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Martin Luther, the 16th-century reformer of the Roman Catholic Church

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Was there ever a “Martin Luther” or a reformation in the Eastern Orthodox Church?

The protestant reformation had a large impact on the Catholic Church, but even know much of the reformers concerns apply to the Eastern Orthodox Church as well, it seems that there never was a ...
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Was Martin Luther's marriage to Katharina von Bora due to their love for each other?

The documentary series This Changed Everything: 500 Years of the Reformation includes a section in episode 1 about Martin Luther's marriage to Katharina von Bora. Dr. Frank James (President and ...
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Was Martin Luther known to have read the First Epistle of Clement?

The First Epistle of Clement is an early Christian document that was commonly circulated in the early church before being rejected as part of the New Testament canon. There is a passage in it that ...
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Is the Mass seen as a sacrifice in the Lutheran Church?

Acording to Wikipedia the Mass is seen as a sacrifice in the Lutheran Chruch, just like it is in the Eastern Orthodox and Catholic Churches. However, I think this is wrong, I'm pretty sure from ...
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What were Martin Luther's opinions on the Crusades?

Martin Luther, leader of the Protestant Reformation, was critical of many practices of the Catholic Church. The Crusades were fairly recent in his day. What were his opinions on them? Did he see them ...
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Was Martin Luther a Protestant or a Traditionalist Catholic? [closed]

Martin Luther, a Catholic monk who rebelled against the malpractices of the Pope and hegemony of the Vatican said ''I have not left the Catholic Church, the Catholic Church has left me'', believed in ...
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Where did Martin Luther say that he placed “his Christ higher than any dogma or council”?

In which of his writings did Luther say something like "I am not trying to be arrogant here, but I place my Christ higher than any dogma or council"?
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Does the Westminster Confession affirm or deny Luther's predilection for Paul's writings?

My understanding is that the Westminster Confession is the official defining document of "Reformed theology". That is, if someone is "Reformed" then they agree completely or almost completely with the ...
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What is the Eastern-Orthodox interpetation of Romans 3:10-20?

In his book, "On the Bondage of the Will", Martin Luther cites St. Paul in section 151, to back his view that free-will is actually in bondage, specifically Romans 3:10-20, how do Eastern-Orthodox ...
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Martin Luther Quotes Regarding Hebrew

In the Hebrew language we hear God speak...thus study directed toward learning this language might rightly be called a kind of worship. This quote shows up several times on the internet attributed to ...
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Is there any truth to the story that Martin Luther “bought” hell from a priest?

We have this in our country, I googled it but didnt find something like this, just found that Martin Luther had something to do with Indulgence. So is it true or is just some nice writing and good ...
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Who started the Judensau image?

I found about Judensau sculpture when I want to know deeper about Martin Luther. Below is a little bit information about Judensau I read from Wikipedia: A Judensau (German for "Jews' sow" is a folk ...
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Do we know the fates of any of the implausible relics Martin Luther described?

Martin Luther described a number of extraordinary relics that his contemporaries are said to have. “Certain men have impudently boasted that they possess a feather from the holy angel St. Michael. ...
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What does Lutheranism teaches about demon possession?

What do various Lutheran Churches from today teach about demon possession? Did Martin Luther, or early Lutheran writers said something about this? What strikes me the most, is the fact that in the ...
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Did Martin Luther write his own Bible?

Did Martin Luther compose his own Bible? I have seen claims to this effect. By this I believe the claimants meant a Bible that differed from recognized, standard forms, rather than translation into ...
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According to Martin Luther, which Councils contradicted each other?

At the imperial Diet of Worms, Luther famously said: I do not accept the authority of the popes and councils, for they have contradicted each other [...] What did he mean? Is there a particular ...
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What does Lutheranism teaches in regard the eastern orthodox doctrine of theosis?

In the Eastern Orthodox church, there is this doctrine and practice of one's divination, of "becoming more and more like God". This practice/doctrine seem to come from the so called 'desert fathers' ...
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According to Lutherans, do angels pray for us?

