Questions tagged [judaism]

The religion, philosophy, and culture of Jewish people, based on the Hebrew Bible, especially the Torah, and on other ancient Jewish texts and traditions.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2
votes
3answers
387 views

Had Jesus formally been given authority to preach in the synagogue?

At Luke 4:16-17 we read: " When he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, he went to the synagogue on the sabbath day, as was his custom. He stood up to read, and the scroll of the prophet ...
-1
votes
2answers
82 views

According to Catholicism, who can be referred to as the One Flock of Jesus in today's context? [duplicate]

In John 10:16 we see Jesus saying: "I have other sheep that do not belong to this fold. I must bring them also, and they will listen to my voice. So there will be one flock, one shepherd." Of ...
17
votes
2answers
741 views

How common were blasphemy accusations and trials among the Jews during the time of Jesus?

I am curious if any critical scholarly work has attempted to study the frequency with which blasphemy accusations occurred within the Jewish community at the time of Jesus, and if possible, how many ...
62
votes
12answers
42k views

Why does Judaism celebrate Sabbath on Saturday and most Christians celebrate Sabbath on Sunday?

When did most Christians (possibly excluding exceptions such as Seventh Day Adventists) and Jews start celebrating Sabbath on different days of the week and why?
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there an equivalent to cantillation or tajweed in Christianity?

In both Islam and Hebrew, the respective holy books have rules for pronunciation and recitation so that they can be sung. Cantillation is the ritual chanting of readings from the Hebrew Bible in ...
3
votes
1answer
139 views

How do Bible scholars view the accuracy and reliability of the Aleppo Codex?

Background information: Circa A.D. 930, sages and scribes completed the writing of the Aleppo Codex, the first definitive Tanakh, or Hebrew Bible. From Tiberias, the codex was taken to Jerusalem. But ...
2
votes
1answer
204 views

Is Matthew 17:24 a reference to the Fiscus Judaicus?

Matthew 17:24 says: "After Jesus and his disciples arrived in Capernaum, the collectors of the two-drachma temple tax came to Peter and asked, “Doesn’t your teacher pay the temple tax?” My ...
5
votes
4answers
7k views

How did Jesus reconcile his teachings with Judaism?

The Gospels tell us that Jesus was a Jew. Yet Jesus revealed that he was the Son of God. It seems to me that Jesus' contemporaries must have been forced to decide if his teachings were either: ...
3
votes
2answers
203 views

Why is the Bishop of Jerusalem still Greek?

I understand that after the Bar Kokhba Revolt of 135 AD, that Jews (not even Christian Jews) were not allowed in Jerusalem, and that Christian bishops were forced to be gentiles. The last known bishop ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Did the symbols of star in Christianity and Judaism originate independently?

In the literature of Christianity, the symbolic drawing of star is a pentagram picturising a five-pointed star. Judaism, on the other hand, uses hexagram that is, a six-pointed star . I wish to know ...
3
votes
1answer
371 views

Who started the Judensau image?

I found about Judensau sculpture when I want to know deeper about Martin Luther. Below is a little bit information about Judensau I read from Wikipedia: A Judensau (German for "Jews' sow" is a folk ...
20
votes
3answers
74k views

What was the difference between the Pharisees and Sadducees?

Jesus often encountered "Pharisees" and "Sadducees". For example, 34 Hearing that Jesus had silenced the Sadducees, the Pharisees got together. 35 One of them, an expert in the law, tested him ...
1
vote
2answers
648 views

Was Paul's Relationship with Jewish Leadership Close Enough to Act as Their Agent?

After reading this question on judaism.SE I wanted to pose a version of it here. (You know, it's facinating to see how Judaism views us....) Paul's letter to the Hebrews could be described (and ...
23
votes
4answers
2k views

Is there evidence that Isaiah 53 was viewed as a Messianic prophecy within Judaism, or is it an exclusively Christian interpretation?

The modern Jewish interpretation of the so-called suffering servant song of Isaiah 52:13-53:12 is that it is a prophecy referring to the nation of Israel, not the Messiah. As such, it is sometimes ...
48
votes
8answers
111k views

Was baptism practiced before Christ?

A simple word search for "baptism" in the Old Testament turns up no matches. However by the time John the Baptist shows up on the scene and starts dunking people and calling it "for forgiveness of ...
18
votes
5answers
9k views

At what point did Judaism and Christianity diverge?

