Questions tagged [nature-of-man]

relating to the theological definition of anthropology - that set of doctrines which attempt to understand how God created the spirit, soul, and mind of a human being, and to ascertain that for which he destined and how he is subject to the natural laws

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Did John Calvin teach that souls 'pre-existed'?

My understanding of Calvin's teaching on Paul's expression of foreknowledge, election and predestination is that all of these are within the eternal Deity. That which occurred within Deity (I ...
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How does Human Nature relate to Angelic Nature, specifically regarding sin and free-will? [closed]

I have seen quite a few questions on here asking: How could Lucifer, being a perfect creation, have fallen or sinned? However, my question is this: What can we find in the Scriptures about the ...
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According to Southern Baptists, where does a baby's soul come from?

When someone dies their soul either goes to heaven or to hell, there is no true end for a soul, only for the body because energy cannot be created or destroyed. By the same token, when someone is born ...
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Sin Nature and the Sarx, how can Jesus be sinless if all flesh is evil

Someone asked about sin nature and the answer they were given was that the word Sarx was translated as sin nature? In Greek Sarx just means flesh. So if Jesus came in the Sarx and was sinless how is ...
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Is there an ontological change in human nature after Jesus Passion and resurrection?

I came across this passage from Jacques Servais, commenting on Thomas Aquinas’ view on Christ’s Passion: God himself acts in human nature by regenerating it from within. He, in fact, wanted, to ...
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What does Reformed Protestantism teach regarding 'spirit and soul and body' (I Thessalonians 5:23)

And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly; and I pray God your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. I Thessalonians 5:23 KJV Paul lists '...
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How does the Catholic church distinguish between the human soul and spirit?

I see questions about the creation of the human soul, and the soul's "infusion" into the body. But the Bible considers a human being to "have" three parts or concepts: spirit, soul, and body. How does ...
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Is Mary's human soul pre-existent in eternity?

There is a statement in the Catholic Catechism that says that Mary is chosen from all eternity by God. Would this mean she pre-existed in eternity with God, or does "chosen" not really imply pre-...
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Could “The human soul is created at the moment of conception.” be defined as dogma?

Could the proposition The human soul is created at the moment of conception. be defined as dogma? (question idea courtesy Peter Turner, who asked "What paths exist in the Catholic Church for a ...
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Did Prophet Jeremiah's soul pre-exist his conception in human form?

At Jeremiah 1: 4-5 we see the prophet speaking of his call: Now the word of the Lord came to me saying, “Before I formed you in the womb I knew you, and before you were born I consecrated you; ...
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Souls being immortal vs all of existence needing to be continually and actively maintained by God

Non Christian asking a question here. My understanding is that Christianity claims that: A) Souls are immortal. B) Everything that exists (except God Himself) needs to be continually maintained by ...
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What are the arguments for the belief of the immortal soul? [duplicate]

I'm looking for a list of arguments for the immortal soul with the bible verses supporting the arguments (finding the arguments against it is very easy).
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Is there a biblical basis for the claim that humans are shaped into the God-human Christ?

In Is Transhumanism a Challenge or an Opportunity for the Christian Faith? the following statements are made (emphasis mine): Yet, by painting Transhumanism as an offshoot of atheistic naturalism, ...
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When was the tripartite (body, soul, and spirit) view of man officially rejected by a church council?

The trichotomy of man (or his trichotomous or tripartite nature) is the belief that man was created with three "parts" – body, soul, and spirit. This is a popular viewpoint among many Christians, but ...
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Who are the “extreme Anabaptists” who believed that regeneration makes people incapable of sin?

While reading Louis Berkhof's Systematic Theology, I noticed an interesting tidbit about the beliefs of "extreme Anabaptists" on regeneration. He argues: [Regeneration is not] a complete or ...
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What were the main arguments put forth at the Fifth ecumenical council against the preexistence of human souls?

As far as I know, the idea of the preexistence of human souls was condemned on the Fifth ecumenical council (the Second Council of Constantinople). The Wikipedia page on the decrees of that council ...
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Following the Doctrine in Council of Trent, does God give a soul to human at conception deprived of sanctifying grace?

