Questions tagged [non-trinitarian]

Encompasses a variety of doctrines which are contradictory to the traditionally orthodox teachings of Trinitarian doctrine.

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Do any major orthodox Trinitarian theologians or denominations hold that St. Paul was closer to a Biblical Unitarian than a Trinitarian?

Reading through St. Paul's letters, I come away with the impression St. Paul would have been comfortable as a contemporary Biblical Unitarian. For one example among many, consider Romans 8:34. "...
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What is the Biblical basis for the belief that Trinitarian belief is “not” required for salvation?

What is the Biblical basis for the belief that Trinitarian belief is not required for salvation? The Athanasian Creed states "And in this Trinity, no one is before or after, greater or less than ...
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What is the earliest clear and unambiguous post-NT denial of the Holy Spirit's personhood in Christianity?

Essentially the opposite of this question: What is the earliest recorded post-NT instance of a clear and unambiguous denial of the personhood of the Holy Spirit? When was it claimed for the first ...
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What is the standard term for views that aren't Unitarian?

When talking about views that aren't Trinitarian (such as LDS, JW, Christian Science, and so on) people often use the term 'Non-Trinitarian'. Is there a standard term for views that are 'Non-Unitarian'...
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Are there any denominations that are or have been both continuationist and non-Trinitarian?

Are there any denominations currently or throughout the history of Christianity that are or have been both continuationist and non-Trinitarian?
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If Jesus was God (The Famous John 1:1), Why was He exalted to higher position (as if he wasn't in that position)? [duplicate]

I was a Trinitarian until I discussed it with a JW. I still believe in the Trinity because there're many verses to back this up (including Matt. 28:19). But I wondered. According to Phil 2:9 and some ...
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According to Trinitarians, can non-Trinitarians experience regeneration, sanctification and a Spirit-led life despite not believing in the Trinity?

Question According to Trinitarians, can a Christian who lacks a belief in the Trinity still live the Christian life to its full potential? In other words, can non-Trinitarians experience spiritual ...
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Are there published testimonies from Christians who had the truth of the Trinity revealed to them through the Holy Spirit?

Has either a non-Trinitarian Christian or a non-Christian ever had the truth of the Trinity specially revealed to them, personally, unquestionably, beyond any reasonable doubt, through the Holy Spirit,...
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According to Trinitarians, is the Holy Spirit quenched and grieved by those who deny His personhood and Christ's deity?

According to Trinitarians, is the Holy Spirit quenched and grieved by those who deny His personhood and Christ's deity? If so, would that mean that people who do not believe in the deity of Christ and ...
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According to those who deny a pre-incarnate personhood of Christ, who or what considered/thought/accounted in Philippians 2:5-6?

Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: - Philippians 2:5-6 Various translations render "hegeomai&...
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How do deniers of Jesus' preincarnate existence interpret 2 Corinthians 8:9?

2 Corinthians 8:9 (ESV): 9 For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sake he became poor, so that you by his poverty might become rich. A related ...
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How do deniers of the personal pre-incarnate existence of the Son of God interpret John 3:31-32?

He that cometh from above is above all: he that is of the earth is earthly, and speaketh of the earth: he that cometh from heaven is above all. And what he hath seen and heard, that he testifieth; and ...
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According to non-trinitarians, why did God allow trinitarianism to become the mainstream understanding of His nature?

According to non-trinitarians, if God's nature is not adequately portrayed by trinitarian theology, then why did God allow such an erroneous understanding of His nature to become so widespread among ...
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Do Messianic Jews accept the entire New Testament?

Do Messianic Jews accept the entire New Testament as a base of their belief? What is the position of Messianic Judaism (if there is a common position) on passages in the Gospel of John and the letters ...
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What is the biblical basis against the personhood of the Holy Spirit?

Someone already asked a question seeking the biblical basis for the personhood of the Holy Spirit, but it seems that no one has asked a question yet seeking the opposite. Thus, in order to fill this ...
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Is there any historical evidence of Early Church Christians denying the divinity of Jesus during the 1st and 2nd centuries AD?