At what point did Judaism and Christianity diverge? Christianity and Judaism share the Old Testament (The Hebrew Bible), so it should be safe to assume they are the same people at least during the Old ...
7
votes
2answers
931 views

When were the early Christians no longer considered a sect of Judaism?

In Acts 28:22 the group of early Christians is referred to as a sect. Presumably as a sect of the existing Jewish religion. The question is when were the early Christians no longer considered a sect ...
5
votes
2answers
321 views

Are there or have there been any Christian traditions that follow Kosher food laws?

Kosher food laws are part of Judaism, from which Christianity grew. But what Christian denominations or traditions follow, or historically have observed Kosher food laws?
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Persecution of Jewish people by Christians in Middle Ages?

I want to apologize ahead if my questions sound disrespectful to anybody. This isn't my intent. I grew up in East Asia which has very few Christians, but I have been very interested in the history of ...
16
votes
4answers
8k views

Why don't Christians celebrate the feast of tabernacles?

Although there are some who celebrate the feast of Tabernacles they are definitely in a minority. A prophecy in Zechariah speaks of a time when all nations will have to keep the feast: Zech 14:16 ...
7
votes
2answers
5k views

A woman's testimony was considered inadmissible in a court of law. Whose law?

As an argument for the validity of the Gospels, I have heard it mentioned by multiple pastors that a woman's testimony was considered inadmissible in a court of law, so the fact that women first ...
10
votes
2answers
330 views

Is this melody part of the French church mass?

In this article, in the section entitled The “Great” Aleinu History, the author writes that a particular melody used in Jewish High Holiday prayers was added to the French Church Mass in the late 12th ...
0
votes
2answers
573 views

Converting to Judaism or Islam vs Trinitarian or Uniterian [closed]

If a Christian "converts" to Judaism or Islam (or any of the Abrahamic religions), is he still considered saved as a Christian? What if he/she converted from Trinitarian to Uniterian? This is a ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

What do Christianity and Judaism have in common? [closed]

Most Christians relate to Judaism more than to Islam, Hinduism, or Buddhism, or any other religion. So, my question is, what do Christianity and Judaism have in common so as to make them so related to ...
1
vote
2answers
93 views

According to Catholicism, does the Old Law justify?

According to Catholicism, does the Old Law justify? Or is Christ, faith, and the New Law necessary to justify even those who lived before Christ?
6
votes
1answer
123 views

Does Jesus' public reading of the Scriptures imply that he had any authority within the religious community?

In Luke 4:17, Jesus reads from the Scriptures during a religious meeting. The passage reads, Luke 4:16-21 (NIV) He went to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, and on the Sabbath day he went ...
3
votes
1answer
287 views

What is the Testament of Hezekiah? I know it exists, but I can't locate it

I am currently reading up on of apocryphal and pseudopigagraphical literature, and I see on a list that the Testament of Hezekiah is enumerated as one of them. However, I cannot locate a source or any ...
3
votes
1answer
140 views

Could a Christian remain in the sect of the Pharisees?

Acts 15:5 reads: But some from the religious party of the Pharisees who had believed stood up and said, “It is necessary to circumcise the Gentiles and to order them to observe the law of Moses....
9
votes
2answers
4k views

What evidence is there that the Jews thought leprosy was due to sin?

Some Jews seemed to think that lepersy was a punishment for sin, rather than a sin itself. This is most probably going to sound like a stupid question either because there is a specific verse or ...
5
votes
2answers
9k views

What does the Bible say about a father walking his daughter down the aisle at her wedding?

I believe this came about as a Jewish tradition. Why is this done and what does it symbolize? Is a father walking his daughter down the aisle at her wedding a biblical tradition? What is the father's ...
7
votes
4answers
672 views

What are the theological reasons some Protestants are Zionists?

Zionism, founded by Theodor Herzl, is a movement for reestablishing a political nation for the Jewish people. Thus, what are the theological reasons why some Protestants are Zionists, especially in ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

What is an overview of Jesus' ministry during Holy Week?

Starting with his arrival in Jerusalem, what is an overview of events in the final week before his resurrection as they occurred on specific days of Holy Week? Note: I'm looking for an answer that ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Was the washing of feet of the disciples by Jesus, part of a Jewish tradition?

At John 13:3-6 (RSVCE) we read: Jesus, knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, and that he had come from God and was going to God, rose from supper, laid aside his garments, ...
4
votes
1answer
290 views

Is it true that there is an inscription that says that Yahweh had a wife?