The Catholic Church teaches, as St. Thomas Aquinas explained, that God intended our first parents to give their descendants the blessings of original justice. When they lost the gifts, however, they ...
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According to Catholicism, when a person dies, is that person's spirit/soul limited as to where it can be present?

According to Catholicism, when a person dies, is that person's spirit and/or soul limited as to where it can be present?
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According to Catholicism, why do we need a resurrection if we have an immortal soul?

Here's this other question that asks the question "According to Roman Catholicism, how old will our resurrection bodies be?" The answers to the question talk along the line of that a persons physical ...
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LDS belief in pre-existence of the human person vs. human physical deformities

This other question discusses the Mormon doctrine of pre-existence prior to conception. The highest rated answer quotes from The Encyclopedia of Mormonism that says, on the page "Pre-Existence (Pre-...
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According to the Catholic Church, is there any supernatural (non-physical, non-mathematical, non-scientific) part of a human being?

My previous understanding of the Catholic Church's teaching was that a human being is of two conjoined natures: physical and spiritual. Also, my previous reasoning was that things like consciousness, ...
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How can the existence of other species of the genus Homo be reconciled with Christian belief in the uniqueness of humankind? (Catholic perspective)

Close relatives of Homo Sapiens are known to have existed in relatively recent times. Neanderthals are one example. They weren't mere brutes, as archaeological research has shown, but they weren't ...
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Can An Extraterrestrial Be A Christian? [closed]

In a spin-off of a law forum question ("Can an extra terrestrial be legally adopted?"), I ask: "Can an extraterrestrial be a Christian?" Like all short questions, however, it might have a long ...
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What is the biblical basis for women being created in the image of God?

This question is not made to defame Biblical doctrines or teachings, just a genuine curiosity that no one I talk to has an answer for. Genesis 1:27 states "So God created man in his own image, in ...
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If baptism cleanses original sin then why do the children of baptised parents still need to be baptised?

Why do the children of the parents who were baptized need to be baptized? The parent's original sin was removed by their baptism so they shouldn't be passing it down anymore. Or how does it work? Is ...
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Source of the view that the human will is necessitated but not coerced

Consider this excerpt from Aquinas: Some have held that the human will is necessarily moved to choose things. But they did not hold that the will is coerced, since only something from an external ...
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According to Reformed theology, why does God tell people to repent if they don't have the choice to do so, as in Exodus 10:3?

This question is addressed to those who believe in the doctrine of Total Depravity. In Exodus 10:3 God asks the Pharaoh for how long will he remain proud. Why does God ask such a question if the ...
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Under what basis does the Catholic Church consider animals, in particular great apes, not to be persons?

The Catholic Church teaches that out of earthly beings, only humans, and not animals, are persons and therefore many rights, like the absolute right to live, are enjoyed only by humans. As the CCC ...
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What is the biblical basis for the belief that man is no longer made in God's image?

According to an Adrian Rodgers radio broadcast man is no longer born in God's image due to the Fall. What is the biblical support for this assertion? The broadcasts are archived here; the one I heard ...
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According to the LDS faith, if our spirits lived with God before this life, why is spiritual birth during life on earth required?

I am a member of the LDS faith, and based on the belief that our spirits lived with God before this life, then why is spiritual birth ("Being Born of the Spirit") during life on earth required? Based ...
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Do Protestant catechisms teach that man is created by and for God, and God always draws man to himself?

I'm looking for a comparable Protestant teaching, and hopefully the scriptural reference it's based on, for this point within the Catholic catechism. The desire for God is written in the human ...
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How do theistic evolutionists explain moral reasoning?

