Questions tagged [logic]

Questions about logical reasoning in theology.

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What is the meaning of 'is' in the context of the Trinity?

The Philosopher Gottlob Frege distinguishes between four different meaning behind the word 'is': 1) 'is' as in identity; Saul is Paul. 2) 'is' as in predicate; Paul is Christian. 3) 'is' as in ...
Elie Bergman's user avatar
4 votes
5 answers
777 views

How do Latter-day Saints respond to William Lane Craig's philosophical objections to the Mormon view of creation?

The Mormon View of Creation is the title of an episode of the Reasonable Faith Podcast, recorded on February 16, 2010, in which William Lane Craig, a renowned Christian apologist, philosopher and ...
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10 votes
8 answers
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What are Christian responses to the Logical Problem of Evil?

The following is a more succinct presentation of the Logical Problem of Evil based on the original presentation found in the introduction of the article Logical Problem of Evil | Internet Encyclopedia ...
Mark's user avatar
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9 votes
3 answers
589 views

What are the strongest apologetic arguments in defense of the veracity of the doctrine of Intercession of Saints?

From Wikipedia: Intercession of the Saints is a doctrine held by the Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, and Roman Catholic Churches. The practice of praying through Saints can be found in Christian ...
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9 votes
7 answers
1k views

Is there a way to prove the God of the Bible? [closed]

I understand that there is an element call faith to believe a system of belief. But my question is, are there valid arguments to prove God to someone who does not believe? Or at least to present God ...
David Laberge's user avatar
4 votes
5 answers
3k views

What are Christian responses to William Rowe's formulation of the Evidential Problem of Evil?

Previously, I inquired on What are Christian responses to the Logical Problem of Evil?. Now, I would like to shift the focus to Christian responses to the Evidential Problem of Evil. For an in-depth ...
Mark's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
490 views

Why do Cessationists consider recent testimonial evidence for the gifts of the Spirit less reliable than 2000-year-old evidence for the resurrection?

Arguments for the historicity of the resurrection of Jesus strongly rely on testimonial evidence. Defenders of Jesus' resurrection as a historical fact typically argue that the writings of the New ...
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0 votes
3 answers
407 views

Can the doctrine of Continuationism be logically deduced from Scripture via deductive reasoning?

According to Continuationists, is it possible to make a case for the doctrine of Continuationism through logical argumentation based on deductive reasoning and Scripture alone (i.e. without appealing ...
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17 votes
3 answers
4k views

What are scholarly objections to the divine inspiration of the Book of Mormon? [closed]

What are scholarly objections to the divine inspiration of the Book of Mormon? Answers backed up with sources will be appreciated. Note: this question is asked in good faith, with the intention of ...
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7 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is the basis for Systematic Expository Preaching?

Related: What is the basis for Topical Preaching? Expository preaching is, in short, preaching through the Bible or a complete portion of the Bible and expounding upon the topics and applications ...
Thomas Shields's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
374 views

How do Biblical Unitarians rebut the following soteriological syllogism for the deity of Christ?

The argument If X saves, X must be God. Jesus saves. Therefore, Jesus must be God. Question According to Biblical Unitarians, what's wrong with this argument? Related questions Has any trinitarian ...
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4 votes
7 answers
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What is the biblical basis for proving God's existence using purely rational arguments, and how is this reconciled with the essential role of faith?

To steelman the case for proving God's existence using reason alone, I think one of the best contemporary examples of how this could be done is found in Edward Feser's book Five Proofs of the ...
Mark's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
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How do Latter-day Saints respond to the non-LDS argument that Joseph Smith's death was not comparable to the martyrdom of the ancient apostles?

This question is offered as a counterpoint to: How do non-LDS Christians respond to the LDS argument that Joseph Smith died as a Martyr for God, just like the Apostles? In particular, an argument from ...
Hold To The Rod's user avatar
2 votes
5 answers
530 views

How do Trinitarians respond to syllogistic arguments against the divinity of Jesus?

In a previous question in which I asked for evidence of early Christians denying the divinity of Jesus, a user posted an answer that, among other things, presents sixteen very interesting syllogistic ...
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15 votes
9 answers
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Why does God not show Himself beyond reasonable doubt? [closed]

In this answer I commented that Christians believe that "God does not show himself as this would take away free will", to which I was answered "The only reason he would not show himself is that it ...
Sklivvz's user avatar
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12 votes
3 answers
782 views

Are there "rational" criteria for which books appear in the Bible?

When I looked into "canon criticism" or "canonology" a while back, I came across numerous (alleged) criteria for whether a book is/was included in canon, such as "Old Testament books had to be written ...
Jas 3.1's user avatar
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11 votes
2 answers
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According to Protestantism, what are the strongest apologetic arguments against the doctrine of Intercession of Saints?

It's well known that Protestants reject the doctrine of Intercession of Saints. According to Wikipedia: With the exception of a few early Protestant churches, most modern Protestant churches strongly ...
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9 votes
1 answer
4k views

What is the basis for Topical Preaching?

Related: What is the basis for Systematic Expository Preaching? Topical preaching is rather self-explanatory - the preacher picks a topic, then finds bible passages or verses related to or ...
Thomas Shields's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
159 views

Has any trinitarian these days ever come across an argument for proof of the deity of Christ that goes like this:

If X saves, X must be God. Jesus saves. Therefore, Jesus must be God. All the trinitarian books / articles / sermons I’ve ever come across have never attempted such a simplistic way of reasoning ...
Anne's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
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Have any Christian thinkers expressed the idea that the Trinity can be proven independently from Scripture?

It is widely understood among trinitarians that the doctrine of the trinity is best seen through special revelation, particularly the scriptural accounts of the incarnation of Christ. But have there ...
Manwe Elder's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
711 views

How can we defend our faith against the "Argument from Evil" or "Problem of Evil"? [duplicate]

Of all of the arguments against the Bible from a stance of pure logic which I have ever heard, the only one which seems to be able to stand up to honest, logical scrutiny in even the smallest way is ...
jaredad7's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
486 views

Is God fully Jesus?

In normal logic we can say "All odd numbers are numbers." But we cannot say "All numbers are odd numbers." The reason is explained here. However, we can say "Zero is none" or "None is zero". ...
Cannabijoy's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
403 views

How do non-LDS Christians respond to the LDS argument that Joseph Smith died as a Martyr for God, just like the Apostles?

In Christian apologetics, a common argument for the reliability of the eyewitness accounts of the apostles is the fact that they were willing to withstand persecution and even martyrdom for what they ...
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1 vote
1 answer
258 views

What is an example of a deductive argument that Biblical Unitarians would present to prove that Jesus is not God?

I'm interested in learning about how Biblical Unitarians arrive at the conclusion that Jesus is not God from a deductive reasoning standpoint (for examples of deductive arguments, see this question). ...
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0 votes
1 answer
290 views

Can the doctrine of Cessationism be logically deduced from Scripture via deductive reasoning?

According to Cessationists, is it possible to make a case for the doctrine of Cessationism through logical argumentation based on deductive reasoning and Scripture alone (i.e. without appealing to ...
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