Questions tagged [old-testament]

The Old Testament is comprised of the writings of ancient Israel held sacred by both Jews and Christians.

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5 answers
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Isn't "Jehovah-Jireh" (and other such names) just the name of a place?

It seems like many of what are referred to as the names of God are actually the names of places that have been dedicated to God: Jehovah-nissi - Moses built an altar and called that it Jehovah-nissi (...
2 votes
2 answers
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Was the division of the Holy Bible into the Old and New Testaments divinely inspired?

We hear Jesus telling the disciples in John 13:34-35 (NRSVCE): I give you a new commandment, that you love one another. Just as I have loved you, you also should love one another. By this everyone ...
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Did any early church father believe in prostration when they prayed?

In the old and new testament we have bible in the bible who when prayed performed prostrations when they prayed, Ezekiel did (Ezekiel 3:23), Moses and Aaron did (Numbers 20:6), Abram did (Genesis 17:3)...
2 votes
1 answer
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According to YEC, were the days of Genesis 1 all 24 hour periods?

A day is generally understood to be the time is takes for a certain process of events to happen. The sun 'rises' and then 'sets' and then 'rises' again. The time attributed to 1 'day' is generally ...
1 vote
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Does any denomination commemorate as Feast, events of the Old Testament?

Muslims across the world celebrated on 10th July, the Eid al-Adha to commemorate the obedience that Abraham showed to God's Will,by almost sacrificing his son. Abraham's obedience would later be ...
1 vote
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Do we know anything about the source material for the Old Testament?

The historical books especially fit so cleanly together that it would seem like possibly a whole bunch of historical records, traditions, and books were collected and form the source material. ...
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When is the resurrection of Old Testament saints (from Moses to John the baptist)?

When is the resurrection of Old Testament saints (from Moses to John the baptist)?
3 votes
1 answer
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How ancient were the Jewish Targums?

Did they precede the time of Jesus or were they compiled around the time of Jesus? Also, is it true that they were only an oral tradition at first?
7 votes
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Does the Old Testament foretell the time in history in which the Messiah would come (the first time)?

I understand that the Old Testament prophecies many different things about the Messiah who was to come, including the virgin birth, His suffering, His resurrection, etc. However, is there anything ...
9 votes
1 answer
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Do any prominent theologians point to Old Testament prophecies of there being two comings of the Messiah?

Christians believe there will be a second coming of Christ. They believe he will then fulfill many prophecies of the New Testament, as well as all the Old Testament messianic prophecies he left ...
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Why does the Orthodox Church have a larger canon than Catholics or Protestants?

There's obviously a despite between Roman Catholics and Protestantism on which constitutes the canon with Roman Catholics having the Deuterocanonical's as scripture (ie one and two Maccabees), but the ...
5 votes
3 answers
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What is the Biblical basis for prohibiting sex outside marriage?

My friend is a Progressive Christian who says that the bible doesn't condemn or even mention sex outside of marriage in the bible. Is this true? If not, what is the Biblical basis for condemning sex ...
4 votes
4 answers
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On the Seventy Sevens Prophecy of Daniel (9:24-27); and in particular, the length of a year alluded to?

Recently, I have spent some time trying to better understand the Messianic prophecy given in Dan. 9:24-27, which begins with ``Seventy weeks are decreed .... It seems that many English translations ...
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Did the concept of Heaven as the dwelling place of God where the chosen ones join Him for eternity, gradually develop?

We see many instances in the OT in which prominent people die and are gathered to their people, for example: Abraham (Gen 25:8) Ishmael (Gen 25:17 ), Isaac( Gen 35:29). There is no mention of the ...
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8 answers
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What was the Early Church’s view on socialism? [closed]

I am fundamentally opposed to socialist but I was reading the Bible and came across ‭‭Acts‬ ‭4:32-35, where it says they practiced what looks like socialism. Now the full number of those who believed ...
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2 answers
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Has anybody ever seen God? [duplicate]

My friend is a very strong Atheist and has been now for nearly three and a half years and one of the contradictions he gives are between 1 John 4:12 where it says that no man has seen God but in ...
2 votes
1 answer
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How did the Early Church Fathers view homosexuality?

