Questions tagged [martin-luther]

Martin Luther, the 16th-century reformer of the Roman Catholic Church

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Did Martin Luther say “There is no greater sinner than the Christian church”?

I was recently reading a Christian book that quoted Martin Luther as saying: "There is no greater sinner than the Christian church". I wanted to read the original context for this quote, but ...
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What did Martin Luther really mean by saying “Reason is the Devil’s greatest whore” and how do Protestants view this?

From some of Luther's quotes shown by his critics (such as Peter Hermann Wehner's book, Martin Luther: Hitler's Spiritual Ancestor), it seems Luther had an aversion to reasoning and free will. These ...
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Parallel German (Martin Luther's 1534) and English Bible in PDF format?

I've been looking specifically for a PDF version of the Martin Luther 1534 translation of the Bible with a Parallel English translation (preferably KJV, but any edition will do). I've been hitting a ...
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How did Erasmus reply to the free will arguments made by Luther in his “On the Bondage of the Will” book?

The 1524-1526 debate between Erasmus and Martin Luther on free will (plus related issues) conducted in print has been regarded as "one of the most famous exchanges in Western intellectual history&...
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Did Martin Luther accept or reject the existence of Purgatory?

Martin Luther rejected many dogmas and doctrines of the Catholic Church. What was his belief concerning Purgatory? Did he accept it or reject it?
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Were paid indulgences compulsory prior to the Reformation?

Luther's 95 Theses were a refutation of selling indulgences on the part of the Catholic Church. Did he, or others, believe that the Church was saying that: The only way to be a good Christian was to ...
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Did Martin Luther take exception to the gospels in any way?

I was watching a video* that was about the "heresy" of Protestantism. It briefly discussed Martin Luther and his exceptions with certain books. He removed the so called "apocrypha" and also took ...
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Was there ever a version of the Apostles creed that had the words “Holy Christian Church” in it?

I was looking up a reference for another question on this site and stumbled across something Martin Luther wrote which struck me as odd: In the Apostolic Creed we confess: "I believe in the holy ...
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Did John Calvin say “The worst of plagues is human reason”?

I have searched high and low for the source of this quote, attributed to John Calvin, but to no avail. This link provides approximately 425 quotes, but I could not find "The worst of plagues is ...
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Martin Luther Quotes Regarding Hebrew

In the Hebrew language we hear God speak...thus study directed toward learning this language might rightly be called a kind of worship. This quote shows up several times on the internet attributed to ...
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Did Luther add a word to Romans 3?

There are many who have pointed out that Luther added the word, "alone" to Romans 3:28 (you can read one such example in this question) so that the Luther Bible reads: for we reckon a man to be ...
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Can someone help me cite Luther's explanation of faith alone to Catholics

So, I've seen this quoted in The Faith of Millions, and on the Internet "You tell me what a great fuss the Papists are making because the word ‘alone’ is not in the text of Paul. If your Papist ...
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How did Luther have access to the Masoretic Text?

I understand that Luther and others translated the Old Testament into German from the Hebrew Text. How was the Hebrew text accessible/available to them in the 16th century?
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Did the Christian practice of having a prayer before Bible study evolve during Martin Luther's time?

In Eric W. Gritsch's book, A History of Lutheranism, he reports, He memorized whole portions of the Bible (available in the Latin translation of St. Jerome, c. 348-420) and used various existing ...
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Martin Luther Commentary on Galatians

Is there such a volume on Luther's commentary on Galatians that is in the original Latin with an English translation: an interlinear of sorts?
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Why did Luther say “Sin boldy”?

I've heard it reported that Martin Luther told his parishioners to "sin boldly". I'm not sure if this is based in fact and his writings or something that is made up by Catholics to paint him badly. ...
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Is it true that Martin Luther used some bad language in his own writings?

Is it true that Martin Luther cursed a lot and even used some bad language in his own writings?
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How did Luther explain 1 Cor. 7:14?

Luther denied that marriage is a sacrament conferring grace.¹ He said marriage is a “worldly matter” (weltlich geschefft).² But 1 Cor. 7:14 says the husband and wife can mutually sanctify one another: ...
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Did Martin Luther know Hebrew or Greek?

I know that Martin Luther knew Latin and German, but did he know other languages? For example, did he know Greek or Hebrew (I mean those Greek and Hebrew that the Bible is written in)?
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Is there any truth to the story that Martin Luther claimed he “bought” hell from a priest?

We have this in our country, I googled it but didn’t find something like this, just found that Martin Luther had something to do with Indulgences. So is it true or is just some nice writing and good ...
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The Epitome of the Formula of Concord- Free will in Lutheranism

On "Free Will" The Epitome of the Formula of Concord, on negative (rejected) doctrines, first paragraph states: The delirium [insane dogma] of philosophers who are called Stoics, as also of ...
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According to Catholicism, what is wrong with Luther's doctrine of ubiquity?

One of John Calvin's arguments against transubstantiation and consubstantiation was that the body of Christ, as a human body, could not be in more than one place at a time. His view of the Eucharist ...
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Luther's “Two Kingdoms” Theology

Can anyone give me a concise summary of Martin Luther's "Two Kingdoms" theology, and also provide some references back to his original works on the subject? Two kingdoms doctrine
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Did Martin Luther think John Calvin is a “son of the devil”?

I read from here (a Chinese website) that Martin Luther called John Calvin a son of the Devil. Now I have never seen this quote anywhere. Did Luther say something like this to Calvin? If yes, why?
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Who were the main Protestant precursors?

While Martin Luther is the origin of a particular protestant-reformist movement named Lutheran and of its derivative churches, it's unclear to me whether he should be considered responsible to the ...
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Source for this alleged quote from Martin Luther?

