible been translated into by 30 CE?

I had thought that the Old Testament had two versions: Greek and Hebrew. Today, from this link I've found that before the Greek Bible, there was another version, the Aramaic Bible. During Jesus time, ...
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Demon Possession in the Old Testament?

I'm wanting to know about any possible demonic oppression and/or possession in the Old Testament, as well as why demons being cast out is not done before the time of Christ? Was it because Christ as ...
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Are the Old Testament prohibitions on incest applicable to Christians? [duplicate]

The Old Testament forbids incest. Does this aspect of the Mosaic law apply to Christians?
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How many non-decalogue commandments from the Old Testament are still morally binding for Christians? [duplicate]

Many denominations believe that Christians should obey the ten commandments (also known as the decalogue), which can be found in Exodus 20:1-17. However, there are 613 commandments in the Old ...
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Chair of Moses - Clerical Infallibility [closed]

Catholics understand that there exists clerical infallibility in the New Covenant, in other words that the Pope and the Bishops united to him can exercize a charisma of infallibility which is ...
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How did Luther have access to the Masoretic Text?

I understand that Luther and others translated the Old Testament into German from the Hebrew Text. How was the Hebrew text accessible/available to them in the 16th century?
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Who is God in the Old Testament? (Trinity)

I had always thought the Entity of the Trinity that appears in the Old Testament was God the Father. However, upon re-reading several passages, I am beginning to think it might be Jesus Christ. The ...
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Can a person prove that Jesus Christ is in the Old Testament without going to the New Testament?

Sometimes as christians when we are talking to the Jews, we tell them the Old Testament refers to the coming of Jesus Christ. It's like we are forcing our beliefs unto them by using references from ...
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According to Catholicism, what Old Testament text is referred to in John 19: 36?

We see at John 19: 31-36, how the early death of Jesus on the Cross staved off the prospects of his legs being broken to fasten death : ".... Because the Jewish leaders did not want the bodies ...
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How did Old Testament saints show they were focused on God’s promises even though they did not know when or how their Redeemer/Messiah would appear? [closed]

I am preparing a message on the importance of eliminating distractions and making Christ and His crucifixion our focal point. These New Testament Scriptures illustrate the point: For I resolved to ...
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What was the usage of the “dove dung” mentioned in 2 Kings 6:25? [closed]

When reading about Samaria's condition, I have came across the following: 2 Kings 6:25 And there was a great famine in Samaria: and, behold, they besieged it, until an ass's head was sold for ...
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Why are Ahimelech and Abiathar reversed in 2 Sam. 8:17?

In 1 Samuel 22:20-23, we see that Ahimelech was killed by the order of Saul and his son Abiathar escaped: 20 But one son of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped and fled after ...
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What was the population of the world at the time of the flood?

I understand that from the perspective of those who take the Bible literally, the global flood took place about 2400 B.C. and that the world began about 4000 B.C., giving 1600 years of human ...
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Is the date of final compilation of the books of the Old Testament an integral feature of the Wellhausen Documentary Hypothesis?

So, using the Wellhausen Documentary Hypothesis scholars argue the books of the OT are finally compiled much later than the "Traditional" view. Are the dates for the final edition critical to the ...
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What place does Lilith have in Christianity?

There was a show on the History channel stating that some scholars believe Adam and Eve were alive with a third human, Lilith. Lilith disobeyed Adam and Eve, so God sent her to live on earth as a ...
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Commandment about idols and idolatry in OT

God continually tells people throughout the Hebrew Bible to not turn to idolatry. Exodus 20:4: “You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven ...
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What is a Sabbath day's walk?

In Acts 1:12, the distance between Jerusalem and the Mount of Olives is described as a "Sabbath day's walk." Now, my Bible's footnote attributes this distance to be one kilometer long but it gives no ...
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According to Catholicism, did Moses believe in the Trinity?

According to Catholicism, did Moses, and especially the Jewish people during his time, know that God is triune?

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