Questions tagged [lutheranism]

The church that follows the teachings of Martin Luther, the founder

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0answers
67 views

What is the difference between Calvinism and Lutheranism? [on hold]

What beliefs of Lutheranism was different from Calvinism? What beliefs do they have that are gratifying to Christianity?
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137 views

Do Lutherans now consider the followers of Zwingli and Calvin to be their brothers in Christ?

Do Lutherans now consider the followers of Zwingli and Calvin to be their brothers in Christ and members of the Body of Christ? From here I found out that Luther did not believe that Zwingli was ...
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According to Lutherans, under what conditions (or at what moment) do the consecrated species cease to be the blood and body of Christ?

I understand that Lutherans believe in the real, physical presence of Christ in the Eucharist, but not in such a way that the species cease to be true bread and wine. So you are physically eating God, ...
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How is Lutheran apostolic succession conferred?

I noticed in a comment that Lutherans have apostolic succession I figured this was a purely Catholic/Anglican/Orthodox thing is there a comparable Sacrament of Holy Orders in the Lutheran world?
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Can Patron Saints be “dethroned”?

For instance lets say there's a patron saint of infants, but that a recently canonized saint is clearly superior to the previous one when it comes to infants. Is it not then warrented to make the ...
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1answer
474 views

What are the differences between the ELCA and UCC?

Looking for a church community for me and my child, young adult college age. So far trying to decide between ELCA (Evangelical Lutheran Church in America) and UCC (United Church of Christ). What are ...
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45 views

How do you, Lutherans, understand the question of soteriology: atonement

English is not my native language, sorry for any typing errors I'm studying soteriology and wanted to understand how you Lutherans understand the question of soteriology? Justification and atonement: ...
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2answers
155 views

Are Lutherans comfortable with worshipping a consecrated host or do they consider it to be idolatry?

Lutherans believe in a real, physical presence of Christ in the Eucharist, similar to Catholics. However they also believe that the bread and wine remain as bread and wine even after consecration. ...
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80 views

Is the Eucharist of non-Porvoo Lutheran church valid in the churches of Porvoo Communion?

Porvoo communion is the full Eucharistic communion of Lutheran churches of Northern Europe, but the Lutheran Church of Latvia is only observer in this communion. I understand that the Lutheran Church ...
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What were Martin Luther's main disagreements with the Catholic Church?

What were Martin Luther's main disagreements with the Catholic Church? Were these beliefs of Luther's and his disagreements with the Catholic Church the origin of the Lutheran Church?
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105 views

Why doesn’t the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod have bishops?

Most Lutheran synods in the United States, such as the Evangelical Lutheran Church of America (ELCA), have bishops as part of their church hierarchy just like many other mainline Protestants. Why ...
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What is the basis for Lutheran single predestination, as opposed to double predestination?

I was reading this question, What were the main doctrinal disagreements between Luther and Calvin?, and one of the differences between the two was Calvin believed in double predestination, while ...
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419 views

What does Lutheranism teaches about demon possession?

What do various Lutheran Churches from today teach about demon possession? Did Martin Luther, or early Lutheran writers said something about this? What strikes me the most, is the fact that in the ...
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3answers
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Why are many Protestant Churches not practicing Confession?

Recently, I come to know that Lutheran Church practice Confession, though there is some difference in theology on it compared to the Roman Catholic Church. As a man brought up in a place where ...
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4answers
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What is the Lutheran doctrine of consubstantiation and how does it differ from transubstantiation and a more general protestant sacramental view?

In transubstantiation, the bread and wine are said to become the literal body and blood of Jesus. Consubstantiation appears to affirm that "this is my body" does apply to the bread and wine, but not ...
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1answer
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Did Martin Luther effectively teach that our justification is like white snow covering over dung?

Over the internet I have come across posts like this that say Luther stated that our sinful state is much like the piles of manure. It is ugly, repulsive and offensive. There is nothing in it ...
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990 views

How do churches (specifically WELS) proselytize while barring all forms of fellowship?

So my question is about churches (or more specifically the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Church) which bar all forms of fellowship (to include prayer) unless all points of doctrine are agreed upon. ...
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What does it mean that “the two natures of Christ cannot be separated”?

