Skip to main content

Questions tagged [medieval-church]

The church of the 5th to 15th centuries, following the early church and leading up to the Reformation.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2 votes
1 answer
68 views

Hugh of Saint-Cher's complete Bible commentary (Postillæ in totam Bibliam)?

"Hugh of Saint-Cher († 1263) was the second Dominican Master of Theology in Paris, and the first Dominican cardinal" (n. 39) who, "through the persuasion of Master [St.] Albert [the ...
1 vote
2 answers
223 views

Why was "lay investiture" condemned?

What was the Investiture Controversy and lay investiture, and why exactly was it condemned? Fr. Hardon, S.J., defines "lay investiture": The act by which a sovereign, in the Middle Ages, ...
14 votes
0 answers
294 views

What is the status of Humbert's views on the efficacy of sacraments in Catholicism?

Humbert of Silva Candida was an important medieval theologian, best known for his involvement in the excommunication of the Patriarch of Constantinople in 1054. He was also a vocal proponent of a ...
0 votes
1 answer
81 views

Church Fathers on life beyond the earth?

Are there any church fathers or medieval Christian writers who gave their opinion on extraterrestrial lives?
5 votes
1 answer
341 views

What's the main contribution of William of Ockham?

I heard a Catholic Bishop talking about William of Ockham (Robert Barron) but I'm still not quite sure of some things: What is the contribution of William of Ockham to the Church? What would sum up ...
4 votes
1 answer
352 views

Did any medieval Catholics believe in the possibility the repentance was possible immediately after death?

Did any medieval Catholics have a pious belief that immediately after death, God gave people a last chance to repent of their sins and thus save their immortal soul from going to hell for all eternity?...
9 votes
1 answer
192 views

How is the "perpetual" excommunication of Acacius by Felix III currently understood in Catholicism?

Around AD 485, the patriarch of Constantinople, Acacius, was excommunicated by Pope Felix III, in a dispute over both theology and authority. This excommunication, however, seems unique in that it ...
7 votes
1 answer
331 views

Were there any Roman Catholic Church martyrs in the 10–15th centuries?

Do we know of any martyrs from among the Roman Catholic Church that lived during the five centuries before Martin Luther (i.e., 10–15th centuries)? I am especially interested in those who have been ...
2 votes
1 answer
163 views

Is there any evidence that in the middle ages (France and maybe Spain), there was a wafer/bread given to the priests as a gift for the priest?

Is there any evidence that in the middle ages (specifically in France and maybe Spain), there was a wafer/bread given to the priests as a gift for the priest and not given to be used for Eucharist?
3 votes
1 answer
851 views

Who consecrated Scipione Rebiba?

His Eminence Scipione Rebiba is considered as the last bishop most Roman Catholic bishops can trace their episcopal lineages from. Who consecrated Scipione Rebiba? If we don't know, are there at least ...
3 votes
2 answers
676 views

What were the doctrinal differences behind the Great Schism of 1054?

What were the doctrinal differences that caused the split of the Roman Catholic and Orthodox Catholic Church in 1054?
9 votes
2 answers
2k views

What did the Dominicans have against the immaculate conception?

I was readIng an ad for a movie about blessed Duns Scotus which said he was debated and won against the Dominicans in the 13th century about the special privilege given to Mary, her Immaculate ...
1 vote
0 answers
62 views

Where can I find an online copy of Dietrich Kolde's "The Mirror of a Christian Man"?

On the eve of the Reformation, The Mirror of a Christian Man (1470) by Dietrich Kolde was one of the most popular Catholic catechism in the German language (German title: "Kerstenspiegel" or ...
2 votes
3 answers
265 views

Did Christian church find it difficult to accept Nicolaus Copernicus' heliocentric theory?

Explain the reasons for which the Christian church found it difficult to accept Nicolaus Copernicus' heliocentric theory.
6 votes
1 answer
107 views

What theological problem in the Henoticon triggered the excommunication of the Patriarch Acacius, by the Bishop of Rome in the fifth century?

As I read through Oman's treatment of the Dark Ages, I am struck again and again by his references to Catholics (which seems in a contextual sense to mean Christian orthodoxy writ large) and what I ...
5 votes
3 answers
6k views

What is the "city of seven hills" in St. Malachy's Popes Prophecy?

Reading through St. Malachy's Popes Prophecy, I couldn't understand a particular phrase: Peter the Roman, who will nourish the sheep in many tribulations; when they are finished, the city of ...
2 votes
0 answers
165 views

What medieval theologians debated whether angels are male or female?