I was looking at this question, and the answers don't really cover any viewpoints aside from that of the Roman Catholic Church. The second answer quotes Grudem, but the answerer's claim that he speaks ...
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Did Calvin and Luther believe in free will?

According to the Roman Catholic Church, man’s will is in no way determined but that man has the self-power to will good or evil toward God. Now it seems that Calvin and Luther didn't agree with that....
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Why did Katarina von Bora need to hide in a barrel to escape from her convent?

In the 2003 movie Luther, Katarina von Bora (future wife of Martin Luther) says that she escaped from her convent with other nuns by hiding in herring barrels. But we see that Luther did not need to ...
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Did Martin Luther really nail his 95 Theses to the church door?

The traditional story is that Martin Luther nailed his 95 Theses to the church doors of Wittenberg, Germany, which served as a bulletin board of sorts, on October 31, 1517. However, some sources ...
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Why did Luther not support iconoclasm like some other reformers?

During the Reformation, Protestant reformers such as Huldrych Zwingli and John Calvin promoted Iconoclasm among their followers. I have found information about Luther opposing it, but little about why....
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Were celebrations for the 400th Anniversary of the Reformation held in Germany during World War I?

The 400th anniversary of Luther posting his 95 Theses was October 31, 1917. At this point, Germany was suffering heavy losses in World War I, and the war would continue until November 11th of the ...
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Was Tetzel robbed by a man who had preemptively bought an indulgence?

Wikipedia recounts a story told by Martin Luther about Johann Tetzel. It goes a little something like this: Tetzel was in Leipzig selling indulgences. After collecting a large sum of money, Tetzel ...
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Did Luther ever acknowledge that his Catechism would require textual changes as language evolves?

In the preface of Luther's Small Catechism, Martin Luther warns twice that people should be taught a fixed version of important church doctrine and that not a syllable should be changed (emphasis mine)...
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Did Martin Luther express his views on suicide?

In the 2003 movie Luther, there is a scene where, while still a monk, Martin Luther comes across a man who has hanged himself. The townspeople are treating the suicide with horror and disdain, ...
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What did Luther and Calvin believe about “Lucifer” in Isaiah 14?

To many Christians Lucifer of Isaiah 14 (not to be confused with Satan) is considered a visually beautiful, Rock n' Rolling cherub who fell from heaven to deceive mankind. And according to a few ...
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Did Martin Luther ever admit that his approval of Philip's bigamy was wrong?

I recently learned that in 1540, Martin Luther secretly approved of the bigamous marriage of Philip of Hesse. Philip had married for political purposes, and then fell in love with someone else. ...
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Did anyone who was a part of the Counter reformation consider Luther to be the Antichrist?

Were there any writings from the counter-reformation which had arguments in support of the idea that Martin Luther was a/the Antichrist? He seems to fit the bill. He initiated a great apostasy from ...
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How did Martin Luther justify the separation from the Catholic Church?

Even though Luther found great abuses in the Church of his time, there is the clear idea in the Bible that the Church is one, Jesus even prays that his followers be in unity. ("I pray that they will ...
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What is the basis for Lutheran single predestination, as opposed to double predestination?

I was reading this question, What were the main doctrinal disagreements between Luther and Calvin?, and one of the differences between the two was Calvin believed in double predestination, while ...
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Where does this Martin Luther quote come from?

"Sin is essentially a departure from God." -Martin Luther Which work does this quote come from?
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What happened with the schools of Luther and Melanchthon?

I know that Martin Luther and Philip Melanchthon tried to oppose the school system introduced by the Catholic Church (according to Luther, Oxford and Cambridge model was influenced by the Paris ...
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What is an overview of Lutheran faith-alone systematically taught before Martin Luther?

Are there records of Lutheran doctrine of faith-alone taught by theologians prior to him whether explicitly? I read in the Catholic Encyclopedia's article on Justification that Luther was ...
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Did Martin Luther teach penal substitution?