If you are a theistic evolutionist, then I see two possible explanations for the existence of human moral reasoning. 1) That at some point in the evolution of primates (or even a more distant common ...
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How is age defined in heaven? [duplicate]

I am now older than what my father was when he passed away in 1967. Granted that both of us meet in heaven face to face, will his soul look younger than mine ? Is there any teaching available from the ...
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How are the soul and the body related to each other according to the RCC? [duplicate]

Humans have a mind (or soul) and body, but they are not separately divided substances (as Descartes would suggest). So one could say we have a soul and body. But according to the Roman Catholic Church,...
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How do proponents of the dual nature of man address Hebrews 4:12, “dividing soul and spirit”?

Those holding to a tripartite nature of man, or trichotomism, sometimes point to Hebrews 4:12 as evidence for their view that soul and spirit are distinct in man: For the word of God is alive and ...
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Does the Catholic Church teach that humans are superior to all other creations on Earth?

Does the Catholic Church teach that humans are superior to all other creations on Earth, or does it teach that each creation is equally precious and that not one type of creation is better than the ...
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Is there a scriptural support for “man are ‘half animal, half angel’”? [closed]

The Philosopher and Critic of Christianity Ludwig Feuerbach wrote: “My only wish…is to transform friends of God into friends of man, believers into thinkers, devotees of prayer into devotees of ...
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How does the LDS church back up the statement “I'm stronger than Satan”?

I have heard that I'm stronger than Satan for a few reasons. Because I have a body and he doesn't. Because he only has as much power over me as I give him. Because I am never beyond the influence of ...
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Can the human spirit remember anything without a physical body? (LDS perspective)

I work doing support work for adults with disabilities. I have a friend who recently graduated with a degree in psychology. One day we got talking about all the ways that brain damage (through ...
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What is the source of the quote attributed to Origen, that “the soul has neither beginning nor end”?

Related answer: Is there any substance to the claim that Origen supported reincarnation? The following quote is widely attributed to Origen in books and on the internet (e.g., here and here): The ...
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Where did our spirit come from? (Overview)

Where did our spirit come from? Did it exist before we were born? Or did it come into existence when we were born or later? What is an overview of the major Christian answers to this question?
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What is the biblical basis for the immortality of the soul?

The Immortality of the Soul is "the doctrine that the human soul will survive death, continuing in the possession of an endless conscious existence." (source). What is the biblical basis for the ...
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How do those who believe man is tripartite respond to Gen. 2:7, “the man became a living soul”?

Those who believe that man is bipartite (a soul consisting of body and spirit) cite Gen. 2:7 as proof that man does not have a soul, but rather, man is a soul. Consequently, they deny any assertion ...
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Why did human lifespans drop after the Flood?

In Genesis 5, a brief account of the lives of Adam's descendants is narrated. All of them had long lives, for instance, Adam lived 930 years, Seth lived 912 years, etc. But in Genesis 6:3, God seems ...
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What is the Biblical basis for man being created perfect, or for man not being created perfect?

I often hear that man was created perfect. Yet Genesis 3:7 says that "they knew that they were naked." Additionally, Genesis 2:25 says they were "naked yet not ashamed." Also, Genesis 2:18 says ...
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According to Catholicism, did God create humans to directly perform His Will in the physical world?

I am wondering if the following ideas/questions would be considered compatible with orthodox Catholic theology: If God is Love, if humans are made in His image, and if humans are made by Love and For ...
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What prominent Christian thinkers (if any) held to polygenism and if so how did these thinkers view original sin? [duplicate]

Have any influential or well known (be it in scholastics or in media) Christian thinkers express views that the first 'couple' was 'couples' (polygenism) and if so, how did they reconcile this ...
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According to Roman Catholicism, what is the soul and its purpose?

In the Catholic Tradition does there exist a teaching on the purpose or role of the human soul in the makeup of a human being? I could also settle for a theologian's thoughts and writings on the ...
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What major views are there on the question of whether God shares moral responsibility for our deeds, good and bad?

I am looking for an overview of the major historical approaches to the following question/group of questions: Since God has given us this body to do good or bad, then does he share at all in the ...
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We will judge angels? But we are lower than the angels

Know ye not that we shall judge angels? how much more things that pertain to this life? 1 Cor 6:3 (KJV) This verse says that we will judge angels, but this verse 6 But one in a certain place ...