In this video, around 1:08:40, Amihai Mazar, of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, says: The name "Yahweh", as the name of an Israelite God, [...] appears for the first time in the inscriptions of ...
-4
votes
2answers
561 views

What is the basis for the claim that Judaism is a Christian Heresy?

NOTE: This question is asking about anti-semitic claim, not endorsing it By necessity, it must include the quote. The point is not to be anti-semitic, but rather to understand the basis of the anti-...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

What is the basis for the belief that Christianity and Islam worship different gods?

Another question entitled "Do Christians and Muslims worship the same God?" requested the basis for the belief that Christians and Muslims do worship the same god. In this question, I am requesting ...
16
votes
4answers
4k views

Why does God have a chosen people? [closed]

Christians as well as Jews believe that God made the Israelites as his "Chosen People." Why does God need a Chosen People at all?
1
vote
1answer
11k views

What were people called who believed in the “Christ” before Jesus was born?

About 2000 years ago Jesus Christ died on a cross. A person who is a believer in Jesus Christ and his teachings is called Christian. My question is what were people called who followed the Messiah ...
7
votes
1answer
460 views

Who were the “scribes” whom Jesus often disputes against in the canonical gospels?

And when Jesus finished these sayings, the crowds were astonished at his teaching, for he was teaching them as one who had authority, and not as their scribes. (Matthew 7:28-29 ESV) There are ...
1
vote
3answers
512 views

What's the difference between 'Divine Providence' and 'Holy Spirit' in this statement?

In the 22nd annual meeting of the International Catholic-Jewish Liaison Committee, they released a statement that said: Jews and Christians share the heritage of the biblical testimony of God's ...
-6
votes
1answer
160 views

Is it likely that Christianity was born from Judaism? [closed]

The History timeline of Jerusalem states that the first monotheism in Jerusalem was Judaism, then Christianity followed. So it's likely that Christianity evolved from Judaism. Did Jesus Christ take ...
1
vote
1answer
196 views

What did Jesus do regarding the Jews believing that some diseases were sometimes due to sin?

In relation to these two questions: What evidence is there that the Jews thought leprosy was due to sin? What does it mean to say that mental illness is a modern-day leprosy? Obviously, Jesus didn'...
0
votes
1answer
4k views

What is the difference between the Jewish celebration of Passover and the Christian celebration of Easter? [closed]

What are some of the main differences between the Jewish celebration of Passover from the Christian celebration of Easter?
4
votes
0answers
47 views

How did Stephen know that Abraham bought a tomb in Shechem? [duplicate]

My question is somewhat related to the post, Was the cave of Abraham in Shechem or Hebron? However, in that post, the question revolved around whether the Patriarchs were buried in Hebron or Shechem. ...
12
votes
7answers
4k views

Were the Jews expecting God Incarnate?

Christians believe Jesus is Emmanuel, God with us. (Isaiah 7:14) Furthermore Christians believe that the only Son of God is Our Lord Jesus Christ. (Apostles Creed) And since Christ = Messiah and ...
2
votes
1answer
149 views

What is the historical cause between the discrepancy of evangelical approaches to original sin and Jewish ones? [closed]

(Modern) Judaism is usually described as not subscribing to the original sin doctrine, where humanity is seen as inherently doomed per the actions of Adam and Eve. (It looks like it's a generalisation,...
9
votes
3answers
7k views

Does the Christian Old Testament have the exact same list of books as the Jewish Bible?

Does the Christian Old Testament include exactly the same books that are in the Jewish Bible (called the Tanakh in Judaism)? Are there any differences between the Christian Old Testament and the ...
0
votes
1answer
198 views

Is there a Christian counterpart to practical kabbalah?

Wikipedia says practical kabbalah is permitted white magic within Judaism. I know of the Old Testament injunctions against various types of sorcery, divination, etc., so this is quite a surprise to me....
2
votes
1answer
205 views

Does Jesus do for Gentiles what the Torah does for Jews?

In this review of the book Paul was Not a Christian by Pamela Eisenbaum, Jewish magazine author Judith Schulevitz writes: Paul Was Not a Christian is the title of a book published this fall; what ...
6
votes
7answers
7k views

Is the Old Testament a Jewish book? [closed]

Is the Old Testament a Jewish religous book and should it be discarded by Christians today? If not what does it add to Christians today?