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Questions tagged [lutheranism]

The church that follows the teachings of Martin Luther, the founder

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10 votes
2 answers
1k views

Why did Luther say "Sin boldy"?

I've heard it reported that Martin Luther told his parishioners to "sin boldly". I'm not sure if this is based in fact and his writings or something that is made up by Catholics to paint him badly. ...
6 votes
1 answer
4k views

What are the differences between the ELCA and UCC?

Looking for a church community for me and my child, young adult college age. So far trying to decide between ELCA (Evangelical Lutheran Church in America) and UCC (United Church of Christ). What are ...
6 votes
2 answers
235 views

What is apostasy (John 15) in Lutheranism?

In contrast to the Reformed tradition, it it the best of my understating, that Lutherans hold in election unto salvation for all who all in Christ, yet also hold that individuals, because of their own ...
5 votes
3 answers
175 views

According to Lutherans, why is Calvin's understanding of Communion unacceptable?

I just finished reading Herman Sasse's This is My Body, which was highly recommended by two different Lutheran pastors. The Lutheran position, as I understand it, is that believing in Christ's Real ...
2 votes
2 answers
341 views

Can the forensic justication doctrine be characterized as false justification contrary to fact and truth?

Forensic justification is defined as strictly legal declaration as justified, rather than reckoning or acknowledging someone as righteous to justify him. In other words, a person is declared righteous ...
3 votes
3 answers
1k views

How do Lutherans pray for the dead?

Defense of the Augsburg Confession XXIV recognizes and does not prohibit mentioning the dead. In my church, we have a local service to commemorate the departed that were deported during second world ...
10 votes
5 answers
2k views

How do churches (specifically WELS) proselytize while barring all forms of fellowship?

So my question is about churches (or more specifically the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Church) which bar all forms of fellowship (to include prayer) unless all points of doctrine are agreed upon. ...
2 votes
1 answer
172 views

Why do some Lutheran churches have monasteries while others don't?

Several Lutheran church bodies, including some of the Lutheran churches in Germany and Scandinavia, have active monastic communities. However, other Lutheran churches, including ELCA and LCMS in ...
2 votes
2 answers
65 views

How do Lutheran discern Law and Gospel in the Lord's Prayer?

In the Lord's Prayer, Jesus famously says: Matthew 6:12 NMB And forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us. This seems to be a law thing, as it means "unless you ...
2 votes
2 answers
184 views

How do Lutherans interpret John 5:24?

In John 5:24 (NET) Jesus says (emphasis added): I tell you the solemn truth, the one who hears my message and believes the one who sent me has eternal life and will not be condemned, but has crossed ...
4 votes
3 answers
601 views

What are the beliefs of the Conservative Laestadian Church?

My question is about the European Conservative Laestadian Church in particular, but also about the Laestadian Lutheran Church (LLC), the American branch of the Laestadians. I believe Conservative ...
1 vote
2 answers
228 views

What help exists to help a LCMS Lutheran deal with homosexuality?

I have been a member of the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod for most of my life. My problem is that now, as a middle-aged man, and for the last five years, I have realized that I am a gay man. I am ...
11 votes
6 answers
8k views

How is Lutheran apostolic succession conferred?

I noticed in a comment that Lutherans have apostolic succession I figured this was a purely Catholic/Anglican/Orthodox thing is there a comparable Sacrament of Holy Orders in the Lutheran world?
1 vote
4 answers
413 views

Are Lutherans the "adversaries" of Catholics, according to the Catholic Church?

I have heard that in the 16th century Lutherans were referred to as "adversaries" by theologians like St. Robert Bellarmine. As far as I know, this goes against Church teaching. Lutherans ...
2 votes
2 answers
178 views

How is repentance understood in Lutheranism?

Christ talks a lot about repentance, and how we must repent and believe to be saved, he asks the woman caught in adultery to sin no more (John 8:11). But if we are unable to do any good as Paul says ...
5 votes
1 answer
789 views

To the Lutherans ELCA, how is the Bible the word of God?

A. The Bible is the Word of God. (means, all the words we read are the Words of God) B. The Bible contains the Word of God. (means, not all the words we read are the Words of God) C. other than A ...
7 votes
1 answer
3k views

Lutheranism: "Pastor" or "Priest"?