The Wikipedia article on Penal Substitution states (under the heading "Differing views"): Critics, however, argue that the theory of penal substitution is solely a later development, only forming ...
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According to Catholicism, what is wrong with Luther's doctrine of ubiquity?

One of John Calvin's arguments against transubstantiation and consubstantiation was that the body of Christ, as a human body, could not be in more than one place at a time. His view of the Eucharist ...
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Did Luther believe in gnomish creatures?

Luther in his translation of Isa. 34:14 renders Lilith as Kobold, a gnomish creature from German folklore who inhabits mines and mischievously contaminates silver. Did Luther really believe in this ...
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Why doesn't the Catholic Church give indulgences to everybody, regardless of their works?

In learning about indulgences, I started to wonder why a work was necessary for the giving of an indulgence. In looking at the Catechism of the Catholic Church, it appears to me that a work is ...
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Did Luther consider Erasmus an unbeliever, and if so, why?

The introduction to Luther and Erasmus: Free Will and Salvation mentions that Luther called Erasmus an unbeliever: [Luther's] letters and the gossip of his Table Talk are littered with scorn of ...
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Did Luther say he “might well have entrusted the whole affair of this [Eucharist] controversy to [Calvin] from the beginning”?

I've seen this quote in various internet discussions, and until recently, was only able to trace it back as far as the 1990s. However, the earliest English version of the story that I can find is from ...
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Did Martin Luther accept or reject the existence of Purgatory?

Martin Luther rejected many dogmas and doctrines of the Catholic Church. What was his belief concerning Purgatory? Did he accept it or reject it?
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What were the major disagreements between Erasmus and Luther during the Protestant Reformation?

Although Erasmus inspired many of Luther's ideas, they disagreed on many subjects, such as whether the Catholic Church should have a moral reform or a reform of beliefs. Did Erasmus disagree with ...
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What level of will-power do humans have according to Luther?

Luther wrote a very forceful book about original sin and predestination called 'On the Bondage of the will'. In it Luther opposes the idea of free-will, defined as a person's power to do good without ...
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Is Luther really the originator of “We are saved by faith alone, but the faith that saves is never alone”?

The quote "We are saved by faith alone, but the faith that saves is never alone" is commonly attributed to Martin Luther, but is this actually so? If so, in what context did he say or write this? If ...
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Is the Wesleyan Quadrilateral present in Luther or in any other pre-Wesley theologians, Protestant or Catholic?

The Wesleyan Quadrilateral, also known as the Methodist Quadrilateral, is a method of theological reflection and of arriving at theological conclusions based on scripture, tradition, reason, and ...
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Which was the first Roman Catholic hymnal to include Martin Luther's “A Mighty Fortress Is Our God”?

Recently I learned that modern Roman Catholic hymnals include Martin Luther's well-known hymn, A Mighty Fortress Is Our God. Investigating further on hymnary.org, however, I find that the song is not ...
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Was Martin Luther a Rosicrucian?

The rose together with the cross is the sign of the Rosicrucian Order as seen below: The cross symbolizes Christianity and the rose often symbolizes secrecy (Sub Rosa). Martin Luther's seal is ...
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Why did Luther add the word 'alone' to Romans 3:28? [duplicate]

Luther added the German word "allein" (alone) to Romans 3:28 despite the fact that it is not in the Greek texts. Why did Luther add the word 'alone' to Romans 3:28? So halten wir nun dafür, daß der ...
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Did Luther have any disagreements with the teachings of Augustine of Hippo?

Did Luther have any disagreements with the teachings of Augustine of Hippo? The Wikipedia page on Luther doesn't mention any, and from my limited knowledge of Luther's books, I can't recall any either....
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What did Luther have against Zwingli?

According to 131 Christians Everyone Should Know:* [Martin Luther] mocked fellow reformers, especially Swiss reformer Ulrich Zwingli, and used vulgar language in doing so. What was Luther's ...