Questions tagged [logic]

Questions about logical reasoning in theology.

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What is the biblical basis for proving God's existence using purely rational arguments, and how is this reconciled with the essential role of faith?

To steelman the case for proving God's existence using reason alone, I think one of the best contemporary examples of how this could be done is found in Edward Feser's book Five Proofs of the ...
Mark's user avatar
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Divine Relations of the Trinity

I have been studying the Trinity recently, and most of my studies have been from St. Thomas Aquinas, in his Summa Theologiae, and he would agree that the persons are the divine Essence. One thing ...
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What are Christian responses to William Rowe's formulation of the Evidential Problem of Evil?

Previously, I inquired on What are Christian responses to the Logical Problem of Evil?. Now, I would like to shift the focus to Christian responses to the Evidential Problem of Evil. For an in-depth ...
Mark's user avatar
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10 votes
8 answers
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What are Christian responses to the Logical Problem of Evil?

The following is a more succinct presentation of the Logical Problem of Evil based on the original presentation found in the introduction of the article Logical Problem of Evil | Internet Encyclopedia ...
Mark's user avatar
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Ontological Arguments and the Catholic Church

This question is related to Objections to Natural Theology at the Time of Vatican I In contrast to the observance of natural phenomena in order to arrive at the conclusion that God exists, an ...
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Have a doubt about God in general?

God is the cause of all things, and the creator of all things. God is eternal, never ending and timeless, with no beginning or end. Him and all of his attributes are eternal and never ending. This ...
someinpp's user avatar
2 votes
5 answers
318 views

How does God tolerating evil not make Him evil?

To clarify, I'm not asking why God allows evil. I believe there are sufficient arguments for that. What I would like to know is: how can a righteous God tolerate evil without it affecting His nature ...
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Why does God punish us for our will?

This is a huge question. Do let me know if its immensity makes it off-topic for this site. I will start out my question with a quote from Schopenhauer: A man can do what he wills, but not will what ...
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2 answers
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Does Modern Science's Law of Causation confirm Christianity's Doctrine of Creation as stated in Genesis 1:1 and Acts 17:24? [closed]

The discoveries in modern science by Einstein and Hubble assert that the universe is expanding, and that if the "clock" were rolled back, the universe would come to a "Singularity Point....
ray grant's user avatar
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3 votes
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Are WLC's arguments against Relative Identity Trinitarianism valid?

In his book Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview, William Lane Craig offers three arguments against Relative Identity. The first argument regards the alleged "spurious" nature ...
Bob's user avatar
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Why would the priests bribe guards to lie when given clear evidence that Jesus was immortal? (Mt. 28:11-12) [closed]

Logic speaks to me that, no matter HOW much I hated someone, if given clear testimony from the best of the Roman guard that the guy fulfilled his own prediction and was raised from the dead by ...
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1 answer
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If the account of creation in Genesis 1 can be shown to strongly correlate with science, would that prove the divine inspiration of the Bible?

This question is made from the perspective of Old Earth Creationism (OEC), especially that espoused by Hugh Ross at reasons.org. I have also created a website at big.bible to explore these questions ...
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Has any trinitarian these days ever come across an argument for proof of the deity of Christ that goes like this:

If X saves, X must be God. Jesus saves. Therefore, Jesus must be God. All the trinitarian books / articles / sermons I’ve ever come across have never attempted such a simplistic way of reasoning ...
Anne's user avatar
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2 answers
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How do Biblical Unitarians rebut the following soteriological syllogism for the deity of Christ?

The argument If X saves, X must be God. Jesus saves. Therefore, Jesus must be God. Question According to Biblical Unitarians, what's wrong with this argument? Related questions Has any trinitarian ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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How do proponents of Perseverance of the Saints have confidence in their salvation?

I was listening to a debate between Trent Horn and James White on the doctrine of the Perseverance of the Saints. In it, Trent Horn presented an argument to demonstrate that those who hold to the ...
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What are arguments for the divine inspiration of the longer ending of Mark (Mark 16:9-20)?

Simple question: What are the best arguments for the divine inspiration of the longer ending of Mark (Mark 16:9-20), according to believers in its inspiration? These are examples of articles ...
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3 votes
2 answers
177 views

How do people who deny Biblical inerrancy understand this argument on inspiration?

This is my own deductive argument for the inerrancy of the scriptures. From what I can tell, people who deny Biblical inerrancy still accept God’s inspiration of the scriptures (as espoused in 2 ...
Luke Hill's user avatar
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Who teaches that God is bound by time?