The Ausberg confession states of Christ in the Chief Articles of Faith, Therefore, he has two natures, one divine and the other human. They are united in one person and cannot be separated. What ...
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Was Martin Luther a Rosicrucian?

The rose together with the cross is the sign of the Rosicrucian Order as seen below: The cross symbolizes Christianity and the rose often symbolizes secrecy (Sub Rosa). Martin Luther's seal is ...
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1answer
313 views

Is the Mass seen as a sacrifice in the Lutheran Church?

Acording to Wikipedia the Mass is seen as a sacrifice in the Lutheran Chruch, just like it is in the Eastern Orthodox and Catholic Churches. However, I think this is wrong, I'm pretty sure from ...
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1answer
286 views

List of old heresies condemned by the Catholic Church now present in Lutheranism and Calvinism

The title says it all, I'd like a list of all heresies condemned by the Catholic Church before the Reformation. This time specifically those identified in Lutheranism and 5 point Calvinism.
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1answer
120 views

According to Lutherans, what is the Kingdom of God?

In a conversation with a United States veteran, I was intrigued when his response to Luke 4:5, 6 was that the United States is not included among the "kingdoms of the inhabited earth" because the USA ...
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154 views

Do Lutherans and Catholics have the same beliefs regarding the purpose of Confirmation?

As a Catholic, I believe that I received a greater outpouring the Holy Spirit at Confirmation. Baptism, the Eucharist, and the sacrament of Confirmation together constitute the "sacraments of ...
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1answer
81 views

Lutheran response to non-literalist interpretation of the Lord's Supper

What is the Lutheran response to the argument made by some, that Christ couldn't have meant "this is my body" in a literal sense, since he was himself bodily present in the midst of the disciples, in ...
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1answer
152 views

What does Lutheranism teaches in regard the eastern orthodox doctrine of theosis?

In the Eastern Orthodox church, there is this doctrine and practice of one's divination, of "becoming more and more like God". This practice/doctrine seem to come from the so called 'desert fathers' ...
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How are the Calvinist, Arminian and Lutheran conceptions of Total Depravity different?

I'm quite sure I understand the concept of Total Depravity, but I'm not sure it's viewed exactly the same in different doctrinal frameworks that support it. I've spent a lot of time among Lutherans, ...
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152 views

How do monergists respond to Bible verses that support the doctrine of synergism?

How do Lutherans, Calvinists and other protestants that believe in monergism respond to biblical passages that seem to support synergism such as these? For example: "Be perfect, therefore, as ...
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1answer
123 views

According to Lutherans, do angels pray for us?

I was looking at this question, and the answers don't really cover any viewpoints aside from that of the Roman Catholic Church. The second answer quotes Grudem, but the answerer's claim that he speaks ...
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84 views

To the LCMS Lutherans, how is the Bible the word of God?

A. The Bible is the Word of God. (means, all the words we read are the Words of God) B. The Bible contains the Word of God. (means, not all the words we read are the Words of God) C. other than A ...
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279 views

To the Lutherans ELCA, how is the Bible the word of God?

A. The Bible is the Word of God. (means, all the words we read are the Words of God) B. The Bible contains the Word of God. (means, not all the words we read are the Words of God) C. other than A ...
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According to Lutherans, is it 13 or 14 or 15 Nissan when Luke 22:8 happen?

Luke 22 (7)Then came the day of Unleavened Bread on which the Passover lamb had to be sacrificed. (8)Jesus sent Peter and John, saying, "Go and make preparations for us to eat the Passover." ...
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637 views

Which specific canons of the Second Council of Constantinople do Lutherans and Calvinists reject?

The Wikipedia article on the Second Council of Constantinople (the fifth Ecumenical Council) claims that Lutherans and Calvinists accept only the first four Ecumenical Councils as being canonical. My ...
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Why are Independent Baptist Fundamentalists labelled Protestants?

Something that always bothers me which I witness to Catholics: the well-meaning ones tell me I am a Protestant and say that "we protested the Catholic Church". This isn't true, the Baptist Church was ...
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114 views

Which faiths are accepted for membership in the Catholic Church? [closed]

My husband and I were married in a Lutheran Church. He is Episcopal, I was Lutheran, then Confirmed Episcopal, but am now Confirmed Catholic for 26 years. The Monsignor at our previous parish said ...
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371 views

Do Lutherans define Justification and Atonement as different things?

