Questions tagged [non-trinitarian]

Encompasses a variety of doctrines which are contradictory to the traditionally orthodox teachings of Trinitarian doctrine.

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5 answers
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Why would non-Christians go to hell?

If being a non-Christian is a sin, and if Jesus died for all of our sins, why should non-Christians go to hell?
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How do those who hold Trinitarian doctrine existed from the earliest days of the church explain the lack of debate about it in the New Testament?

Jeff Deuble in Christ Before Creeds says (p. 33-34) The significant controversies about the Messiah that were strongly contested in the New Testament were: his death by crucifixion, his resurrection, ...
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What was the stance of Arius on John 1:1?

Introduction Arius believed that Jesus was a creature, a created god. What did he write about John 1:1? Or if there is no such extant manuscript, how would he interpreted ''the Word was God'' in John ...
4 votes
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From a non-Trinitarian perspective, how would you show that the Bible does not teach that the Son is equal with the Father?

See below for a more precise definition of the question. Two Views among Evangelicals Ted Peters says that if anything, contemporary mainline Protestant and Roman Catholic trinitarian thinking is “...
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1 answer
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What passages of scripture give the strongest support for Jesus being a separate person than YHWH?

Jesus' most important commandment is the following: Jesus answered him, “The first of all the commandments is: ‘Hear, O Israel, YHWH our Elohim, YHWH is 1. And you shall love YHWH your Elohim with ...
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1 answer
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For those who deny the deity of Jesus Christ how do you explain Isaiah seeing Christ/Messiah with his physical eyes at Isaiah 6:1?

Isaiah 6:1, "In the year of King Uzziah's death, I saw the Lord sitting on a throne, lofty and exalted with the train of His robe filling the temple." This is confirmed by the Apostle John ...
2 votes
1 answer
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According to Trinitarians, is the Holy Spirit quenched and grieved by those who deny His personhood and Christ's deity?

According to Trinitarians, is the Holy Spirit quenched and grieved by those who deny His personhood and Christ's deity? If so, would that mean that people who do not believe in the deity of Christ and ...
3 votes
2 answers
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Who is the pardoning authority for Sin against the Holy Spirit? [closed]

In Mtt 12:32-33, Jesus speaks about the Sin against the Holy Spirit. He elaborates that blasphemy against the Son of God will be forgiven, but that against the Holy Spirit will not be. Now, ...
15 votes
6 answers
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What Scriptures did Arius use to support teaching that Jesus was created?

Arius probably quoted the following: Revelation 3:14: These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation of God. Psalm 8:5–6: thou madest Him Proverbs 8:22–25: ...
8 votes
4 answers
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Blasphemy against the Holy Spirit for Non-trinitarians

This question does NOT ask the definition of blasphemy against the Holy Spirit By "Non-trinitarians" I mean those who do not believe in the personhood of the Holy Spirit such as Binitarians ...
1 vote
1 answer
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Technical term for a Christology of divine and flesh nature

In the first few centuries, there appears to have been many Christian currents in the Mediterranean and Near East. While Christology was often not a sound basis to delineate between these groups (as ...
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How do non-Trinitarian Christians understand the description of Deity in Isaiah 46:9?

How do non-Trinitarian Christians understand the description of Deity in Isaiah 46:9? Remember the former things of old: for I am God, and there is none else; I am God, and there is none like me (...
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3 answers
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If the one born in Bethlehem was ‘a creature’ (as says Arius) and yet did not sin, then why was the first humanity (Adam) not so created?

Addition after Comment : The title header does not provide sufficient space to word the question without ambiguity. Thus : If the one born in Bethlehem was ‘a creature’ (as says Arius) and yet did not ...
10 votes
3 answers
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What problems, if any, do Christadelphians have with the Apostles' Creed?

As a follow-up to previous questions, I'd like to know: Do Christadelphians disagree with or "reinterpret" any phrases in the Apostles' Creed? Here's the context: I'm listening to an audio series in ...
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How do Nontrinitarians justify accepting the canon of Scripture but rejecting the Trinity?

Most Nontrinitarian Christians accept the 66-book canon used by Protestants. However, the canon of Scripture was defined by the Church at around the same time that the Trinity was defined by the ...
1 vote
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Has Sozzini's 'Brevis explicatio in primum Johannis caput' been translated into English?

Lelio Sozzini (uncle of Socinus) wrote Brevis explicatio in primum Johannis caput, a commentary on the meaning of the Logos in John 1:1–15, and it was published in 1562. Sozzini held that the '...
5 votes
5 answers
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How do Trinitarians respond to passages in the Bible that seem to clearly distinguish between God and Jesus after his ascension?