I have noticed that some Lutheran churches refer to their ministers as "priests" while others refer to their ministers as "pastors." When did some Lutheran churches cease using "priest" in favor of "...
3 votes
1 answer
310 views

What do Lutherans teach regarding Second Death?

What do Lutherans teach regarding Second Death (the ultimate fate of the Unjust as described by the book Revelations)? Are Lutherans Annihilationists? Do they believe in a traditional hell of eternal ...
0 votes
0 answers
24 views

Who was the first Christian to list the books of the Old Testament in the Lutheran bible?

Who was the first Christian (not necessarily Lutheran) to list the books of the Old Testament in the Lutheran bible, without additions or subtractions, and without later changing his mind? This source ...
8 votes
2 answers
330 views

According to Lutherans, under what conditions (or at what moment) do the consecrated species cease to be the blood and body of Christ?

I understand that Lutherans believe in the real, physical presence of Christ in the Eucharist, but not in such a way that the species cease to be true bread and wine. So you are physically eating God, ...
3 votes
2 answers
310 views

Is the phrase "for Jesus’ sake" compatible with Catholic theology?

From wels.net (emphasis mine): “For Jesus’ sake” means that we are coming to God in prayer, not pleading our own merits, but (“on account of”) Jesus’ merits... When we end our prayers with “for Jesus’...
6 votes
2 answers
10k views

Lutherans: Shells, baptism, why?

Since I am almost certain someone will come in and think the title of this question needs editing, I'm going to request that you leave it as it stands. The full/expanded question: I have seen shells ...
1 vote
3 answers
1k views

Was Martin Luther wrong about baptizing infants?

Toward the end of his life, Martin Luther was extremely critical of the Anabaptists and considered them to be heretics. This inspired terrible treatment of the Anabaptists at the hands of the German ...
1 vote
0 answers
44 views

Are any English versions of the Bible suspect according to Lutheranism?

Do Lutherans officially warn about any Bible translation?
1 vote
3 answers
203 views

How can I best communicate I'm a lutheran evangelic as per the German definition?

It seems to me that in the States if you are a Christian but not a Catholic, you're automatically thrown into the huge (and negatively viewed) pot that is Protestantism. I have many (Catholic) ...
0 votes
1 answer
112 views

What is the Lutheran view of he atonement of Christ on the cross?

According to Lutheran teachings (Martin Luther, Lutheran confessions, any Lutheran Church, Lutheran theologians, etc.), why did Jesus Christ had to die on the cross, and what did this accomplished?
1 vote
1 answer
2k views

Why doesn’t the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod have bishops?

Most Lutheran synods in the United States, such as the Evangelical Lutheran Church of America (ELCA), have bishops as part of their church hierarchy just like many other mainline Protestants. Why ...
5 votes
2 answers
383 views

How do monergists respond to Bible verses that support the doctrine of synergism?

How do Lutherans, Calvinists and other protestants that believe in monergism respond to biblical passages that seem to support synergism such as these? For example: "Be perfect, therefore, as ...
2 votes
2 answers
704 views

According to Lutherans, what is the Kingdom of God?

In a conversation with a United States veteran, I was intrigued when his response to Luke 4:5, 6 was that the United States is not included among the "kingdoms of the inhabited earth" because the USA ...
11 votes
3 answers
2k views

What does it mean that "the two natures of Christ cannot be separated"?

The Ausberg confession states of Christ in the Chief Articles of Faith, Therefore, he has two natures, one divine and the other human. They are united in one person and cannot be separated. What ...
4 votes
1 answer
444 views

How do Lutherans or Reformed Christians interpret Acts 8:16?

A little context, Acts 8 tells us about Philip baptizing the people of Samaria, however people that have not received the Holy Spirit, even after baptism, until Peter and John lay their hands on them ...
1 vote
1 answer
311 views

How did Luther explain 1 Cor. 7:14?

Luther denied that marriage is a sacrament conferring grace.¹ He said marriage is a “worldly matter” (weltlich geschefft).² But 1 Cor. 7:14 says the husband and wife can mutually sanctify one another: ...
8 votes
2 answers
5k views

What do Lutherans mean when they talk about the Real Presence in the Eucharist?

The Lutheran Church is one of several denominations that teach the Real Presence, but they don't all understand it the same way. The Lutheran understanding differs significantly from the Orthodox and ...
5 votes
1 answer
1k views

How are Lutheran weekday “prayer services” different from “matins” or “vespers”?