How did the Early Church Fathers view the act of homosexuality, did they condemn it or did they interrupt the verses differently than we do, verses such as: You shall not lie with a male as with a ...
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Did Solomon himself actually offer sacrifices to other gods?

Here are the verses in question: 4 As Solomon grew old, his wives turned his heart after other gods, and his heart was not fully devoted to the Lord his God, as the heart of David his father had been....
1 vote
3 answers
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Does the bible support Ethno-Nationalism? [closed]

Does the bible support Ethno-Nationalism? My friend is very strongly devout Roman Catholic Christian and yesterday we got into an a debate, he believes that the bible teaches Ethno-Nationalism, I ...
2 votes
1 answer
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Which lamb in the Old Testament is Jesus equated to?

We see Jesus being referred to as the Lamb of God, on many occasions. John the Baptist calls him the Lamb of God who takes away of the sins of the world (Jn 1:29). St. Paul refers to him as the lamb ...
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1 answer
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As Christians can we support immigration control? [closed]

As Christians are we allowed to believe in immigration control or want control as to who enters the country? If yes, then how do you interrupt verses such as these, which seem to support the concept ...
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The Chair of Moses and Jewish Clerical Infallibility? [closed]

Catholics understand that there exists clerical infallibility in the New Covenant, in other words that the Pope and the Bishops united to him can exercize a charisma of infallibility which is ...
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If Abraham killed Isaac, would that be a sin? [closed]

I know that Abraham came before Moses, and so there were no Ten Commandments yet. However, if Abraham killed Isaac out of obedience to God, would that be considered a sin in any way? I feel like the ...
2 votes
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According to Catholic Scholars, what did the original text of Agnus Dei read as?

We read in Leviticus 16: 7-10 : He shall take the two goats and set them before the Lord at the entrance of the tent of meeting; and Aaron shall cast lots on the two goats, one lot for the Lord and ...
14 votes
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What is the basis for Lombard's view that the basis of justification for OT men was different than for OT women?

While reading J. V. Fesko's The Theology of the Westminster Standards, I found an interesting tidbit in the context of his discussion of justification in Reformed theology: Medieval theologians ...
1 vote
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Was there a special significance in God's choice of ravens for supply of provisions to prophet Elijah?

We read in 1 King 17:2-6: Then the word of the Lord came to Elijah: “Leave here, turn eastward and hide in the Kerith Ravine, east of the Jordan. You will drink from the brook, and I have directed ...
3 votes
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Are there any prophesies in Old Testament which got fulfilled in Jesus, but of which one cannot find a mention in New Testament?

It is said that there are more than 350 prophesies in the Old Testament which got fulfilled in Jesus and of which parallel reference can be found in New Testament. But the Evangelists have not given a ...
0 votes
2 answers
120 views

Does the New Testament disregard the Old Testament?

I'm a young and curious believer and I want to know what the link is between the Old Testament and The New Testament. Do the scriptures in the New Testament disregard the teachings of the Old ...
3 votes
2 answers
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Why did Jesus not clearly state the Old Testament canon, instead of letting others to take account for that?

I was wondering, why might Jesus not have stated the Old Testament canon in something like a list, and instead let others take account (define and compile) for that canon?
4 votes
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What is the 70 weeks prophesied in Daniel chapter nine? [closed]

In Daniel chapter nine, He prophesies: Daniel 9:24 KJV Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make ...
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How do Catholics deal with prophecies of future perpetual animal sacrifice?

I was having a friendly discussion with a Jewish person about the Scriptures. He took issue with some of the verses in the book of Hebrews, chiefly this verse (bracketed inclusions and italics my own):...
98 votes
18 answers
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How were people saved prior to 33 AD?

The exact date isn't important but at some point about 2000 years ago Christ died on a cross. Since that point Christians everywhere have put their faith in Him. He claimed to be the Way, the Truth ...
2 votes
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How do advocates of an intermediate state explain that the Old Testament seems to be unaware of the existence of the Bosom of Abraham?

Proponents of an intermediate state typically regard the story of Lazarus & the rich man (Luke 16:19-31) to be informative on the realities of the underworld. According to the story, Hades / Sheol ...
3 votes
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What is an overview of Christian beliefs on the current state and location of Old Testament saints?

