Questions tagged [new-testament]

The second part of the Christian Biblical canon, dealing with the life of Jesus and the teachings and history of the early church. Could also refer to the new covenant.

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What is the evidence for the authenticity of St. Paul’s writings?

Muslims and even some atheists claim that St. Paul’s writings are forgeries, but what is the evidence that the writings of St. Paul are authentic?
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Was "peace be with you" a common greeting in the Early Church?

In the Old and the New Testament "peace be with you" was a common greeting among Jesus Christ and the prophets (Genesis 43:23, Judges 19:20, Luke 24:36, John 20:19) but was "peace be ...
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Is there any biblical or historical evidence that Jesus was a Jew? [duplicate]

It is very well believed that Jesus Christ was born and raised into a Jewish family but is there any biblical evidence or historical evidence (ie the early church) that Jesus Christ was a Jew? Opposed ...
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In what language were the four Gospels and Paul's writings originally written?

I'm an Orthodox Christian and the tradition we believe says that Matthew and John (the Gospel writers) are the same as Matthew and John (two of the original 12 apostles). I know that scholars say that ...
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Are any Classical Hebrew translations of the New Testament based on ancient languages other than Koine Greek?

There seem to be many Hebrew translations of the New Testament, both Classical and Modern. However, most of these seem to be based on some form of the Koine Greek New Testament (whether it be the ...
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Does this quote from Origen prove the Bible is corrupt?

The differences among the manuscripts have become great, either through the negligence of some copyists or through the perverse audacity of others; they either neglect to check over what they have ...
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What is the meaning of "rest in peace" ("RIP")?

According to the New Testament of the Holy Bible, what is the interpretation of the phrase "may his/her soul rest in peace. RIP"?
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Did Mark write for Peter

I have been told that Peter could not read or write. Mark wrote all of Peters’s stories and scriptures. How can I determine if this true?
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What Early Church Father taught that marriage is between a man and a woman?

It is very obvious that marriage biblically is defined as being between one men and women one (Genesis 2:23-24, Matthew 19:5-6, Mark 10:6-8, 1 Corinthians 7:2, Hebrews 17:4) but what Early Church ...
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Is there any evidence of the crucifixion of Jesus outside of the bible?

Muslims believe that Jesus was not crucified but someone instead replaced Jesus Christ during the crucifixion, Surah An-Nisa - 157-167 states that: and for boasting, “We killed the Messiah, Jesus, ...
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A story in the Bible where Jesus tested the faith of a sinner?

I'm looking for a story in the Bible where Jesus put a sinner's faith to the test. I originally heard this story during a Church sermon. It was nearly 4 years ago, and and I'm having trouble figuring ...
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Was the division of the Holy Bible into the Old and New Testaments divinely inspired?

We hear Jesus telling the disciples in John 13:34-35 (NRSVCE): I give you a new commandment, that you love one another. Just as I have loved you, you also should love one another. By this everyone ...
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How do those who deny Jesus' pre-existence explain the large number of verses suggesting it?

Some hold that Jesus did not have literal pre-existence. How do those who believe this then exegetically reconcile it with passages such as John 3:13 "No one has ascended into heaven except the ...
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Does 1 Timothy 2:5 debunk intercession of the saints? [duplicate]

1 Timothy 2:5 says: For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus; Does this mean that intercessions of the saints is not possible since Jesus Christ is the only ...
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According to Protestant New Testament exegetes, did Jesus use figure of speech with respect to the second death in these 2 places in scripture?

If we read John 16:25-30 we know Jesus sometimes spoke figuratively. Jesus even said so Himself. My question is, in 2 places in Scripture is Jesus using the term death figuratively to refer to the ...
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What is the Biblical basis for prohibiting sex outside marriage?

My friend is a Progressive Christian who says that the bible doesn't condemn or even mention sex outside of marriage in the bible. Is this true? If not, what is the Biblical basis for condemning sex ...
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According to the Bible, how should Christian clergy be compensated for their services?