Edit: The proposed duplicate cannot possibly be a duplicate, because I attempted to clarify the answer to this question in the proposed duplicate's comments, but was told to ask another official ...
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3 answers
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Are the Five Solas considered "Axioms" or "Theorems" in the logic of salvation in Protestant theology?

It might be utterly reprehensible to apply reason to faith in this way and feel free to VTC this question if it's just not a question. I believe reason can't contradict faith and vice versa, but I'm ...
Peter Turner's user avatar
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Can the doctrine of Continuationism be logically deduced from Scripture via deductive reasoning?

According to Continuationists, is it possible to make a case for the doctrine of Continuationism through logical argumentation based on deductive reasoning and Scripture alone (i.e. without appealing ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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How do Latter-day Saints respond to the non-LDS argument that Joseph Smith's death was not comparable to the martyrdom of the ancient apostles?

This question is offered as a counterpoint to: How do non-LDS Christians respond to the LDS argument that Joseph Smith died as a Martyr for God, just like the Apostles? In particular, an argument from ...
Hold To The Rod's user avatar
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1 answer
290 views

Can the doctrine of Cessationism be logically deduced from Scripture via deductive reasoning?

According to Cessationists, is it possible to make a case for the doctrine of Cessationism through logical argumentation based on deductive reasoning and Scripture alone (i.e. without appealing to ...
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7 votes
4 answers
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How do Cessationists respond to "the counterfeit proves the real" argument?

I don't have an explicit source at hand to cite, but sometimes I've heard Continuationists put forth the argument that "the counterfeit proves the real", "the counterfeit proves the ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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How do non-LDS Christians respond to the LDS argument that Joseph Smith died as a Martyr for God, just like the Apostles?

In Christian apologetics, a common argument for the reliability of the eyewitness accounts of the apostles is the fact that they were willing to withstand persecution and even martyrdom for what they ...
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4 votes
5 answers
777 views

How do Latter-day Saints respond to William Lane Craig's philosophical objections to the Mormon view of creation?

The Mormon View of Creation is the title of an episode of the Reasonable Faith Podcast, recorded on February 16, 2010, in which William Lane Craig, a renowned Christian apologist, philosopher and ...
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11 votes
2 answers
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According to Protestantism, what are the strongest apologetic arguments against the doctrine of Intercession of Saints?

It's well known that Protestants reject the doctrine of Intercession of Saints. According to Wikipedia: With the exception of a few early Protestant churches, most modern Protestant churches strongly ...
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9 votes
3 answers
589 views

What are the strongest apologetic arguments in defense of the veracity of the doctrine of Intercession of Saints?

From Wikipedia: Intercession of the Saints is a doctrine held by the Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, and Roman Catholic Churches. The practice of praying through Saints can be found in Christian ...
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17 votes
3 answers
4k views

What are scholarly objections to the divine inspiration of the Book of Mormon? [closed]

What are scholarly objections to the divine inspiration of the Book of Mormon? Answers backed up with sources will be appreciated. Note: this question is asked in good faith, with the intention of ...
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1 vote
2 answers
490 views

Why do Cessationists consider recent testimonial evidence for the gifts of the Spirit less reliable than 2000-year-old evidence for the resurrection?

Arguments for the historicity of the resurrection of Jesus strongly rely on testimonial evidence. Defenders of Jesus' resurrection as a historical fact typically argue that the writings of the New ...
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2 votes
5 answers
528 views

How do Trinitarians respond to syllogistic arguments against the divinity of Jesus?

In a previous question in which I asked for evidence of early Christians denying the divinity of Jesus, a user posted an answer that, among other things, presents sixteen very interesting syllogistic ...
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3 votes
2 answers
2k views

What was G.K. Chesterton's proof of original sin, and what is so unique about it?

Certain new theologians dispute original sin, which is the only part of Christian theology which can really be proved. - Orthodoxy, by Gilbert K. Chesterton; The Maniac Page 1 What is GKC's proof of ...
Ray Butterworth's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
258 views

What is an example of a deductive argument that Biblical Unitarians would present to prove that Jesus is not God?

I'm interested in learning about how Biblical Unitarians arrive at the conclusion that Jesus is not God from a deductive reasoning standpoint (for examples of deductive arguments, see this question). ...
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3 votes
3 answers
189 views

How does one reconcile the principle of justice with the doctrine of original sin?