Hildebrand, Man, Woman, and the Meaning of Love, § "Friendship Between Man & Woman", §§ "There are many spiritual differences between the sexes" claims: In the Middle Ages the ...
4 votes
1 answer
231 views

The Middle Ages as a Model for the Orderly Society?

I'm interested in finding books and studies (both for and against) the idea that Medieval European society had a kind of order that's desirable. Foundationally, there's a clear religious order--...
4 votes
1 answer
96 views

Why were the mystical works of Richard of St. Victor called "Benjamin"?

Richard of St. Victor (d. 1173) wrote two treatises in mystical theology, sometimes called Benjamin Minor and Benjamin Major. But where do those titles come from? It seems the first one has something ...
5 votes
2 answers
187 views

Are there any Catholic medieval directives (rubrics) about what to do/pray/think during Eucharist Adoration?

Are there any medieval (from the 5th to the 15th century) directives (some kind of manual or rubrics) about what to do/pray/think during Eucharist Adoration?
6 votes
4 answers
5k views

What is an open atheist's fate in the Middle Ages in Christian Europe?

What would happen to me if, while living in Europe, say, in the 13th or in the 15th century – in fact, in any time of the existence of the Roman Catholic Church before the Reformation – I openly ...
5 votes
1 answer
249 views

In Western communion services, when was the origin of the practice of consistently offering only the bread to the laity?

The practice of "communion in both kinds" by the laity, that is, both the eating of the bread and drinking of the cup, seems to have been the typical practice in the early church. 1 Corinthians 11:28 ...
10 votes
2 answers
491 views

Where can I find the text of the documents produced at the Council of Quiercy (853)?

The Catholic Encyclopedia has an article about the "Councils of Quierzy", and indicates that at the 853 council, Hincmar wrote decrees about predestination, universal redemption, free will, and grace. ...
-1 votes
1 answer
327 views

Roughly how many churches were built in each century?

Christians build churches - it's what we do. Are there any estimates of how many physical church buildings Christians have built over the centuries, broken down by century? Suitable proxies: number ...
2 votes
2 answers
89 views

On ferias, feria 2, feria 3

I'm trying to get clarification on how this word is used. 'On ferias at Terce' - does that mean any day of the week Sun->Sat? All days except Sunday? All days except Saturday and Sunday? All days ...
10 votes
6 answers
13k views

Are there any followers of Catharism today?

I'm interested by Catharism. Is there anywhere in Christendom where this faith has reappeared since being suppressed in the Middle Ages? I know that today some people in France, near Spain, are ...
11 votes
1 answer
313 views

Which 20th-century Orthodox Christians said that the crusades were more oppressive than the Marxist anti-religious campaigns?

Everett Ferguson, in Church History, I, 23.I.D, discusses the brutality of the crusades in the early 13th century, when Constantinople was sacked. One point I found particularly interesting was a ...
0 votes
1 answer
112 views

Did the church use stories like the Holy Grail to attract pagans?

Sorry if this has been asked before, but I am avid watcher of the History Channel series on the Templar Knights. In one episode, the character playing the Pope announces that stories like the Holy ...
14 votes
2 answers
39k views

Were the medieval popes examined on a toilet-lid-like chair to establish their masculinity?

Is one of the consequences of the Pope Joan story, whether it was true or false, the use of a marble chair with a large, toilet-like hole in its seat? As the picture above shows, it seems that that ...
6 votes
1 answer
815 views

According to Roman Catholicism, was the 1054 excommunication of the Patriarch of Constantinople valid, in light of Leo IX's death?

The excommunications of 1054 have long been seen as a pivotal moment in the Great Schism. But recently I found that some people apparently doubt that the excommunication of the Patriarch of ...
7 votes
1 answer
231 views

Historical Apologetic used by 7th Century Christians towards Early Muslims Regarding the Hypostatic Union and Jesus' Title "Son of God"

According to my research Jesus is called the Son of God about 40 times in the NT. When interacting with Muslims, a common objection they give against Christ's deity, and the Trinity is that the Quran ...
3 votes
0 answers
61 views

What have old Christian writers opined about a couple living with in-laws during marriage?

I understand a question has been asked and was closed on this topic previously, but I wanted to more specifically ask about Christian writings on it, preferably early ones. Often people today use ...
4 votes
2 answers
390 views

Who were the Black Canons on the Augustinian Priory of Inchmahome in Scotland?

Recently, while on holiday in Scotland, I visited the ruins of the Augustinian Priory of Inchmahome on the Lake of Mentieth, near to Aberfoyle and Loch Lomond. The priory was founded in 1238 by the ...
4 votes
1 answer
113 views

Did the two sides anathematize each other in the East–West Schism of 1054?