In Mark 6, we read, in part: Then Jesus went around teaching from village to village. 7 Calling the Twelve to him, he began to send them out two by two and gave them authority over impure spirits. 8 ...
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What was the Early Church’s view on socialism? [closed]

I am fundamentally opposed to socialist but I was reading the Bible and came across ‭‭Acts‬ ‭4:32-35, where it says they practiced what looks like socialism. Now the full number of those who believed ...
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Did the Early Church believe in purgatory?

Roman Catholics believe in purgatory, which is a state of purgation in which our soul goes through before entering into the kingdom of God, but are there any Early Church Fathers who believed in the ...
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How did the Early Church Fathers view homosexuality?

How did the Early Church Fathers view the act of homosexuality, did they condemn it or did they interrupt the verses differently than we do, verses such as: You shall not lie with a male as with a ...
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How do proponents of the 'Critical Text' respond to the claim that it preserves an anti-Trinitarian corruption dating from the fifth century?

When Dr Vance Smith, a Unitarian, was appointed to the Committee to revise the Authorised Version, public opinion objected to the appointment and Drs Westcott and Hort (Hort, also, leaning towards ...
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Are there any prophesies in Old Testament which got fulfilled in Jesus, but of which one cannot find a mention in New Testament?

It is said that there are more than 350 prophesies in the Old Testament which got fulfilled in Jesus and of which parallel reference can be found in New Testament. But the Evangelists have not given a ...
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Does the New Testament disregard the Old Testament?

I'm a young and curious believer and I want to know what the link is between the Old Testament and The New Testament. Do the scriptures in the New Testament disregard the teachings of the Old ...
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Did Jesus ever tell jokes or use humor? [duplicate]

The New Testament tells us that Jesus was an exceptional storyteller who used symbolism to spread the Word of God. But did He ever use humor while telling stories? Or in His day-to-day life? Did He ...
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Did the concept of Heaven as the dwelling place of God where the chosen ones join Him for eternity, gradually develop?

We see many instances in the OT in which prominent people die and are gathered to their people, for example: Abraham (Gen 25:8) Ishmael (Gen 25:17 ), Isaac( Gen 35:29). There is no mention of the ...
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Greek or any other language New Testament edition or document(s) predating the Old Latin (Vetus Latina) translation?

I've been told that the Vetus Latina (Old Latin) translation of the New Testament is oldest edition/version of the New Testament texts available to the public. It seems some of the "originals&...
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Where can I find a PDF scan of Rahabi Ezekiel's "Travancore Hebrew New Testament" or "Book of the Gospel Belonging to the Followers of Jesus"?

It is a polemical rabbinic translation of the entire New Testament, allegedly in an uneven and faulty Hebrew, and with a strong anti-Christian bias.
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What NT evidence is there for the idea that the apostle Paul's introductions to his letters were to authenticate his position as an apostle?

One comment in a previous, related question I asked was, "Paul consistently announces himself in some kind of relationship to Jesus as some way of credentialing himself at the beginning of his ...
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When was the New Testament written, and by who?

My question is when the New Testament was written and by whom the New Testament was written? I guess strongly that there had been so difficulty in writing the Bible at that time, because there must ...
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What New Testament events after Pentecost have been claimed to have typological precursors in the Old Testament?

There's quite a bit of good stuff that happened in the early history of the Church after Pentecost, but was any of it predicted in any meaningful way or, to put it a more objective way, do any ...
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Which translation of the bible does this version of the Lord's Prayer come from?

When I was very young, the version of the Lord's Prayer that I was taught went like this: Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be thy Name, thy kingdom come, thy will be done, on earth as it is in ...
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What is the original source of summary of the 10 Commandments, which Jesus quotes in Mtt 22: 35-40?

We read in Lk 10: 25-28 : Just then a lawyer stood up to test Jesus. “Teacher,” he said, “what must I do to inherit eternal life?” He said to him, “What is written in the law? What do you read there?...
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What is the Biblical basis of the idea that men can be given authority to forgive sins?

This question is inspired by the question What is the Old Testament basis to the idea that only God can forgive sins? What is the Biblical basis (Old or New Testament) for the idea that men can be ...
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Verse on evangelizing those in the Church first?

