Questions tagged [latin]

Classical language popularized through the Roman Empire; widely used in scholarship and Roman Catholicism.

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15
votes
2answers
12k views

Who are David and Sibyls in the first stanza of Dies Iræ?

The first stanza of the medieval Latin hymn Dies Iræ is as follows: Dies iræ, dies illa Solvet sæclum in favilla, Teste David cum Sibylla. While the beginning is clearly taken from the prophet ...
14
votes
6answers
7k views

Is Latin considered a holy language in the Catholic Church?

I've heard that many Roman Catholic Churches still hold Mass services and particularly ceremonies (e.g. weddings) in Latin. Is this true, and if so why is Latin considered to be a better language than ...
14
votes
5answers
4k views

What is the reasoning for Latin being the official language of Catholic Mass?

The New Testament was originally written in Greek. But yet Roman Catholics held Mass in Latin for hundreds of years. What scriptural evidence, if any, caused Latin to be picked over Greek? Was any ...
12
votes
1answer
531 views

Tridentine Latin Mass in Hebrew?

In 1957, Pope Pius XII gave permission to St. James Vicariate for Hebrew Speaking Catholics in Israel to celebrate the traditional Tridentine Latin Mass of Pope Pius V in some part in Hebrew. In ...
11
votes
1answer
11k views

Is the term *Kyrie Eleison* Latin or Greek?

Kyrie Eleison is a term that is used in the Latin Mass of the Catholic Church. However, I've been told that the phrase is entirely Greek and not Latin at all! So is the phrase Latin or Greek? Is it ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Does the Pope's encyclical Laudato si' have a Latin version?

Looking at the Vatican's website it seems Laudato si' is the first encyclical that has no official Latin version, while the previous one, Lumen Fidei, had. Is this true?
11
votes
1answer
644 views

When did the Church in the West begin communicating in Latin, instead of Greek?

Since the Gospels, Paul's epistles, and the other books of the New Testament were written mostly in Greek, as well as much writing of early Church fathers, it stands to reason that much – if not most –...
10
votes
2answers
495 views

Need help with Latin Formula for an unusual Saint Benedict Cross

Can someone help translate the Latin formula used on the left side of the cross below. I already know the right side is the formula for Saint Benedict's Medal but the letters on the left still elude ...
8
votes
1answer
4k views

What does "Habemus Papam" mean?

I'm seeing this phrase being displayed on all the news channels, in conjunction with a lot of cheering people under umbrellas who have been waiting for the new pope to be elected. Is there some sort ...
8
votes
2answers
384 views

What's the new rite in Tantum Ergo?

St. Thomas Aquinas' hymn Tantum Ergo, which is usually sung at Benediction, always seems better in Latin: Et antiquum documentum Novo cedat ritui: Mainly because in both the transliterated and ...
7
votes
3answers
12k views

Hallelujah vs Alleluia

What's the difference between these two words other than obviously the spelling. I've seen some songs write Alleluia which sounds very similar to Hallelujah when sung.
6
votes
2answers
113 views

What does "persecute with cups" refer to in Augustine's first homily on 1 John?

Augustine, in his first homily on 1 John has a phrase that reads: ut passiones martyrum imitetur, non eos calcibus persequamur! Online it is translated: that we should imitate the sufferings of ...
6
votes
2answers
418 views

Is there a special significance attached to a Latin Mass?

Every so often, one of my Catholic acquaintances will mention that they will be, or have just attended a Latin Mass. I know pretty much nothing about a Latin Mass, other than (obviously) that it's ...
6
votes
2answers
775 views

Pre-Vatican II Latin Prayer

I'm new here, I was just wondering of someone knows what books were used for English catechesis prior to the 1960's in English speaking countries. I'd like to teach my CCD kids a few prayers in Latin ...
5
votes
1answer
570 views

What is the significance of the phrase "Sic Transit Gloria Mundi"?

