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Questions tagged [justification]

referring to the process or moment in which an individual's sins are forgiven - distinct from sanctification, in that the latter refers to the process or moment in which a person is made fit for standing in front of a holy God

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4 votes
1 answer
112 views

What is the “New Perspective on Paul” and is it biblical according to Reformed Protestants?

I understand that N.T. Wright, an Anglican Bishop, has been promoting this teaching in evangelical churches. Source According to Wright, "Paul in the twentieth century, then, has been used and ...
4 votes
5 answers
497 views

How is the crucifixion just?

As a result of the crucifixion of Jesus, all who truly accept Christ will receive salvation and have their sins washed away. But how is it just that the guilty person not be held accountable for the ...
3 votes
1 answer
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A summary of how to read Romans 1-4 in "Beyond Justification: Liberating Paul's Gospel"?

Can someone give a summary of how to read Romans 1-4 in "Beyond Justification: Liberating Paul's Gospel"? From a podcast, I got the idea that Paul actually starts with a Socratic argument, ...
6 votes
6 answers
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Protestantism: If justification is by faith alone how can judgement be by works?

The idea of justification seems to come often in Paul, Romans 3:20: Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin Jesus ...
7 votes
9 answers
529 views

Justification by faith in light of Romans 14

I've been a Christian for about 5 years now and I'm in a non-denominational setting. However, I'm having a hard time agreeing with my pastors, who are telling me that if I believe in Jesus (a type of ...
2 votes
2 answers
347 views

Can the forensic justication doctrine be characterized as false justification contrary to fact and truth?

Forensic justification is defined as strictly legal declaration as justified, rather than reckoning or acknowledging someone as righteous to justify him. In other words, a person is declared righteous ...
1 vote
1 answer
53 views

How does imputation work?

When someone believes on Jesus Christ how does Jesus sinless perfect righteousness is transferred to the believer and the believer's sin transferred to Jesus? Like what is the theory or doctrine that ...
3 votes
4 answers
406 views

Do Protestants appreciate the significance of Mary's genealogy?

Then stood up Phinehas and executed judgment ... and that was counted to him for righteousness unto all generations for evermore. [Psalm 106:30,31 KJV.] Phinehas hath turned my wrath away ... ...
4 votes
4 answers
774 views

Should Catholics in a state of grace call themselves sinners?

The Bible says our righteousness is a filthy rag(works) it also says we are the righteous of God in Christ Jesus. As a Catholic at a state of grace is it right to still call myself a sinner when I ...
4 votes
3 answers
118 views

What basis could there be for an 18th century Christian to say that "Gnostics were the Antinomians of their day"?

I read that claim in an article written by A.M. Toplady (reproduced in a 2020 Christian magazine.) Toplady (1740-1778) did not go on to give his reasons for that claim, apart from adding, "An ...
0 votes
1 answer
142 views

I have a question for Roman Catholics does Ephesians 2:8-9 teach faith alone?

Roman Catholics Christians reject the concept of faith alone (ie that we are justified solely by our faith in Jesus Christ) and that we are justified by both our faiths and our works, but how do they ...
1 vote
1 answer
162 views

Is going to confession considered "good work" in the faith vs. work distinction in justification?

A comment by a Catholic in a discussion with a Protestant about faith vs. good works startled me: Catholics would consider going to Confession to be a work. It's a specific act you need to do. We don'...
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How do New Perspective proponents respond to Robert Cara's 3 critiques on NPP?

A Gospel Coalition short essay (Justification and the New Perspective on Paul) by Robert J. Cara, author of the 2017 book Cracking the Foundation of the New Perspective on Paul: Covenantal Nomism ...
12 votes
6 answers
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How do Protestants who say Catholicism doesn't teach the true Gospel understand a Catholic person’s faith in Jesus?

On Protestant theology, Sola Fide is understood as: Sola fide—the doctrine of justification by faith alone apart from works—is simply recognizing what is taught over and over in Scripture—that at ...
1 vote
1 answer
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What views are there on supplying weapons in a war?

In light of the conflict between Ukraine and the Russian Federation, a number of countries, including those with significant catholic and Protestant populations (as well as Christians in their ...
2 votes
2 answers
626 views

According to the LDS church, how are we justified?

I know the obvious trope is that the LDS believe in "salvation by works", but I am looking for definitive church teaching on the nature of mans justification. Preferably, I'd like it to ...
14 votes
2 answers
274 views

What is the basis for Lombard's view that the basis of justification for OT men was different than for OT women?