The following quote is often attributed to Martin Luther: "When I look at myself, I don't see how I can be saved. When I look at Christ, I don't see how I can be lost." However, after an ...
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How did Luther and Calvin view Christian perfectionism?

The question is as simple as the title. Some Christians believe we can enter a state without sin. How did Luther and Calvin view that kind of concept?
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Cardinal Cajetan and Martin Luther

Recently, I read (in this pamphlet) that Martin Luther had some disputes with prominent thomist and Cardinal Thomas Cajetan. why did these two intellignet man not come to an agreement and dispute ...
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Do Lutherans now consider the followers of Zwingli and Calvin to be their brothers in Christ?

Do Lutherans now consider the followers of Zwingli and Calvin to be their brothers in Christ and members of the Body of Christ? From here I found out that Luther did not believe that Zwingli was ...
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How did Luther view relics, like the 'preserved head of John the Baptist'?

According to wiki  Roman Catholic tradition holds that the head on display in San Silvestro in Capite in Rome is that of John the Baptist, discovered for the second time, as also maintained by Pope ...
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Why Does Luther Translate “Alpha and Omega”, in the Book of Revelation, as “A und O” (A and O)?

In Rev. 22:13, "I am the Alpha and the Omega", Alpha being the first Greek letter and Omega the last, thus meaning "I am the first and the last." I don't understand Greek, but in the Greek version it ...
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What Protestant arguments exist for the perpetual virginity of Mary?

It's common knowledge that Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodoxy have the doctrine of the perpetual virginity of Mary. Protestants generally don't have that belief. Less known is that Zwingli and ...
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Why doesn't the Catholic Church give indulgences to everybody, regardless of their works?

In learning about indulgences, I started to wonder why a work was necessary for the giving of an indulgence. In looking at the Catechism of the Catholic Church, it appears to me that a work is ...
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Where did Martin Luther say

Temptations, of course, cannot be avoided, but because we cannot prevent the birds from flying over our heads, there is no need that we should let them nest in our hair.
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Was there a period in the history when all who believed in Christ allowed infant baptism?

Martin Luther lived from 1483 – 1546 and John Calvin from 1509 – 1564. Both thse men wrote about the importance of infant baptism which can be read in The Large Catechism by Martin Luther & ...
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Was there ever a “Martin Luther” or a reformation in the Eastern Orthodox Church?

The protestant reformation had a large impact on the Catholic Church, but even know much of the reformers concerns apply to the Eastern Orthodox Church as well, it seems that there never was a ...
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What is the source for Martin Luther's quote against the use of pipe organ music?

I've heard it said that Martin Luther condemned the use of pipe organs, saying that they were somehow evil. What is the source for this quote? Or is it falsely attributed to Luther?
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Were there any Roman Catholic Church martyrs in the 10–15th centuries?

Do we know of any martyrs from among the Roman Catholic Church that lived during the five centuries before Martin Luther (i.e., 10–15th centuries)? I am especially interested in those who have been ...
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Where does this Martin Luther quote come from?

"Sin is essentially a departure from God." -Martin Luther Which work does this quote come from?
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What is the source of the Martin Luther's quote, “We all carry about in our pockets His very nails?”

It is easy to find this on a quote site, but I can't find where it is in Luther's writings. I know Luther means that each of us are personally responsible for crucifying Jesus, but wWhat is the ...
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What were Martin Luther's main disagreements with the Catholic Church?

What were Martin Luther's main disagreements with the Catholic Church? Were these beliefs of Luther's and his disagreements with the Catholic Church the origin of the Lutheran Church?
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Did Martin Luther and Zwingli not consider each other brothers in Christ?

Did Martin Luther and Zwingli not consider each other brothers in Christ and members of the Body of Christ? Did they ever state that in a written form?
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Did Calvin and Luther believe in free will?

According to the Roman Catholic Church, man’s will is in no way determined but that man has the self-power to will good or evil toward God. Now it seems that Calvin and Luther didn't agree with that....
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Did Martin Luther believe in guardian angels?

In some traditions, the concept of "guardian angels" is often looked upon with suspicion. While there might be agreement that angels (generally speaking) protect people (generally speaking), the idea ...
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Did Luther really use bar tunes for his hymns?

The title sums it up: I often hear it said during the debates on liturgy and music styles that are appropriate for worship that even Luther used common bar tunes (equivalent to days pop songs) for his ...
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What is the basis for Lutheran single predestination, as opposed to double predestination?

I was reading this question, What were the main doctrinal disagreements between Luther and Calvin?, and one of the differences between the two was Calvin believed in double predestination, while ...
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What does Lutheranism teaches about demon possession?

What do various Lutheran Churches from today teach about demon possession? Did Martin Luther, or early Lutheran writers said something about this? What strikes me the most, is the fact that in the ...
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Martin Luther: “Therefore it is not a Christian Church either”?

Martin Luther, The Large Catechism, The Apostles' Creed, Article III, paragraphs 43-45: 43] For where He does not cause it to be preached and made alive in the heart, so that it is understood, it ...
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How did Martin Luther justify the separation from the Catholic Church?

Even though Luther found great abuses in the Church of his time, there is the clear idea in the Bible that the Church is one, Jesus even prays that his followers be in unity. ("I pray that they will ...
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Why did Martin Luther change his surname from ‘Luder’ to ‘Luther' very early in his career?

I was surprised to find out ‘Luther’ is not Martin Luther’s original surname but ‘Luder’ is. The Greek word έλεύθερος that was the origin of his Latin name was Eleutherius. You can see ‘uder’ does not ...