Questions tagged [martin-luther]

Martin Luther, the 16th-century reformer of the Roman Catholic Church

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What is the earliest known work in which the phrase "priesthood of all believers" is used?

The German translation for the phrase “priesthood of all believers” is “Priestertum aller Gläubigen”. According to everything I have read, Martin Luther popularized the doctrine but did not use this ...
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According to Luther, does guilt consciousness or guilt feeling comes from Satan?

Martin Luther's letter to Jerome Weller on his guilt consciousness Whenever the devil worries you with these thoughts, seek the company of men at once, or drink somewhat more liberally, jest and play ...
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Were the reformers able to ordain other people to be elders, deacons, and bishops?

I know that the major reformers like Martin Luther, Zwingli, John Calvin, etc. were Roman Catholic priests that became Protestant. According to Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy, priests can't ...
Mario Stanciu's user avatar
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Martin Luther on the salvation of Christian Soldiers?

I found this quote in the book Martin Luther: Rebel in an Age of Upheaval by Prof. Heinz Schilling. He made a promise of salvation to Christian soldiers that is reminiscent of the fundamentalist ...
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Would "Diet of Worms" seem strange to English-Speakers at the time? [closed]

Today, the phrase brings to mind the eating of slimy invertebrates. Did it at the time of the Diet of Worms. Do we have any records from the time of people making clever comments about the phrase? I ...
Kyle Johansen's user avatar
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Who won the Leipzig Debate between Martin Luther and Johann Eck?

Who won the Leipzig debate between Martin Luther and Johann Eck? What was the final conclusion? How did it affect to the Reformation? Is a transcript of the debate available online?
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Martin Luther's Explanation of Sola Scriptura

What was Martin Luther's Explanation of Sola Scriptura in his writings? And did he use Sola Scripura by name? Thank You.
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Are there any Church Fathers that Martin Luther particularly disliked?

I know in some of his writings Luther condemns Jerome for writing "virginity merits heaven and marriage the earth". Are there any other Church Fathers and any sayings/writings Luther ...
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How did Martin Luther addressed the problem on the Biblical canon?

Martin Luther produced a german translation of the Bible, known as Luther's Bible. The books and the order in which they appear forms a the canon of that translation, known as Luther's Canon. The ...
Dan's user avatar
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Why did Luther reject every sacrament except Baptism and Communion?

Upon splitting from the Catholic Church, Luther rejected 5 of the 7 sacraments, including confirmation, Reconciliation, Anointing on the Sick, Matrimony, and Holy Orders. Why did he reject these, and ...
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Was Martin Luther wrong about baptizing infants?

Toward the end of his life, Martin Luther was extremely critical of the Anabaptists and considered them to be heretics. This inspired terrible treatment of the Anabaptists at the hands of the German ...
David Eisenbeisz's user avatar
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Why didn't Martin Luther like St. Jerome?

In the "Bondage of the Will", Luther mentions St. Jerome, no more or less than 27 times. Having some snarky comments to say about him like: "Jerome is cast in my teeth; a man, (to say ...
Dan's user avatar
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Why did Martin Luther reject the idea of the priesthood (sacerdotalism)?

It's famously know that Martin Luther, rejected the idea of a sacerdotal priesthood. Meaning priests and bishops having a certain special grace, conferred on them at ordination or installation (in ...
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Did Martin Luther say "There is no greater sinner than the Christian church"?

I was recently reading a Christian book that quoted Martin Luther as saying: "There is no greater sinner than the Christian church". I wanted to read the original context for this quote, but ...
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What did Martin Luther really mean by saying "Reason is the Devil’s greatest whore" and how do Protestants view this?

From some of Luther's quotes shown by his critics (such as Peter Hermann Wehner's book, Martin Luther: Hitler's Spiritual Ancestor), it seems Luther had an aversion to reasoning and free will. These ...
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How did Erasmus reply to the free will arguments made by Luther in his "On the Bondage of the Will" book?

The 1524-1526 debate between Erasmus and Martin Luther on free will (plus related issues) conducted in print has been regarded as "one of the most famous exchanges in Western intellectual history&...
GratefulDisciple's user avatar
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Did John Calvin say "The worst of plagues is human reason"?