While reading J. V. Fesko's The Theology of the Westminster Standards, I found an interesting tidbit in the context of his discussion of justification in Reformed theology: Medieval theologians ...
3 votes
3 answers
404 views

What kind of 'faith' justifies or imputes righteousness to a sinner as per the teachings of the Bible? [closed]

Protestant Christians in general believe that 'faith' makes a person righteous. The Letter to Hebrews chapter 11 in the N.T. talks about faith at length with specific examples. But what kind of 'faith'...
3 votes
2 answers
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What does Protestantism define as 'that which is to be believed' unto righteousness?

As to good and evil, there is a tree (a branch of knowledge) which defines the knowledge of good and evil ; and mankind is advised not to partake of it (as a means of life) else we die. But as to ...
13 votes
5 answers
3k views

How does repentance fit into the doctrine of sola fide ("by faith alone")?

Sola fide (Latin for "by faith alone") is a defining doctrine of Protestantism. Wikipedia defines it as follows: The doctrine of sola fide asserts God's pardon for guilty sinners is granted to and ...
11 votes
3 answers
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What is the protestant apologetic for James' explicit statement that we are justified by works?

James 2:24, RSVC2E: You see that a man is justified by works and not by faith alone. Many times I've heard Protestants claim that James isn't really saying what he appears to be saying here. They ...
3 votes
2 answers
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How do Protestants interpret Ezekiel 18:20-32?

Here is my translation:1 Ezekiel 18:20-32 The soul that sins, the same [only] shall die: the son shall not bear the guilt of the father, nor the father the guilt of the son: the righteousness of the ...
3 votes
1 answer
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How does John Owen account for scriptures which state that justification by faith is not through the law?

In my previous inquiry regarding the history of the doctrine which states that Jesus Christ, in the days of his flesh, kept the law on behalf of others as 'passive obedience' (which law-keeping is ...
4 votes
2 answers
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What is the earliest claim that Jesus Christ kept the law of Moses on behalf of others?

J N Darby and William Kelly, those responsible for the Plymouth Brethren movement in the mid to late 1800s, did not accept the concept that, during his earthly life, Jesus Christ kept the law on ...
1 vote
2 answers
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Meaning of 1 Peter 4:17 According to Calvinists

1 Peter 4:16-18 (ESV) Yet if anyone suffers as a Christian, let him not be ashamed, but let him glorify God in that name. For it is time for judgment to begin at the household of God; and if it begins ...
11 votes
2 answers
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What is the distinction between Justification and Salvation? (Orthodox/Greek/Eastern View)

As a practicing Christian, my only hope is for salvation through Jesus Christ. I note that scripture addresses salvation, and that in Paul's letters being justified is proclaimed to be of importance. ...
4 votes
1 answer
231 views

Does modern protestantism have any deviations from sola fide?

I have read that modern protestantism on one hand, and catholicism on the other, tended to abridge their historical differences. Are there any cases in modern protestantism where justification can ...
3 votes
4 answers
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Meaning of Acts 10:34-35 according to Protestantism

Acts 10:34-35 (DRB) And Peter opening his mouth, said: In very deed I perceive, that God is not a respecter of persons. But in every nation, he that feareth him, and worketh justice, is acceptable to ...
2 votes
5 answers
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How do Protestants explain the relationship between justification and the works of the servants in the Parable of the Talents?

This is not the question 'What does the Parable of the Talents mean according to Protestantism,' but a question specifically regarding the nature of the 'wicked' servant, and how it corresponds to his ...
2 votes
2 answers
216 views

Protestant Interpretation 1 Peter 1:17

How do Protestants interpret 1 Peter 1:17? It reads: 1 Peter 1:13-17 (DRB) Wherefore having the loins of your mind girt up, being sober, trust perfectly in the grace which is offered you in the ...
4 votes
1 answer
371 views

Was Martin Luther known to have read the First Epistle of Clement?

The First Epistle of Clement is an early Christian document that was commonly circulated in the early church before being rejected as part of the New Testament canon. There is a passage in it that ...
2 votes
2 answers
378 views

Calvinists: How to avoid justification from eternity?

I'm having trouble understanding how Calvinists avoid the doctrine of justification from eternity, which roughly states that the elect are justified either before the creation of the world or at the ...
3 votes
2 answers
253 views

How do Protestants interpret "covers a multitude of sins" (James 5:19)?

