Questions tagged [old-testament]

The Old Testament is comprised of the writings of ancient Israel held sacred by both Jews and Christians.

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To what extent does the Law of Moses still apply?

Matthew 5:17-18 (KJV) 17 Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. 18 For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or ...
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How were people saved prior to 33 AD?

The exact date isn't important but at some point about 2000 years ago Christ died on a cross. Since that point Christians everywhere have put their faith in Him. He claimed to be the Way, the Truth ...
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What is the origin of the moral-civil-ceremonial distinction of the Old Testament law?

This distinction is often called tripartite division of the law. I ran across this series of blog posts, which considers the division of the law into "moral", "civil", and "ceremonial" parts: ...
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According to Catholicism, did Moses believe in the Trinity?

According to Catholicism, did Moses, and especially the Jewish people during his time, know that God is triune?
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How many laws from Old Testament are still valid in New Testament? [duplicate]

I don't know this question is within the scope or not. Its straightforward. How many of the Laws in OT can be transported to NT and usable? These are some of the OT laws which are no longer useful ...
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What is the biblical support for the moral-civil-ceremonial distinction of Old Testament laws?

I just asked this question looking for where this view point came from and when it was made popular. Ceremonial Law: This type of law relates to Israel's worship. (Lev 1:1-13) The laws pointed ...
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When was the OT canon as used by Protestants finalized?

At what date (and/or event) was the Old Testament canon currently recognized by most Protestants finalized? What is the earliest occurrence we have of it being referenced in it's current form and who (...
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How old is the Old Testament?

How old is the Old Testament and, like the New Testament, are there multiple versions (i.e. - according to Matthew, Mark, Luke & John)?
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Are there Old Testament Scriptures that mention salvation for the Gentiles? [closed]

I'm wondering if there are any passages/prophecies about salvation for the Gentile world in the Old Testament. If you know any, please share.
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Old testament: where is Eternal Life and Judgement discussed? [closed]

When Jesus was teaching of eternal life (Rich man and Lazarus, also Martha and Mary's brother Lazarus being raised from death) the people listening didn't think it was a new and novel idea: your soul ...
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How was the Old Testament compiled?

While this question is similar to this question, I'm certain the answer will be very different, and far more complex.... How was the Old Testament compiled?
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How does the Protestant OT canon differ from the Jewish scriptures? [duplicate]

Is the OT canon currently accepted by Protestants the same as the Jewish scriptures? If not, where and how do they differ?
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2 votes
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What is the original explanation Christian Scholars gave for Jewish prophecies not being fulfilled?

What is the original explanation Christian Scholars gave for these Jewish prophecies not being fulfilled? A. Build the Third Temple (Ezekiel 37:26-28). B. Gather all Jews back to the Land of ...
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Does the Christian Old Testament have the exact same list of books as the Jewish Bible?

Does the Christian Old Testament include exactly the same books that are in the Jewish Bible (called the Tanakh in Judaism)? Are there any differences between the Christian Old Testament and the ...
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Are there any atheists in the Bible?

Do any people in the Bible self identify as atheists? Or are they all theists, differing in which god they follow? Apparently at least some atheists existed, since David had heard of them: The ...
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What criteria do Catholics use to determine if an old testament character prefigures Mary?

I was at a Catechetical training seminar in my parish and the presenter on topic of the creed when touching on the Blessed Virgin Mary said that lots and lots of characters prefigure Mary in the old ...
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Where does the Old Testament mention "the devil"?

Yesterday, New York Magazine published an interview with U.S. Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia, in which is he quoted as saying that he believes "the Devil" has given up taking possession of ...
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Did the ancient Hebrews believe that blood had unique spiritual properties?

I seem to recall learning at some point during an Old Testament study that they did, and that the belief explained things like the significance of the blood that was part of the animal offerings ...
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What is the Old Testament basis for the position that God is a God of love, compassion, and mercy?

Love, compassion and mercy are typically associated with the God of the New Testament, while the God of the Old Testament is typically associated with judgment and vengeance. However, the Bible also ...
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What are the natures of the different "priesthoods" mentioned in the old testament [closed]

In the old testament, there are three (maybe more?) references to a priesthood. Genesis 14:18 Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. (Now he was the priest of the Most High God.) 19 ...
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Where did the term "Jew" come from? [closed]

At what point did the Israelites start being called Jews and more importantly, why? Answers can cite biblical and extra-biblical sources.
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Where did the moral-civil-ceremonial distinction of Old Testament laws come from and when was it popularized? [duplicate]

When answering this question: How many laws from Old Testament are still valid in New Testament? I was reminded that my answer is not Biblically derived in making the trinary distinction of Old ...
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Why aren't Moses, Elijah, and other Old Testament heroes of faith given the title of "Saint"?

Many Old Testament figures led lives that are comparable to modern day saints. Yet none of them seem to be given the title of "Saint". Why is this? My first thought was that perhaps a Saint needs a ...
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Who, and what, are the "chosen people"?

According to Deuteronomy 7:6, the Israelites are called the "chosen people". Who in fact are the chosen people, and does this include Christians? What sets the chosen people apart, are there special ...
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Does the New Testament override the Old Testament? [closed]

Throughout the Old Testament there have been many laws laid down by the Lord, that are perhaps more harsh then we, as Christians, follow today. Many times in the New Testament it has been found to ...
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What is the "fear" of God? [closed]

The book of Proverbs, and several other places in the Bible, mention the "fear of the Lord". Proverbs 9:10 (ESV) The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom, and the knowledge of the Holy One ...
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How does the Snake in the Desert foreshadow the coming of Jesus?