Dr. Steven Nemes writes in the article The revelation which God gave Jesus, after quoting the opening line of Revelation The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show his servants what ...
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1 answer
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Given that Jesus can read minds. Why did God need to observe external behavior to know what was in the heart?

Given that Jesus can read minds. Why did God need to observe external behavior to know what was in the heart? In Mark 2:8 it reads And immediately when Jesus perceived in his spirit that they so ...
11 votes
1 answer
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From a non-trinitarian perspective, how is love explained as an attribute of God?

The Scriptures seem to assert that love is an attribute of God—that it is part of His essence that has existed from all eternity, even before there were any other creatures. For example: Anyone who ...
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6 answers
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How do non-trinitarians reconcile Jesus' claims to be God, and the Father to be God, with the requirement for monotheism?

John said the Word was with God and was God (John 1:1), and the Word became flesh (John 1:14)—Jesus. Jesus said "Before Abraham was I AM" (John 8:58)—Jesus' claim to be YHVH. Jesus ...
4 votes
1 answer
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What is the earliest known argument that John 1:1's 'beginning' refers to a new beginning?

Laelius Socinus argued in Brevis explicatio in primum Johannis caput that the "beginning" (arche) in John 1:1 refers not to a Genesis beginning, but rather a new beginning related to Jesus' ...
3 votes
2 answers
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How do non-Trinitarian denominations perceive supposed contradictions between John 1:1 vs John 1:14?

John 1:14 is generally used to say that "God" became "flesh" based on the understanding that "the Word" addressed in John 1:1 refers to God. However, other texts of ...
7 votes
6 answers
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According to non-Trinitarians, why did God allow trinitarianism to become the mainstream understanding of His nature?

According to non-Trinitarians, if God's nature is not adequately portrayed by trinitarian theology, then why did God allow such an erroneous understanding of His nature to become so widespread among ...
6 votes
1 answer
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How do non-trinitarians respond to the argument that God is love necessitates the eternity of the Son? [duplicate]

A common argument for the Trinity (or at least the eternity of The Son) is that God is love, For if there be a being without beginning, existing before all things, was He loving when there was ...
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What is the earliest known argument that 1 John 1:1's 'beginning' refers to a new beginning?

1 John 1:1's 'beginning' is often linked to John 1:1's 'beginning'. What is the earliest known argument that 1 John 1:1's use of 'beginning' refers not to a Genesis beginning but a new beginning, ...
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What is the Biblical basis for disbelief in the doctrine of the Trinity?

In related form to a previous question on the basis for the Trinity, what is the Biblical basis for disbelief of the doctrine? Not all Christians (and perhaps not all branches of Christendom) hold to ...
4 votes
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How do deniers of Jesus' divinity explain that the angel at Revelation 22:9 did not include Jesus in the list of beings that can be worshipped?

Note: this is an adaptation of a question asked on Hermenutics.SE. Check it out if interested in answers from different viewpoints. When John fell down to worship the angel that had just showed him ...
4 votes
3 answers
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What is the biblical basis against the personhood of the Holy Spirit?

Someone already asked a question seeking the biblical basis for the personhood of the Holy Spirit, but it seems that no one has asked a question yet seeking the opposite. Thus, in order to fill this ...
4 votes
2 answers
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How do deniers of Jesus' preincarnate existence interpret John 17:5?

`And now, glorify me, Thou Father, with Thyself, with the glory that I had before the world was, with Thee; [John 17:5, YLT] And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory ...
1 vote
5 answers
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According to Trinitarians, can non-Trinitarians experience regeneration, sanctification and a Spirit-led life despite not believing in the Trinity?

Question According to Trinitarians, can a Christian who lacks a belief in the Trinity still live the Christian life to its full potential? In other words, can non-Trinitarians experience spiritual ...
2 votes
2 answers
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What problems, if any, do Biblical Unitarians have with the Apostles' Creed?

Do Biblical Unitarians disagree with any phrases in the Apostles' Creed? Some Christians seem to think that those who believe the Apostles' Creed are orthodox. But many also seem to believe that non-...
1 vote
1 answer
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What arguments does the Catholic Church use to require Trinitarian intent on the part of the baptizer for a 'valid' baptism?

It looks like the 'intent' of the baptizer requires some sort of assent to Trinitarian beliefs in order for a baptism to be considered valid by the Catholic Church (see Would a person baptized by a ...
2 votes
2 answers
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What are we to understand from Jesus committing his spirit into the Father's hands?