I'm essentially asking the counter-question to this one. Is there any historical evidence of Early Church Christians (post-New Testament) openly denying the divinity of Jesus in the 1st and 2nd ...
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How do deniers of Jesus' preincarnate existence interpret John 17:5?

`And now, glorify me, Thou Father, with Thyself, with the glory that I had before the world was, with Thee; [John 17:5, YLT] And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory ...
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How do deniers of Jesus' divinity explain that the angel at Revelation 22:9 did not include Jesus in the list of beings that can be worshipped?

Note: this is an adaptation of a question asked on Hermenutics.SE. Check it out if interested in answers from different viewpoints. When John fell down to worship the angel that had just showed him ...
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According to John 20:31, was John Writing His Gospel to Teach that Jesus was the Messiah, not God? [closed]

I am editing the question to make it more specific, since the original question was closed for being "off-topic" which I believe meant I was asking too broad a question. I am here looking ...
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How do non-trinitarians reconcile Rev. 22 verses 6 and 16?

Jehovah's Witnesses, as one non-trinitarian example, claim that Revelation 22:13 is a reference to Jehovah God and not Jesus: I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and ...
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How do non-trinitarians interpret John 14:26?

John 14:26 (NRSV): 26 But the Advocate, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you everything, and remind you of all that I have said to you. My impression as I read this ...
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How do non-trinitarians interpret Philippians 2:5-8?

Philippians 2:5-8 (NRSV): 5 Let the same mind be in you that was in Christ Jesus, 6 who, though he was in the form of God, did not regard equality with God as something to be exploited, 7 but emptied ...
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On what basis was Jesus’ death sufficient for redemption according Non-Trinitarians who maintain that Jesus was not eternal God as God the Father is?

To Peter Turner’s point A) Scripture is the source that says blood was necessary and that blood was sufficient, question revolves around why a Non-Trinitarian Jesus has sufficient worth to save ...
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Which groups believe that Jesus is a Created Being?

This question refers to people who believe that Jesus is a Created Being. Who are these people? Which groups who identify as Christian teach that Jesus was created? I'm guessing they're not ...
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Why does Jesus refer to Himself as something distinct from God?

This question is addressed to people of trinitarian sects. If Jesus is part of a trinity, why are there so many examples of Him referring to Himself as something distinct from God? Some examples are ...
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What was the stance of Arius on John 1:1?

Introduction Arius believed that Jesus was a creature, a created god. What did he write about John 1:1? Or if there is no such extant manuscript, how would he interpreted ''the Word was God'' in John ...
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How do non-trinitarians respond to the argument that God is love necessitates the eternity of the Son?

A common argument for the Trinity (or at least the eternity of The Son) is that God is love, and thus there must have been an object that could be loved by him throughout all eternity. The Trinity's ...
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A Christian that believe in one God and gives him no image. What kind of Christian is that?

I always believed in One God, with no image( which for me means no mental image of something). Jesus Christ is a prophet from God. I was taught in this way. I was in a Catholic College and I never ...
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What word describes the heresy of "Jesus is the Son of Himself"?

Preface This question is the result of a personal thought experiment and is for curiosity sake. I do not profess nor believe the following statement. Background Those who believe in the ...
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What problems, if any, do Oneness Pentecostals have with the Apostles' Creed?

As a follow-up to previous questions, I'd like to know: Do Oneness Pentecostals disagree with or "reinterpret" any phrases in the Apostles' Creed? Here's the context: I'm listening to an audio series ...
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What problems, if any, do Christadelphians have with the Apostles' Creed?

As a follow-up to previous questions, I'd like to know: Do Christadelphians disagree with or "reinterpret" any phrases in the Apostles' Creed? Here's the context: I'm listening to an audio series in ...
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What problems, if any, do Swedenborgians have with the Apostles' Creed?

