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Questions tagged [medieval-church]

The church of the 5th to 15th centuries, following the early church and leading up to the Reformation.

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9 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is the basis for saying that Aquinas accepted the Immaculate Conception?

It's commonly said that Thomas Aquinas did not accept the doctrine of the immaculate conception of Mary. For example, Wikipedia says: Saint Thomas Aquinas refused to concede the Immaculate ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
6k views

What is the "city of seven hills" in St. Malachy's Popes Prophecy?

Reading through St. Malachy's Popes Prophecy, I couldn't understand a particular phrase: Peter the Roman, who will nourish the sheep in many tribulations; when they are finished, the city of ...
tunmise fashipe's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
107 views

What theological problem in the Henoticon triggered the excommunication of the Patriarch Acacius, by the Bishop of Rome in the fifth century?

As I read through Oman's treatment of the Dark Ages, I am struck again and again by his references to Catholics (which seems in a contextual sense to mean Christian orthodoxy writ large) and what I ...
KorvinStarmast's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
815 views

According to Roman Catholicism, was the 1054 excommunication of the Patriarch of Constantinople valid, in light of Leo IX's death?

The excommunications of 1054 have long been seen as a pivotal moment in the Great Schism. But recently I found that some people apparently doubt that the excommunication of the Patriarch of ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
20 votes
2 answers
39k views

How did the Crusades affect the Pope's power and authority?

How did the Crusades affect the Pope's power/authority, during and after the Crusades? The Crusades, from Wikipedia The Crusades were a series of religiously sanctioned military campaigns, called by ...
keto23's user avatar
  • 321
16 votes
2 answers
840 views

How could a seventh-century heretic have possessed papal infallibility?

More specifically: How does the Roman Catholic Church reconcile the doctrine of Papal Infallibility with the Sixth Ecumenical Council's pronouncement regarding Pope Honorius? The Sixth Ecumenical ...
Philip Schaff's user avatar
14 votes
2 answers
39k views

Were the medieval popes examined on a toilet-lid-like chair to establish their masculinity?

Is one of the consequences of the Pope Joan story, whether it was true or false, the use of a marble chair with a large, toilet-like hole in its seat? As the picture above shows, it seems that that ...
Elberich Schneider's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
8k views

How did the Crusades impact modern Christianity? [closed]

How do the crusades impact modern day Christianity own sense of morality and spirituality? What do these things mean to a person of faith? The Crusades, from Wikipedia The Crusades were a series ...
user avatar
10 votes
6 answers
13k views

Are there any followers of Catharism today?

I'm interested by Catharism. Is there anywhere in Christendom where this faith has reappeared since being suppressed in the Middle Ages? I know that today some people in France, near Spain, are ...
The Unholy Metal Machine's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
654 views

Were plenary indulgences issued during the crusades, as indicated by Dan Brown?

In Dan Brown's novel, The DaVinci Code, if my memory serves me correctly, Leigh Teabing asserts that Crusaders were given plenary indulgences to commit unspecified sins with impunity whilst on crusade....
Mick's user avatar
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7 votes
2 answers
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When and how can a pope revoke the decrees of an ecumenical council?

I recently learned that Pope John XXI revoked a decree passed at the Second Council of Lyon (1274). The Catholic Encyclopedia reads: Gregory X, to avoid a repetition of the too lengthy vacancies ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
1k views

Why did John Wycliffe oppose papal authority in the 14th century?

He's been called the "Eosphoros of the Reformation", but how did he come to believe that the Bible opposes the idea that papal authority is above government authority?
the_midget_17's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
837 views

What were the circumstances behind the loss of the "True Cross?"

It is my understanding that there was a relic, used by the Crusaders, that was claimed to be the very Cross on which Jesus was crucified. I also understand that sometime around 1187, it was captured ...
Affable Geek's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
2k views

Why did the medieval church become involved with marriage?

It seems, through my research, that the Christian Western marriage was created during the Middle Ages (cf. this question). So, does that mean that before the Middle Ages, the Western Christian church ...
Double U's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
9k views

How did the Inquisition impact modern Christianity?

Related Question How did the Crusades impact modern Christianity? How did the Inquisition impact modern day Christianity own sense of morality and spirituality? What do these things mean to a ...
user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
249 views

In Western communion services, when was the origin of the practice of consistently offering only the bread to the laity?

The practice of "communion in both kinds" by the laity, that is, both the eating of the bread and drinking of the cup, seems to have been the typical practice in the early church. 1 Corinthians 11:28 ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
231 views

The Middle Ages as a Model for the Orderly Society?

I'm interested in finding books and studies (both for and against) the idea that Medieval European society had a kind of order that's desirable. Foundationally, there's a clear religious order--...
curiositasisasinbutstillcuriou's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
892 views

Was Emperor St. Justinian an Aphthartodocetist?

Ss. Eutychius of Constantinople and Anastasius of Antioch were deposed and exiled because they openly opposed Emperor St. Justinian's edict in 564 on Aphthartodocetism, the belief that Christ's body, ...
Adithia Kusno's user avatar