How does one reconcile the idea in modern democracy that every person will be judged purely based on their own actions, with the doctrine of the belief in the state of sin in which humanity exists ...
Carl Masens's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
105 views

Don't understand the Trinity doctrine [duplicate]

Tried to understand the doctrine deeply and in a broader way than it is taught in school, or presented in Wikipedia. And no one can explain it to me in a simple way for my mind to accept it, How it ...
user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
151 views

How do Christians reconcile this passage? [closed]

The old testament is God given Yet Christians no longer follow it, for example they eat pork and changed the sabbath day from Saturday to Sunday The reason for this is that Jesus told them the Old ...
Hank Miller's user avatar
2 votes
4 answers
383 views

The first premise of the Kalam Cosmological Argument for the existence of God

The first premise of the KCA is stated as: Premise 1: Anything that begins to exist must have a cause. The contrapositive statement for this should read. If something is not caused to exist then ...
JEM's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
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What is the biblical basis for the logical Problem of Evil? [closed]

From the Wikipedia article on the subject: The problem of evil refers to the question of how to reconcile the existence of evil with an omnibenevolent, omniscient and omnipotent God (see theism). ...
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4 answers
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What is the meaning of 'is' in the context of the Trinity?

The Philosopher Gottlob Frege distinguishes between four different meaning behind the word 'is': 1) 'is' as in identity; Saul is Paul. 2) 'is' as in predicate; Paul is Christian. 3) 'is' as in ...
Elie Bergman's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
486 views

Is God fully Jesus?

In normal logic we can say "All odd numbers are numbers." But we cannot say "All numbers are odd numbers." The reason is explained here. However, we can say "Zero is none" or "None is zero". ...
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4 votes
2 answers
336 views

Have any Christian thinkers expressed the idea that the Trinity can be proven independently from Scripture?

It is widely understood among trinitarians that the doctrine of the trinity is best seen through special revelation, particularly the scriptural accounts of the incarnation of Christ. But have there ...
Manwe Elder's user avatar
8 votes
5 answers
894 views

What is meant by "atheism is a religion"? [closed]

I have heard this statement used by Christians. Atheists counter that the lack of belief isn't a religion or belief system. Is there a logical justification for the charge that atheism is a religion? ...
mojo's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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How can we defend our faith against the "Argument from Evil" or "Problem of Evil"? [duplicate]

Of all of the arguments against the Bible from a stance of pure logic which I have ever heard, the only one which seems to be able to stand up to honest, logical scrutiny in even the smallest way is ...
jaredad7's user avatar
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1 answer
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How do you explain our existence when you say that God is almighty? [duplicate]

There is one thing I probably will never understand about God. There are various passages in the bible where God is said to be almighty. If he really is almighty why did he create us to be that weak? ...
Tony Stark's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
1k views

Counterarguments to "Numerology"?

Background: I am interested in learning more about numerology. In this post I am specifically interested in the arguments used by those who reject this doctrine. My current impression of what "...
Jas 3.1's user avatar
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12 votes
3 answers
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Are there "rational" criteria for which books appear in the Bible?

When I looked into "canon criticism" or "canonology" a while back, I came across numerous (alleged) criteria for whether a book is/was included in canon, such as "Old Testament books had to be written ...
Jas 3.1's user avatar
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6 votes
7 answers
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How can the logical impossibility of infinite self reference be reconciled in the case of God?

This assumes that God conforms to the laws of logic as without doing so we can make absolutely no deductions about him, his existence, or any of his actions or attributes. Within computer science, ...
danpalmer's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
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What is the basis for Topical Preaching?

Related: What is the basis for Systematic Expository Preaching? Topical preaching is rather self-explanatory - the preacher picks a topic, then finds bible passages or verses related to or ...
Thomas Shields's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is the basis for Systematic Expository Preaching?

Related: What is the basis for Topical Preaching? Expository preaching is, in short, preaching through the Bible or a complete portion of the Bible and expounding upon the topics and applications ...
Thomas Shields's user avatar
9 votes
7 answers
1k views

Is there a way to prove the God of the Bible? [closed]

I understand that there is an element call faith to believe a system of belief. But my question is, are there valid arguments to prove God to someone who does not believe? Or at least to present God ...
David Laberge's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
391 views

Is there an argument that God, as a self-proving entity, is necessary for logic?

I recall hearing an argument for God (or, really, that being a non-Christian was equivalent to being a nihilist) that in order for logic to be valid, one could not have circular arguments, but since ...
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