I have searched high and low for the source of this quote, attributed to John Calvin, but to no avail. This link provides approximately 425 quotes, but I could not find "The worst of plagues is ...
Lesley's user avatar
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How did Luther have access to the Masoretic Text?

I understand that Luther and others translated the Old Testament into German from the Hebrew Text. How was the Hebrew text accessible/available to them in the 16th century?
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Martin Luther Commentary on Galatians

Is there such a volume on Luther's commentary on Galatians that is in the original Latin with an English translation: an interlinear of sorts?
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Why did Luther say "Sin boldy"?

I've heard it reported that Martin Luther told his parishioners to "sin boldly". I'm not sure if this is based in fact and his writings or something that is made up by Catholics to paint him badly. ...
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How did Luther explain 1 Cor. 7:14?

Luther denied that marriage is a sacrament conferring grace.¹ He said marriage is a “worldly matter” (weltlich geschefft).² But 1 Cor. 7:14 says the husband and wife can mutually sanctify one another: ...
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The Epitome of the Formula of Concord- Free will in Lutheranism

On "Free Will" The Epitome of the Formula of Concord, on negative (rejected) doctrines, first paragraph states: The delirium [insane dogma] of philosophers who are called Stoics, as also of ...
Dan's user avatar
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Who were the main Protestant precursors?

While Martin Luther is the origin of a particular protestant-reformist movement named Lutheran and of its derivative churches, it's unclear to me whether he should be considered responsible to the ...
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Was there ever a version of the Apostles creed that had the words "Holy Christian Church" in it?

I was looking up a reference for another question on this site and stumbled across something Martin Luther wrote which struck me as odd: In the Apostolic Creed we confess: "I believe in the holy ...
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Source for this alleged quote from Martin Luther?

The following quote is often attributed to Martin Luther: "When I look at myself, I don't see how I can be saved. When I look at Christ, I don't see how I can be lost." However, after an ...
Nathan Osman's user avatar
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Why Does Luther Translate "Alpha and Omega", in the Book of Revelation, as "A und O" (A and O)?

In Rev. 22:13, "I am the Alpha and the Omega", Alpha being the first Greek letter and Omega the last, thus meaning "I am the first and the last." I don't understand Greek, but in the Greek version it ...
Tony's user avatar
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Cardinal Cajetan and Martin Luther

Recently, I read (in this pamphlet) that Martin Luther had some disputes with prominent thomist and Cardinal Thomas Cajetan. why did these two intellignet man not come to an agreement and dispute ...
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Where did Martin Luther say

Temptations, of course, cannot be avoided, but because we cannot prevent the birds from flying over our heads, there is no need that we should let them nest in our hair.
Patricia F Sherk's user avatar
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What is the source of the Martin Luther's quote, "We all carry about in our pockets His very nails?"

It is easy to find this on a quote site, but I can't find where it is in Luther's writings. I know Luther means that each of us are personally responsible for crucifying Jesus, but wWhat is the ...
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Parallel German (Martin Luther's 1534) and English Bible in PDF format?

I've been looking specifically for a PDF version of the Martin Luther 1534 translation of the Bible with a Parallel English translation (preferably KJV, but any edition will do). I've been hitting a ...
ylluminate's user avatar
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Did Martin Luther believe in guardian angels?

In some traditions, the concept of "guardian angels" is often looked upon with suspicion. While there might be agreement that angels (generally speaking) protect people (generally speaking), the idea ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
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Was there a period in the history when all who believed in Christ allowed infant baptism?

Martin Luther lived from 1483 – 1546 and John Calvin from 1509 – 1564. Both thse men wrote about the importance of infant baptism which can be read in The Large Catechism by Martin Luther & ...
Siju George's user avatar
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Do Lutherans now consider the followers of Zwingli and Calvin to be their brothers in Christ?

Do Lutherans now consider the followers of Zwingli and Calvin to be their brothers in Christ and members of the Body of Christ? From here I found out that Luther did not believe that Zwingli was ...
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Did Martin Luther and Zwingli not consider each other brothers in Christ?