In the New Testament, in James 5:19-20, we read: My brethren, if anyone one of you strays from the way of truth, and someone turns him back, let him know that whoever turns back a sinner from the ...
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The name and origin of the doctrine of justification by restructuring the narrative [duplicate]

See the example of the candlesticks from Les Mis. See also Gen 20:60 ...you meant it for evil, but God meant it for good. Can someone tell me the name and origin of this theological concept? ...
2 votes
2 answers
224 views

If Christ took our sins on him, why do we still need an imputation of God's righteousness on us? [closed]

I always thought that the imputation of our sins on Jesus so that we are free from sin is what justified us. But according to several passages in the Bible (What is the biblical basis for the ...
11 votes
2 answers
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When and how did Martin Luther arrive at the justification by faith?

When and how did Martin Luther arrive at the justification by faith teaching? Was it something that he came up with as a result of his stance against the indulgences and later against the Pope, or did ...
4 votes
1 answer
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What is the distinction between Justification and Salvation? (Reformed point of view)

As a practicing Christian, my only hope is for salvation through Jesus Christ. I note that scripture addresses salvation from a variety of perspectives and analogies, but also I find that in Paul's ...
4 votes
2 answers
505 views

Do Lutherans define Justification and Atonement as different things?

I was considering the doctrine of Lutheran Unlimited/Universal Atonement, which says Christ died for everyone's sins. However, the fact stands that not all people go to heaven – thus not all people's ...
1 vote
0 answers
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Are there passages in the synoptic gospels that could be used to support faith alone? [duplicate]

I am wondering if there passages in the synoptic gospels that could be used to support faith alone? I know there are some which seem to be in contrast to faith alone like the sheep and the goats.
3 votes
3 answers
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How could Adam and Eve lose their just standing before God if it was given to them as a Grace and not earned?

I have often heard pastors, internet preachers especially, repeat that, "We did nothing to earn our salvation and there is nothing that we can do to lose it" or something to that effect. These are ...
7 votes
3 answers
495 views

Who first explicitly understood "works of the law" in Galatians 3:10 as referring to only the ritual law, and not the Mosaic law generally?

One of the key verses used to defend the Protestant doctrine of justification by faith alone is Galatians 3:10: For all who rely on works of the law are under a curse; for it is written, “Cursed be ...
2 votes
1 answer
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What is the biblical basis for the imputation of Christ's righteousness to believers?

In Christendom as a whole, and within evangelicalism and Reformed theology more specifically, one of the controversial aspects of the doctrine of justification is the imputation of the righteousness ...
13 votes
4 answers
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In the NPP, if Paul's "works of the law" are only circumcision and diet, how is Galatians 3:10 interpreted?

One of the implications of the New Perspective on Paul (NPP), as I understand it, is that Paul's teachings regarding the "works of the law" (in Galatians 2:16, for example) are meant to refer only to "...
2 votes
1 answer
184 views

How were the old saints justified under the law? (Catholic and Protestant views) [closed]

How were the old saints like Moses and the prophets justified under the law? Were they justified by keeping the law? What is an overview of Catholic and Protestant views on this? Explain with Biblical ...
2 votes
1 answer
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What is the distinction between Justification and Salvation? (Swedenborgian View)

As a practicing Christian, my only hope is for salvation through Jesus Christ. I note that scripture addresses salvation, and that in Paul's letters being justified is proclaimed to be of importance. ...
1 vote
2 answers
111 views

According to Catholicism, does the Old Law justify?

According to Catholicism, does the Old Law justify? Or is Christ, faith, and the New Law necessary to justify even those who lived before Christ?
4 votes
2 answers
705 views

What is the distinction between Justification and Salvation? (Roman Catholic view)

As a practicing Christian, my only hope is for salvation through Jesus Christ. I note that scripture addresses salvation; in the teaching of the Roman Catholic Church, the Bible is (among other ...
3 votes
5 answers
3k views

How is it just that Jesus, an innocent, would be punished for our sins?

From the perspective that Jesus' suffering on the cross was in fact a punishment for our sins, how is punishing an innocent (Jesus) for the sinners justified? Jesus was innocent but the people were ...
17 votes
5 answers
1k views

What is the verdict on an unjust judge? [closed]

In order to ask this, let me set a stage. This is just a scenario that will be recast in a second. As Christians we believe that God is good. We trumpet his justice, rightness, holiness, and so on ...
15 votes
2 answers
3k views

What is the difference between justification and sanctification?

Christians use the terms justification and sanctification a lot, but it's not always clear where one concept leaves off and the other picks up. What do Protestants generally say is the difference ...