In the East–West Schism, did the two sides anathematize each other, stop considering each other brothers in Christ and members of the Body of Christ?
-2 votes
2 answers
301 views

Is the Church a business? [closed]

In most churches, believers generate revenues and cash for the promotion of the faith in churches. In medieval times, people had to pay 10% of their income to the church. So is it quite reasonable to ...
17 votes
1 answer
461 views

Are there any surviving hymns from the Valdensian movement?

The Valdensians preached and celebrated the Lord's Supper in the native tongue of the people, not in Latin. However, every source I've read about their customs focus on what was spoken, while I also ...
2 votes
2 answers
427 views

What impact did the False Decretals have on Gratian's collection of Canon law?

In the ninth century, a series of elaborate forgeries were written under the pseudonym of Isidore Mercator, which are now known as the Pseudo-Isidorian Decretals (or simply the False Decretals). ...
8 votes
1 answer
454 views

What is the evidence that Thomas Aquinas was assassinated?

Reading the Wikipedia article on Thomas Aquinas, I stumbled on something rather peculiar. Apparently he fell ill and died at the age of 49 on his way to the Second Council of Lyon, where he had been ...
9 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is the basis for saying that Aquinas accepted the Immaculate Conception?

It's commonly said that Thomas Aquinas did not accept the doctrine of the immaculate conception of Mary. For example, Wikipedia says: Saint Thomas Aquinas refused to concede the Immaculate ...
3 votes
1 answer
64 views

When was the festival of the see of Peter in the 6th Century?

I've been researching the Decrees of the second Council of Tours (AD 567), specifically Canon XXI: Some still hold fast the old error, that they should honour the 1st of January. Others, on the ...
5 votes
1 answer
711 views

When was the tripartite (body, soul, and spirit) view of man officially rejected by a church council?

The trichotomy of man (or his trichotomous or tripartite nature) is the belief that man was created with three "parts" – body, soul, and spirit. This is a popular viewpoint among many Christians, but ...
10 votes
1 answer
286 views

What was the difference between Ratramnus's view of the Eucharist and that of Calvin?

In the First Eucharistic Controversy (ninth century), Paschasius Radbertus wrote a monograph arguing that the elements in communion were nothing less than the physical flesh and blood of Jesus. He ...
2 votes
2 answers
4k views

How did Pope Urban II justify the first Crusade?

According to the ten commandments, you shall not kill anyone. How did Pope Urban II justify from a theological standpoint the First Crusade? Since it was successful, Pope Urban II must have had to ...
7 votes
2 answers
3k views

When and why did the Catholic Church stop the Crusades?

When and why did the Catholic Church stop the Crusades? Was there a specific reason why they stopped? Or were they no longer necessary at some point in time?
6 votes
2 answers
837 views

What were the circumstances behind the loss of the "True Cross?"

It is my understanding that there was a relic, used by the Crusaders, that was claimed to be the very Cross on which Jesus was crucified. I also understand that sometime around 1187, it was captured ...
2 votes
1 answer
115 views

Is Gertrude the Great's mariology considered erroneous in modern Catholicism?

Gertrude the Great (1256–1302) was a German nun who is recognized as a saint by the Roman Catholic Church, but was never formally canonized. I don't know if it's related, but apparently her views on ...
8 votes
1 answer
203 views

How was Queen Keran, wife of Leo II of Armenia, able to become a nun?

Queen Keran (or Kir-Ann, d.1285) bore her husband Leo II (d.1289) fifteen or sixteen children. By all accounts, she was a loyal and devoted wife. This article on http://enacademic.com/ states: Many ...
3 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why was heliocentrism such a threat to Roman Catholic leaders that their proponents were threatened to be burnt at the stake?

Truth-seekers on a mission of scientific inquiry who turned out to be right were threatened to be burnt to the stake by Roman Catholic leaders in Medieval Europe. Why should a difference in opinion ...
11 votes
1 answer
1k views

How much time did medieval Christians devote to prayer? [closed]

I was critiqued on this answer concerning it taking less time out of the day for someone to be a Muslim than a Christian, and that may be untrue for a majority of Christians today. But how much ...
11 votes
1 answer
291 views

Where can I find sources showing ecclesiastical vestments of the 1200s?

In 1215 at Runneymeade, barons and clerics gathered to get King John to set his seal to the Barons' Charter. According to Roger of Wendover, among them were the pope's representative, Master (bishop) ...