As a follow-up to previous questions, I'd like to know: Do Swedenborgians disagree with or "reinterpret" any phrases in the Apostles' Creed? Here's the context: I'm listening to an audio series in ...
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What problems, if any, do Mormons have with the Apostles' Creed?

As a follow-up to a previous question, I'd like to know: Does the LDS church disagree with or "reinterpret" any phrases in the Apostles' Creed? Here's the context: I'm listening to an audio series in ...
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What problems, if any, do Jehovah's Witnesses have with the Apostles' Creed?

I'm listening to an audio series in which the Apostles' Creed is used as the framework for "Christian theology," implying that those who believe the Apostles' Creed are orthodox. However, it's ...
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In what way has belief in the Trinity decreased?

I have heard that over half of Protestants do not believe in an earlier theological conception of the Trinity. I have heard that this is especially true of Evangelicals, and that they consider the ...
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Are there any known non-trinitarian apologists in the Anglican communion?

I understand that the Anglican Church is trinitarian in belief. However, are there any known non-trinitarian apologists in the communion? Any information both historical and present-day would be ...
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What Scripture passages do Latter-day Saints use to refute the Trinity?

If I am not mistaken (but do correct me if I am), The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints teaches that the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost are three separate beings, i.e. three separate Gods. What ...
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How do nontrinitarians view Jesus? (overview) [closed]

What is an overview of how nontrinitarians view Jesus?
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According to the Catholic Church, could a "Jesus-name" baptism ever be considered a valid baptism?

Related: What is the earliest extrabiblical teaching of baptism using a trinitarian formula? According to Oneness Pentecostals and others, baptizing in the name of Jesus, instead of the name of the ...
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Do any trinitarian Protestant traditions teach that anyone who denies the Trinity is necessarily unsaved?

The traditional understanding of the Trinity, "one God in three Persons," is a widespread belief within Christianity, but there are nonetheless many nontrinitarians who associate themselves with ...
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What do non-trinitarians mean when they call Jesus the "Son of God"?

On a different question I got an answer and some comments. One of which said: Generally, when a Christian says that Jesus is the "Son of God" they are referring to the doctrine of the Trinity, ...
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What is the basis for the Swedenborgian view that the most common concept of God in Christianity (the Trinity) is a belief in three gods?

The vast bulk of Christian denominations, representing the overwhelming majority of Christians, subscribe to the doctrine of the Trinity, which, boiled down to its essence, is "one God in three Divine ...
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What Scriptures did Arius use to support teaching that Jesus was created?

Arius probably quoted the following: Revelation 3:14: These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation of God. Psalm 8:5–6: thou madest Him Proverbs 8:22–25: ...
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How do non-Trinitarians who do not believe Jesus is God Almighty explain how Jesus can effect atonement for all of humanity?

Non-Trinitarians who do not believe Jesus is God Almighty include Unitarians, Socinians, Arians, Jehova's Witnesses, etc. This would not include, supposedly, Modalists and LDS/Mormons. The idea of ...
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Do any church writers compare or contrast Jesus and the burning bush?

From the Wikipedia article on Oneness Pentecostalism, Oneness theology specifically maintains that God is absolutely and indivisibly one. It equally proclaims that God is not made of a physical ...
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Other than non-Trinitarian, what terms are there for Christians who don't believe in the trinity?

Back story: I've been looking for Christian churches in my city that don't believe in the trinity. Research: I tried web searches for related words such as 'non-Trinitarian', 'Unitarian', '...
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Do any Christian denominations believe in a "duality" rather than a trinity?

I have heard that some non-trinitarian Christians reject the concept of the trinity and say that there is only one indivisible divinity. Are there any Christian denominations that believe in a "...
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What percentage of self-identifying Christians believe Jesus was not God, and instead was a messenger of God?

Does such sect inside Christianity exist?
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What is the Biblical basis for unitarianism?

I ask this mostly in reaction to this question: What is the Biblical basis for the doctrine of the Trinity? From what I've seen, the majority of Christians believe in Trinitarianism, but some believe ...