And Jesus, crying out with a loud voice, said, "Father, into your hands I commit my spirit." Having said this, He breathed His last. Luke 23:46 How would non-trinitarians explain Jesus ...
2 votes
1 answer
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How do Unitarians understand the argument from God and love?

In this video from YouTuber Apologetics Squared (who has a fantastic channel, strongly encourage y'all to check it out), he makes this argument (I've reduced the video into a deductive argument): ...
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4 answers
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If you do not believe the Holy Spirit is a person, then what is it? What do Bible verses that reference the Holy Spirit or the Spirit of God mean?

Question: If you do not believe the Holy Spirit is a person, then what is it? The Bible includes over 100 verses that mention the Holy Spirit, the Spirit of God or just the Spirit. Here are four ...
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2 answers
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Is there a name for the position that Trinitarianism isn't necessarily wrong, but is theological speculation?

Although I think Unitarianism is a much more elegant explanation of what is happening in scripture, at the same time I'm sympathetic to Trinitarian claims that ultimately the nature of God is ...
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2 answers
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Do any major orthodox Trinitarian theologians or denominations hold that St. Paul was closer to a Biblical Unitarian than a Trinitarian?

Reading through St. Paul's letters, I come away with the impression St. Paul would have been comfortable as a contemporary Biblical Unitarian. For one example among many, consider Romans 8:34. "...
4 votes
3 answers
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Do any church writers compare or contrast Jesus and the burning bush?

From the Wikipedia article on Oneness Pentecostalism, Oneness theology specifically maintains that God is absolutely and indivisibly one. It equally proclaims that God is not made of a physical ...
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1 answer
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What is the standard term for views that aren't Unitarian?

When talking about views that aren't Trinitarian (such as LDS, JW, Christian Science, and so on) people often use the term 'Non-Trinitarian'. Is there a standard term for views that are 'Non-Unitarian'...
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What is the Biblical basis for the belief that Trinitarian belief is “not” required for salvation?

What is the Biblical basis for the belief that Trinitarian belief is not required for salvation? The Athanasian Creed states "And in this Trinity, no one is before or after, greater or less than ...
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What is the earliest clear and unambiguous post-NT denial of the Holy Spirit's personhood in Christianity?

Essentially the opposite of this question: What is the earliest recorded post-NT instance of a clear and unambiguous denial of the personhood of the Holy Spirit? When was it claimed for the first ...
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Are there any denominations that are or have been both continuationist and non-Trinitarian?

Are there any denominations currently or throughout the history of Christianity that are or have been both continuationist and non-Trinitarian?
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If Jesus was God (The Famous John 1:1), Why was He exalted to higher position (as if he wasn't in that position)? [duplicate]

I was a Trinitarian until I discussed it with a JW. I still believe in the Trinity because there're many verses to back this up (including Matt. 28:19). But I wondered. According to Phil 2:9 and some ...
7 votes
2 answers
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On what basis was Jesus’ death sufficient for redemption according Non-Trinitarians who maintain that Jesus was not eternal God as God the Father is?

To Peter Turner’s point A) Scripture is the source that says blood was necessary and that blood was sufficient, question revolves around why a Non-Trinitarian Jesus has sufficient worth to save ...
5 votes
2 answers
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How do non-trinitarians interpret Philippians 2:5-8?

Philippians 2:5-8 (NRSV): 5 Let the same mind be in you that was in Christ Jesus, 6 who, though he was in the form of God, did not regard equality with God as something to be exploited, 7 but emptied ...
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1 answer
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Are there published testimonies from Christians who had the truth of the Trinity revealed to them through the Holy Spirit?

Has either a non-Trinitarian Christian or a non-Christian ever had the truth of the Trinity specially revealed to them, personally, unquestionably, beyond any reasonable doubt, through the Holy Spirit,...
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According to those who deny a pre-incarnate personhood of Christ, who or what considered/thought/accounted in Philippians 2:5-6?

Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: - Philippians 2:5-6 Various translations render "hegeomai&...
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Do any Christian denominations believe in a "duality" rather than a trinity?

I have heard that some non-trinitarian Christians reject the concept of the trinity and say that there is only one indivisible divinity. Are there any Christian denominations that believe in a "...
2 votes
2 answers
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How do deniers of Jesus' preincarnate existence interpret 2 Corinthians 8:9?

2 Corinthians 8:9 (ESV): 9 For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sake he became poor, so that you by his poverty might become rich. A related ...
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Is there any historical evidence of Early Church Christians denying the divinity of Jesus during the 1st and 2nd centuries AD?

I'm essentially asking the counter-question to this one. Is there any historical evidence of Early Church Christians (post-New Testament) openly denying the divinity of Jesus in the 1st and 2nd ...