Did Martin Luther and Zwingli not consider each other brothers in Christ and members of the Body of Christ? Did they ever state that in a written form?
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Was there ever a "Martin Luther" or a reformation in the Eastern Orthodox Church?

The protestant reformation had a large impact on the Catholic Church, but even know much of the reformers concerns apply to the Eastern Orthodox Church as well, it seems that there never was a ...
Dan's user avatar
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Was Martin Luther's marriage to Katharina von Bora due to their love for each other?

The documentary series This Changed Everything: 500 Years of the Reformation includes a section in episode 1 about Martin Luther's marriage to Katharina von Bora. Dr. Frank James (President and ...
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Was Martin Luther known to have read the First Epistle of Clement?

The First Epistle of Clement is an early Christian document that was commonly circulated in the early church before being rejected as part of the New Testament canon. There is a passage in it that ...
Thunderforge's user avatar
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Is the Mass seen as a sacrifice in the Lutheran Church?

Acording to Wikipedia the Mass is seen as a sacrifice in the Lutheran Chruch, just like it is in the Eastern Orthodox and Catholic Churches. However, I think this is wrong, I'm pretty sure from ...
Dan's user avatar
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What were Martin Luther's opinions on the Crusades?

Martin Luther, leader of the Protestant Reformation, was critical of many practices of the Catholic Church. The Crusades were fairly recent in his day. What were his opinions on them? Did he see them ...
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Was Martin Luther a Protestant or a Traditionalist Catholic? [closed]

Martin Luther, a Catholic monk who rebelled against the malpractices of the Pope and hegemony of the Vatican said ''I have not left the Catholic Church, the Catholic Church has left me'', believed in ...
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Where did Martin Luther say that he placed "his Christ higher than any dogma or council"?

In which of his writings did Luther say something like "I am not trying to be arrogant here, but I place my Christ higher than any dogma or council"?
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Does the Westminster Confession affirm or deny Luther's predilection for Paul's writings?

My understanding is that the Westminster Confession is the official defining document of "Reformed theology". That is, if someone is "Reformed" then they agree completely or almost completely with the ...
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What is the Eastern-Orthodox interpetation of Romans 3:10-20?

In his book, "On the Bondage of the Will", Martin Luther cites St. Paul in section 151, to back his view that free-will is actually in bondage, specifically Romans 3:10-20, how do Eastern-Orthodox ...
Dan's user avatar
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6 votes
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Martin Luther Quotes Regarding Hebrew

In the Hebrew language we hear God speak...thus study directed toward learning this language might rightly be called a kind of worship. This quote shows up several times on the internet attributed to ...
lmat - Reinstate Monica's user avatar
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1 answer
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Is there any truth to the story that Martin Luther claimed he "bought" hell from a priest?

We have this in our country, I googled it but didn’t find something like this, just found that Martin Luther had something to do with Indulgences. So is it true or is just some nice writing and good ...
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Who started the Judensau image?

I found about Judensau sculpture when I want to know deeper about Martin Luther. Below is a little bit information about Judensau I read from Wikipedia: A Judensau (German for "Jews' sow" is a folk ...
karma's user avatar
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Do we know the fates of any of the implausible relics Martin Luther described?

Martin Luther described a number of extraordinary relics that his contemporaries are said to have. “Certain men have impudently boasted that they possess a feather from the holy angel St. Michael. ...
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What does Lutheranism teaches about demon possession?

What do various Lutheran Churches from today teach about demon possession? Did Martin Luther, or early Lutheran writers said something about this? What strikes me the most, is the fact that in the ...
Dan's user avatar
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Did Martin Luther write his own Bible?

Did Martin Luther compose his own Bible? I have seen claims to this effect. By this I believe the claimants meant a Bible that differed from recognized, standard forms, rather than translation into ...
flowwalker's user avatar
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According to Martin Luther, which Councils contradicted each other?

At the imperial Diet of Worms, Luther famously said: I do not accept the authority of the popes and councils, for they have contradicted each other [...] What did he mean? Is there a particular ...
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