What New Testament verse (I think it was St. Paul) says that we must first evangelize those who are already in the Church first before making converts of others outside the Church?
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How do Trinitarians explain the almost exclusive use of singular pronouns to refer to God in the Bible?

In thousands of instances in the Bible, pronouns used to describe God are singular. Every instance is singular except possibly 4. These possibilities all occur in the Old Testament. For unitarians, ...
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Is there a term for a theological principle that if a New Testament text is unclear about something, that point is not important for salvation?

One view is that a significant number of theological issues re Christianity are debated because they are debatable. So, this view says, a relevant text might admit of multiple plausible ...
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Are the Ten Commandments a perfect summary of all the commandments found in the Bible?

Many Christians claim that Ten Commandments (Exodus 20) are special because they summarize the "moral law" of God. However, in the Old Testament we find about 613 commandments, and similarly ...
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What is the biblical basis for both tithing and offering in the New Covenant, instead of just offering?

Based on the following passages, it's my understanding that The New Testament clearly supports offering: 2 Corinthians 9 (NIV): 6 Remember this: Whoever sows sparingly will also reap sparingly, and ...
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What is the Catholic Church's view on curses and their after-effects?

We see at Exodus 20:232-24 (NRSVCE): "You shall not abuse any widow or orphan. If you do abuse them, when they cry out to me, I will surely heed their cry; my wrath will burn, and I will kill ...
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Is the bonebox called the "James Ossuary" authentic? Is it truly the bonebox of James, the brother of Jesus Christ?

An ossuary is a bone box. The James Ossuary is allegedly the bone box of James the brother of our Lord Jesus. On its side is written, in aramaic, "James, the son of Joseph, the brother of Jesus&...
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What is a free online New Testament commentary you recommend for diving into the historical/cultural context and the Greek/manuscripts? [closed]

Although I grew up with a Bible and went to a "church," I was raised in a pseudo-Christian group but I converted to orthodox Christianity. So I am planning on reading the entire New ...
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Does a legal compilation of all laws included in the New Testament exist?

Jews compiled Old Testament laws and found 613 commandments. I wonder if the same kind of compilation exists for the New Testament laws.
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The other gospels not part of the Bible [closed]

AFAIK the the writers of the NT are only Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Paul, James, Peter and Jude. The writing of the other apostles, Andrew, Philip, Bartholomew, Thomas, Matthias, Simon abd James why ...
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What specific thing in the Bible separates the Old Testament from the New Testament?

We have the Old Testament and the New Testament. Does Old Testament just simply refer to the time before the Incarnation and the New Testament to the time afterwards? I do not see one specific thing ...
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Why is the Latin New Testament authoritative for the Catholic Church rather than the original Greek?

Just wondering why they chose Latin instead of Greek to be the source of truth of the texts, and instead added this abstraction layer when they were so close to the Greek culture at the time?
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Do any authorities have anything to say about "criminality" as grounds for divorce in addition to "adultery," alluded to in the New Testament?

A (Christian) acquaintance of mine offered the opinion that the two valid grounds for divorce are adultery and criminality. Matthew 5:32 says, "Everyone who divorces their spouse, except on grounds ...
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Giving a name while doing circumcision?

It was claimed that the recent tradition in Judaism to give a name to babies while doing circumcision, is documented already in the New Testament. Is it true? I'm looking for the source / reference.
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Where does the LDS section heading for 1 Corinthians 7 come from?

In the chapter heading to 1 Corinthians 7 in the official LDS scriptures, it states: Paul answers special questions about marriage among those called on missions—Paul praises self-discipline. ...
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Are there any bundles of subsets of the New Testament that are common?

In Christianity you have the idea of the "Old Testament". In Judaism, this is broken down into smaller (and larger) chunks. You can find it in the Torah, the first 5 books of the Old Testament. You ...
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Were any of the early church leaders Gentile converts to Christianity?

By early, I mean the second half of the first century to the end of the second century. I know, for example, that Paul and Barnabus were ethnic Jews. The Apostle Paul mentions various Christians, ...
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