The phrase is used during the ceremony of assigning a new pope, and can be interpreted in many ways. A translation would be: "So pass the worldly glories." How would you interpret its meaning, think ...
5
votes
3answers
799 views

Acts 6:8 - Stephen is described as "full of grace" (πλήρης χάριτος)

In Acts 6:8, according to some manuscripts the Greek text states, Στέφανος δὲ πλήρης χάριτος καὶ δυνάμεως ἐποίει τέρατα καὶ σημεῖα μεγάλα ἐν τῷ λαῷ. (NA28) which is translated by the NABRE into ...
5
votes
1answer
802 views

What is the origin of the "in sæcula sæculorum" of the «Gloria Patri» being translated as "world without end"?

The Gloria Patri or "Minor Doxology" is, in Latin: Gloria Patri, et Filio, et Spiritui Sancto, sicut erat in principio, et nunc, et semper, et in sæcula sæculorum. Amen. Who was the first to ...
5
votes
1answer
193 views

Was the Athanasian Creed ever translated into Koine Greek? If so, where can I find the text?

I am aware that it was most likely originally composed in Latin (this is why it is highly unlikely that St. Athanasius himself wrote it) but has anyone ever tried translating it into Koine Greek? If ...
4
votes
1answer
89 views

Missing work of St. Augustine in Latin?

I have been trying to look for a work of St. Augustine in Latin but I have had no luck of finding it. Not only that, I don't think it's been translated to English. It's called "La Fe, Dedicada a Pedro ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Latin Lyrics for Gregorian Chants

Does the Catholic Church have a particular book that contains the Latin lyrics for Gregorian chants? I suppose most of these chants are sung as part of a liturgy. One such chant is named Communio: ...
3
votes
0answers
263 views

Which Latin manuscripts were used by the KJV translators?

When the KJV translators set out to do their translation, they gathered all existing manuscripts and translations they could, to make sure they had everything absolutely right. I am curious, which ...
2
votes
3answers
553 views

Do Anglicans use Latin anymore? If so, how much and for what?

Hi so I'm a Latin student and I was just wondering.
2
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0answers
190 views

What did the earliest version of the Vulgate bible look like?

It seems that the Codex Amiatinus is the oldest most complete version of the Vulgate bible (which misses the Book of Baruch). What did it look like? Looking up close at the blurry images, the text ...
2
votes
0answers
100 views

Is there a modern translation of the critical text of the Bible into Classical Latin?

Is there a modern translation of the critical text of the Bible into Classical Latin? Preferably it would be very literal, and the Apocrypha isn't necessary.
2
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0answers
36 views

What was the rationale for worship only in Latin? [duplicate]

Notice I said was because since 1969, the liturgy may be celebrated in the vernacular. I know the Roman Catholicism no longer employs Latin-only, but I am wondering why they did. Not interested in ...
1
vote
4answers
601 views

Why did the Catholic Church adopt the use of Latin, the language of the crucifiers of Jesus?

While reading on Wikipedia I got to thinking why the church uses Latin as a language. According to the canonical Gospels, Jesus was arrested and tried by the Sanhedrin, and then sentenced by ...
1
vote
2answers
825 views

Should the Catholic rosary be recited in Latin or the vernacular language?

Should the Catholic prayer be recited in Latin or the vernacular language? During recitation, should the Catholic recite by chanting the verses or by singing with a catchy melody? Is it a sin to use ...
1
vote
1answer
261 views

Earliest use of the term triune

According to dictionary.com, the origin of the term triune was between: 1595–1605; tri- + -une < Latin ūnus one What are some of the earliest uses of the English triune, as well as it's Latin ...
1
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1answer
149 views

Who is this member of the Catholic Church?

I was wondering who this man is, in the Catholic church: I am wondering his position therein more so than his name. *I saw him in a dream moments ago—I am not Catholic, I am Apostolic Pentecostal.
0
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1answer
92 views

Why are missionary priests allowed to fumble over liturgies in the vernacular?

Traditiones Custodes states that ... possess a knowledge of the Latin language sufficient for a thorough comprehension of the rubrics and liturgical texts, and be animated by a lively pastoral ...
0
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0answers
23 views

Could Jesus understand (and read) Latin? [duplicate]

I read that Jesus probably spoke Arameic and Hebrew. And that a Bible verse indicated that he could read. Jesus lived in the Roman empire, so Latin was known by at least some people in the region. Is ...