Questions tagged [martin-luther]

Martin Luther, the 16th-century reformer of the Roman Catholic Church

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1answer
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How did Luther have access to the Masoretic Text?

I understand that Luther and others translated the Old Testament into German from the Hebrew Text. How was the Hebrew text accessible/available to them in the 16th century?
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Martin Luther Commentary on Galatians

Is there such a volume on Luther's commentary on Galatians that is in the original Latin with an English translation: an interlinear of sorts?
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Why did Luther say “Sin boldy”?

I've heard it reported that Martin Luther told his parishioners to "sin boldly". I'm not sure if this is based in fact and his writings or something that is made up by Catholics to paint him badly. ...
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How did Luther explain 1 Cor. 7:14?

Luther denied that marriage is a sacrament conferring grace.¹ He said marriage is a “worldly matter” (weltlich geschefft).² But 1 Cor. 7:14 says the husband and wife can mutually sanctify one another: ...
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The Epitome of the Formula of Concord- Free will in Lutheranism

On "Free Will" The Epitome of the Formula of Concord, on negative (rejected) doctrines, first paragraph states: The delirium [insane dogma] of philosophers who are called Stoics, as also of ...
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Who were the main Protestant precursors?

While Martin Luther is the origin of a particular protestant-reformist movement named Lutheran and of its derivative churches, it's unclear to me whether he should be considered responsible to the ...
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Was there ever a version of the Apostles creed that had the words “Holy Christian Church” in it?

I was looking up a reference for another question on this site and stumbled across something Martin Luther wrote which struck me as odd: In the Apostolic Creed we confess: "I believe in the holy ...
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Source for this alleged quote from Martin Luther?

The following quote is often attributed to Martin Luther: "When I look at myself, I don't see how I can be saved. When I look at Christ, I don't see how I can be lost." However, after an ...
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Why Does Luther Translate “Alpha and Omega”, in the Book of Revelation, as “A und O” (A and O)?

In Rev. 22:13, "I am the Alpha and the Omega", Alpha being the first Greek letter and Omega the last, thus meaning "I am the first and the last." I don't understand Greek, but in the Greek version it ...
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Cardinal Cajetan and Martin Luther

Recently, I read (in this pamphlet) that Martin Luther had some disputes with prominent thomist and Cardinal Thomas Cajetan. why did these two intellignet man not come to an agreement and dispute ...
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Where did Martin Luther say

Temptations, of course, cannot be avoided, but because we cannot prevent the birds from flying over our heads, there is no need that we should let them nest in our hair.
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What is the source of the Martin Luther's quote, “We all carry about in our pockets His very nails?”

It is easy to find this on a quote site, but I can't find where it is in Luther's writings. I know Luther means that each of us are personally responsible for crucifying Jesus, but wWhat is the ...
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Parallel German (Martin Luther's 1534) and English Bible in PDF format?

I've been looking specifically for a PDF version of the Martin Luther 1534 translation of the Bible with a Parallel English translation (preferably KJV, but any edition will do). I've been hitting a ...
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Did Martin Luther believe in guardian angels?

In some traditions, the concept of "guardian angels" is often looked upon with suspicion. While there might be agreement that angels (generally speaking) protect people (generally speaking), the idea ...
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Was there a period in the history when all who believed in Christ allowed infant baptism?

Martin Luther lived from 1483 – 1546 and John Calvin from 1509 – 1564. Both thse men wrote about the importance of infant baptism which can be read in The Large Catechism by Martin Luther & ...
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Do Lutherans now consider the followers of Zwingli and Calvin to be their brothers in Christ?

Do Lutherans now consider the followers of Zwingli and Calvin to be their brothers in Christ and members of the Body of Christ? From here I found out that Luther did not believe that Zwingli was ...
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Did Martin Luther and Zwingli not consider each other brothers in Christ?

Did Martin Luther and Zwingli not consider each other brothers in Christ and members of the Body of Christ? Did they ever state that in a written form?
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Was there ever a “Martin Luther” or a reformation in the Eastern Orthodox Church?

The protestant reformation had a large impact on the Catholic Church, but even know much of the reformers concerns apply to the Eastern Orthodox Church as well, it seems that there never was a ...
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Was Martin Luther's marriage to Katharina von Bora due to their love for each other?

The documentary series This Changed Everything: 500 Years of the Reformation includes a section in episode 1 about Martin Luther's marriage to Katharina von Bora. Dr. Frank James (President and ...
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Was Martin Luther known to have read the First Epistle of Clement?

The First Epistle of Clement is an early Christian document that was commonly circulated in the early church before being rejected as part of the New Testament canon. There is a passage in it that ...
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Is the Mass seen as a sacrifice in the Lutheran Church?

Acording to Wikipedia the Mass is seen as a sacrifice in the Lutheran Chruch, just like it is in the Eastern Orthodox and Catholic Churches. However, I think this is wrong, I'm pretty sure from ...
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What were Martin Luther's opinions on the Crusades?

Martin Luther, leader of the Protestant Reformation, was critical of many practices of the Catholic Church. The Crusades were fairly recent in his day. What were his opinions on them? Did he see them ...
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Was Martin Luther a Protestant or a Traditionalist Catholic? [closed]

Martin Luther, a Catholic monk who rebelled against the malpractices of the Pope and hegemony of the Vatican said ''I have not left the Catholic Church, the Catholic Church has left me'', believed in ...
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Where did Martin Luther say that he placed “his Christ higher than any dogma or council”?

In which of his writings did Luther say something like "I am not trying to be arrogant here, but I place my Christ higher than any dogma or council"?
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Does the Westminster Confession affirm or deny Luther's predilection for Paul's writings?