In His conversation with Nicodemus, Jesus referenced the story of the snake in the desert and indicated that it foreshadowed Himself. How exactly does this story foreshadow Jesus? And as Moses ...
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What is the basis for Lombard's view that the basis of justification for OT men was different than for OT women?

While reading J. V. Fesko's The Theology of the Westminster Standards, I found an interesting tidbit in the context of his discussion of justification in Reformed theology: Medieval theologians ...
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8 votes
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According the infallibility of scripture, do ancient near east laws (ANE laws) really explain the derivation of the laws of Moses?

In the last 100 years, archaeology has discovered many ancient bodies of law including Sumerian, Babylonian, Hittite, Assyrian and Canaanite ancient laws. This has caused a lot of significant hoopla ...
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Who is Ba'al from the Old Testament?

Judges 6:31 NIV But Joash replied to the hostile crowd around him, “Are you going to plead Baal’s cause? Are you trying to save him? Whoever fights for him shall be put to death by morning! If ...
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God and Satan in the book of Job: how did they know about this conversation? [closed]

Job chapter 1 vers 6 - 12 talks about God and Satan having a conversation. Where does that story come from? Job does not know what is going on and I have never heard anyone talk about it. Is it a ...
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13 votes
2 answers
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How are emendations to the Masoretic Text viewed within the doctrine of inerrancy?

This was prompted by an answer to another question of mine which quoted a source that noted alternative vocalization of the Masoretic text as an example of liberal tendencies in the NRSV. This ...
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What did salvation mean to the Israelite people of the OT?

Modern Christians have various ideas of salvation since Jesus came (going to heaven when you die; free from the curse of the law; set free from the flesh, the devil and the world; adopted into God's ...
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Were there provisions for salvation for non-Hebrews in the OT?

One of the significant points of Jesus ministry and the evangelism done by the early apostles seems to be their going to "gentile" nations and preaching that they too were recipients of God's plan of ...
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7 votes
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Can the God of the Old Testament be seen as a consistent moral law giver?

There seems to be instances when God tolerates sin, since it is an improvement over the cultural conditions of the time. For instance, the laws regarding the treatment of slaves some have argued were ...
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How do the Seventh Day Adventist approach Old Testament laws?

I know the Seventh Day Adventist church is known for following certain Old Testament laws found in Leviticus such as the food/dietary laws. However I'm also under the impression that they don't follow ...
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5 votes
3 answers
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Why Jesus taught differently on “sin and treating sinners” as compared to Old Testament?

In the book of Joshua, just before attack on Jericho, Joshua told his men not to take any riches for themselves which was meant for God. Joshua 6:18 . In spite of this Achan hides some of the riches ...
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Did Jesus consider OT events to be literal history? [closed]

Did Jesus consider the historic references in the OT to be literal in the sense that people and events where historical as recorded or did he view them as symbolic/figurative or did he pick and choose?...
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Virgin Mary in Old Testament?

Are there any Old Testament passages that could be or have been taken to refer to Virgin Mary? If so, what is it they are taken to be saying or prophesying about her?
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Do the people God sends to challenge His people (for His Glory) have salvation?

Romans 9:17 17 In the Scriptures God says to Pharaoh: “I made you king so that you could do this for me. I wanted to show my power through you. I wanted my name to be announced throughout the ...
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Is it wrong to say Jesus is the God of the Old Testament?

Is it wrong to say that Jesus is the God of the Old Testament? Jesus is God, the Father is God, and the Holy spirit is God. With this is mind, is it wrong to say Jesus is the God of the Old ...
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Why did God change Jacob's name to Israel?

I am reading the book of Genesis, and I have noticed that God changes certain people's names, such as Abram to Abraham and Jacob to Israel. Why does he change their names? What does it symbolize? ...
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Why did Abraham lie to Pharaoh about Sarah being his sister in Gen 12?

It says that Abraham feared for his life (Gen 12:12). Does this mean Abraham didn't trust God in spite of the NT view that Abraham was a man of faith (Heb 11:8-12, Gal 3:9)? Why is the repeated ...
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Commandment about idols and idolatry in OT

God continually tells people throughout the Hebrew Bible to not turn to idolatry. Exodus 20:4: “You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven ...
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Was removing one's shoes a special sign of respect?

In Exodus 3:5 KJV God tells Moses to remove his shoes: And he said, Draw not nigh hither: put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground. There is no ...
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What was the explanation for why Catharism identified the Old Testament God as Satan?

According to the a Wikipedia article on Catharism (a Gnostic Christian movement in the 12th to 14th centuries): The idea of two Gods or principles, one being good and the other evil, was central to ...
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Which are the parts of the Old Testament that point to Jesus? [closed]

I'm aware of the prophecy in Genesis about someone who will crush the serpent's head, as well as the parts of Isaiah, especially the Suffering Servant. Which other parts of the Old Testament point to ...
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Jesus' quotation of Septuagint - Greek or Aramaic?

Having read this and this, I am convinced now that Jesus spoke Aramaic. However, I also know that many times He was quoting Septuagint, which is a translation of the Old Testament into Koine Greek. I ...
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God commanded people to kill in the Old testament, does he still command people to kill today? [duplicate]

As the title states. God commanded people to kill in the Old testament, does he still command people to kill today? There are people who claim God commanded them to Kill. Is this legit? Or is there ...
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4 votes
7 answers
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Where was Jesus before the events of the New Testament? [closed]

For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son.. I only thought about this when recently explaining the difference between Old and New Testament to somebody. Did the Son of God appear in the ...
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