From Wikipedia, matins: Lutherans preserve recognizably traditional matins distinct from morning prayer, but "matins" is sometimes used in other Protestant denominations to describe any morning ...
4 votes
1 answer
256 views

The Epitome of the Formula of Concord- Free will in Lutheranism

On "Free Will" The Epitome of the Formula of Concord, on negative (rejected) doctrines, first paragraph states: The delirium [insane dogma] of philosophers who are called Stoics, as also of ...
4 votes
6 answers
769 views

Who were the main Protestant precursors?

While Martin Luther is the origin of a particular protestant-reformist movement named Lutheran and of its derivative churches, it's unclear to me whether he should be considered responsible to the ...
3 votes
1 answer
897 views

Is there such a thing as Orthodox Lutheran Christian?

I was talking with my buddy the other day. He said he is Orthodox Lutheran Christian. Is that a real thing? I don't think so.
0 votes
1 answer
365 views

Based on what verse did Luther know that no sin can separate the believers from God?

The article in this link said: Something has gone wrong in Lutheranism. It has been more than adequately shown that regarding the doctrine of the eternal predestination of God Martin Luther ...
11 votes
1 answer
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Did the disagreement between the Catholic Church and Protestant Church on the issue of salvation by grace alone end in 1999?

This is question is for an effort to understand the current movement of bringing unity among Christian denominations. A question was asked before: Is Pope Francis holding and professing different ...
5 votes
1 answer
1k views

What does the Lutheran Church teach about Justification by Faith and is the sacrament of Baptism essential to salvation?

Recently I have been doing research into the Lutheran Church and it seems that they believe in baptismal regeneration. My understanding is baptismal regeneration is the belief that baptism is ...
5 votes
4 answers
691 views

Can Patron Saints be "dethroned"?

For instance lets say there's a patron saint of infants, but that a recently canonized saint is clearly superior to the previous one when it comes to infants. Is it not then warrented to make the ...
6 votes
1 answer
3k views

How do Lutherans have their sin forgiven?

If a Lutherans sins, how is his sin forgiven? Must he confess? Is there a distinction between venial and mortal sin? What if he sins again the same sin?
3 votes
1 answer
241 views

Do Lutherans now consider the followers of Zwingli and Calvin to be their brothers in Christ?

Do Lutherans now consider the followers of Zwingli and Calvin to be their brothers in Christ and members of the Body of Christ? From here I found out that Luther did not believe that Zwingli was ...
11 votes
2 answers
911 views

Are Lutherans comfortable with worshipping a consecrated host or do they consider it to be idolatry?

Lutherans believe in a real, physical presence of Christ in the Eucharist, similar to Catholics. However they also believe that the bread and wine remain as bread and wine even after consecration. ...
2 votes
0 answers
110 views

Is the Eucharist of non-Porvoo Lutheran church valid in the churches of Porvoo Communion?

Porvoo communion is the full Eucharistic communion of Lutheran churches of Northern Europe, but the Lutheran Church of Latvia is only observer in this communion. I understand that the Lutheran Church ...
23 votes
2 answers
10k views

What were Martin Luther's main disagreements with the Catholic Church?

What were Martin Luther's main disagreements with the Catholic Church? Were these beliefs of Luther's and his disagreements with the Catholic Church the origin of the Lutheran Church?
5 votes
2 answers
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What is the basis for Lutheran single predestination, as opposed to double predestination?

I was reading this question, What were the main doctrinal disagreements between Luther and Calvin?, and one of the differences between the two was Calvin believed in double predestination, while ...
4 votes
2 answers
2k views

What does Lutheranism teaches about demon possession?

What do various Lutheran Churches from today teach about demon possession? Did Martin Luther, or early Lutheran writers said something about this? What strikes me the most, is the fact that in the ...
5 votes
3 answers
3k views

Why are many Protestant Churches not practicing Confession?

Recently, I come to know that Lutheran Church practice Confession, though there is some difference in theology on it compared to the Roman Catholic Church. As a man brought up in a place where ...
13 votes
4 answers
8k views

What is the Lutheran doctrine of consubstantiation and how does it differ from transubstantiation and a more general protestant sacramental view?

In transubstantiation, the bread and wine are said to become the literal body and blood of Jesus. Consubstantiation appears to affirm that "this is my body" does apply to the bread and wine, but not ...