My understanding is that the Westminster Confession is the official defining document of "Reformed theology". That is, if someone is "Reformed" then they agree completely or almost completely with the ...
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What is the Eastern-Orthodox interpetation of Romans 3:10-20?

In his book, "On the Bondage of the Will", Martin Luther cites St. Paul in section 151, to back his view that free-will is actually in bondage, specifically Romans 3:10-20, how do Eastern-Orthodox ...
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Martin Luther Quotes Regarding Hebrew

In the Hebrew language we hear God speak...thus study directed toward learning this language might rightly be called a kind of worship. This quote shows up several times on the internet attributed to ...
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Is there any truth to the story that Martin Luther claimed he “bought” hell from a priest?

We have this in our country, I googled it but didn’t find something like this, just found that Martin Luther had something to do with Indulgences. So is it true or is just some nice writing and good ...
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Who started the Judensau image?

I found about Judensau sculpture when I want to know deeper about Martin Luther. Below is a little bit information about Judensau I read from Wikipedia: A Judensau (German for "Jews' sow" is a folk ...
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Do we know the fates of any of the implausible relics Martin Luther described?

Martin Luther described a number of extraordinary relics that his contemporaries are said to have. “Certain men have impudently boasted that they possess a feather from the holy angel St. Michael. ...
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What does Lutheranism teaches about demon possession?

What do various Lutheran Churches from today teach about demon possession? Did Martin Luther, or early Lutheran writers said something about this? What strikes me the most, is the fact that in the ...
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Did Martin Luther write his own Bible?

Did Martin Luther compose his own Bible? I have seen claims to this effect. By this I believe the claimants meant a Bible that differed from recognized, standard forms, rather than translation into ...
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According to Martin Luther, which Councils contradicted each other?

At the imperial Diet of Worms, Luther famously said: I do not accept the authority of the popes and councils, for they have contradicted each other [...] What did he mean? Is there a particular ...
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What does Lutheranism teaches in regard the eastern orthodox doctrine of theosis?

In the Eastern Orthodox church, there is this doctrine and practice of one's divination, of "becoming more and more like God". This practice/doctrine seem to come from the so called 'desert fathers' ...
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According to Lutherans, do angels pray for us?

I was looking at this question, and the answers don't really cover any viewpoints aside from that of the Roman Catholic Church. The second answer quotes Grudem, but the answerer's claim that he speaks ...
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Did Calvin and Luther believe in free will?

According to the Roman Catholic Church, man’s will is in no way determined but that man has the self-power to will good or evil toward God. Now it seems that Calvin and Luther didn't agree with that....
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Why did Katarina von Bora need to hide in a barrel to escape from her convent?

In the 2003 movie Luther, Katarina von Bora (future wife of Martin Luther) says that she escaped from her convent with other nuns by hiding in herring barrels. But we see that Luther did not need to ...
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Did Martin Luther really nail his 95 Theses to the church door?

The traditional story is that Martin Luther nailed his 95 Theses to the church doors of Wittenberg, Germany, which served as a bulletin board of sorts, on October 31, 1517. However, some sources ...
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Why did Luther not support iconoclasm like some other reformers?

During the Reformation, Protestant reformers such as Huldrych Zwingli and John Calvin promoted Iconoclasm among their followers. I have found information about Luther opposing it, but little about why....
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Were celebrations for the 400th Anniversary of the Reformation held in Germany during World War I?

The 400th anniversary of Luther posting his 95 Theses was October 31, 1917. At this point, Germany was suffering heavy losses in World War I, and the war would continue until November 11th of the ...
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Was Tetzel robbed by a man who had preemptively bought an indulgence?

Wikipedia recounts a story told by Martin Luther about Johann Tetzel. It goes a little something like this: Tetzel was in Leipzig selling indulgences. After collecting a large sum of money, Tetzel ...
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Did Luther ever acknowledge that his Catechism would require textual changes as language evolves?

In the preface of Luther's Small Catechism, Martin Luther warns twice that people should be taught a fixed version of important church doctrine and that not a syllable should be changed (emphasis mine)...
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Did Martin Luther express his views on suicide?

In the 2003 movie Luther, there is a scene where, while still a monk, Martin Luther comes across a man who has hanged himself. The townspeople are treating the suicide with horror and disdain, ...
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What did Luther and Calvin believe about “Lucifer” in Isaiah 14?

To many Christians Lucifer of Isaiah 14 (not to be confused with Satan) is considered a visually beautiful, Rock n' Rolling cherub who fell from heaven to deceive mankind. And according to a few ...
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Did Martin Luther ever admit that his approval of Philip's bigamy was wrong?

I recently learned that in 1540, Martin Luther secretly approved of the bigamous marriage of Philip of Hesse. Philip had married for political purposes, and then fell in love with someone else. ...
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Did anyone who was a part of the Counter reformation consider Luther to be the Antichrist?

Were there any writings from the counter-reformation which had arguments in support of the idea that Martin Luther was a/the Antichrist? He seems to fit the bill. He initiated a great apostasy from ...
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How did Martin Luther justify the separation from the Catholic Church?

Even though Luther found great abuses in the Church of his time, there is the clear idea in the Bible that the Church is one, Jesus even prays that his followers be in unity. ("I pray that they will ...
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What is the basis for Lutheran single predestination, as opposed to double predestination?

I was reading this question, What were the main doctrinal disagreements between Luther and Calvin?, and one of the differences between the two was Calvin believed in double predestination, while ...
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Where does this Martin Luther quote come from?

"Sin is essentially a departure from God." -Martin Luther Which work does this quote come from?
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What happened with the schools of Luther and Melanchthon?

I know that Martin Luther and Philip Melanchthon tried to oppose the school system introduced by the Catholic Church (according to Luther, Oxford and Cambridge model was influenced by the Paris ...