I was considering the doctrine of Lutheran Unlimited/Universal Atonement, which says Christ died for everyone's sins. However, the fact stands that not all people go to heaven – thus not all people's ...
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111 views

Are there any Lutherans that have a different view about Salvation? [closed]

I read from the following link Lutherans believe that Christ died for the sins of all people and that God wants all people to be saved (see, for example John 3:16, 1 John 2:2, 1 Timothy 2:4-6)....
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1answer
296 views

When was the idea of all humans worth equal incorporated into Lutheran Christianity?

Why am I here In Swedish Lutheran church today (which I belong to), it seems to be "obvious" that All humans are worth equal. I'm not questioning the statement itself, I am just interested in the ...
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Lutheranism: “Pastor” or “Priest”?

I have noticed that some Lutheran churches refer to their ministers as "priests" while others refer to their ministers as "pastors." When did some Lutheran churches cease using "priest" in favor of "...
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1answer
485 views

What happens to Lutherans who become Catholic? [closed]

This question is a two-parter, I know that's bad form but I don't want to justify two questions. Question 1 - if a Lutheran drifts into Catholic beliefs, like the Immaculate Conception of Mary, the ...
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1answer
276 views

Do Lutherans believe that the sacraments are necessary for salvation (similar to Catholics), and if so, how do they reconcile this with Sola Fide?

During my internet adventures browsing theological articles and blogs, I somehow picked up the idea that in a similar way to Catholics, Lutherans believe in baptismal regeneration and that baptism is, ...
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1answer
566 views

How does Dietrich Bonhoeffer's theology relate to salvation by faith alone?

Bonhoeffer was a Lutheran pastor. However, in his book, "The Cost of discipleship", he refers to this term called "cheap grace", just to give a quote: Cheap grace is the preaching of forgiveness ...
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What was the organizing principle of Melanchthon's Loci Communes?

Herman Bavinck, in his Reformed Dogmatics (BakerAcademic, Vol I, Chapter 1, pp 26 - 27), claims that while Melanchthon when writing his "Common Places" drew material from the book of Romans, his ...
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Is it true that Martin Luther was calling for killing Hebrew people?

Is it true that Martin Luther was calling in his books for killing Hebrew people and that the Lutherans of the USA in 1983 officially recanted this part of Luther's writings?
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521 views

What are the memorized lines people are reciting in church? [closed]

I didn't attend church as a child, but have now been visiting a couple different ones. Whether Catholic or Lutheran, at various points during the service, the faithful recite a text in common together,...
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314 views

Is Lutheran confession necessary for salvation? [duplicate]

From what I understand... Although there are major differences, Lutheran confession and Catholic confession are similar. Catholicism teaches that one must confess mortal sin in order to be restored ...
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406 views

Were Luther and Calvin Aphthartodocetists?

Julian of Halicarnassus (d. 527) was condemned at a council in Constantinople in 536. In denying a distinction between ousia (common essence) and physis (particular nature), Julian was faced with the ...
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Lutherans: Shells, baptism, why?

Since I am almost certain someone will come in and think the title of this question needs editing, I'm going to request that you leave it as it stands. The full/expanded question: I have seen shells ...
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135 views

What are the practical differences between German Lutheran and Swiss Reformed traditions?

I know very little about the German Lutheran church and what set them appart from the religion I've been raised in, Swiss Reformed. However, my understanding is that they are closer to Catholics, and ...
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1answer
145 views

According to LCMC Lutheranism, why is human imagination considered evil, when unsaved people do some amazingly good things?

According to Genesis 6:5 (NIV) every inclination of the thoughts of the human heart was only evil all the time. According to Genesis 8:21 states similarly ... every inclination of the human ...
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1answer
522 views

Is Holy Absolution necessary in the Lutheran Church?

I know that Lutherans, as the Roman Catholics, practice private absolution. However is that how sins are forgiven in the Lutheran Church? Or is it just a reassurance, so to say, of the forgiveness of ...