Where and how are the Old Testament saints right now? Here are some possibilities (not exhaustive by any means): They are temporarily in a state of non-existence. They do exist (where?), but are ...
2 votes
1 answer
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Does the divine council in Psalm 82 correspond to different religions that we see in the world today? [closed]

I read the book Unseen Realm by Michael Heiser a few years ago. In that book, Dr. Heiser begins the book by talking about how Psalm 82 opened his eyes to the council of multiple gods in the divine ...
4 votes
3 answers
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What is the biblical support for the idea that people in the Old Testament went to heaven?

There is, among many groups, a basic idea that people in the Old Testament, namely Israelites, went to heaven. To further explain the scope of this question, I want to ignore the specific individuals ...
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2 answers
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Is Jesus the prophet of Deuteronomy 18? (confusion)

Christians say that Jesus is the prophet like Moses. In the Book of Deuteronomy, God says through Moses: The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among you, from your fellow ...
5 votes
2 answers
664 views

What is the evidence that the Angel of the Lord in the old Testament is probably Jesus?

In Judges 6:11-12 we read: The angel of the Lord came and sat down under the oak in Ophrah that belonged to Joash the Abiezrite, where his son Gideon was threshing wheat in a winepress to keep it ...
5 votes
4 answers
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What is the law during the time of Melchizedek?

Hebrews 7:12 provides: “For when the priesthood is changed, the law must be changed also.” ‭ In Hebrews 7:11, the change in priesthood refers to a change from the order of Aaron to the order of ...
3 votes
1 answer
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Where does the OT predict the Son of man?

Jesus referred to things written about the Son of man, including His death and resurrection: "All things which are written through the prophets about the Son of Man will be accomplished. For He ...
2 votes
1 answer
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Can Catholics morally object to sharia law?

Christians often criticize sharia law because the death penalty is applied for crimes like adultery, apostasy, fornication, etc. Sharia is often compared to the legal laws given in the O.T, but it is ...
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1 answer
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The ark of Covenant

When the children of Israel walked with Moses in the wilderness they had an ark that contained the rod, pot of manna, and the tablets. When they got to Canaan those things were no longer working. My ...
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According to Catholic Church, is there a deeper meaning in the saying of Jesus in Lk 23:31?

We read in Luke 23: 28-31 how Jesus consoles the ladies who were wailing for him on the way to Calvary: But Jesus turned to them and said, “Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me, but weep for ...
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How could the Egyptian magicians do what God did through Moses?

In Exodus when God performed miracles through Moses and Aaron, the Egyptian magicians did the same things that God did, How is that possible ? The first time: Exodus 7:10-13 So Moses and ...
5 votes
2 answers
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What did Jesus mean by "many" beneficiaries of His ensuing blood-shed?

At Matthew 26:27-28 (NRSVCE) we read: Then he took a cup, and after giving thanks he gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you; for this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out ...
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If the Holy Spirit came in Jesus, who is the "Holy Spirit" that David refers to?

The following passage denotes the Holy Spirit, or the Comforter, came unto us after the Ascension of Jesus. Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not ...
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God and Satan in the book of Job: how did they know about this conversation? [closed]

Job chapter 1 vers 6 - 12 talks about God and Satan having a conversation. Where does that story come from? Job does not know what is going on and I have never heard anyone talk about it. Is it a ...
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How was the earth divided? (Gen. 10:25)

Gen. 10:25 And unto Eber were born two sons: the name of one was Peleg; for in his days was the earth divided; and his brother's name was Joktan. Through some simple math, we know that Peleg was born ...
6 votes
3 answers
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What do Jews and Christians agree with in the Bible?

What is the bible such that contains the intersection, of agreement in the word, between Jews and Christians? It seems that it's the Torah, is this correct? Are there more books? I said intersection ...
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How does Christianity traditionally explain the need to subject the Israelites to slavery in Egypt?

In Genesis 15:13 God said to Abraham: "Know for certain that for four hundred years your descendants will be strangers in a country not their own and that they will be enslaved and mistreated ...

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